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And even as I was then, is Percy now.
Now by my scepter, and my soul to boot,
He hath more worthy interest to the state,
Than thou, the shadow of succession: 3
For, of no right, nor colour like to right,
He doth fill fields with harness in the realm;
Turns head against the lion's armed jaws;
And, being no more in debt to years than thou,
Leads ancient lords and reverend bishops on,
To bloody battles, and to bruising arms.
What never-dying honour hath he got
Against renowned Douglas; whose high deeds,
Whose hot incursions, and great name in arms,
Holds from all soldiers chief majority,
And military title capital,
Through all the kingdoms that acknowledge Chrift?
Thrice hath this Hotspur Mars in swathing clothes,
This infant warrior, in his enterprizes

3 He hath more worthy interest to the flate,

Than thou, the shadow of fucceffion :) This is obscure. I believe the meaning is—Hotspur hath a right to the kingdom more worthy than thou, who haft only the shadowy right of lineal julcellion, while he has real and folid power. Johnson.

Rather,-He better deserves to inherit the kingdom than thyself, who art intitled by birth to that succession of which thy vices render thee unworthy. Ritson. To have an interest to any thing, is not English. If we read,

He hath more worthy interest in the state, the sense would be clear, and agreeable to the tenor of the rest of the King's speech. M. Mason.

I believe the meaning is only, he hath more popularity in the realm, more weight with the people, than thou the heir apparent to the throne.

“ From thy succession bar me, father; I

“ Am heir to my affection" say's Florizel, in The Winter's Tale.

We should now write—in the state, but there is no corruption in the text. So, in The Winter's Tale : « he is less frequent to his princely exercises than formerly," MALONE,

Discomfited great Douglas: ta'en him once,
Enlarged him, and made a friend of him,
To fill the mouth of deep defiance up,
And shake the peace and safety of our throne.
And what say you to this? Percy, Northumberland,
The archbishop's grace of York, Douglas, Mortimer,
Capitulate * against us, and are up.
But wherefore do I tell these news to thee?
Why, Harry, do I tell thee of my foes,
Which art my near’st and dearests enemy?
Thou that art like enough,—through vassal fear,
Base inclination, and the start of spleen,
To fight against me under Percy's pay,
To dog his heels, and court'sy at his frowns,
To show how much degenerate thou art.

P. Hen. Do not think so, you shall not find it so:
And God forgive them, that so much have sway'd
Your majesty's good thoughts away from me!
I will redeem all this on Percy's head,
And, in the closing of some glorious day,
Be bold to tell you, that I am your son ;
When I will wear a garment all of blood,
And stain my favours in a bloody mask,

4 Capitulate-] i. e. make head. So, to articulate, in a subsequent scene, is to form articles. STEVENS.

Rather, combine, confederate, indent. To capitulate is to draw up any thing in heads or articles, Johnson's Dictionary. Ritson.

To capitulate, Mintheu explains thus : “ · per capita seu articulos pacisci;” and nearly in this fenfe, I believe, it is used here. 'The Percies, we are told by Walfingham, fent about letters containing three articles, or principal grievances, on which their rising was founded : and to this perhaps our author alludes.

MALONE. deareft -] Dearest is most fatal, moft mischievous.

JOHNSON. 6 And fain my favours in a bloody mak,] We should read-2tour, i. e. countenance. WARBURTON.

5

Which, wash'd away, shall scour my shame with it.
And that shall be the day, whene'er it lights,
That this same child of honour and renown,
This gallant Hotspur, this all-praised knight,
And your unthought-of Harry, chance to meet:
For every honour fitting on his belm,
Would they were multitudes; and on my head
My shames redoubled! for the time will come,
That I shall make this northern youth exchange
His glorious deeds for my indignities.
Percy is but my factor, good my lord,
To engross up glorious deeds on my behalf;
And I will call him to so strict account,
That he shall render every glory up,
Yea, even the fightest worship of his time,
Or I will tear the reckoning from his heart.
This, in the name of God, I promise here:
The which if he be pleas'd I shall perform,
I do beseech your majesty, may salve
The long-grown wounds of my intemperance:
If not, the end of life cancels all bands;

6

Favours are features. JOHNSON.

I am not certain that favours, in this place, means features, or that the plural number of favour in that sense is ever used. I believe favours mean only fome decoration usually worn by knights in their helmets, as a present from a mistress, or a trophy from an enemy. So, afterwards in this play:

“ Then let my favours hide thy mangled face:”
where the Prince must have meant his scarf.
Again, in Heywood's Rape of Lucrece, 1630:

“ Aruns, these crimson favours, for thy fake,
I'll wear upon my forehead mask'd with blood.”

STEEVENS. Steevens's explanation of this passage appears to be right. The word garments, in the preceding line, seems to confirm it.

M. Mason. - cancels all bands ;] i. e. bonds, for thus the word was anciently spelt. So, in The Comedy of Errors :

• My master is arrested on a band."

And I will die a hundred thousand deaths,
Ere break the smallest parcel of this vow.

K. Hen. A hundred thousand rebels die in this: Thou shalt have charge, and sovereign trust, herein.

Enter BLUNT.

How now, good Blunt? thy looks are full of speed.
Blunt. So hath the business that I come to speak

of."
Lord Mortimer of Scotland hath sent word,:-
That Douglas, and the English rebels, met,
The eleventh of this month, at Shrewsbury:
A mighty and a fearful head they are,

Shakspeare has the same allusion in Macbeth :

Cancel and tear to pieces that great bond,&c. Again, in Cymbeline :

" And cancel these cold bonds." STEEVENS. ? So hath the business that I come to speak of.). So also the business that I come to speak of, hath speed; i. e. requires immediate attențion and dispatch. Mr. Pope changed hath to is, and the alteration has been adopted, in my opinion unnecessarily, by the subsequent editors. MALONE.

8 Lord Mortimer of Scotland hath sent word,] There was no fuch person as lord Mortimer of Scoiland; but there was a lord March of Scotland, (George Dunbar,) who having quitted his own country in disgust, attached himself so warmly to the Englishi, and did them such fignal services in their wars with Scotland, that the Parliament petitioned the King to bestow some reward on him. He fought on the side of Henry in this rebellion, and was the means of saving his life at the battle of Shrewsbury, as is related by Holinihed. This, no doubt, was the lord whom Shakspeare designed to represent in the act of sending friendly intelligence to the King.-Dar author had a recollection that there was in these wars a Scottish lord on the King's side, who bore the same title with the English family, on the rebel side, (one being the Earl of March in England, the other Earl of March in Scotland,) but his memory, deceived him as to the particular name which was common to both. He took it to be Mortimer, instead of March.

STEEVENS,

If promises be kept on every hand,
As ever offer'd foul play in a state.
K. Hen. The earl of Westmoreland set forth to-

day;
With him my son, lord John of Lancaster;
For this advertisement is five days old :-
On Wednesday next, Harry, you shall set
Forward; on Thursday, we ourselves will march:
Our meeting is Bridgnorth: and, Harry, you
Shall march through Glostershire; by which ac-

count,
Our business valued, some twelve days hence
Our general forces at Bridgnorth shall meet.
Our hands are full of business : let's away;
Advantage feeds him fat,' while men delay.

[Exeunt.

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Eastcheap. A Room in the Boar's Head Tavern.

Enter Falstaff and BARDOLPH.

Fal. Bardolph, am I noc fallen away vilely since this last action? do I not bate? do I not dwindle? Why, my skin hangs about me like an old lady's loose gown; I am wither'd like an old apple-John. Well,

9 Advantage feeds him fat,] i. e. feeds himself. Malone.
So, in The Taming of a Shrew:

Who, for twice seven years, hath esteemed hiin
“ No better than a poor and a loathsome beggar.”

STEEVEYS. my skin hangs about me like an old lady's loofe gown;] Pope has in the Dunciad availed himself of this idea : “ In a dun night-gown of his own loose skin.”

MALONE.

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