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P. Hen. Why then, 'tis like, if there come a hot June, and this civil buffeting hold, we shall buy maidenheads as they buy hob-nails, by the hundreds.

Fal. By the mass, lad, thou fay'st true; it is like, we shall have good trading that way.-But, tell me, Hal, art thou not horribly afeard ? thou being heir apparent, could the world pick thee out three such enemies again, as that fiend Douglas, that fpirit Percy, and that devil Glendower Art thou not horribly afraid? doth not thy blood thrill at it?

P. Hen. Not a whit, i' faith; I lack some of thy instinct.

Fal. Well, thou wilt be horribly chid to-morrow, when thou comest to thy father: if thou love me, practise an answer.

P. Hen. Do thou stand for my father, and examine me upon the particulars of my life.'

Fal. Shall I ? content :- This chair shall be my state, this dagger my scepter, and this cushion my crown.

of government, and thought their estates in danger, were desirous to fell them in hafte for something that might be carried away.

JOHNSON. 9 Do thou stand for my father, and examine me upon the particulars of my life.] In the old anonymous play of Henry V. the same strain of humour is discoverable :

“ Thou shalt be my lord chief justice, and shall fit in the chair, and I'll be the young prince and hit thee a box on the ear,” &c.

Sreevens. 1-This chair shall be my ftate,] A state is a chair with a canopy over it. So, in Macbeth:

“ Our hostess keeps her fiate." See also Vol. IV. p. 84, n. 7.

This, as well as a following passage, was perhaps designed to ridicule the mock majesty of Cambyses, the hero of a play which appears from Deckar's Gul's Hornbook, 1609, to have been exhibited with some degree of theatrical pomp. Deckar is ridiculing

P. Hen. Thy state is taken for a joint-stool, thy golden scepter for a leaden dagger, and thy precious rich crown, for a pitiful bald crown!

FAL. Well, an the fire of grace be not quite out of thee, now shalt thou be moved.-Give me a cup of sack, to make mine eyes look red, that it may be thought I have wept; for I must speak in pasfion, and I will do it in king Cambyses's vein.

P. Hen. Well, here is my leg.

Fal. And here is my speech:-Stand aside, nobility.


the impertinence of young gallants who fat or stood on the ftage; “on the very rules where the commedy is to daunce, yea and under the state of Cambifes himselfe." STEEVENS.

this cushion my crown.] Dr. Letherland, in a MS, note, observes that the country people in Warwickshire use a cushion for a crorun, at their harveft-home diversions; and in the play of King Edward IV. P. 2. 1619, is the following passage:

Then comes a Nave, one of those drunken sots,
“ In with a tavern reck’ning for a fupplication.

Disguised with a cushion on his head.” STEEVENS. 4 Thy state &c.] This answer might, I think, have better been omitted: it contains only a repetition of Falftaff's mock-royalty.

JOHNSON. This is an apostrophe of the Prince to his absent father, not an answer to Falstaff. FARMER. Rather a ludicrous description of Falstaff's mock regalia.

Ritson. sking Cambyses' -- ] The banter is here upon a play called, A lamentable tragedie, mixed full of plejant mirth, containing the life of Cambises king of Persia. By Thomas Preston. [1570.]

THEOBALD. I question if Shakspeare had ever seen this tragedy; for there is a remarkable peculiarity of measure, which, when he professed to speak in king Cambyses' vein, he would hardly have missed, if he had known it. JOHNSON.

There is a marginal direction in the old play of King Cambises: " At this tale tolde, let the queen weep;" which I fancy is alluded to, though the measure is not preserved. FARMER.

— my leg.] That is, my obeisance to my father. Johnson,


Host. This is excellent sport, i’faith.
Fal. Weep not, sweet queen, for trickling tears

are vain. Host. O the father, how he holds his countenance! FAL. For God's fake, lords, convey my




For tears do stop the flood-gates of her eyes.

Host. O rare! he doth it as like one of these harlotry players,' as I ever see.

FAL. Peace, good pint-pot; peace, good ticklebrain.”—Harry, I do not only marvel where thou spendest thy time, but also how thou art accompanied: for though the camomile, the more it

gates, &c.

7 -my triftful queen,] Old copies—truftful. Corrected by Mr. Rowe. The word trifful is again used in Hamlet. MALONE.

8 — the flood-gates of her eyes.] This passage is probably a burlesque on the following in Preston's Cambyses: Queen. These words to hear makes stilling teares issue from

chryftall eyes.” Perhaps, says Dr. Farmer, we should read—do ope the flood

The allusion may be to the following passage in Soliman and
Perfeda :

“ How can mine eyes dart forth a pleasant look,
“ When they are stop'd with floods of Aowing tears?" Ritson.

-harlotry players,] This word is used in The Plowman's Tale: “ Soche harlotre men,” &c. Again, in P. P. fol. 27: “ I had lever hear an harlotry, or a fomer's game.' Junius explains the word by " inhonefta paupertinæ fortis fæditas.'

Steevens. - tickle-brain.] This appears to have been the nick name of some strong liquor. So, in A new Trick to cheat the Devil, 1636:

“ A cup of Nipsitate brisk and neat,

« The drawers call it tickle-brain." In The Antipodes, 1640, settle-brain is mentioned as another potation. STEEVENS.

though the camomile, &c.] This whole speech is fupremely comic. The fimile of camomile used to illustrate a contrary effect,


is trodden on, the fafter it grows, yet youth, the more it is wasted, the fooner it wears. That thou art my son, I have partly thy mother's word, partly my own opinion; but chiefly, a villainous trick of thine eye, and a foolish hanging of thy nether lip, that doth warrant me.

If then thou be son to me, here lies the point ;-Why, being son to me, art thou so pointed at ? Shall the blelsed sun of heaven' prove a micher, and eat black

brings to my remembrance an obfervation of a late writer of fome merit, whom the defire of being witty has betrayed into a like thought. Meaning to enforce with great vehemence the mad temerity of young foldiers, he remarks, that “though Bedlam be in the road to Hogfden, it is out of the way to promotion.”

Johnson. In The More the Merrier, a collection of epigrams, 1608, is the following passage:

• The camomile shall teach thee patience,

r. Which thriveth best when trodden most upon.' Again, in Parafitafter, or the Fawne, a comedy by Marston, 1606:

• For indeed, sir, a repress’d fame mounts like camomile, the more trod down, the more it grows." STEVENS.

The ftyle immediately ridiculed, is that of Lyly, in his Euphues : “ Though the camomile the more it is trodden and pressed downe, the more it spreadeth; yet the violet the oftener it is handled and touched, the sooner it withereth and decayeth,” &c. FARMER.

Thne tha fior quarto. In

fon, which
bs and the
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en from the
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berries? a question not to be ask'd. Shall the son
of England prove a thief, and take purses? a ques-

tion to be ask’d. There is a thing, Harry, which ?. X. thou hast often/heard of, and it is known to many

in our land by the name of pitch: this pitch, as 305,

ancient writers do report, doth defile;' fo doth the
company thou keepest: for, Harry, now I do not
speak to thee in drink, but in tears; not in plea-
sure, but in passion; not in words only, but in
woes also :-And yet there is a virtuous man, whom
I have often noted in thy company, but I know not
his name.

P. Hen. What manner of man, an it like your
majesty ?

FAL. A good portly man, i’faith, and a corpulent; of a cheerful look, a pleasing eye, and a most noble carriage; and, as I think, his age some fifty, or, by'r-lady, inclining to threescore ; and now I remember me, his name is Falstaff: if that man should be lewdly given, he deceiveth me; for,

Again, in The Devil's Charter, 1607:
“ Pox on him, micher, I'll make him


for it."
Again, in Lyly's Mother Bombie, 1594:

« How like a micher he stands, as though he had truanted from
Again, in the old Morality of Hycke Scorner:

“ Wanton wenches and also michers,” STEEVENS.
A micher, I believe, means only a lurking thief distinguished
from one more daring. Lambard in his Eirenarcha, 1610, p. 186.
speaking of the powers which may be exercised by one justice, says,
he may charge the constables to arrest fuch as shall be suspected to
be “ draw-latches, wastors, or robertsmen, that is to say, either
miching or mightie theeves, for the meaning musl remaine howso-
ever the word be gone out of use.". REED.

this pitch, as ancient writers do report, doth defile ;] Al-
loding to an ancient ballad beginning :

" Who toucheth pitch must be defil'd.Steevens. Or perhaps to Lyly's Euphues :

“ He that coucheth pitch shall be defiled," Holt White.'

"Farmer has ponted at another page stating the Jame ofperrahm, baudomi Hid city The work which it belong: Stes a man

to touch pitch, as not to love süd with it.Itarem

He Thay, truchette pitch thall be defile.' therewith;

Pedlesiasticus X111-V.1.

A Hotriv

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