« PreviousContinue »
2. Xl. (pressed me none but such toasts and butter," with C-385hearts in their bellies no bigger than pins' heads,
and they have bought out their services; and now
my whole charge consists of ancients, corporals, lieutenants, gentlemen of companies, Naves as ragged as Lazarus in the painted cloth, where the glutton's dogs licked his sores : and such as, indeed, were never foldiers; but discarded unjust servingmen, younger sons to younger brothers, revolted tapsters, and oftlers trade-fallen; the cankers of a calm world, and a long peace;+ ten times more dishonourable ragged than an old faced ancient:'
----such toasts and butter,] This term of contempt is used in Beaumont and Fletcher's Wit without Money: They love young toasts and butter, Bow-bell fuckers.”
STEEVENS. “ Londiners, and all within the sound of Bow-bell, are in reproch called cocknies, and eaters of buttered toftes.” Moryson's Itin. 1617. MALONE.
3 ---- younger fons to younger brothers, &c.] Raleigh, in his Difcourse on iVar, uses this very expression for men of desperate fortune and wild adventure. Which borrowed it from the other, I know not, but I think the play was printed before the Discourse,
Johnson. Perhaps Oliver Cromwell was indebted to this speech, for the sarcasm which he threw out on the soldiers commanded by Hampden:
Your troops are most of them old decayed serving men and tapfers,” &c. STEEVENS,
cankers of a calm world, and a long peace;] So, in The Puriian : hatch'd and nourished in the idle calmness of peace.” Again, in Pierce Penniless his Supplication to the Devil, 1592 : all the canker-wormes that breed on the rust of peace.”
STEEVENS. ten times more dishonourable ragged than an old faced ancient :] Shakspeare uses this word fo promiscuously to fignify an ensign or standard-bearer, and also the colours or standard borne, that I cannot be at a certainty for his allusion here. If the text be genuine, I think the meaning must be, as dishonourably ragged as one that has been an ensign all his days; that has let age creep
and such have I, to fill up the rooms of them that have bought out their services that you would think,
upon him, and never had merit enough to gain preferment. Dr. Warburton, who understands it in the second construction, has suspected the text, and given the following ingenious emendation: “ How is an old-fac'd ancient or enfign, dishonourably ragged? on the contrary, nothing is esteemed more honourable than a ragged pair of colours. A very little alteration will restore it to its original sense, which contains a touch of the strongest and most fine-turn'd satire in the world : ten times more dishonourably ragged than an old feast ancient; i. e. the colours used by the citycompanies in their feasts and processions; for each company had one with its peculiar device, which was usually displayed and borne about on such occasions. Now nothing could be more witty or sarcastical than this comparison: for as Falftaff's raggamuffins were reduced to their tatter'd condition through their riotous excesses; so this old feast ancient became torn and shatter’d, not in any manly exercise of arms, but amidst the revels of drunken bacchanals.” THEOBALD.
Dr. Warburton's emendation is very acute and judicious; but I know not whether the licentiousness of our author's diction may not allow us to suppose that he meant to represent his soldiers, as more ragged, though less honourably ragged, than an old ancient.
JOHNSON. An old faid ancient, is an old standard mended with a different colour. It should not be written in one word, as old and fac'd are diftinct epithets. To face a gown is to trim it; an expression at present in use. In our author's time the facings of gowns were always of a colour different from the stuff itself. So, in this play:
“ To face the garment of rebellion
" With some fine colour." Again, in Ram-alley or Merry Tricks, 1611:
“ Your tawny coats with greasy facings here.” Steeve NS. So, in The Puritan, a comedy, 1607: " - full of holes, like a shot ancient." The modern editors, 'inftead of dishonourable read disonourably; but the change is unnecessary, for our author trequently uses adjectives adverbially. So again in this play:
" And since this business fo fair is done." Again, in K. Henry VIII: “ He is equal ravenous as he is subtle." Again, in Hamlet: “ I am myself indifferent honest.” Again, in 7 he Taming of the Shrew:
“ Her only fault
" Is that she is intolerable curft." Sec also Vol. VI. p. 318, n. 9. MALONE.
of Daintry.] i. e. Daventry. STEEVENS. propostes soldiers
KING HENRY IV. 553
Enter Prince HENRY and WestMORELAND.
Fal. What, Hal? How now, mad wag? what
West. 'Faith, fir John, 'tis more than time that
gyves on ;) i. e. fhackles. Pope.
“ And I will go fetch a pair of gyves.”
Repent but you that you shall lose your friend." MALONE.
or cantins from the bed or a carpeta from the labre, some bed clothes ar luble haghing or some other they must needs forke away with them, thene
propres 195020 yurip keting or onesr minn to orfrumo her you porno 7 4Les ca niponor groghag as enseny 243.1929 nboroup unosony?
volen from host @) This dhe poa'ísto amarillo peloin
writer contemporary Shekoprore Barnaby
• Frist by the way we then Iravay's Hucugh this coronlicy where they chaunce lolayall rought the good wyli halhe poddi will / wherlyn de bye shortes in the morning, as by Vay theo hoppe to fagte get a covertet
there already: The king, I can tell you, looks for us all; we must away all night."
Fal. Tut, never fear me; I am as vigilant, as a cat to steal cream.
P. Hen. I think, to steal cream indeed; for thy theft hath already made thee butter. But tell me, Jack; Whose fellows are these that come after?
FAL. Mine, Hal, mine.
Fal. Tut, tut; good enough to toss ;* fcod for powder, food for powder; they'll fill a pit, as well as better: tush, man, mortal men, mortal men.
West. Ay, but, fir John, methinks, they are exceeding poor and bare; too beggarly.
FAL. 'Faith, for their poverty, -I know not where they had that: and for their bareness, -I am sure, they never learn’d that of me.
P. Hen. No, I'll be sworn; unless you call three fingers on the ribs, bare. But, firrah, make haste; Percy is already in the field.
Fal. What, is the king encamp'd ?
West. He is, fir John; I fear, we fhail fiay too long.
we must away all night.] Read, we must away all tonight. M. Mason. Perhaps Westmoreland mcans" we nauft travel all night.”
STEEVENS. -good enough to toss;] That is, to toss upon a pike.
JOHNSON. Join King Henry VI. D. III.
The veldiers should have fofollin
It may not be.
Not a whit. Hor. Why say you fo? looks he not for supply? Ver. So do we. Hor.
His is certain, ours is doubtful. Wor. Good cousin, be advis'd; stir not to-night. Ver. Do not, my lord. Doug.
You do not counsel well; You speak it out of fear, and cold heart.
Ver. Do me no Nander, Douglas: by my life, (And I dare well maintain it with my life,) If well-respected honour bid me on, I hold as little counsel with weak fear, As you, my lord, or any Scot that lives: Let it be seen to-morrow in the battle, Which of us fears. Doug
Yea, or to-night. VER.
Content. Hot. To-night, say I. VER.
Come, come, it may not be.
9 As you, my lord, or any Scot that lives:] The old copies,
that this day lives: Steevens. We should omit the words, this day, which weaken the sense and destroy the measure, M. MASON.