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lately introduced, has obtained a decided preference, and is now almost universally in use *.
Upon the wet grounds, the seed time is often retarded by rains. In the year 1795, many of the farmers had it not in their power to begin the sowing of oats till the month of ~ May; but this year, viz. 1796, some oats have been sown in the first week of March—the one the latest, and the other perhaps the earliest seed time that is remembered. In ordinary seasons, the sowing of oats is begun in the first week of . April, barley in the first week of May, and wheat about the middle of September. The improvement of the soil, and the praćtice of a more regular husbandry, have rendered our harvest season somewhat earlier than formerly. It is common to begin cutting wheat about the end of August; barley in the beginning of September ; and the other corn in course, without intermitting the harvest work. The average. crop of oats upon a Scotch acre is 5 bolls; of barley 7; of , wheat 9, all Linlithgow measure. About 1 boll and 2 pecks of oats produce a boll of meal. The average price of oat . meal, barley, and Pease, is 15 S. for the boll ; of wheat, one , guinea f. s Nearly all the farms are inclosed and subdivided with , ditches and hawthorn hedges, but all the inclosures of this kind are hitherto insufficient; and this, it is believed, must continue to be the case, till much more effectual means be employed for protećting and rearing the young hedges, and especially for saving their shoots from being croped by the
* The plough alluded to does not appear to have any distinguishing name that is generally known. It is not Small's plough. * t These may perhaps be accounted the average prices, without making allowance for the extraordinary prices of crops 1794 and 1795.
farmer's cattle. At present, the insufficiency of the inclo-
tages to the manufacturer in other departments; and accordingly a bleachfield, under the firm of Richardson and Co. whose buildings and machinery were erected here in the year 1775, has become a very large and important concern... The brown cloth to be bleached is brought chiefly from Perth. Dundee, Dunfermline, Edinburgh, and Glasgow; but such is the increasing character of the field, and the high reputation of the acting partner of the company, that, for some years past, a confiderable quantity of diapers in particular, have been regularly sent to him from Darlington in England. About 7o Scotch acres are commonly covered with cloth, and the work employs or maintains about 1oo men, women, and children. There are also some other fields in this parish, employed as bleaching ground, in connection with a work, whose buildings and machinery are in the parish of Perth". And it ought not, perhaps, here, to remain unobserved, that at present the quantity of cloth bleached in the neighbourhood of Perth, far exceeds the quantity that is woven or otherwise manufactured in the town and distrićt around. This would lead us to presume, either that there must be something in the situation peculiarly favourable to the operation of bleaching, or that nothing is wanted but equal enterprise in the other departments: And that the last supposition may be the just one, is rendered probable, by the uncommon success of some late attempts, of which a remarkable example naturally presents itself in the case of a printfield, under the firm of 2 oung, Ross, Richardson, and Cawt, which was established in this parish upon the same canal, so lately as the year 1792, and has already become an object of such importance, as to be entitled to a distinguished place - - - in - * Tulloch bleachfield, upon the same canal. + Ruthven printfield.
gave way to this more important work on the fite of it; and
additional ground having been procured, as well as ad-
extent and fertility of the country, compared to the popula: tion of the town and its neighbouring villages. The high price of coals is perhaps the only peculiar disadvantage that attends the manufacturers of this distrićt ; and even this disadvantage has been confiderably lessened by the wisdom of the Legislature, in abolishing the duty upon sea-borne English coals, , Wages—The average yearly wages of a ploughman are 91, and of a maid servant 31, with board or maintenance to each; the average day wages of a callico printer are 3 s. of a bleacher 1 s." ; , of an ordinary labourer is and 2 d. all without board. , Ecclesiassical State.—The church, which is an ola building, has been lately repaired and rendered convenient... The gmanse was built in the year 1744, and has been repaired at different times, The stipend, in consequence of a late augmentation, confists of 8 chalders of meal and bear, and 35 l. sterling, together with Iool. Scots of communion elementmoney. The King is patron. The ministers, from the reformation downwards, have been Alexander Young +, Alexander Balneavis, sen. Alexander Balneavis, jun. #, David Meldrum,