## Elements of Geometry: Containing the First Six Books of Euclid, with a Supplement on the Quadrature of the Circle, and the Geometry of Solids : to which are Added, Elements of Plane and Spherical Trigonometry |

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**1**. The letters A , B , C , & c . are used to denote**magnitudes**of any**kind**. ... Ratio is a**mutual relation**of**two magnitudes**, of the**same kind**, to**one 4**.**Magnitudes**are said ...**same kind**.**another**, in**respect**of**quantity**.### What people are saying - Write a review

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ABCD altitude angle ABC angle BAC base bisected Book called centre chord circle circle ABC circumference coincide common consequently construction cylinder definition demonstrated described diameter difference divided double draw drawn equal equal angles equiangular equilateral Euclid exterior angle extremity fall fore four given given straight line greater half Hence inscribed interior join less Let ABC magnitudes manner meet multiple opposite parallel parallelogram pass perpendicular plane polygon prism PROB produced PROP proportional proposition proved radius ratio reason rectangle contained rectilineal figure remaining right angles segment shewn sides similar sine solid square straight line taken tangent THEOR third touch triangle ABC wherefore whole

### Popular passages

Page 51 - If a straight line be divided into two equal parts, and also into two unequal parts; the rectangle contained by the unequal parts, together with the square of the line between the points of section, is equal to the square of half the line.

Page 149 - IF an angle of a triangle be bisected by a straight line, which likewise cuts the base ; the rectangle contained by the sides of the triangle is equal to the rectangle contained by the segments of...

Page 12 - To draw a straight line through a given point parallel to a given straight line. Let A be the given point, and BC the given straight line.

Page 9 - A circle is a plane figure contained by one line, which is called the circumference, and is such that all straight lines drawn from a certain point within the figure to the circumference, are equal to one another.

Page 52 - If a straight line be bisected, and produced to any point, the rectangle contained by the whole line thus produced, and the part of it produced, together with the square on half the line bisected, is equal to the square on the straight line which is made up of the half and the part produced.

Page 80 - The angle in a semicircle is a right angle; the angle in a segment greater than a semicircle is less than a right angle; and the angle in a segment less than a semicircle is greater than a right angle.

Page 296 - All the interior angles of any rectilineal figure, together with four right angles, are equal to twice as many right angles as the figure has sides.

Page 50 - If a straight line be divided into any two parts, the rectangle contained by the whole and one of the parts, is equal to the rectangle contained by the two parts, together with the square of the aforesaid part.

Page 15 - UPON the same base, and on the same side of it, there cannot be two triangles that have their sides which are terminated in one extremity of the base equal to one another, and likewise those which are terminated in the other extremity.

Page 81 - If a straight line touch a circle, and from the point of contact a straight line be drawn cutting the circle, the angles made by...