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The View of the Harbour of Cana to face page 272.

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(Counties of PERTH AND For FAR.—PREsby TERY of MEIGLE-SYNoD of ANG Us AND MEARNs.)

By Mr John Ritchie Student in Divinity at Markinch.

Situation and Extent.

H E parish of Cou PAR lies towards the center of the spacious valley of Strathmore. Though designed of Angus, the greatest part of it is fituated in the county of Perth. The distance from the latter is 12 miles, and from Dundee nearly the same. The river Isla is its northern boundary. The length of the parish is about 5 miles, in the direction of S. W. and N. E. The breadth is from 1 to 2 miles. KinJoch and Batmyle, formerly belonged to this parish, but are now annexed to that of Meigle. Vol. XVII. A Surface

Surface and Soil—The parish is divided, length-ways, by a ridge or bank of confiderable height. The ascent of this bank from the south is easy; from the north it is steeper. Contiguous, on the north fide, lie the Haughs of Isla, containing upwards of 600 acres of a strong clayey soil. These haughs produce excellent crops of corn and grass. It frequently happens, that, after northerly rains, the Isla is swelled to such a degree, as to lay the adjacent banks and haughs under water to a great extent; and, in time of harvest, these inundations have been known to carry off large quantities of corn. Wherever the ground is elevated in any degree, the soil is light and gravelly; in the low grounds the soil is either of a clayey or loamy nature. The Watton Mire is a common of confiderable magnitude, containing nearly 200 acres. The people of the parish were wont to repair thither for turf and sods, which they used in part as feuel. It is now totally useless in this respect. Several overtures have been made to have this common partitioned among the heritors, but none have yet succeeded. Were it drained, and sheltered with planting, it might turn to advantage. It now presents a bleak and barren appearance in the heart of a rich corn country. The only plantation ground is in the west end of the parish, containing from 50 to 100 acres of common fir, the property of Lord Privy Seal. In many places of the parish and country adjacent, we meet with a red earth of a clayey unétuous nature, commonly called mortar, and sometimes used in building. It is found a few inches below the surface, and reaches to a considerable depth. Below this stratum of red earth is found a soft stone of the same colour, which is, evidently, the same earth in a consolidated form.

Agriculture.—The sands are now generally inclosed with thorn hedges. Formerly, the distinétion between Outfield and Infield a period by far too short to rouse the exertion of the tenant, and induce him to employ that labour and expence, in meliorating the soil, which he might have in his power. Proprietors of land, it is presumed, would find it ultimately to the advantage of their estates, did they give more scope to the farmer, by granting him a lease of triple the ordinary time. In such a case it might be stipulated, too, that the proprietor {hould receive a certain sum of money upon the expiration of an ordinary lease. At the commencement of the latest leases the rents have been nearly doubled. The land, at an average, brings about 16s. per acre, though some farms are let at above 20 s. per acre. The number of acres in the whole parish, by a gross calculation, is about 2400, without including the commons; and the present rent is 22, 4 l.

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Town, Road, &c.—Coupar is divided by a rivulet, which, turning the mills of Kethock, with two others in its course, falls into the Isla ", about 5 miles to the westward. The Abbey,

* The bridge over the sa, near Coupar, was built in 1765. - There

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