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day, $119.50 ; on Friday, $105.625; and on Saturday, $684.875. How much did the whole amount to? Ans.

47. Paid several bills as follows, viz : To Adam Bell, 4.97 14 64; to James Dee, £.7 0 74; to Geo. Mason, £. 18 17 9; to Peter Watts, £. 23 8 5); and to Thomas Munn, £8.9 15 0. How much was paid in all ? Ans.

48. A Merchant, upon the balance of his accounts, finds himself indebted, viz: to A. three hundred and seven pounds ;' to B. seven hundred pounds, eight shillings and seven pence; to C. fifteen hundred and nine pounds, eighteen shillings and six pence ; to D. twelve hundred and fourteen pounds, five shillings and nine pence; to E. seven hundred and ninety. seven pounds, sixteen shillings and three pence, and to F. four hundred and eleven pounds, two shillings and ten pence. What doth the whole amount to?

Ans. 49. Entered in the Custom-House, 6 Hogsheads Jamaica Sugar, each weighing neat as follows, viz : No. 1. 10 cwt. 3 qrs. 27 lbs.; No. 2. 11 cwt. 2 qrs. 16 lbs.; No. 3. 13 cwt. 2 qrs. 21 lbs.; No. 4. 13 cwt. 3 qrs. 14 lbs.; No. 5. 12 cwt. 3 qrs. 7 lbs.; No. 6. 13 cut. 3 grs. 19. lbs. I demand the quantity entered.

Ans. 50. A Manor contains as follows, viz : Mr. S

Ens farm, 179 acres, 3r. 17 p.; the Common, 427 acres, 1r.18 p.; Arable land, 47 acres, 2r.; Mr. J field, 37 acres, 3 r.36 p.; Meadows, 153 acres, 1r. 13 p.; Pasture, 149 acres, 2r. 17 p. How many Acres does this Manor contain ? Ans.

COMPOUND SUBTRACTION Teacheth to find the difference between any two sums of divers denominations.

FEDERAL MONEY.

EXAMPLES. (1.)

(2.)

(3.) (4.) E. $.d.c. m. $. d. c. m. $

$. c. mn. From' 87 6 9 4 5 8347 92 0 532 25 764 21 0 Take 54 7 8 7 5 7483 7 4 5 341 55 456 87 5

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ENGLISH MONEY. (5.)

(6.)

(7.) f. s.

d. f. d. From 784 13 91 8472 10 4 Take 576 15 6 2185 16 101

d. 345 34 123 13 83

Rem.

TROY WEIGHT.
(8.)
(9.)

(10.) oz. dwt. gr. Ib. oz. dwt. Ib. 02. dwt. gr. From 7 11 15 151 9 13 120 7 12 15 Take 3 10 12 136 9 17 97 11 15 22

Rem.

APOTHECARIES' WEIGHT.
(11.)
(12.)

(13.) 3. 3. Ib. 3. 3. 3. grs. Hb3. 3. 3. gr. From 31 11 5 10 5 7 1 18 94 3 7 0 10 Take 20 10 6 7 8 6 2 21 57 5 6 1 13

Rem.

AVOIRDUPOIS WEIGHT.
(14.)
(15.)

(16.) ton. cwt. qys. lb. lb. oz. nr. ton. cwt. qrs. lb. 02. dr. From 5 11 2 14 14 13 12 15 12 2 15 13 10 Take 2 13 3 21 10 14 15 10 15 2 27 15 12

Rem.

LONG MEASURE.
(17.)
(18.)

(19.) miles. fur. per. yds.ft.in. b.c. lea. m. fur. per. yd. ft. in.b.c. From 57 5 28 18 17 1 13 23 17 4 1 10 0 Take 38 7 al 13 2 6 2 10 2 6 31 4 2 10 1

Rem.

CLOTH MEASURE. (20.) (21.)

(22.) yds. qrs. na. ells. grs. 9a.

(23.) yds. qrs.na.in. 123 2 1 2 119 3 2 11

ells fl. qrs. na. From 173 2 2 78 3 2 197 1 1 Take 140 3 2 35 3 3 108 2 3

Rem.

1

LAND MEASURE.
(24.)
(25.)

(26.) acres. r. pol. pol. ft. in. acres. r. pol. yds. ft. in. From 875 1 15 29 132 141 63 1 31 27 6 123 Take 765 2 25 22 159 142 47 3 29 28 7 134

Rem.

SOLID MEASURE.
(27)
(28.)

(29.) ton. feet. in. yds. ft. in. cord. feet.in. From 31 37 1234 93 23 1025 37 119 1107 Take 23 36 1537 75 24 1451 29 121 1345

Rem.

DRY MEASURE.
(30.)
(31.)

(32.)
ch. b. p.

last. qrs. bu. p. qt. pt. From 119 21 1 183 2 2 15 2 1 2 3 0 Take 107 23 3 151 3 3 10 6 5 3 7 1

qrs. bu. p.

Rem.

ALE AND BEER MEASURE.
(33.)
(34.)

(35.)
hhd. gal. qt.
bar. gal, qt.

butt, bar.gal.qt. pt. From: 57 49 2 28 30 2 50 2 30 2 0 Take 38 52 3 21 31 3 29 2 32 3 1

Rem.

WINE MEASURE.
(36.)
(37.)

(38.)
tier. gal. qts.
hhd. gal. qts.

tun, hhd. gal.qts. pe: From 52 40 2 36 21 2 5 2 37 1 0 Take 45 41 3 19 52 3 3 2 59 2 1

Rem.

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QUESTIONS FOR EXERCISE. 45. If I borrow from a friend, five thousand eight hundred and fifty-three dollars, and pay him three thousand nine hundred and ninety-seven dollars, eighty-seven cents, and five mills; what am I yet indebted to him? Ans.

46. Yesterday I had seven eagles, three half eagles, twelve dollars, and five French crowns in my purse, and paid several small debts to the amount of twenty-nine dollars, thirtyseven cents and five mills ; but by curiosity, I passed through a crowd to know what was the matter, where I lost my purse and money. How much cash did I loose ? Ans.

47. A merchant failing, owed to A. £. 317 13s. 10:1d. ; to B. . 375; to C. £. 107 18s. 9d.; to D. £.271 168. 5d. ; and to E. £. 517 10s. 6d. His effects at that time were as fol. lows, viz: In cash, f. 210 14s. 434.; in goods, £o.397 15%. 6}d.; in household furniture, £. 191 7s. 9d.; and in book debts, 6.295 12s. 8:1. What will his creditors loose ?

Ans. 48. A merchant has 209 casks of butter, weighing 395 cwt. 2 qrs. 21 lb. ; ships off 170 casks of the said butter, weigh. ing 321 cwt. 3 qrs. 716. I demand the number of casks he has left and their weight?

Ans. casks, weighing 49. A shop-keeper bought 42 yards of fine cloth, for £ 90, of which he sells 27 yards for £.. 63. I demand the quantity left, and what it s him in? Ans.

50. A grocessays nincty-five hundred weight, three quarters, and the pounds of refined sugar; and sells out fortynine hundred weight, and half a hundred weight, and twentyseren pounde. Required the quantity remaining on hand ?

Ans.

COMPOUND MULTIPLICATION. RULE.-Multiply the lowest denomination by the quantity given, and find how many of the next higher is contained therein, which add to the product of the next higher denomination, setting down the remainder under its proper name, When the given quantity is above 12, multiply by any two or more numbers, which multiplied together, will make the quantity; but if no two or more numbers will produce the given quantity, then multiply the top line by as many as is wanting, or over, which add to or subtract from the last product.

EXAMPLES.
(1.)
(2.)
(3.)

(4.)
$ c.

S. Mult. 16 18 6

6 5 21 73 7 35 41 7 Ву 3 5 7

9

m.

c.

m.

c.

m.

c.

m.

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£. d.

f. s. d. 5. Multiply 7 10 3 by 2 11. Multiply 18 12 7 by 8. 6. Multiply 10 19 11 by 3 12. Multiply 17 11 5 by 9. 7. Multiply 13 1 8} by 4 13. Multiply 16 10 4 by 10. 8. Multiply 11 11 5 by 5 14. Multiply 15 9 3 by 11. 9. Multiply 11 19 1} by 6 13. Multiply 14 8 2žby 11. 10.Multiply 12 0 101 by 7 | 10. Multiply 13 7 1zby 12. 17. 3 yards at 13s. 7d. Per 20. 8 gall. at 18s. 9d. Per 18. 5 cwt. at 373. 4d. 19. 7 stone at 21s. 730. S &c. 22. 12 days at 78. 97.

&c. N. B. For the better understanding of Compound Multiplication, let the scholar be made well acquainted with the following questions. 23. What will žlb. of tea cost at 17s. 9d per lb. ?

Ans. 8s. 104d. 24. What will bushel of wheat cost at 13s. 6d. per bushel ?

Ans. 3s. 4 d. 25. What will * cwt. of sugar cost at $13 50 c. per cwt. ?

Ans. $10 121 c. 26. What will į yard of cloth cost at 46s. 10d. per yard ?

Ans. 403. 11 d. 27. What will 132 lb. of loaf sugar cost at 22 c. 5 m. per lb. ?

Ans. $29 70 c. 28. What will 32 cwt. at $14 62}c. per cwt. cost ? Ans. $ 29. What will 44 gallons at 12s. 4 d. pengallon, cost?

Ans. £. 27 4 6. 30. What will 60lb, tea cost at 58. 71d per lb. ?

Ans. £. 16 18 9,

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