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nal union.” The Reviewer remarks, “ This statement is not correct, and it is surprising that it should have been made.” p. 495. It is not, indeed, in a rigorous sense correct; but for all the purposes of information it is correct. It was based on the same principles, was formed for the promotion of the same objects, its terms of membership, and its periods of meeting are the same; in a word, its dress is changed, but its body and spirit are the same.
We will listen again to the Reviewer. “The allegation that this Board undertook to declare that to be a disqualification, in one who should offer himself as a missionary, which the constitution had said should not be a disqualification,' is absolutely and wholly untrue.” The committee stated what they conceived to be the meaning of the constitution. By fair implication it declares that holding slaves shall not be a disqualification in one offering himself as a missionary. We will, however, take the liberty of changing the expression. The Board undertook to declare that to be a disqualification, which the constitution had not said should be a disqualification. The wise framers of the instrument declared, not expressly, but with a clearness which a child may understand, that the lack of piety, good talents, and some other things, shall be disqualifications in persons offering themselves as missionaries; and the Board, in the plenitude of their power, have so amended this article of the constitution, as to declare that slaveholding also shall be a disqualification.
We quote once more from the Review: “If the South must cling to and cherish slavery, in preference to every thing else, and had assigned as the reason of her withdrawal, that the conflict of opinion on that subject has become so strong and violent as to render a continuance of the union painful and inexpedient, we certainly should not have controverted the soundness or sufficiency of the reason.” p. 487. The supposition, in this extract, implies a grave slander on the South. I would charitably suggest the innocence of the writer's motives; but assuredly the South, (by which term the author means Southern Baptists,) does not "cling to and cherish slavery, in preference to every thing else." Slavery has been inherited by her; it clings to her; she feels it to be a burden and a curse; and gladly would she get rid of it, if she could do so, without inflicting greater mischiefs than those which she would attempt to remove. Such, at least, we believe to be the sentiments of a large majority of professing Christians and considerate men in the South.
The separation has taken place. Posterity will judge of the matter, and lay the responsibility where it ought to be laid. At any rate, we must all soon appear at a tribunal where no sophistry can deceive, and no partiality pervert judgment. In view of this solemn reckoning, the best of us have great cause to exclaim, “ Lord, enter not into judgment with thy servants." Henceforward, let there be no strife between the North and South. We are brethren. Our interest is one and indivisible. Entertaining similar views of the kingdom of Christ, we should vie with each other in labors and sacrifices to extend and perpetuate it.
A SOUTHERN BAPTIST.
RECENT FOREIGN PUBLICATIONS,
CHIEFLY IN BIBLICAL AND CLASSICAL LITERATURE.
Mr. Tischendorf, who three years ago published the New Testament part of Ephraem's Rescript, or Codex C., has now added the fragments of the Greek Septuagint which are found in this manuscript. It is probably the oldest relic of the kind which Christian antiquity has transmitted to us. The restoration of this work to a legible state by means of a chemical application, is one of the most signal triumphs of modern art, and constitutes an event which has excited the most lively interest among Biblical students. The expense of the entire work is about twenty dollars. The reprint of the New Testament portion we have had an opportunity to examine. It contains several preliminary dissertations in Latin, which give great additional value to the publication. The seventh section on the previous collations of the Codex is accompanied by an appendix on the original reading in 1 Tim. 3, 16, which will be read with interest on account of its exegetical and theological bearings. The question involved in that passage, it will be recollected, is whether Christ is there directly called God, or whether another proposed reading of the original text is the true one, which, if admitted, would take away the testimony of this manuscript to such an application of the term in this particular instance. The most serious objection, by universal consent, to regarding grós as the genuine reading, has been the supposed absence of the distinguishing sign between Theta and Omicron in the middle of the former letter. Contrary now to what has hitherto been considered as the fact in this discussion, Mr. Tischendorf testifies that he could trace distinctly the medial line which belongs to Theta ; and he expresses his surprise that it should have escaped so universally the notice of preceding critics. Appeal will undoubtedly be made in future to this discovery; and the controversy, instead of proceeding by the agreement of both parties on the supposition that the Codex presents Omicron and not Theta, must hereafter reverse this position and assign the pre-occupation of the ground to the advocates of the Trinitarian reading. Griesbach urged against those who assumed that the
line which converts Omicron into Theta was once there, but had disappeared, that he had an equal right to assert that it was not there because it never existed ; and no one will deny certainly that he was entitled to make this reply. But his own argument now stands arrayed against himself. The line is found to exist ; and, by parity of reasoning, it must be assumed to be there because it was an original part of the letter, until reasons are adduced which will establish the contrary. The introduction of this new fact into the question was unexpected. It changes at least the prima facie aspect of the subject, and brings up points for investigation hitherto foreign to the inquiry. This transfer of the onus probandi remains the same obviously, whether we admit or reject the editor's conjecture that this line may have been inserted by a later hand. On a question of this kind, whether a single dot or stroke of the pen in a given instance was made by one person or another, any judgment which may be expressed must be a matter of mere individual opinion, and could not be urged upon others as demanding assent.
Dr. Hagenbach, Professor of Theology in Basel, has re-wrought, and published in an extended form, his Encyklopädie und Methodologie der theologischen Wissenschaften. There is no very satisfactory treatise on this subject; but this is not inferior, certainly, to any which has yet been produced. We preferred it, on the whole, to that of Pelt, even before the present revision and enlargement. Planck's Einleitung in die theologischen Wissenschaften will always be valuable, but extending only to the close of the last century, it is historically deficient. Harless's Encyklopädie we have found to be unimportant in every respect. The similar work of Rosenkrantz, which appears almost simultaneously in a new edition, is tinctured too deeply with his undisguised Hegelian partialities. Hagenbach belongs rather to the school of theologians formed by Schleiermacher.
Hengstenberg has advanced in his Commentar über die Psalmen to the first part of the fourth volume. It is probable that another part will enable him to bring the work to a close. This was advertised to appear the present month.
Dr. Scholtz, a Catholic Professor in the University at Bonn, so well known for his labors in behalf of the New Testament text, has undertaken an Introduction to the writings of the Old and New Testaments. Two portions have appeared. The second of them contains the special Introduction to the books of the Old Testament. The same scholar has written a recent dissertation in Latin on the Characteristics (de virtutibus et vitiis) of the different families of the New Testament Codices. VOL. XI.-NO. XLI.
Prof. Dietrich, of Marburg, gives an extensive review of Drechsler's new Commentary on Isaiah, in a late number of Reuter’s Allgemeines Repertorium für die theologische Literatur. As only half of the work has as yet been laid before the public, judgment should be suspended till it has made further progress. The work lays claim to a predominant practical character, though critical inquiries are not neglected. The Messianic portions of the prophet have received special attention. The views of the writer here are represented as, in the main, coincident with those of Hengstenberg; the translation is true to the original, and the philology sufficiently minute and rigid.
Dr. Theremin, one of the court preachers at Berlin, has enriched our homiletic and rhetorical literature by a new production entitled, Demosthenes und Massillon ; a contribution as the author denominates it to the History of Eloquence. His popular work Abendstunden has just been issued in a third edition.
Superintendent Meyer, of Hannover, has found his Kritisch exegetischer Commentar über das Neue Testament so favorably received that he has just commenced a new edition. The successive volumes of this work have exhibited, from the first, a marked progress in the development of the author's ability. The first part of this second edition, which is confined to Matthew, we received six months ago ; and from the use which we have made of it, have been led to form a high opinion of its merits. The author is still chargeable with no inconsiderable looseness of theological opinion, though there is some moderation of tone in this respect. If the remainder of the work should be executed in the style of this first number, the Commentary of Meyer will take precedence of that of de Wette, which it resembles most nearly in its general characteristics.
H. Ewald, the orientalist, has added a second volume to his Geschichte des Volkes Israel bis Christus. A third is expected to follow. This work, viewed simply as a historical effort, is considered as adding nothing to the credit of the writer. The critics pronounce him deficient in the talents requisite for such composition, aside entirely from the question whether particular opinions advanced by him are true or false.
M. Baumgarten has appeared with a new defence of the Genuineness of the Pastoral Epistles, Aechtheit der Pastoralbriefe, mit besonderer Rücksicht auf den neusten Angriff von Herrn Dr. Bauer.
The excitement occasioned by Strauss's book, which agitated so deeply the German theological public for some ten years, is rapidly passing away. It has given birth, however, to works of Christian learning and scholarship, which possess an intrinsic importance of their own, and must continue to be of per nent interest for genera