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Page 417,25th line, after "facts above specified," insert: : , - j
If is no valid objection that science as yet throws no light on the origin of Life. Who can explain what is the essence of the Attraction of gravity? Although Leibnitz accused Newton of introducing "occult qualities and - miracles into philosophy;" yet this unknown element of attraction is now universally looked at as a vera causa perfectly well established.]
[I see no good reason why the views given in this volume should shock the religious feelings of any one. It is satisfactory, as showing how transient such impressions are, to remember that the greatest discovery ever made by man, namely, the law of gravity, was attacked by Leibnitz, "as subversive of natural and inferentially of revealed religion." A celebrated author and divine, &c, &c
Page 420, fifteen lines from top, after "deceitful guide," omit whole remainder of paragraph, and insert, instead, as follows:
Nevertheless, all living things have much in common; in their chemical composition, their cellular structure, their laws of growth, and their liability to injurious influ, ences. We see this in so trifling a circumstance as that the same poison often similarly affects plants and animals, or that the poison secreted by the gall-fly produces monstrous growths on the wild rose or oak tree. In all organic beings the union of a male and female elemental cell seems occasionally to be necessary for the production of a new being. In all, as far as is at present known, the germinal vesicle is the same. So that every individual organic being starts from a common origin. If we look even to the two main divisions—namely, to the animal and vegetable kingdoms—certain low forms are so far intermediate in character that naturalists have disputed to which kingdom they should be referred; and on the principle of natural selection with divergence of character, it does not seem utterly incredible that from some such intermediate production both animals and plants might possibly have been developed. Therefore I snould infer that probably all the organic beings which have ever lived on this earth have descended from some one primordial form, into which life was first breathed by the Creator. But this inference is chiefly grounded on analogy, and it is immaterial whether or not it be accepted. The case is different with the members of each great class, as the Vertebrata or Articulata; for here, as has just been remarked, we have in the laws of homology and embryology, &c, some distinct evidence that all have descended from a single primordial parent.]
Aberrant groups, 373.
of organic beings, 358.
on groups of species suddenly ap-
on embryological succession, 295.
on the glacial period, 319.
on embryological characters, 364.
on the embryos of vertebrata, 382.
on parallelism of embryological de-
boulders and glaciers of, 325.
South, no modern formations on
Animals, not domesticated from being
with thicker fur In cold climates, 122.
Antarctic islands, ancient flora of, 347.
Ants attending aphides. 188.
slave-making instinct, 195.
Artichoke, Jerusalem, 129.
Audubon on habits of frigate-bird, 166
on variation in birds'-nests, 189.
on heron eating seeds, 338.
dogs of, 192.
extinct animals of, 296.
European plants in, 327.
Babington, Mr., on British plants, 49.
Balancement of growth, 133.
Bamboo with hooks, 176.
Barberry, flowers of, 92.
Barrande, M., on Silurian colonies, 274.
on the succession of species, 284.
on parallelism of palseozoic forma*
on affinities of ancient species, 288.
distribution of, 343.
queen, killing rivals, 180.
hive, not sucking the red clover
hive, cell-making instinct, 200.
humble, cells of, 200.
with deficient tarsi, 123.
on classification, 365.
annually cross the Atlantic, 317.
colour of, on continents, 121.
fossil, in caves of Brazil, 296.
Birds of Madeira, Bermuda, and Gala-
with traces of embryonic teeth, 391.
affinities of, 373.
on striped Hemionus, 147.
on crossed geese, 224.
Brent, Mr., on honse-tumblers, 191.
on hawks killing pigeons, 315.
Cabbage, varieties of,
variation in habits of, 86.
curling tail when going to spring, 179.
destroyed by fliea in La Plata, 70.
breeds of, locally extinct, 103.
fertility of Indian and European
Cetacea, teeth and hair, 131.
sexual, variable, 141.
adaptive or analogical, 371.
Chthamalus, cretacean species of, 266.
to natural selection, 95.
carapace aborted, 134.
their ovigerous frena, 172.
larvw of, 883.
Cllft, Mr., on the succession of types, 295.
Collections, palaeontological, poor, 252.
in relation to attacks by flies, 177.
male flowers of, 392.
to fertility, 235.
Coral-islands, seeds drifted to, 315.
reefs, indicating movements of earth,
Correlation of growth in domestic produc-
Creation, single centres of, 307.
advantages of, 91.
unfavourable to selection, 96.
on fossil monkeys, 265.
Fred., on instinct, 186.
Dana, Prof, on blind cave-animals, 126.
on crustaceans of New Zealand, 327.
on umbelliferae, 132.
on general affinities, 374.
Alph, on low plants, widely dis-
on widely-ranging plants being va-
on naturalisation, 107.
on winged seeds, 133.
on Alpine species suddenly becom-
on distribution of plants with largf
on vegetation of Australia, 330.
on fresh-water plants, 336".
on insular plants, 339. «
of oldest rocks, 269.
during glacial period, 318.
means of, 311.
descended from several wild stocks,
domestic instincts of, 190.
proportions of, when yonng, 386.
Drones killed by other bees, 180.
Earl, Mr. W., on the Malay Archipelago,
Ears, drooping, in domestic animals, 17.
Economy of organisation, 134.
fossil species of, 296.
on gradations of structure, 173.
on embryological characters, 364.
of glacial period, 128.
conditions of, 184.
as bearing on natural selection, 102.
of domestic varieties, 103.
correction for aberration, 180.
Fabre, M., on parasitic sphex, 195.
on fossil crocodile, 274.
on elephants and mastodons, 292.
Fertility of hybrids, 221.
from slight changes in conditions,
of crossed varieties, 236.
Sollen of, 181.
of composite and umbelliferae, 131.
on nbrupt range of shells in depth.
on poorness of palffiontological col-
on continuous succession of genera,
on continental extensions, 311.
on parallelism in time and space,356.
intermittent, 254. . -
Formica rufescans, 195.
sanguinea, 195. - ..
flava, neuter of, 212.
Fries on species in largo genera being
closely allied to other speciee, 57.
in United States, 81.
varieties of, acclimatised in United
Fuel, crossed, 228.
Galapagos Archipelago, birds of, 340.
productions of, 347, 348.
Game, increase of, checked by vermin, 67.
on reciprocal crosses, 228.
on crossed maize and verbatcum,
on comparison of hybrids and mon
on homologous organs, 878.
Isidore, on variability of repeated
on correlation in monstrosities, 18.