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To spred her fame with taunting trumpet shrill! Extoll our Queene of God be loued still;

Whose word and will, dispight of Chacus yre
She to defende hath settled true desyre.

Her countryes weale to worke her heart is bent;

Haut Hydrais head she hath cut off indeede: Each Minotaure by skill she doth preuent

That in her soyle of strife would sow the seede. The woolfe she quailes, the lambe she seekes to feede,

With pleasant mylke and honey passing pure.

God graunt on earth her grace may long endure!"

Morton. The lines are not inharmonious, but the allusions are affected and pedantic.

Bourne. Of course—that was in the spirit of the age. Nash, in his most humorous and clever piece of exaggeration, called " Lenten Stuff," and printed in 1599, mentions three dramatic productions in terms of no great praise: one of them he calls "Phillips Venus;" and this may be the Phillips we are now speaking of, or it may be Phillips the actor.

Elliot. I have read some very amusing quotations from that pamphlet of Nash's.

Bourne. Very likely: you may see the whole of it reprinted in the "Harleian Miscellany," and it will well repay the time spent in going through it. Nash tells us in it of the troubles he had to pass through, in consequence of his unrecovered play of the " Isle of Dogs."

Morton. I have never met with a tract that contained more curious matter, both relating to himself and his contemporaries. It is there that he bestows such applause on "Kit Marlow" for his " Hero and Leander," praised, as you noticed, in the poem dedicated to Walton. He likewise speaks of a play called "The Case is altered," which was probably not Ben Jonson's.

Iiounnk. Your patience in listening to the quotation from Phillips shall be well rewarded to-morrow, by the examination of a greater and more indlnputaltly valuable curiosity than I have yet shown ytm) t tuenn the novel on which Shakespeare founded hl« * Twelfth Night."



VoL. ii.




The promise performed—A novel hitherto undiscovered, from
which Shakespeare took the plot of his "Twelfih Night," to be
found in " Rich his Farewell to Militarie profession," by Barnabe
Rich, 1606—The date when " Twelfih Night" was written—
Rich's collection of novels originally printed between 1578, and
1581—Proofs of this fact—Doubt whether additions were made in
the reprint of 1606—Sir Christopher Hatton, the patron of Rich
—Tancred and Gismunda, 1592—Polimanteia, 15!)5, quoted re-
garding Sir C. Hatton and his poems—Rich's account of his
"vpholder's" house and state at Holdenby, from the prefatory
matter to his "Farewell"—His name and productions omitted
by Ritson, &c but the defect partially supplied—His numerous
publications—Rich's concern in the Netherland wars with Gascoyne,
Churchyard, Whetstone, and other poets—Whetstone's account
of the death of Sir P. Sidney, from Churchyard's "True Dis-
course Historicall," &c 1G02—Epitaph from the same—Sir W.
Raleigh's epitaph on Sir P. Sidney—Milton's quotation from
Sir John Harington's translation of Ariosto—" Rich his Farewell
to Militarie profession" not known to any bibliographical anti-
quaries—Plan of the work—Anticipation of the Commentators on
Shakespeare fulfilled—Argument to the second novel in Rich's
work, called " Apolonius and Silla"—Its commencement and
incidents previous to the opening to Shakespeare's "Twelfih
Night," with their use—Dr. Johnson's censure of the sudden pro-
ject of Viola—Resemblance between Rich and Shakespeare—
Correspondence of the characters—Description of Julina, a widow,
and the mode of conducting the Duke's amour, by the intervention
of Silla in male attire, and under the name of her brother Silvio

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