Page images
PDF
[ocr errors][merged small]

Produce—The produce of grain per acre, on ordinary land, as well as on the best ground, is reckoned to be nearly in the following proportions:

[ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors]
[ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors]

from 18 to 26 bolls of small coal or culm. The price of the coal is about 8 d. per boll, when laid down at the pan. Two men are employed in working a pan ; their joint wages from 17s. to 20 s. per week. From the time the salt is drawn till it is sold, the waste by lying in the girne! is computed at 1 bushel in 1 o. The better the salt is inade, the waste is the less. When it is conveyed by land, a high wind occasions a greater waste than a moderate rain. Three bushels in 4o were formerly allowed for waste, when it was carried coastways. A late act of Pariianent reduces the allowance to 1 in 40. The original coast of a fait pan amounts to about 300 l. Sterling; and once in 3 years it costs about 40 l. for repairs. The price of salt at present, duty included, is 3 s. per bushel. The average made in this parish, during the 5 last years, is

1o,750 bushels 4 gallon per year. A manufacture of some ware is carried on a little to the west of the church. It cominenced about 40 years ago, and belongs to Messrs. Cadell. White stone ware, and cream coloured ware, (of late the last chiefly) are manufactured. About 40 men, and upwards of 30 boys, are employed. The wages of the men are from 6 s. to 15 s, per week. Some of them, when working by the piece, earn more than 15 s. The wages of the boys are from 1 s. to 2 s, per week. The boys are taken at 8 years of age, and continue till they are 14 or 15, when they are either bound as apprentices, or go to other occupations. About 24 tons of coals are consumed per week; the price is 5 s. 6d. per ton, when laid down at the work. The clay used in the manufacture is brought from Devonshire, the flint from Gravesend ; white and red lead from London, Hull, and Newcastle. The price of the clay is Io.s. per ton, freight 14 s, per ditto ; the price of the flint is 18 s. and 20 s. per ton, freight 8 s. per ditto. Fire clay is found in great plenty in the neighbourhood. This manufačture fačture circulates upwards of 2 5 1. per week. At Morison's Haven there is another manufacture of the same kind, with the addition of brown ware ". About half the number of men and boys are employed as at the former. Clay for the brown ware is found hard by the work. A third manufacture of the above articles was carried on at the Cuttle, but has been discontini ed for a year or two; it is, however, about to be resumed. The sales, for articles of earthen ware, are computed at upwards of 5 cool. Aer annum. Besides the Scotch market, the ware is exported to inost of the sea ports it, Europe, to the West Indies, and to North America.— There is a brick and tile work adjoining to the old church- . yard. Six men are employed. The wages of each, at a medium, are is. per day. This season 13 kilns were fired with tiles, each kiln containing so, coo. Of bricks 1 of, coo were made. Each kiln with tiles consumed 21 cart-loads of coals, at 3 s. 6d. per cart-load of 12 cwt. One cart load, partly great coal, partly culm, is required, at an average, for 30oo bricks. A little to the west of the above there is another tile-work by the sea-fide, where 9 kilns were fired, each kiln containing 9ooo tiles, and consuming 20 cart-loads of coals. Three men are employed at 7 s. each per week. Tiles, including a duty of 8 s. are sold at the rate of 21. 13 s. per thousand. Bricks, including a duty of 2 s. 6d. at the rate of 17 s. 6d. per thousand. A manufacture of oil of vitriol, aquafortis, and spirit of solo, is carried on here t. For many years it was confined almost solely * It is near loo years since the manufaşture of brown ware commenced in this parish. Towards the end of the last century, a glass-house for bottles was erected at Morison's Haven.

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
« PreviousContinue »