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volume. If this English scholar deserves the censure which he has received, he must be a great offender.

The entire works of Seneca are in a course of publication by C. R. Fickert. The text is revised, accompanied by notes, critical disquisitions, and an Index to the whole. Three volumes have been printed, and a fourth, which will conclude the series, is soon to be added.

The substance of what is important in Aristotle's Logic is contained in Dr. Trendelenburg's edition of the same, prepared for the use of schools. A first, second, and now a third edition of this work has made its appearance. Its title is Elementa Logices Aristotelicae.

Dr. Gustav Mühlmann has published a new Lexicon of the Latin language in two parts. The first contains the Latin-German, the second, the German-Latin portion. With the former is connected a copious appendix, containing the geographical, mythological and historical names embraced within the ordinary circuit of Latin studies. It is intended as a Manual for the use of schools, and is said to be distinguished for clearness and precision in the definitions, as well as method and convenience in the arrangement of the materials.

Brémi's edition of the Select Orations of Demosthenes has been revised and issued anew, under the care of Dr. Sauppe. The latter is a philologian of the Leipsic school, and has a reputation which will confer on the work an increased celebrity.

Professor Wagner, of Dresden, has prepared a very convenient edition of Virgil, for the earlier stages of Latin study. His larger work, published in 1841, was not adapted or designed for such a use. He has excluded from this new edition the more critical materials of the first, and has endeavored to furnish the student with just such helps as are necessary for enabling him to understand the poet.

The recent biography of the philologian, August Matthiä in seinem Leben und Wirken, etc., by his son, will prove an interesting work to the lovers of classical learning. He was born at Göttingen in 1769, and died at Altenburg in 1835, He entered early upon his philological career and continued it till the close of his protracted life. His literary associations with men devoted to similar pursuits were extensive ; and a good delineation of his history must throw important light upon the times in which he lived. In addition to his Grammar, by which he is best known in this country, he published an outline of Greek and Roman literature, the hymns of Homer, select portions of Cicero, and various other writings, both in Latin and in German.

The writings of Plutarch are studied with increasing zeal in the

German schools. His Life of Themistocles has been edited anew by A. F. Gottschicke, with an accompaniment of notes suited to the wants of the student. The faithful labors of Sintenis on the text of the Lives, have greatly facilitated the work of editing this portion of Plutarch's writings. A similar service is still needed for the Moralia. Dübner's text does not satisfy the critical public. He does not appear to have availed himself even of all the means of correcting it, which his residence at Paris rendered accessible to him.

Professor Schmidt has taken up, in a recent monograph, the vexed question of the relation of the Greek Aorist to the other tenses. It is too much to hope that he has disposed of the subject so as to leave no occasion for future discussion.

The eighth and last volume of F. Jacobs's Vermischte Schriften is advertised as printed. It consists of addresses, literary correspondence, and fugitive articles.

A new Griechische Grammatik für Schulen und Studirende, by Dr. Mehlhorn, Prorector in the gymnasium at Ratibor, is exciting great attention among Greek philologians. Only the first part of it has been published. His mature scholarship and long experience as a teacher have prepared the public to expect something from him, of which no scholar would willingly be ignorant.

Classical literature appears to be striking its roots also in France, which has long been an unpropitious soil for this species of culture. This country seems, at present, likely to win the honor of producing the most important work on Latin Grammar, which the world has yet seen. In a late number of the Zeitschrift für die Alterthumswissenschaft, we find a description of an undertaking in this department which is truly magnificent, and which must attract the attention of every scholar. The author of this work is the Abbé T. H. Prompsault, * who has published some previous writings which have placed him in an honorable position before the public. His principle in the present Grammar is to scrutinize every thing, and admit nothing of the scientific correctness of which he is not fully convinced. The first part of the work only has been completed ; and some idea may be formed of the extent of the plan, from the fact that this part alone consists of 1056 octavo pages, and yet treats only of the letters, orthography, and accentuation. The Latin Grammars of almost all ages and nations

For the convenience, perhaps, of some readers, we subjoin the French title in full : “ Grammaire Raisonnée de la langue Latine par l'Abbé F. H. Prompsault, aumônier de la maison royale des Quinze-Vingts. Paris chez Gv. Martin. VOL. XI.-NO. XLI.

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have here been laid under contribution ; 350 are mentioned in a catalogue at the end of the volume, as having been consulted in the course of the preparation of it. Under the title of accentuation, the author discusses at the same time the subject of prosody; and this alone occupies 563 pages. The portion on the orthography of the language is accompanied by a most extensive enumeration of the abbreviations on coins and other monuments, so complete that it is hardly possible that any abbreviations should be found which are not here explained.

The remainder of the Grammar will be distributed into four parts, and may be expected to be treated with similar fullness. When the whole work shall be finished in accordance with this plan, it will form a course of grammatical study for the Latin, such as does not exist at present in any language. Teachers will find it a treasure-house of learning, on which they can rely for all the information belonging to this branch of scholarship, for which any occasion can be expected to arise. The order pursued in the arrangement of the materials is such as to render the reference to every part of them simple and easy. Every chapter discusses some leading topic, ordinarily in three sections; of which the first develops the doctrine of the ancients on the point under consideration ; the second, that of the moderns ; while the third reviews the whole, and lays down the views and principles which are supposed to be correct. A fourth article is sometimes added to these, in which the object is to inquire into the source of the errors into which preceding grammarians have fallen. In the citation of grammatical works, the names of the authors only are mentioned, without a reference to the chapter and page. This may prove, sometimes, a disappointment to the reader ; but the author affirms that he is willing that his labor should be put to the most rigid test in this respect, and is confident that entire reliance may be placed upon the accuracy of the citations.

From the press of Didot, at Paris, a new edition of Herodotus has recently appeared-HERODOTI historiarum libri xi, recognovit et commentationem de dialecto Herodoti pramisit Guil. Dindorfius. The dissertation prefixed on the Ionic dialect of Herodotus is said to be the most complete account of the subject that has yet been written. The state of the investigation has been advanced much beyond the point where Struve left it. The text also has received important corrections, During the last year the same press issued Pausanias's Geography of Greece-PAUSANIÆ descriptio Grecia. Recognovit et praefatus est Lud. Dindorfius. The copious index at the end of the book must

increase greatly its value for reference. Among its other merits, the critics accord to it that of having advanced very considerably the criticism of the text, though much remains yet to be done.

H.

ARTICLE VIII.

LITERARY NOTICES.

1. J. L. Hilpert's Deutsch-Englisches Wörterbuch. 1668 pp. 4to.

Karlsruhe and New York, No. 322 Broadway. Wm. Rudde. 1846. Price $6,00.

It is notorious that the want of a complete and critical dictionary of the German language in English, has long been painfully felt. The larger part of the German dictionaries in common use among us, are mere pocket dictionaries. Some of these are as good as could reasonably be expected ; but from the nature of the case, they are inadequate to explain the genius of such a language as the German. Other lexicons, of greater compass, have, in too many cases, been written by foreigners, who, being acquainted with the English from books only, abound either in antiquated, or in barbarous forms of expression. Not a few of these represent the German language as it was a century ago ; not as it is in the most recent and most flourishing period of its literature. It is no exaggeration to say of all the German lexicons in English which we have seen--and few have escaped our observation—that they are radically deficient in philological character. They seem not to have been made for scholars, but for business men, for travellers, and for school boys. What one of them has any just principle of order in the arrangement of the different significations of a word? Men of philological attainments—and such are a large proportion of those who study the German in this country-have been so dissatisfied with the common lexicons, that they have resorted to those written in German, in French, and even in Latin; and they have found their account in so doing. The work of Hilpert, therefore, is already welcomed by many, and will be welcomed by more, as its merits shall become known. In fullness and in richness of phraseology and idioms, it is not inferior to that of Heinsius ; in completeness of whatever is necessary in grammatical forms, it is scarcely inferior to Heyse's ; in respect to precision and facility in the use of the English language, it will compare well with Nöhden's or the English edition of Flügel's; in regard to scientific and technical terms, and to the art of lexicography in general, it is without a rival. One of its peculiar features is the fullness with which it treats of synonyms. Probably no other dictionary of the language, in English, has been prepared with one fourth the labor and care which have been devoted to this. It has been not far from fifteen years in a course of preparation, and not less than ten men have been employed on it, a part of them Englishmen, a part of them Germans, and all of them well

versed in both languages. As the part here noticed can be purchased separately, we have made no allusion to the English-German part, which is sold, if we are correctly informed, at four dollars. It has heretofore been peculiarly unfortunate for students of the German language, that they have, in most cases, been under the necessity of purchasing costly dictionaries, the larger and the more elaborate portion of which, the English-German part, has been nearly useless to them. This is peculiarly the case with both the German and the revised English edition of Flügel and Sporschill.

2. Memoir of the Life of Henry Ware, ir. By his brother, John

WARE, M. D. Boston. James Munroe & Co. 1846. pp. 484, 12mo.

We have read this biography with no ordinary satisfaction, and regret that our present limits will not allow us to give a more extended survey of it. Our feelings would prompt us not only to lay before our readers a general account of the volume, but also to present several extracts from its pages, which seem evidently to have been dictated by a serious and earnest, and we hope Christian spirit. We do not design to endorse the creed of Dr. Ware, nor to apologise for it. But it is right to praise goodness, wherever we see it, and to set forth laborious, sincere and conscientious devotion to the duties of the ministerial profession, as an example to those who are sustained by a higher faith, imbued with more evangelical principles, and urged to diligence by sublimer motives. There is much in the life of Henry Ware which teaches; and we have learned from our childhood, that “ fas est et ab hoste doceri.” Such a serene and beautiful example of domestic life and love, of universal desire to do good, of ingenuity in inventing perpetually new schemes of usefulness, of constant industry and a faithful discharge, according to his views, of the duties of his office, we rarely witness. We have no sympathy with the distinguishing elements of his creed; we believe it to be unscriptural ; yet when we see constantly appearing his self-condemnation, his sense of unworthiness, his reverence of God, his efforts to do good to men's souls, his submission to the most painful allotments of Providence, his calmness and joy in the prospect of death, following an unusually spotless and serions life, we cannot find it in our heart to condemn him “ because he followeth not with us.”

The subject of this notice was the fifth child and the oldest son of Dr. Ware, late Hollis Professor of Divinity in Harvard College. He was born at Hingham, Mass., April 21, 1794. From his childhood, he was distinguished by his desire for the ministry and a taste for its pursuits, as well as by some sense of religious things. At a very early age, he gave tokens of mental development and culture beyond his years. He began to compose when he was but eight years old. At that infantile age, he commenced the writing of sermons, biography, history, epics, and almost every species of composition, although, as we should expect, in the case of a child of his tender years, much which he began was left unfinished. It was his custom, through life, to read, pen in hand. Hence, he not only aided his memory, but strengthened his ability to express himself with clearness and precision. He was placed

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