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who were returned on protective principles voting in direct opposition to the views of those by whose interests he was returned to Parliament? Have not Protestants, of whatever party or sect, seen their wishes despised; their principles derided; their remonstrances disregarded ; their petitions trampled under foot-alike by the Liberal as the Conservative ?
The way in which some persons privately oppose Popery and yet publicly support it, believe it idolatrous, yet lend their official sanction to extend its sway, defending such inconsistency under the principle-destroying chimera of supporting party-professing to have one conscience for private, another conscience for public matters, would be ludicrous, if it was not for the gravely important results of such a process, alike as regards the individual, his country, and religion. It reminds one forcibly of the anecdote mentioned of some illustrious personage, by birth a prince of the blood, and a dignitary of the Church, who had an evil habit of swearing most profanely.
When called to account by some monitor, more faithful probably than those who usually surround the throne of princes, and told frankly that it ill became a Bishop, he gaily replied, “Oh, I do not swear as the bishop, I swear as a prince. “Truly," replied the other, “ but if the soul of the prince goes to perdition, what will become of the bishop !”
Now so it is with those, who to curry favour with an earthly master, affront an heavenly one ; so it is with those, who sacrifice at the altar of human expediency, the holy cause of truth, abandon for their party, what their conscience tells them is right, and do for their party what their conscience informs them is wrong. Oh, that each Christian elector, each sound-hearted Protestant, and many such there are, throughout the length and breadth of the land, would view the question in this light, and act consistently, with such view ; that each Hon. Member would adopt a similar course!
Having been once betrayed, would it not be, in a great measure, the electors' own fault if they are betrayed again ? Having once suffered from the treachery of those in whom they confided, shall they be blamed if they endeavour to guard and protect themselves, in some degree, by taking constitutional securities against future treason ?
Many feel the necessity of this. But some doubt the policy, others the possibility. Who shall begin? We say, let each one begin. Let each one do what he can. Let each one ask his neighbour to join him. Let each one, or a Committee, address their representatives. Let this be done without delay, in each county, or division of county, and borough town. Whoever begins will soon find he is not alone, others will rapidly join him. He will soon be surrounded by many others, equally desirous with himself, to secure the return of sound Protestant men as their representatives. We can point to Manchester, to Exeter, to Reading, where such a course has been adopted, and the success been great,-greater far than could have been expected.
It is not by any new edition of “organized hypocrisy,” that the affairs of this great empire are to be rightly carried on. It is by having those as our rulers and legislators who are intelligently alive to the eyils of Popery, and resolved to rescue their country from them,
conscientiously exercising their private and public power. Each one not selling himself to a leader, not shelving his responsibility, and putting off his individuality at will, but remembering he is at all times alike responsible to Him from whom he has received his life and energies.
With regard to its being unconstitutional, we would only here observe, that there is no Act of Parliament, no principle of common law, no constitutional writer, who has ventured to åssert, that it is unconstitutional for electors to require a candidate to give a pledge to legislate in consistency with the Constitution, nor, at any particular crisis, to require a promise to support or oppose a particular line of policy.
We cannot see, either, that the upright and honourable man, though he might wish not to be called on to give a pledge or promise, should object to it. No Hon. Member can take his seat in Parliament till, by taking the Oath of Allegiance, he has pledged himself to be faithful to the cause of his earthly sovereign. Why, then, should he object to satisfy those whose feelings and consciences are awakened, he may think too sensitively, by giving a pledge, that when in Parliament he will be faithful to the cause of his heavenly Sovereign, and be an opponent of any measure that shall tend to advance Popery and betray the sacred ark of our Protestant Constitution into the hands of its enemies ?
ADDRESS TO THE PROTESTANTS that befits those who bear his name, OF THE CHURCH OF IRELAND.. to discharge their duty.
If we entertain in our hearts BELOVED BRETHREN,—Before I leave jealous, angry, hostile feelings to our my dear country, to take up my abode, Roman Catholic countrymen, as opin all human probability for the re- ponents, we cannot feel free to dismainder of my days, in another, it is charge our duty to them as Christians. my earnest desire to make one humble
It seems to me a great evil amongst effort to heal the fearful divisions of
us, that we cannot separate in our our unhappy land by the only means
own country the evils of a system, that it is possible to apply to them from the persons that are labouring, —the Word of the living God.
under them. I am persuaded, with as much con- The Protestants of Ireland seem fidence as I know that God exists, too generally to be classified into that if those who profess his true three divisions :religion, are faithful to their pro One party does not seem to underfession and their heavenly Master, stand how they can be decided ophis Word must prevail and conquer. ponents of Popery, and at the same I know, that the principles and
time show themselves sincere friends powers of darkness must flee and of Roman Catholics. These pride vanish from the light of truth, as the themselves on their zeal for religion. shades of night before the rising sun, Another party does not seem to if men have the confidence in their
understand how they can be sincere God, and in his Word and power, friends of Roman Catholics, without
being more or less temporizing apo* This is appended to a deeply im
logists and advocates for Popery. portant Sermon, entitled, “An Appeal
These pride themselves on their to the Protestant Church of Ireland on liberality and charity. behalf of their Roman Catholic Coun A third party, too religious to suptrymen,” preached November 5, 1846,
port Popery--and too charitable to in Harold's Cross Church, Dublin, by the Rev. R. J.M'Ghee. London: Seeley,
oppose Roman Catholies-pride themFleet-street; and at the Office of the
selves on belonging neither to one Protestant Association, 11, Exeter Hall. nor the other, but preserve, as they
consider it, a Christian neutrality little progress among the Hindoos and do nothing.
nay, that actually some Christians The first support what they call the were becoming worshippers of Jugcause of their religion at the expense gernaut—that they began to fear that of Christian charity, and they irritate our empire might eventually be shaken Roman Catholics by their opposition. in India ?
The second exercise what they call Now, if such conduct would be charity, at the sacrifice of true re- inconsistent, monstrous, crin inal to ligion, and they deceive Roman Ca the last degree, when measured by tholics by their hypocrisy.
the standard of genuine Christian The charity of the third class makes duty, to men who are worshipping them avoid the uncharitable religion false gods in a Pagan land, what is it of the first; while their religion when practised towards our poor Roteaches them to eschew the religious man Catholic countrymen in our own? charity of the second; and between Shall we be so really destitute of their charity and their religion, they genuine Christian charity, as to enleave Popery and Roman Catholics tertain evil passions against our poor alone-- Popery to enslave Roman countrymen, because they are sunk in Catholics, and Roman Catholics to fearful ignorance, idolatry, and superperish in Popery. .
stition? Why are not we so too ? It is a melancholy fact, that there who maketh us to differ from anoare, alas! but few Protestants in Ire- ther? Surely, Christian charity — land who are not, in some shade or nay, common sense, should teach us degree, reducible to one or other of that they are to be treated with comthese parties in the country.
passion and tenderness, as the victims, And now, beloved brethren, con- and not the authors, of a fell apostasy, sider deliberately, is not this really a in which, but for God's sovereign monster evil ?
mercy, we should be sunk as well as Let us try it by the test of Chris- they. tian conduct to any other class, even Men may talk of Christian charity of Pagans, in the world.
but where is the Christian religion What would you think of Chris- of those who compromise whatever tians living among Hindoos, whose religion they may happen to haveabhorrence of the worship of Jugger- who compromise the word, the aunaut made them feel so uncharitably thority, the truth, the salvation reto the poor idolaters, that they could vealed in the Bible, with the idolatry not speak of their errors without and superstition of their countrymen, wounding or irritating the people and treat their errors with a treachery and they should call this zeal for God? and duplicity that they would blush
What would you think of others, to exercise towards a Mahometan or who professed such charity for the a Hindoo ? idolaters, that they would compromise And if true religion teaches us the themselves with the worship of Jug- awful nature of errors; if true charity gernaut; educate the people without teaches us to desire to deliver those the Bible ; tell us we ought. to pay who are sunk under them even in the priests of the idol's temple, and foreign climes, in a Pagan land; how teach them the rites of their religion, ought our hearts to burn with love provided we could improve their edu- and zeal for our own dear countrycation by a little science and litera- men !-men who, if they were but ture-and call this Christian charity ? delivered from their cruel bonds of
What would you think of a third, ignorance and slavery, would repay who would profess the utmost abhor- their deliverers with a Christian love, rence of their idolatry, and great such as Irish hearts alone can feel and charity for its victims, who would, can appreciate. If we do not love nevertheless, leave them to perish our countrymen, do we not even love without an effort to save them
our country? Do we not love our · And what would you think of them God? Let me ask, in his name, is all uniting in one common complaint, this criminal apathy to last for ever? that indeed Christianity was making Will neither mercies allure, warnings alarm, nor judgments awaken us to to bring us all to the unity of the any sense of duty ? “Is the Lord's faith of Christ, that I print this serhand shortened, that it cannot save; mon and make this appeal. or his ear heavy, that it cannot hear ?" There are two very simple plans Are there none to assert the power of proposed in this sermon, one of which his Word and truth within our land ? has been already tried, on a small Is the Protestant Church of Ireland . scale, by one individual with comto be indebted to the statute-book of plete success; and must be equally England; that miserable ledger, ex- successful if it were tried by the whole hibiting on the face of its accounts a Protestant Church of Ireland. The national bankruptcy in principle, with only difference is, that the efforts of all to the debit and nothing to the an individual are utterly insignificredit of the religion of the empire; cant, and easily silenced and overis the Protestant Church of Ireland, borne, but those of a body sufficiently I say, to be indebted to this for the numerous, must awaken and comprivilege of dragging on its trembling mand the attention of the nation. and miserable existence? Is it to be The case is very short, and the conturning its hope and confidence from clusion very decisive. one political knave or traitor to ano- If a Protestant is called to conform ther, and feeling for ever the righteous to the Church of Rome, a creed is curse of him “ who maketh the arm proposed to him to subscribe, which of flesh his trust?"
was never known, or heard of, or What is the use of one man mak propounded to any human being, in ing an effort in one place, and another the shape of a Creed, till the year in another, while there is neither or- 1564, when it was propounded by ganization or array of menor prin- the Pope in a Bull; consequently, ciples to arrest the attention of the this could never have been the Creed quickest, the most intelligent popula- of the ancient Catholic Church in tion of the whole globe ;—while the Ireland. system of education which the Govern- If a Roman Catholic is called on ment supplies, is an education with to conform to the Protestant Church, out Christian truth, and “without the Creed proposed to him to sign is God in the world ?”
the Creed of the Council of Nice, • We are all at present suffering which the Council of Trent declares under the severe visitation of the in her Third Session, to have been immediate hand of God. The prayer the Creed of the whole Church of which has been appointed, as appro- Christ up to the year 1546; consepriate for this calamity, justly places quently, on their own evidence the “our unhappy divisions" in the list Creed of the Protestant Church is, of those sins that are calculated to and must have been, the true procall down the Divine displeasure on fession of faith of the ancient Catholic our land. How can we feel any Church in Ireland. Therefore, if genuine contrition for these divisions, Irishmen are to be united in the if we do not use our best exertions to ancient Catholic faith, it must be in heal them? If, indeed, we hold the the profession of the Creed of the truth, and our poor Roman Catholic Protestant Church. countrymen are sunk in error, surely Now the whole Roman Catholic the sin must rest, with aggravated population are totally ignorant of guilt, on those who know the truth, this; they are taught that the Creed and have their neighbours and their of their. Church is the ancient Creed, countrymen divided from them by fatal and that of the Protestant Church a. errors, against which they protest novelty. Therefore the facts will be without any effort to dispel them. fully brought before them, if large
It is for the purpose of endeavour- and numerous bodies of Protestants, ing to remedy this evil, and to afford ministers and their flocks, offer to an opportunity to every man who de conform to the Church of Rome, as I sires to lend his aid in this great have publicly done, if the priests can cause, to heal the unhappy divisions prove the date of the Creed they proof our native land, and to endeavour pose for our subscription, previous to
the year 1564. This the priests are, merely, but to carry it out with the of course, unable to do; and there- aid of my dear and reverend brethren, fore they are compelled to yield that who I know will be forward to help antiquity, on which they totally de- in anything which they see to be ceive the people, to the Protestant wise, scriptural, kind, and practicable. Church of Ireland. The success of And it will appear on trial, that very this must depend, by God's grace, on little acquaintance indeed with the the extent to which it is carried subtleties of Romanism will be necesout.
sary here, for one great blessing and But the second plan, proposed in advantage will be, that the plain truth this sermon, is by far the most im- of God shall appear on one side, and portant, I believe, that can be devised if they please to try the whole sophis. for the open exposure of the Church try of Rome, they may use it on the of Rome, and the instruction of the other. It will be the cumbrous arRoman Catholic population. It is of mour of the “sword, and the spear, little comparative importance to si- and the shield,” against the servant lence a person in error by proving of the Lord of Hosts with the stone him wrong, unless you at the same and the sling. time can convey to him instruction, One, not of the least important to teach him what is right.
points of this plan, will be, that it The plan which I propose to adopt, will show the British Government, is calculated to give the Roman Ca- that that INCORPORATED INIQUITY, tholics, universally, opportunities of THE NATIONAL BOARD OF EDUCAhearing sound scriptural instruction; TION, is based, as it is, on a Papal having the truth of their new creed falsehood. And I trust, by the blessput to the test before them, with all the ing of God, that our dear countrymen, advantages that can be derived from the Roman Catholics of Ireland, shall controversy, and without any of the see that those who maintain such an evils or asperities of controversy. iniquitous invasion of their rights and Their priests shall have the fairest liberties, and more, who prevent the opportunities of coming forward be- discharge of their solemn duties to fore the people allowed to them, yet their children-nay, who blind and be placed exactly in this dilemma— deceive them as to their duties and that they must prove the falsehood of responsibilities to God, that these are their creed, if they appear-or admit indeed their real enemies, whether it by their absence, if they do not they are Protestants or Roman Cachoose to come forward.
tholics, Prime Ministers, Bishops, This mode of conducting the con- priests, or laymen. I trust they will troversy with the Church of Rome has see too that the bishops and clergy of never yet been adopted ; and it is the Ireland who oppose this iniquitous only one that really must be success- system, and who refuse to take money ful, if God is pleased to grant His from any Government at the expense divine blessing to it, without which of either the truth of God, or the even His own word is of no avail. genuine rights and liberties of their The only weapon to be used in it is Roman Catholic countrymen, that the sacred Scripture The sword of they are their real friends. “Great the Spirit, which is the word of God.” is the truth, and the truth must preInstead of any harsh or irritating vail.” attacks on the errors of Popery, they Now four things are necessary, with can be most fully and effectually ex- the Lord's blessing—the Bible—the posed, in a spirit of Christian love. Protestant and Roman Creeds—Men
The success of this plan, which I —and a platform. have frequently proposed to the Ro- We all have the Bible. I have exman Catholic bishops and priests, is cellent editions of the Creeds printed demonstrated fully, if we needed de- for the purpose. The Church of Iremonstration, by the fact, that not an land never wants men when her individual has even ever attempted to Master's cause requires them, and I answer, much less to encounter it appeal to you, my Protestant brethBut I wish now, not to propose it ren, to supply the platform. Let all