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manently endowing for the first time since the Reformation, a College for training Popish priests.
In 1846 the Religious Opinions Bill was passed, by which various statutes against the publication of Papal bulls, and for maintaining the supremacy of the Queen were repealed or modified.
In the same year, as well as in this, Bills have been brought into Parliament to repeal the Act of Supremacy as regards Roman Catholics, to repeal the penalties against Jesuits, and to permit Romish or idolatrous processions, which, though happily defeated, yet received the support of some of the leading members both of the present and late Administrations. In the education debates of this session the heads of each party in the House of Commons have declared their readiness to endow Popish schools and Popish priests, if the voice of the people permit.
If we look abroad, we see the island of Tahiti, after having been rescued from the darkness and idolatry of Heathenism by forty years' earnest labours of English missionaries, delivered over to the power of Popish France, a Christian dethroned, a peaceful population massacred, and in place of the simple worship of Christianity, the island studded with the symbols of Romish idolatry. All this we have allowed to be done, when a word from our country would have prevented it.
In our colonies, where the executive Government is less restrained than at home, a system is rapidly growing up of endowing alike the teachers of Protestant truth and Popish error.
Upon the coming election, then, will mainly depend the question, whether England is to continue Protestant. Electors of the City of London, whose fathers perished at the stake for the support of Protestant truth, the maintenance of which has made England the glory of the world, the eyes of the country will be directed towards you. Great will be the effect of your example. Shew to your fellowcountrymen that much as you value your commercial greatness you value the truth of God more.
Let no consideration induce you to support candidates who on the one hand adopt the half-infidel notion that religion has nothing to do with politics, or with a show of philosophical moderation profess to inquire, what is truth; or, on the other hand, those who would endow all religions alike, and see no moral obliquity in the conduct of a man who, professedly a Protestant, gives money to support the superstitions of Rome.
Exert yourselves to seek out and elect men who, themselves true Protestants, will, while they deprecate persecution, use their influence to uphold our national Protestantism in all its integrity throughout the empire.
UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE.—GENERAL ELECTION.
At a Meeting of several members of the Senate, held at the British Hotel, Cockspur-street, on June 10th, 1847, a very satisfactory letter from the Viscount Feilding having been read, the following Resolutions were adopted, which had been previously passed at a Meeting held in Cambridge of resident members :—
"I. That in consequence chiefly of the votes given in Parliament by Mr. Goulburn on the Bill for the Endowment of Maynooth College and the Dissenters' Chapels Bill; and in consequence, among other considerations, of his refusal to support the Petition of the University of Cambridge for the retention of the sees of St. Asaph and Bangor; Mr. Goulburn is not a fit representative of the University.
"II. That in order to vindicate the character of the University as a body identified with the Church of England, in doctrine and discipline, and as such more especially protesting against the corruption and usurpation of the Church of Rome, a candidate be brought forward for the avowed purpose of representing the University in these respects.
"III. That there being reason to believe that the Viscount Feilding concurs in the spirit of these Resolutions, communication be held with that nobleman with a view to obtain his reply to the following questions :—
"Whether he is prepared to resist all connexion with and concession to Romanism; more particularly, whether he will oppose the endowment of the Romish Church in Ireland or elsewhere; and whether he will oppose all attempts to establish an intercourse with the Court of Rome?
"Also, whether he is prepared to advocate the extension of the Church of England, as regards increasing the number of bishops and clergy, the formation of schools in connexion with the Church, and the building of churches?
"IV. That if Lord Feilding's replies to the above questions be satisfactory, it be submitted to the members of the Senate, that he be brought forward as a suitable candidate to represent the University in Parliament."
Lord Feilding has expressed his entire assent to the above Resolutions.
June 16, 1847.
FACTS FOR THE TIMES: OR, THINGS TO THINK ON FOR ALL PEOPLE.
BY SAMCEL PHILLIPS DAY, FORM F.IU. Y A RELIGIOUS OF THE ORDER OF THE PRESENTATION.
(Continued from page H2.) The next circumstance to which I shall advert is the burning John of Huss and Jerome of Prague, two distinguished reformers, who laboured assiduously to expose the wickedness, falsehood, and intolerance of the papal system. The former individual was summoned to attend the Council of Constance, and for this purpose received a safe-conduct from the Emperor Sigismund, insuring his safety during his journey, at his arrival, and on his return home.* On the pledged faith of this emperor he firmly relied, but unhappily, for no sooner did he arrive at his destination than he was seized, imprisoned,
and denounced as a heretic! the nineteenth session of that Council decreeing " that the safe-conduct granted to heretics by an emperor, king, or any other secular, shall not prevent any ecclesiastical judge from punishing such heretics, even if they come to the place of judgment relying on the safeguard, and would not otherwise come hither." \ The awful position, that "faith is not to be kept with heretics," was acted upon in the case of this illustrious man. And, accordingly, Huss was burnt alive on the 6tE July, 1415, and " his soul devoted to the devils in hell." J A cap was also placed on his head, and a representation of three devils painted upon it, with the inscription," Hceresiarcha." Previous to his being led to the place of execution, he thus addressed the Fathers of the Council, "Centum revolutis annis, Deo respondabitis, el mihi." "Let a hundred years have rolled away, and you must answer to God and me." Jerome, of Prague, who came to Constance with the noble design of supporting his friend, was condemned to the Inquisition; but met with a similar fate on the 30th May, 1416. § Surely, in the words of the Bishop of Hlinois, "It is a sin to think of Rome's practices without abhorrence."
Turn we now to one of the foulest, cruelest, and most diabolical scenes in the Black History of Rome. Rife and teeming as it is with atrocities, murders, butcheries, and perfidious deeds, I single out this one circumstance, considering all the horrifying details of it, as unparalleled, not only in the annals of Rome, but in the history of the world! I allude, with feelings of bitter sorrow and indignation, to that tremendous scene of blood and treachery—the massacre of St. Bartholomew, perpetrated in Paris, on Sunday, the 24th August, 1572, during the pontificate of Gregory XIII., of infamous memory; at which mournful tragedy the emperor, Charles IX., assisted in person, who, not afraid of the thunders of God's judgment alighting upon his devoted head, actually boasted of the number of victims he had slain, As it would exceed our prescribed limits to enter into all the melancholy particulars of this well-organized massacre, I can only advert to a few of its most hideous features. For some time previous to this bloody night an apparent peace reigned throughout France, (and who, after this, can trust to Rome's fair looks?) and everything portended festivity and joy. All the Protestant princes and nobles had assembled within the city to celebrate the nuptials between the King of Navarre and Margaret of France. On this memorable occasion it was that Rome seized her long-desired opportunity for carnage and bloodshed. And too well did she avail herself of a period so favourable to the destruction of the enemies of her empire! About midnight the dreadful volcano which lay concealed—but which gave forebodings of an eruption by the assassination of Admiral Coligny *—burst forth with fury indescribable. The great bell of St. Germain VAuxerrow was sounded for the signal, and immediately all the Pope's emissaries were at their assigned posts: whilst slaughter, devastation, and billows of blood, tracked the footsteps of the assassins. This scene of Popish cruelty was unmitigated in its severity for the space of seven days. But was this mortal contagion confined to Paris? Alas! no. The same horrors which had convulsed and terrified the capital, were repeated at Meaux, Troyes, Orleans, Nevers, La Charite, Toulouse, Bourdeaux, Rouen, and Lyons —each was crimsoned with the blood of its Protestant inhabitants.
* The following is a translation of the safe-conduct:—"Sigismund, by the grace of God, chosen emperor of the Romans, perpetual defender of the empire, King of Hungary, &c. To all the ecclesiastical and secular princes, dukes, margraves, counts, lords, &c., in whatever city, village, community, or place whatsoever, who are faithful subjects to us and the holy Roman empire, and who will either see or hear this document; venerable, high-born, noble, dear, and faithful, we greet you well. We have taken under the special shelter and protection of ourselves, and the holy empire, the most honourable and upright professor, John Huss, Bachelor of Divinity, and Master of Arts, the bearer of this, and who is on his way from Bohemia to the General Council held at Constance. We also command you, all and each, to protect him, when he comes to you, to receive him hospitably, to entertain him honourably, and to assist him in whatever may accelerate his journey, or render it safe, whether by land or water; and to be willing to allow him, his servants, and all that he has, to pass through, remain in, and again return through, all passes, harbours, bridges, counties, dominions, districts, jurisdictions, cities, towns, boroughs, villages, and all places, peaceably, without toll or tribute, or other annoyance; and, if need should be, to provide him with a special escort, for the sake of our honour, and the glory of our majesty.
"Given under our hand at Spires, 16th day of October, 1414, thirty- third year of our reign, in Hungary, and the fifth of our empire."
f Johannis XXIII. Concilium Constantiense, A.d. 1415, vol. 27, p. 791. This iniquitous doctrine is likewise laid down in Azor. Inst. Mor. pars. I. I. 8, c. 13 et Becan. Theol. Schol. par. 2, torn. 2, tr. I. c. 16, qu. 6.
X Enfant. Hist, of the Council of Constance.
§ It was said to Father Fulgentio, when he went to Rome on the safe-conduct of Paul V., "The conduct was safe for his coming hither, but not for his going thence,"
The actual number of victims who perished during this scene of carnage cannot satisfactorily be ascertained. Davilla says, that "there were killed in the city that day and the next, above 10,000, whereof 500 were barons, knights, and gentlemen;" and computes the entire number of slain at 40,000.* Papire Masson states that the victims slaughtered in the provinces alone amounted to 10,000; La Popeliouere calculates the number destroyed in the city and country to be 20,000; Adriani and De Thou give a total of 30,000; Doctor Lardner, of 60,000; Sully, of 70,000; and Pere. fixe, of 100,000!!!
The Roman Catholic French historian, Mezeray, thus depicts the horrors of that memorable event:—
"The daylight, which discovered so many crimes, which the darkness of an eternal night ought for ever to have concealed, did not soften their ardour by these objects of pity, but exasperated them still more. The populace and the most dastardly being warmed by the smell of blood, sixty thousand men, transported with this fury, and armed in different ways, ran about wherever example, vengeance, rage, and the desire of plunder transported them. The air resounded with a horrible tempest of the hisses, blasphemies, and oaths of the murderers, of the breaking open of doors and windows, of the firing of pistols and guns, of the pitiable cries of the dying, of the lamentations of the women whom they dragged by the hair, of the noise of carts, some loaded with the booty of the houses they pillaged, others with the dead bodies,, which they cast into the Seine, t so that in this confusion they could not hear each other speak in the streets, or, if they distinguished certain words, they were these furious expressions, —' Kill, stab, throw them out of the window.' A dreadful and inevitable death presented itself in every shape. Some were shot on the roofs of houses, others were cast out of the windows, some were cast into the water, and knocked on the head with blows of iron bars or clubs, some were killed in their beds, some in the garrets, others in cellars; wives in the arms of their husbands, husbands on the bosoms of their wives, sons at the feet of their fathers. They neither spared the aged, nor women great with child, nor even infants. * * The streets were paved with the bodies of the dead or the dying, the gateways were blocked up with them. There were heaps of them in the squares, the small streams were filled with blood, which flowed in great torrents into the river." *
* The Cardinal of Lorraine caused 1,000 crowns in gold to be given to the messenger who announced his death.—Lacretelle, Guerres de Religion, torn, ii., p. 298.
* Per la citta il primo e il seguente giorno ne furono uccisi piu di dieci mila. * * * Si che divulgd costantemente la fama essere in pochi giorni periti piu di quaranta mila Ugonotti.—Davila Historia delle Guerre Civili di Francia, lib. 5, pp. 273-275. (Venetia, 1664.)
t Muretus, who was appointed to deliver an oration in presence of the Pope, on the subject of the massacre, observed, that "The River Seine Rolled On With Greater Majesty After Having ReCeived The Carcases Of The MurDERED Heretics."—Oratio xxiii., habita Roma, A.D. 1572.
What a spectacle to behold! The same historian gives also heart-rending details of the massacre in the provinces.
Now there are two particulars connected with this slaughter that deserve attention, viz., first—the predetermination of the Popish party to perpetrate such a bloody deed; and secondly—the spirit of elation manifested by the Pope, and his compeers, after the accomplishment of it.
With regard to the former, it is a matter of notoriety, learned from MSS. belonging to the parties concerned in the atrocious scheme, that this foul deed was determined upon fully two years before its execution; and that Catherine de Medicis (who governed the kingdom of France after the demise of Francis II.), assisted by the Jesuits, planned the whole transaction, and directed the issue thereof. The Duke of Guise, and the Jesuit Maldonat, were also engaged in this fiendish plot which was " to make one utter extirpation of the rebellious Hugonots!" and in the carrying out of which, as the Duke
of Sully asserts, the priests and Jesuits were the most active and indefatigable instigators. Davila in his remarks on the peace ratified in 1570, observes, that the queen-mother, the king, the Duke of Anjou, and the Cardinal of Lorraine, granted the Hugonots an apparent peace in order to get their foreign allies out of France, "e poscia con arte e con opportunita opprimere i capi della fattione," and afterwards artfully, and at a fitting opportunity, to overwhelm the chiefs of the faction. Pere Griffet confirms this statement, and says it was made "dans la vue de les envelopper, plus surement et plus aisement dans un massacre general" with a view to involve them the more surely, and the more readily, in a general massacre.
As regards the latter, no sooner did the news of the dreadful havoc reach Rome, than public rejoicings were instantly visible; and not only here but throughout papal Europe this maternal act of the "mother and mistress of all Churches" was hailed by national festivities, discharges of artillery, ringing of bells, and bonfires! Both Fleury and Mazeray relate that the Pope (Gregory XIII.) "went in state to the Church of St. Lewis to return God thanks for so happy a result," and offered up a solemn mass, and had the Te Deum chanted on the occasion.* "In the evening," writes another historian, "fireworks were discharged at Adrian's mole in token of the public rejoicing, fires were kindled everywhere in the streets, and nothing was omitted which usually took place at all the greatest victories of the Church of Kome.f The Pope also despatched Cardinal Fabius Ursinus upon a special embassy to the King of France, thanking "the eldest son of the Church" for his exertions in the ex
* Mezeray, Histoire de France, fol. torn. 2, p. 1098 (Paris, 164C).
* Fleuri Histoire Ecctesiastique, torn. 23, livre 173, p. 557. (A Nismes, 1780.)
f Sub vesperam in Hadriani mole in publics laetitae signurn displosa tormenta, ac passim per vias accensi ignes, nihilque eorum praetermissum, quae in cunctis ac maximis, quibusque pro ecclesise Romanas victoriis fieri solent.—T. Aug. Thuani Historiarum, lib. 53. (Londini, 1733.)