Page images
PDF

solely to the oil of vitriol; of late it has been extended to the other articles above mentioned, as well as to white ashes and Glauber sists. Upwards of 50 men are employed about the works. Some of them are occupied during the day, and some of them during the night ; because great part of the operations require constant attendance. They are bound under indentures for 21 years, during which time they are paid weekly 6 s. for stated wages, with a proportional allowance for extra work, in which they are frequently employed. Brimstone and saltpetre are the raw materials used in the manufacture of oil of vitriol. The saltpetre is purchased chiefly at London at the East India Company’s sales. The brimstone is imported from Leghorn. About 60 tons of coals are consumed per week. Each bottle of oil of vitriol contains, at a medium, 140 lb. English weight ; of aquafortis, about 1oo lb. ; of spirit of salt about 100 lb. The prices of the articles vary according to the price of the materials. At present oil of vitriol is sold at 3; d. per lb. ; aquafortis at from 7; d. to 1 c d. per lb. ; spirit of salt at 6 d. per lb. with 3 s. for each bottle and basket ; Glauber salts at 12 s. per cwt. ; white ashes at 1 l. 8s. per cwt. None of the last mentioned article, however, is now made. The Company sell also Manganese in powder. This article is made use of in the new method of bleaching. Oil of vitriol is reckoned best, when it is of the colour of pure water. Betides the home sale to bleachers and printers, these different articles are exported to various places in Europe. The present firm of the Company is, The Proom-pan, Vitriol Com

[merged small][ocr errors]
[ocr errors][ocr errors]
[ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors]
[ocr errors][ocr errors]

* Some of the aged inhabitants report, that, about 60 or 7o years ago, oysters were in little estimation In a judicial declara ion, emitted A. D. 1776, by a residenter here, then 67 years old, he deponed, that he remembered when there were not above 3 or 4 boats employed : That they seldom caught above 6co in a day; and that there was little or no demand, or sale for them, at that period.

+ Haddocks formerly were plentiful, but of late years they have not appeared. Two years ago herrings were caught in great numbers near the town, in the month of August. In the parish records it is narrated, that in the same month, A. D. 1695, the herrings approached so near to the shore, that the inbabitants went out with sieves and riddles to catch them. It is impossible to specify the prices of the last mentioned kinds of fish, as they depend on the quantity caught, and, of consequence, vary every day. It is certain, however, that the prices are more than tripled within these 20 years.

[ocr errors][ocr errors]

Trade #.—The exports at present are only fish, and the different articles of manufacture which have been already In Cin

* Gosford, which was a principal seat of this antient family, lies 5 miles east of this, in the parish of Aberlady. Their Scotch title was Glencairney. Mr Alex ANDER Airchison of Edinburgh, now claims being the lineal representative of this family in Scotland.

+ Before the Union, a confiderable foreign trade was carried on here, especially in Dutch and French goods. Besides the home market, these goods, together with salt and tobacco, were carried to the north of England, and many of them were smuggled into that kingdom with great profit to the adventurers. From England they brought wool, and exported it to France. They exported likewise malt, salt, and coals. In consequence of the duties that were imposed after the Union, the trade, especially with England, was much less advantageous. It was, notwithstanding, still carried on to a considerable extent. In the year 1719, 41 cargoes were delivered at the port of Preston-pans,

g

« PreviousContinue »