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Cardinal of Florence, but to no pur- against the Turkish power." Never pose. He was condemned to suffer were truer words spoken, death as a heretic, and he heard his The following statements are to be sentence without changing counte found in Kohlrausch's “ German Hisnance; and when he came to the tory," under the title of the Emperor place of execution, advancing for- Sigismund 1410—1437. “ Sigiswards, he embraced the stake, and mund directed his next thoughts to kneeled down and kissed it, before he the ruinous schism raging in the was bound to it for the fire. Then Church. In the year 1414, the mehe arose, showing the utmost intre- morable Church Council met at Conpidity, though he had been confined stance, and never was there an asin a detestable dungeon for three sembly more grand and imposing." hundred and forty days, which al. Then follows a list, consisting of one lowed him not to sit, lie, or stand. Pope, three patriarchs, twenty-two When the fire began to blaze, he cardinals, twenty archbishops, ninetycommenced singing one of the two bishops, 124 abbots, 1800 infe psalms, and shortly was suffocated by rior clergy, &c. “One hundred and the flames and smoke. The words of fifty thousand strangers were present Poggio are, “ All this I saw and heard at one period in the sessions. But its for myself, and I could not wonder most memorable act was the condemenough during the spectacle, and I nation of Huss, a learned divine, and can never think upon the martyred rector of the University of Prague; man without extreme admiration.” who had embraced the views of The executioner wished to set fire to Wycliffe, the English Reformer, who the pile by lighting it behind the was thirty years his senior in the back of this noble martyr ; more hu- struggle against the Papacy ;-but mane than the judges, he who filled less fortunate in his escape from its the shocking office of consuming fangs, John Huss expired at the stake, Jerome, desired to spare his eyes the July 6th, 1415; about eleven months sight of the brand which he was to afterwards, his friend, Jerome, was apply. Jerome then uttered these publicly consumed at Constance," words, “ Come forward hither, and To They died,” says this historian, light the fire before my sight; for if “ with constancy such as excited the I had been afraid of being burnt, I admiration even of their enemies. never would have come at all to this Their remains were thrown into the place, and I could easily have escaped Rhine, along with the ashes, to preand avoided this doom." Such were vent their Bohemian brethren from the last moments of Jerome of obtaining a single relic for their yenePrague, Such was the bad faith kept ration ; but the Bohemians protested with these two eminent Reformers ! and were incensed with the unjust There was much pageantry and splen- sentence; and, finally, furious outdour during the session of this Coun breaks ensued, and most disastrous cil. Luther probably took this consequences attended this act of Council for his specimen, when he tyranny, perfidy, and persecution. thus describes such assemblies in his However, the Hussites were beaten in Treatise of " Councils and Churches," battle, disarmed, and many perished -"Not that all the bishops, abbots, on the scaffold; and in Prague the inmonks, doctors, and clergy, should surrection was at last suppressed, but attend; for then a whole year would not before much blood had been shed be first wasted in contention, before on both sides of the contending paranything could be settled. A second ties." year would be consumed in pa

JOHN HUSS, MARTYR. geantry and feasting, in equestrian John Huss is always mentioned in display and tilting; and the third terms of praise and admiration, by year would be occupied in other busi- the great Reformer, who was about ness, perhaps in burning a John Huss one hundred years later; and his or two; and all this pomp and pride book is called a profound work, and would consume greater sums than noble piece of Christianity. No such are necessary to equip an expedition a treatise had appeared during the

space of 400 years according to Luther, who read it, and, yielding to advice, put it into print, as a testimony to the truth, and to silence the calumnies which the enemies of the Bohemian martyr had circulated against his writings. The book of John Huss, in his view, does not contain the articles only of that Chris. tian witness, but the doctrines of Christ, of Paul, of Augustine, founded on the most irrefragable arguments, as every person must admit after a perusal; and the words following are Luther's on this head :-"Ah! I would to God I were worthy to be compared with such a man as Huss was! And, oh! that I were consumed to ashes in vindication of the same articles of faith! if it were to cost me a thousand necks, I would yield them up to death for these truths' sake! Not that I am now in this language canonizing John Huss, and proclaiming him for a martyr. For I am not so venturesome as to enrol new saints in the calendar in imitation of the Romanists; and I am persuaded that the Almighty is wonderful and terrible in his judgments, and so he may certainly enable any one to propagate true Christian tenets, and permit him to be destroyed for so teaching; and yet neither you nor I may possibly know, what judgment the Almighty may pronounce upon the man thus preaching and thus dying. I have said, that his enemies did not observe inviolable the safe conduct which was promised, and that it was broken, together with the oath which bound them to its observance, whatever the Papists may say to the contrary, in extenuation of their proceedings against Huss and his fellow-sufferer Jerome. This is the truth, and Eck knows not what he alleges in his citations from the Latin letters of safe conduct. The Papists promised both to Huss and to Jerome, Christian and faithful inviolability, as is clearly expressed in these words, whick Eck longs very much to secrete, viz., Quantum in nobis est, et fides orthodoxa exigit. I have therefore called it a Christian safe conduct, that is, such as the document itself contains.” Luther now proceeds to condemn the burn

ing of any heretics, or fining them, and asks these questions, viz.; " Why does not St. Augustine burn the heretics in Africa ? Why does not Hilary and many other holy doctors bring them to the stake? Those fathers were opposed to such persecution, and would not have pecuniary punishment inflicted on any. But the actors on the scene at Constance waged war even against the dead, and consumed John Huss, whose ashes with the intermingled earth were dug up from a considerable depth and thrown into the Rhine. Would you know the reason why they acted thus insanely? Their consciences were alarmed at the appearance of things, and to stop the growth of religious investigation, they intimidated the poor multitude with this appalling spectacle. But their scheme was utterly frustrated, The truth could not be stifled ; and with whatever clamour the voice of justice might be silenced, the stones, at least, would find one to cry out against the murder of Huss." After a description of John Huss's disputation over a corrupted version of the Bible, &c., the Reformer here and elsewhere speaks in terms of the strongest reprobation against the whole tragedy at Constance; he declares that that injured man was subdued, not by Scripture, but by main force and stratagem; and that through the length and breadth of Germany, low and deep murmurs ever afterwards arose, in vindication of Huss, and in anger against his inquisitors; "and I, for one, say also,”' (Luther writes,) “ that not only some, but that all the articles confessed by John Huss, at Constance, and condemned by the Council, are scriptural; and I confess that the Pontiff and his party disposed of them like the true Antichrist in condemning the holy Gospel with John Huss; and that the Council set up instead of it the dogmas of the infernal dragon. I promise for myself, that I can make my own statement good, when I must do so; and I will prove my words by God's assistance to demonstration. But for uttering these truths, Jerome, as well as Huss, were dragged to the stake at Constance,

when the former in the very faces of munication thundered forth on Comthe Papists, broke out as follows ;- mination Thursday. And by what • Ye slaughterers of Christians will, possible means could righteous Abel without fail, shed innocent blood ; but and holy Huss have effected in their you will never be able to still its cry. own life-time, that they could become Abel, when alive, was no match for ubiquitous ? And yet, now that they Cain, but after death he at once bore are no more, still they cannot fail direct witness against him. I do to be present everywhere; to be hope that it will now happen to me, preached in every pulpit; to be in as once to Samson, that I shall do every person's mouth'; the subject of more detriment to your tyranny in every book; in every corner of the my death than during my life.' world. Oh! this is a noble result; John Huss prophesied of me, that I when every creature cannot fail to should arise 100 years after his mar know, that Abel and John Huss were tyrdom; and so I have, to the amaze. righteous men; that the very stars ment of the Pontiff, cardinals, and reverence them; and that the very men all their .calendar. Huss yet con- who destroyed them, will be comtinues now, by God's grace, again pelled to fall at their feet, and yet awakened from the dead, more in- have no thanks for their submission. domitable than his assassins—the John Huss has been laid low for a Pope and Papal emissaries — and century and upwards; he has been makes them quail from his grave with pursued with an outcry, as though he greater terror than he did upon earth. were the worst of men. And why? When I think of those two precious Had he seized three kingdoms, or men, John Huss and Jerome of denied his God, and done worse Prague, I cannot refrain from being things, he would not have given overwhelmed with astonishment at such unpardonable offence, as in attheir dauntless courage and stedfast- tacking the triple crowned man. ness, to see these two men daring to Everything would have been parset themselves up against the judg- doned with ease. Yes; even in the ment of the whole world, against the high schools they must confess that Pontiff, Emperor, bishops, princes, Huss has the best of it in justice and colleges, and all the schools in the right; and his enemies must allow, whole empire. At that period, it that Huss was not vanquished, but seemed indeed, as though the Church violently overpowered. And what were totally removed and destroyed; injury is it to him now, that he was and nevertheless, the Almighty had burnt ? He stands yet in great estifilled both Huss and his companion mation. The Almighty now comes Jerome with the Holy Spirit, so that forth, and asks, Where is John these two solitary beings could reject Huss?' Now must he come up the opinions of all the nations, the again; he must be deemed a saint; Germans, Bohemians, and Spaniards.. it must prove a blow to all his eneEven one of these two opposed the mies; and they who shortened his Council and the whole world. And days must wear the brand of saint when John Huss was dragged to slaughterers.” martyrdom, the following prayer was The German nation is accused for uttered from a heart incapable of dis- having been the first to condemn the may and despair; O Jesu! thou Gospel at Constance, and for shedding Son of God! who hast suffered for innocent blood in the martyrdom of us; have thou compassion upon me.' Huss and Jerome ; for persevering This was spoken by the suggestion of in the same persecuting system at the Holy Spirit. Thus was Huss by Worms, at Heidelburg, and other the Pontiff, with many other pious cities; not omitting Mentz and Comen, canonically murdered; they logne, where the river Rhine was were with violence condemned; but crimsoned with blood, and still conthe Almighty never forgot them; tinued to show the deep stain which yes, they must submit for ever to be was drawn from the veins of mur- · published; the Pope himself must dered and branded Christians. Lushow up their names in the excom- ther says again :-" The Gospel was

anathematized along with me for the the whole united Church would in second time at the Diet of Worms, vain attempt to condemn." Upon this, and though the persecutors did not the Reformer observes, that John shed my blood, still there was no lack Huss denies not the Pontiff to be of thorough eagerness and incessant Primate over the whole world ; but deadly hate in their hearts towards he nevertheless insists that a wicked me." And but a short time before Pontiff cannot be a member of the the days of Luther, there was a very holy Church, although the world must common proverb in the mouths of submit to him for a tyrant; for all the people, when they met together and members of the holy Church must entered into friendly discourse. The either be, or become holy. Were, question used to be asked, “ What sort however, St. Peter, at this very day, of a life do you now lead ?and the to be seated at Rome, Luther would answer usually was; “ We have no nevertheless deny him the title of kind of enjoyment on account of the Pope, over all other bishops, as priests!” in consequence of the founded upon the Divine appointPapal and priestly tyranny of the ment. He declares the Papacy to be middle ages. The monk, Sigebert, of a human invention ; that inspiration Glemblach, attacked such doings in speaks not a word in its favour; that his chronicle of the year 1088. This all Churches are equal; and that good man was a friar of the cluniac their unity is not resting on the suorder, next Bishop of Ostia, and premacy of this one Church, but lastly, Pontiff. He considered the upon one faith, one baptism,&c.; custom of excommunicating to be a Eph. iv. 5. Luther speaks again of novelty and heresy after the fashion the Papal condemnation contained in then adopted by the ecclesiastics. the thirty-third article, where he is Under the name and appearance of blamed for holding that “the burning the Church of Christ, an organized of heretics is opposed to the will of political machine had been invented, the Holy Spirit.” Luther appeals to fully answering to the portentous pro- facts, experience, and Church hisphecies to be found in the Book of tory, in vindication of the truth of Daniel, in the Gospel, in the epistles his opinion. He challenges one exof the New Testament, and the Re- ample of the burning of an heretic velations. There were learned and in the beginning of Christianity; and pious individuals, who both sorrowed avers that the early Christians never and protested on account of the could have burnt one amongst the vabondage under which they were rious existing heretics; who abounded ground. One of the most famous in ancient times. Luther cites the was known universally under the language of the Papal historians, name of William Occam, about the which states, that whenever a ponyear, 1320; another, and an im tiff or a bishop turned heretic, such mortal name, our own country fur were deposed, but never burnt. He nishes in Wycliffe, who in the year appeals to ecclesiastical law, that very 1372, denied the Pontiff's authority, law which proves this statement, and and ridiculed his triple golden crown. was regarded as an inspired written But Occam published a book, bearing document from the Holy Spirit. And, the title “ De summi Pontificis potes- thirdly, Luther defies a single proof tate,” in which he argued against the for the justification of the practice to long received imposition.

be adduced from Scripture, or the For the bold defence which Luther will of the Holy Spirit. The Remade in behalf of the Bohemian mar- former thus writes in continuation : tyrs, he was attacked in a Papal bull, “But they say that John Huss and and amongst the condemned opinions, Jerome of Prague were burnt at Conthe following is named in the thir- stance. I answer, that I was speaktieth article, as follows ;-"Some of ing of heretics. John Huss and Jethe articles of John Huss, condemned rome, two pious Christians, were at Constance, are most thoroughly burnt by heretics,' faithless Papists, Christian, most true, and altogether for the truth of the Gospel, as I have agreeable to the Gospel, and which ever said; and according to this example, the Pope and his inquisitors the ground that no question of temhave burnt several more pious Chris- porary expediency could justify a sin, tians in other places, and fulfilled the and His Majesty's view of the obliprophecies referring to Antichrist. gations of the coronation oath identiIn the same spirit, Alexander VI. fied the proposed concessions with a caused that pious man, Jerome Sa breach of the pledges he had solemnly vonorola, to be burnt at Florence; entered into. "The Sovereign and the that friar of the oratory died in com- Minister proving mutually inflexible, pany with his brethren. This is the the following letter from the King to service which the holy Church of the the Speaker introduces the result of Papists now performs; and pity it the difference: were that it should do a bit better.”

Queen's House, Jan. 29, 1801. Luther now points out to the Roman

“ The Speaker of the House of ists a passage of St. Luke ix, 54, where Christ forbids his disciples

Commons, I trust, is so sensible of the to draw down fire from heaven; he

high regard I have for the uprightness

of his private character, as well as of bids them to find an answer,

his ability and temper in the fulfilling

his public trust, that he will not be REPEAL RENT STILL COLLECTED surprised at my desire of communiFROM THE STARVING IRISH!

cating to him the very strong appre

hensions I conceive, that the most LORD BROUGHAM said in the House mischievous measure is in contemplaof Lords, that he understood that a tion, to be brought forward in the circular had been issued to all the first session of the Parliament of the Roman Catholic priests of Ireland, United Kingdom, and this by one from a place called Conciliation Hall, styling himself a friend to administraurging on them most impressively, tion-I mean Lord Castlereagh; this almost imperatively, the necessity of is no less than the placing the Roman raising subscriptions for the repeal Catholics of the kingdom in an equal rent. It seemed that all over Ireland state of right to sit in both Houses of efforts were to be made, in the midst Parliament, and hold offices of trust of the misery of the people, to obtain and emolument, with those of the a dole to the repeal rent; he did hope Established Church. It is suggested that some due and stringent precau- by those best informed, that Mr. Pitt tions would be taken, if such could be favours this opinion. That Lord devised, for preventing any portion of Grenville and Mr. Dundas do, I have the millions being spent in that country the fullest proof; they having intiby the people of England, Scotland, mated as much to me, who have cerand Ireland, from finding its way into tainly not disguised to them my abthe coffers of Conciliation Hall. That horrence of the idea, and my feeling was a result at which the people of it as a duty, should it ever be brought this country would, with one voice, forward, publicly to express my disexpress the loudest indignation. approbation of it, and that no consi

deration could ever make me give my

consent to what I look upon as the KING GEORGE III. AND POPERY. destruction of the Established Church; THE CORONATION OATH.

which, by the wisdom of Parliament, (From the Morning Post.)

I, as well as my predecessors, have

been obliged to take an oath at our Soon after the passing of the Union coron

coronations to support.* with Ireland (the original policy of which measure reasonable people * The following anecdote, showing have really since had some excuse the King's deeply earnest and confor doubting), the elements of dis. scientious feelings on the subject of solution exhibited themselves in Mr. the coronation oath, was communicated Pitt's Cabinet. Pitt insisted on cer

to Lord Sidmouth at the time of the

agitation of the Catholic question, on tain large concessions to the Roman

the 6th of March, 1821, by General Catholics as a necessary consequence Garth, then “retired from the noise and on the Union. The King resisted, on bustle of this world, and preparing, as

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