« PreviousContinue »
Heritors, Rents, &c.—The heritors are 5 in number, none of whom refide within the parish. More than one half of the parish belongs to JAMEs STIRLING, Esq; of Kier, whose refidence has a commanding prospećt on the Bank of Lecropt, within a mile of the church. This family has been long and justly respected, by all ranks, for the qualities which adorn human nature in the higher spheres of life. They have embellished the place of Kier, by well dressed lawns and extenfive plantations; they have given bread to the poor, in carrying on these improvements; and have, by their example and influence, diffused a stile of husbandry and cultivation through this country formerly unknown. The number of farms is 25; and their extent is from 40 to 100 acres each. There are 7 pendicles, confisting of from 3 to 14 acres. There are 20 cottages, occupied by labourers and married servants. The land in the Carse lets, on an average, at 20 s. the acre; and the average rent of the up-land is 12 s. The valued rent
Population.-The population of the parish has rather been on the decrease fince the farms began to be enlarged. The population in 1755, as returned to Dr Webster, was
Employments.-The people are employed, for the most part, in the various operations of husbandry, as farmers, servants, and labourers. There are 2 weavers, I smith, and 1 mill
Fisheries.—The cruives of Craigforth are placed on a ledge of rocks, which extend across the Forth, having one end in this parish, and the other in the parish of St. Ninian's. The tide flows up to this ledge; which circumstance renders it a proper station for a fishing of this kind. A great number of salmon is taken, when the cruives are kept in proper repair. Salmon are also taken on the Teath and on the Allan, besides trouts, pikes, and perches.
Willage, Manufaāures, Mills, &c.—There is only one village, called the Bridge of Allan, which consists of 28 families. None of the tenements are feued. They are all the property of Mr Stirling of Kier. The villagers are variously employed, ministering to the convenience of the country. There is, particularly, a brewery for malt liquor, where strong ale, small beer, and porter, are made.—This village is situated on the Allan, a river more remarkable, at this place, for its romantic scenery, of a deep glea covered with a variety of wood, and its tumultuous current, than for the quantity of its water. The Allan, within a short space, drives several mills, for meal, barley, and flour. There are, particularly, 3 mills for making a coarse paper, known by the name of Callender paper, which clothiers use in pressing cloth. The village has also the advantage of being fituated in a plentiful country, near coals, and at the separation of the two great military roads, the one going by Callander, to the west of Scotland, and the other, by Crieff, to the north : So that no situation seems to be better adapted for erecting a village on a large scale.
Sources of Profit.—The farmers in the clay land, who have lime in abundance near at hand, and for a moderate price, make their returns mostly by their grain. In the upland, the farmers have not only the same command of lime, but shell shell marl, and make their returns partly by grain, and partly by the produce of the diary, and by fattening cattle for the market. The women spin woollen yarn, which sells, when trade is good, at 2 s, the spindle, for making stockings, shalloons, and plaids. from a variety of causes, the peculiar tenets of that persuasion took early a deep root in this neighbourhood. A great variety of opinions have sprung up since that period. We have Burghers, Antiburghers, Cameronians, Bereans, and persons who adhere to the presbytery of Relief. But it ought to be remarked to their credit, that persons entertaining all these different opinions live with those of the established church, and with one another, in friendship and brotherly love. The acrimony of speech, the sourness of temper, the shyness of intercourse, and the reluctance to perform good offices, which charaćterised religious parties some years ago, have now given place to Christian benevolence, and the sweet intercourse of social affection. The intolerant heat of party zeal has become more moderate; and the mild spirit, which the gospel breathes, polishes the ferocity of nature, and snooths the ruggedness of the human heart. Men have discovered, what they ought always to have known, that their opinions, with regard to speculative points, are often as different as their faces; and that the harmony of society, and the intercourse of life, ought not to be interrupted by the one more than by the other; that meekness and forbearance become Christians; that rudeness of manners is different from purity of morals; that asperity of temper is no mark of foundness in the faith ; and that it is a precept of the highest authority, to “ love one “ another.”
Road.—The great roads in this parish are but indifferent ; but a toll is soon to be erected on that leading northward, which will enable the gentlemen to pay more attention to the other great road, and to the bye-roads, which stand much in need of repair. The roads in the Carse are scarcely passable in winter. The statute labour is not commuted.
* It was formerly a chapel annexed to the bishopric of Dunkeld, although it be situated within the diocese of Dunblane, and only 2 miles from the bishop's seat. The curate was esta
blished at Lecropt, to be a check on the bishop of Dunblane;
which practice it seems, from similar institutions, was not uncommon in these times.
School and Poor.—The school is well taught. The fees are moderate ; for Latin and arithmetic, 2 s. ; for English, one merk Scotch, or 1 s. 11%; d. ; for writing, 1 s. 6d. Bookkeeping and mathematics are also taught. The salary Icol. Scotch, with the perquisites arifing from the offices of precentor and session clerk.-There are no begging poor; but a few poor householders are comfortably maintained, without