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TO CORRESPONDENTS.

A part of D. F.'s favours shall'appear in our vext'; also, " The Reading Room."

We have received the strictures on popular preachers, viz. the Rev. J. R. PITMAN, the Rev. Dr. MOORE, the Rev. Dr. Runge, and the Deans of CARLISLE aud Rochester ; Rev. GeorGE MATHEW, Rec. Ę. REPTON, and Rev. Dr. BUSFIELD.

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Page 210, for quinzieme read quinzaine-page 211, for caffé read vi tasse de

Core--page 212, for plaine St. Honoré read La Rue St. Hoe noré-page 93, for elegantes read elegants. In the translation of Mrs. Opie's tines, for image read homage-page 261, tox Brown Head Boarn.

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rrdon, Published for the Proprietors of the European Magazine by Lupton Relfe.79. Comhill. Novi 18

EUROPEAN MAGAZINE, ,

AND

LONDON REVIEW.

OCTOBER 1822.

MEMOIR

OP

W. CROTCH, Mus. D.

Person PROFESSOR OF MUSIC IN THE UNIVERSITY OF OXFORD.

Dr. Crotch, the subject of the himself: for, the same evening, after present memoir, was born at Nor. her departure, the child cried and wich, July 5, 1775. His father, by was so peevish that his mother was trade a carpenter, an ingenious me- wholly unable to appease him. At chanic, and of good reputation, hav- length, passing through the dining; ing a passion for music, of which, room, he screamed and struggled however, he had no knowledge, un violently to go to the organ, in dertook to build an organ, on which, which, when he was indulged, he as soon as it would speak, he learned' eagerly bent down the keys with his to play two or three common tunes, little tists, as other children usually such as, God Save the King; Leć do, after finding themselves able to Ambition Fire thy Mind; and the produce a noise, which pleases them Easter Hymn; with which, and such more than the artificial performance chords as were pleasing to his ear, of real melody or harmony by others. he used to try the perfection of his The next day, however, being left, instrument.

while his mother went out, in the Abont Christmas, 1776, when Mas- dining - room with his brother, a terCrotrh was only a year and a half youth about fourteen years old, he old, he discovered a great inclination would pot let him rest till he blew for music, by leaving even his food the bellows of the organ, while he to attend to it, when the organ was sat on his knee and bent down the playing ; and about Midsummer, keys, at first promiscuously, but pre 1777, he would touch the key-note sently, with one hand, he played of his particular favourite tunes, in enongh of God Save the King to order to persuade his father to play awaken the curiosity of his father, them. Soon after this, as he was who, being in a garret, which was unable to name these tunes, he would his workshop, hastened down stairs play the first two or three notes of to inform himself who was playing them, when he thought the key-note this tune upon the organ: When he did not sufficiently explain which he found it was the child, he could wished to have played. But accord: hardly believe what he Heard and ing to his mother's account, it seems

At this time, he was exactly to have been in consequence of his two years and three weeks old, as having heard the superior performi- appears by the register, in the parish ance of Mrs. Lulman, a musical lady, of St. George, Colgate, Norwich, who came to try his father's organ; Although he shewed such a decided and who not orily played on it, but" inclination for musit, he could no sung to her own aceompanyinent, more be prevailed on to play by perthat he first attempted to play a tune suasion than a bird to sing:

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When his mother returned, the, which, being so much more power, father, with a look that at once im- : ful than that to which he was accusa. plied joy, wonder, and mystery, de- tomed at home, he was some time', sired her to go up stairs with him, before he could bear, without diser as he had something curions to shew covering pain, oecasioned, perbap8,5" her, She obeyed, and was as much by the extreme delicacy of his ears! surprised as the father, on hearing and irritability of his nervesery into the child play the first part of God Before he was four years old, he Sare the King, The next day he discovered a genius and inclination made himself master of the treble for drawing, nearly as strong as for of the second part; and the day music; for, whenever he was not at after, he attempted the base, which an instrument, he usually employed he performed nearly correct in every himself in sketching, with his left.rs particular, except the note immedi. -hand, houses; churches, ships, or ately, before the close, which being animals, in his rude and wild rnanan octave below the preceding sound, ner, with chalk, : on the floor, or on was out of the reach of his little hand. whatever plain surface he was alIn the beginning of November, 1777, lowed to scrawl. he played both the treble and base i The first voluntary be heard with its of Let Ambition Fire thy Mind; an attention was performed athis father's/w old tune, now called, Hope, thou house by Mr. Mully, a vjusie-masterzy: Nurse of Young Desire.

and as soon as he was gone, a thesis Upon the parents' relating this child seeming to play on the organ: extraordinary circumstance to their in a wiid and different manner froni neighbours, they were laughed at, what his mother was accustomed to and advised not to mention it, as hear, she asked him, what he waslıq such a marvellous account would doing? And he replied, “I am play. only expose them to ridicule. How- ing the gentleman's fine things" ever, a few days afterwards, Mr. but she was unable to judge of the ni Crotch being ill, and unable to go resemblance. However, when Mr. a out to work, Mr. Paul; a master- Mully caine a few days after, anda) weaver, by whom he was employed, was asked, whether the child had'sia passing accidentally by the door, remembered any of the passages in is and hearing the organ, fancied that his voluntary, he replied in their he had been deceived, and that Crotch affirmitive. This happened when he is had stayed at home, in order to di- was only two years and four months vert himself on his favourite instru- old. About this time, such was they) ment. Fnlly prepossessed with this rapid progress he had made in judge 1 idea, he entered the house, and, sud. ing of the agreement of sounds, that ; denly opening the dining-room door, he played the Easter Hymn with fullise saw the child playing on the organ, harmony; and in the last two or in while his brother was blowing the three bars of Hallelnjah, where the bellows. Mr. Paul thought the per- same sound is sustained, he played formance so extraordinary, that he chords with both hands, hy which imniediately brought two or three the parts were 'multiplied to six, of the neighbours to hear it, who which he had great difficulty in propagating the news, a crowd of reaching, on account of the shortest nearly a hundred persons came the ness of his fingers. From this penext day to hear the young per- siod his memory was very accurate; former; and, on the following days, in retaining any tune that pleased a still greater number focked to the him; and being present at a concert, house from all quarters of the city, where a band of gentlemen peres

length, the child's purents formers, played the overture in Rotyos wenn

to limit his exhibition pelinda, he was so deliglated with to certain days and hours, in order the minuet, that the next morning has to lessen his fatigue, and exempt he hummed part of it in bed; and 4 themselves from the inconyenience by noon, without any further assiste of constant attendance on the curis ance, played thø whole on the organitx* ous multitude.

-At four years old, his ear for mue When the father first carried him sic was so astonishing, that he could , to the Cathedral, he used to cry the distinguish at a great distance from instant kc heard the loud organ, any instrument, and out of sight of

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