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Averages for three year, preceding 1793. Births - - 24 Average of marriages Deaths - - 24 for 5 years - 5 AGEs. Persons under 10 years of age - - 2 I 5 between 1 o and 20 - - 168 — — 20 and so - - 343 - * 5o and 7o - - I IO - 70 and Ioo - - I 9 855 Professions AND CoND IT ions. -- * Proprietors of land 16 Apprentices - - 4 Farmers - - 74 Public-house keepers 2 Smiths - - 3 Schoolmasters - 2 Joiners - - 5 Salary of the principal Shoemakers - - 3 schoolmaster - L. ro Tailors - - 4 Ditto of the second ditto, Weavers - - 8 with bed, board, and Masons - - 3 washing - L. 3 Millers - - 3 Scholars in the principal Household servants I37 school - - 45 Labouring ditto and cot- Ditto in the next school 3o tagers - - 38 Prisoner for debt - r Clergymen - - 2 Ditto for alledged murMerchant - - I der, fince 1790 I CATTLE, &c. Horses - - 195 Carts - ' - 83 Black cattle - 2299 Ploughs - - 67 Sheep - - 752
Houses, Houses, RENTs, &c.
Farm houses rebuilt within the last 1o years - 13 Cottages ditto - - - - - 18 Valued rent in Scotch money - - L. 3445 Real rent in Sterling - - - 5054 Minister's stipend - - - - 73
Commerce.—The parish of Buittle has no commerce, except what confists in the exportation of barley, oats, potatoes, &c. to England and Glasgow, and the sending of black cattle to the English markets. After every accession of agricultural and mechanical knowledge, it is a question but the old observation on Galloway, and especially this part of it, may hold good, “ Universa pecoris quam frumenti fertilior.” More especially of late, many creditable people have contended, that the improvement of the breed of sheep, and the growth of wool, would render this country more valuable to all concerned, than ever it has been heretofore ; perhaps it might here be equally tedious and impertinent to enhance the idea. r
Roads, Wood, &c.—The roads are tolerable, rather because the soil is hard and dry, than because the management of thein hitherto has been judicious, or the expenditures regarding them liberal. There is not one village in all the parish, nor is there any kind of manufacture. Indeed, for many years past, the want of fuel seems to have acted as a prohibition respecting both. Even the vestiges of some villages, of which we read in the charters of some estates, cannot now be discerned. Of wood there may be growing, and even fit for cutting, at this day, to the value of ic, cool. and the late plantations abundantly repay the care and industry of the owners, Ash and oak are the trees most com
Vol. XVII. R mon; mon;–the larix is the favourite plant of the day; but its rapid and towring growth renders it incommodious to be interspersed in plantations. It seems thus to be threatened with exile to the tops of hills. Even there, few of the species fail. Antiquities.—It is now the disposition of the world, (perhaps it may not decrease), rather to know how things are, than how they have been. Were it proper to swell a work of usefulness, and to load the page of profitable information with urns, coins, calcined bones, unfashionable implements of slaughter, and other precious relics, over which the conjećtural tribe of antiquaries rejoice or lament, we might in ention numerous discoveries of the kind made hereabouts. On fuch matters few words shall be used.—The Castle of Buittle is assuredly the most confiderable remain of antiquity in the parish. Some have affirmed, that it was formerly called the Castle of Knare, Nare, or Bar-nare, and was the chief residence of the Reguli of Galloway. An adjoining hill, namcd Craig-nair, gives some weight to this supposition. Yet when we recolle&t, how large a division of the British ifland * once bore the name of Gallovidia, or the province of the Galwalenses, (Strath Clyde), and that several places in this great extent of country, both from name and situation f, may
+ E. G. Botel, now called Bol, in Cumberland, and Barnard Castle, in Durham.
i Buchas, de jure Regni apud Scoto,
may as probably have been the princely residence, as the Castle of Buittle—there is reason for our leaving those who think themselves competent, and interested in this matter, to decide. Country clergymen may well be excused, for ignorance in concerns very little allied to the success of their labours. Certain it is, however, that the ruins of Buittle Castle denote it to have been a place of strength, and even magnificence. It now belongs, with its precinéts, as contained in the charter, to Mr Murray of Broughton, the representative of the Caillie family. The vaults and ditches of Buittle Castle, are all that remain of this proud structure. They have baffled the ravages of time for several centuries, and may for several more. The vaults are covered with large ash trees; and into these subterraneous parts of the Castle, no person has ever penetrated, though it might be done with ease and safety, probably with much gratification to curiosity.—Besides the Castle of Buittle, the only other remembrance of ages equally rude and remote, which shall be mentioned here, is one of those ruins, conmonly called
# Probably it was built by Allan, Lord of Galloway, husband to Margaret, the eldest daughter of David Earl of Huntindon, and father of Dervigilda the mother of John Baliol. About 7 years ago, there was found in a lump of lime, taken from the ruins of the Castle, an old coin of yellow metal, a shade lighter than common brass. On one side were inscribed the names of Nuremberg, and several other towns in Germany or Flanders, with the word Ponning, and on the other fide a coat of arms supposed to be imperial. The date of the coin was 12 zo. From this, indeed, nothing conclusive can be affirmed; only about the year 1220, Earl Allan must have been 36 years of age, and must have attained to the meridian of his good fortune and power. After belonging to the Baliols, the Cummings, the Louglafes, this Castle seems to have become the property of the Lennoxes of Caillie.