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(County of Perrh.-Synod of PERTH AND STIRLING.-PREsby TERY of DUNKELD.).

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ners, exceedingly rich, and well adapted to all kinds of crops. Vol. XVII. 3 U - Towards Towards the east, the soil becomes blacker, more wet, and less produćtive. From the southern exposure of the parish, the climate is perhaps a little milder than that of the parishes immediately adjoining, The difference, however, is not ma" terial. Harvest commences usually in the beginning of September, and is over by the middle of Oétober. * * * *

State of Agriculture.—Thirty years ago, the best lands in the parish were under sheep pasture, and from a bad breed, and probably unskilful management, yielded but a poor pittance to the proprietor, and but a very scanty subsistence to the tenant. Since that period, sheep have been banished entirely; the use of marl has been adopted; the waste lands have been cultivated ; the rental of the parish trebled; the condition of the tenants meliorated; and the face of the country entirely changed. But rapid as this improvement has been, it was much longer of having reached its present state, than a judicious treatment of the soil would have brought it. This obstruction is principally to be ascribed, too a mistake respecting the qualities of marl; and an error in: the system of cropping. Experience has now proved, that: there is no nutritive quality in marl, that it ačts only as as stimulus to the soil, which, if not enriched with differento manure, it soon exhausts, and reduces to a state of absolute sterility. Want of attention to this circumstance, confiderably retarded the improvements in agriculture in this, as well as in many other parts of the country. The lands, when first marled, produced abundantly for several years without any other manure; and, while they continued to do so, were kept in a state of constant tillage, and oats frequently sown in perpetual succession. From this improper management, the nutritious part of the foil was exhausted, and required a rest of many

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the loss is perhaps more than balanced by its beneficial influ. ence upon population and morals. By dividing their time betwixt the labours of the field, and their occupations within doors, they are vigorous and healthy, their offspring accordingly are numerous and robust; they grow up in the habits of temperance and industry, and are strangers to those courses of dissipation and vice, to which the youth in great towns are ever exposed, and often fall a sacrifice.

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Woodland.—There are in this parish from 50 to 6o acres of natural wood, consisting chiefly of oak, birch, and hazle, which, from its fituation on the highest ground of the distria, and being surrounded with rich corn fields, both varies and beautifies the scene. It is cut generally once in 20 years, and is valuable, chiefly on account of the bark. There is, befides this, a confiderable quantity of ash around the farm houses, sufficient, perhaps, for supplying the parish with the implements of husbandry.

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and sell at from 12 l. to 18 l each. A few more are reared

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Black Cattle-The number of black cattle is 308. They are rather of a small fize, and are generally sold when between two and three years old, at from 3 1. to 5 l. each. The farmers depend, in some measure, on the sale of their supernumerary horses and cattle for the payment of their rents.

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Rental.—The lands are valued in the cess books of the county at 126ol. 12's. Scotch. I he real rent is 950l.

Sterling.

Population.—The number of inhabitants in this parish, including all ages, is 367. The average number of births annually is 12. No register of deaths has been kept. The population in 1755 was 346 souls; so that there is a smalf

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Charaćier of the People.—They are simple in their manners, frugal, industrious, and contented with their fituation. Their religious ideas are somewhat confined, but their morals are

unimpeachable. According to my information, nothing has

occurred, in the memory of man, which has been the subječt of a criminal prosecution. And, if their religious knowledge is not very extensive, they are still less versant in political creeds. The speculations of this nature, which have lately fo much engaged the attention of mankind, and which have been discussed by all parties with so great warmth and uncharitableness, are here treated with much indifference. They indeed hear, and talk of reforms, and revolutions, and plots, and conspiracies, and armed associations, but without being the least alarmed, and without feeling themselves dis

posed

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