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THE

HISTORY

OF THE

R E B E L L I ON

A N D

CIVIL WARS

IN

ENGLAND

Begun in the Year 1641.
With the precedent Paffages, and Actions, that
contributed thereunto, and the happy End,
and Conclusion thereof by the King's blessed
RESTORATION, and RETURN, upon the
29th of May, in the Year 1660.

Written by the Right Honourable
EDWARD EARL of CLARENDON,
Late Lord High Chancellor of England, Privy Counsellor in
the Reigns of King CHARLES the First and the Second.

Kvõuce is ås. Thucyd.
Ne quid Falfi dicere audeat, ne quid Veri non audeat. Cicero.

VOLUME II. PART: I.

O X FORD,
Printed at the Theater, An. Dom. MDCCXXXI.

Clan. Press

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TO THE

QUE EN

M A D A M,

TE

O Your Majesty is most humbly Dedicated this Second Part of the History of the Rebellion and Civil Wars, written by Edward Earl of Clarendon. For to whom so naturally can the works

of this Author, treating of the Times of Your Royal Grandfather, be address’d, as to Your Self; noto wearing, with Lustre and Glory, that Crown, which, in those unhappy days, was treated with so much contempt and barbarity, and laid low even to the Duft ? Vol. II. Part. I.

A 2

This

This Second Part comes with the greater confidence into Your Presence, by the advantage of the favourable reception the First hath met with in the World; since it is not to be doubted, but the same truth, fairness, and impartiality, that will be found throughout the whole thread of tbe History, will meet with the same Candour from all equal Judges.

'Tis true, some few Perfons, whose Ancestors are here found not to have had that part during their lives which would have been more agreeable to the wishes of their surviving Posterity, have been offended at some particulars, mention'd in this History, concerning so near Relations, and would have them pass for mistaken Informations. But it is to be hoped, that such a concern of Kindred for their Families, though not blameable in them, will rather appear partial on Their side ; since it cannot be doubted, but this Author must have had his materials from undeniable, and unexceptionable hands, and could have no temptation to insert any thing, but the truth in a work of this nature, which was design d to remain to Pofterity, as a faithful record of Things, and Persons in those Times, and of his own unquestionable sincerity in the representation of them.

In this assurance it is humbly hoped, it will not be unprofitable to Your Majesty to be bere informd of the fatal and undeservd misfortunes of one of your Ancestors, with the particular and sad occasions of them; the better to di. rect Your Royal Person through the continual uncertainties of the Greatness of this World. And as Your Majesty cannot have a better Guide, throughout the whole Course of Your Reign, for the good Administration of Your Government, than History in general, so there cannot be a more useful one to Your Majesty than this of Your own Kingdoms ; and it is presum'd, without lying under

the Imputation of misleading Your Majesty, it may be asserted that no Author could have been better instructed, and have knonen more of the Times and Matters of which he writes, than this woho is here presented to You.

Your Majesty may depend upon his Relations to be true in Fatt; and You will find bis Observations just; his Refledtions made with judgment and weight; and his Advices

given upon wise and honest Principles; not capable of being now interpreted as subservient to any Ambition or Interest of his own; and having now outlivd the Prejudices and Partialities of the Times in which they were Written. And Your Majesty thus Elevated, as by God's blesings You are, from whom a great many Truths may be industriously conceald, and on whom a great many wrong Notions under false Colours may with equal care be obtruded, will have the greater Advantage from this faithful Remembrancer.

This Author, once a Privy Counsellor and Minister to two Great Kings, and, in a good degree, Favourite to one of Tbem, hath some pretence to be admitted into Your Majesty's Council too, and may become capable of doing You Service also; nobilft the Accounts he gives of Times, paft, come seasonably to guide you through the Times present, and those to come.

This History may lie upon Your Table unenvied, and Tour Majesty may pass bours and days in the perusal of it, when possibly, They who shall be the most useful in Tour Service, may be reflected on for aiming too much at influencing Your Actions, and engrossing Your Time.

From this History Tour Majesty may come to know more of the nature, and temper of your own People, than hath yet been obseru'd by any other Hand. Neither can any Living Conversation lay before Your Majesty in one view, so many Transa&tions necessary for Your obfervation. And seeing no Prince can be endued in a moment with a perfeat Experience in the Conduct of Affairs, whatever knowledge may be useful to Your Majesty's Government, if it may

bave been concealed from you in the Circumstances of Your Private Life, in this History it may

be the most effequally supplied; where Your Majesty wiú find the true Constitution of Your Government, both in Church and State, plainly laid before You, as well as the Mistakes, that were committed in the management of both.

Here Your Majesty will see horo both those Interests are inseparable, and ought to be preservd so, and boro fatal it bath prov'd to both, whenever, by the Artifice and Malice of wicked and self-designing Men, they have happend to be divided. And though Your Majesty will see

here

B 3

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