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the proceedings of either house of parliament, unless the same shall be regularly laid before it; a circumstance, in which we conceive, that the protest of Lord Strafford, however in all other respects irregular and unconstitutional, hath the advantage over those of Lord Sydney and of our present chief governor.

6. Because we think this entry peculiarly improper, inasmuch as the viceroy hath therein, by a breach of the privileges of this house, made our journals the instrument of a breach of the privileges of the other house of parliament, a practice which, if not discountenanced by us, might probably end in a rupture between the two houses. Leinster, by proxy,

Moira, by proxy,








No. LXIII. a.


AND 14TH GEO. III. C. XXXV.....PAGE 149.

I A. B. do take Almighty God and his only Son Jesus Christ


Redeemer to witness, that I will be faithful and bear true allegiance to our most gracious sovereign lord King George the Third, and him will defend to the utmost of my power against all conspiracies and attempts whatever, that shall be made against his person, crown, and dignity; and I will do my utmost endeavour to disclose and make known to his majesty, and his heirs, all treasons and traitorous conspiracies, which may be formed against him or them; and I do faithfully promise to maintain, support and defend, to the utmost of my power, the succession of the crown in his majesty's family, against any person or persons whatsoever, hereby utterly renouncing and abjuring any obedience or allegiance unto the person taking upon himself the style and title of Prince of Wales, in the life time of his father, and who since his death is said to have assumed the style and title of king of Great Britain and Ireland, by the name of Charles the Third, and to any other person claiming or pretending a right to the crown of these realms; and I do swear, that I do reject and detest as unchristian and impious to believe, that it is lawful to murder or destroy any person or persons whatsoever, for or under pretence of their being Heretics; and also, that unchristian and impious principle, that no faith is to be kept with Heretics ; I further declare, that it is no article of my faith, and that I do renounce, reject, and abjure the opinion, that princes excommunicated by the

pope and council, or by any authority of the see of Rome, or by any authority whatsoever, may be deposed or murdered by their subjects, or by any person whatsoever; and I do promise, that I will not hold, maintain, or abet, any such opinion, or any other opinion, contrary to what is expressed in this declaration; and I do declare, that I do not believe, that the pope of Rome, or any other foreign prince, prelate, state, or potentate hath, or ought to have any temporal or civil jurisdiction, power, superiority, or pre-eminence, directly or indirectly, within this realm ; and I do solemnly in the presence of God, and of his only Son Jesus Christ, my Redeemer, profess, testify and declare, that I do make this declaration, and every part thereof, in the plain and ordinary sense of the words of this oath, without any evasion, equivocation, or mental reservation whatever, and without any dispensation already granted by the pope or authority of the see of Rome, or any other person whatever; and without thinking that I am or can be acquitted before God or man, or absolved of this declaration, or any part thereof, although the pope, or any other person or persons, or authority whatsoever shall dispense with or annul the same, or declare that it was null and void from the beginning.

So help me God.

No. LXIV. a.


[PAGE 166.]

AS soon as the ceremony of swearing in the re-elected and new members was over,

Colonel Luttrell rose, and reminded the house, that, previous to the recess, he had expressed a desire to say something relative to the very critical situation of Ireland; and that he had



been prevented from indulging that desire by a request from an honourable member (Mr. Byng), that he would not introduce any question upon so important a subject in the absence of his majesty's ministers, who having been at that time just appointed, had vacated their seats in that house, and consequently could not be present at the discussion of a subject, which he owned ought not to be agitated without them: that the same honourable member had requested he would speak to them, before he should say any thing relative to Ireland in that house; and assured him at the same time, that he would find the new servants of the crown most ready to do every thing in their power to promote the welfare and happiness of every part of his majesty's dominions.

He had given way to the desire of the honourable member, and had conferred with two of the new ministers, and he felt himself bound to say publicly of them that he found them ex. tremely well disposed to do every thing in reason to quiet the discontents of the people of Ireland ; as far as they were concerned he was satisfied; but as he then saw in his place a right honourable gentleman (Mr. Eden) who knew best the situation of Ireland, he certainly wished that before his return the right honourable gentleman would explain to the house, a little of the present posture of affairs in that kingdom.

Mr. Eden thought that in a situation, such as Ireland then stood, the eyes of men were turned upon him, who being a member of the legislature of that kingdom, as well as of this, and at the same time in a ministerial capacity in the former, must be supposed to be well acquainted with the nature of the jealousies and demands of the people of Ireland : he presumed that it would be expected of him to say something of affairs in which he himself had borne a part; and to propose some measure, which should tend to conciliation with Ireland, in the present very alarming situation of that kingdom; it was his intention therefore, before he should sit down, to make a motion on that subject; but first he thought it would be proper to give a short sketch of the history of Irish affairs for the last two years.

(As the public are acquainted with all the political facts that have occurred in Ireland during that period, we shall not enter into them so minutely as Mr. Eden did; we shall therefore only state the general heads, and the observations that he made on them.)

He said, that, when the acts passed in England for enlarging the trade of Ireland, and admitting that kingdom to an equal participation of trade with England, the people of the former, instead of being filled with gratitude for the blessing which had been just extended to them, began to be jealous, lest they should lose that blessing which they prized so much ; and, seeing before them the bright prospect which a free trade opened to their view, their first sentiment was fear, that, at some future period, the same power, which had conferred, might resume that grant: and some circumstances occurred, which tended greatly to encrease the fears of the people on this head; for in the very next session of the English parliament, Ireland was mentioned in four different acts; so that the Irish were thereby alarmed, lest the power which assumed a right to bind Ireland, even after a free trade had been granted to her, might, when the circumstances of affairs would warrant such a proceeding, resort back again to that commercial monopoly, which had just been broken; and they then began to look into their own constitution. It was true, that those four acts, in which Ireland was bound, were nor of a nature to afford grounds for any such apprehension; for they related to very trifling matters, no ways injurious, one of which, on the contrary, was beneficial to Ireland; but still they created jealousies, and gave rise to many arguments in the Irish House of Commons, where Mr. Grattan had formerly compiained of them, as subversive of the constitutional independence, as it was called, of the parliament of Ireland. The volunteers all complained of them ; and when he mentioned the volunteers, he might be said to mention the whole nation, which, as with one voice, maintained that no power on earth had a right to legislate for Ireland, but the king and parliament of Ireland. In speaking of the volunteers, he must take that opportunity, he said, to bear his public testimony to their steady loyalty, and attachment to Great Britain ; and their constant declarations, that the enemies of England should be the ene.-mies of Ireland; but it was not by words only or professions, that they manifested their loyalty; they proved it by their deeds; and when the combined fleets threatened the country with an invasion, it was impossible to describe with what alacrity and spirit they made a tender of their services to the lord lieutenant, and this too without any previous communication among themselves, or concert whatsoever: for their poble and generous behaviour at that alarming moment, his excellency has thought it necessary to express his acknowledgments to them from the throne. Previous to that session, the volunteers, without marking any disposition to those measures, which they had since adopted, were harmlessly amusing themselves with reviews, and military parade; and such an opposition was expected in parliament, as every free government would wish to see formed, as such a constitutional opposition must necessarily make ministers more watchful, and attentive to their duty. When the session was opened, various were the questions introduced into the House of Commons, which he had not been able to approve, and which appearing to a majority of the house, in the same light as they did to him, he had been able to postpone: one was for a declaration of the rights of Ireland; ! another respecting the mutiny-bill; a third for a bill to quiet the proprietors, who held estates in Ireland, under British acts of parliament. All these measures had appeared to the majority of the house, as very inexpedient; but still he must observe, that even the majority which had supported him, were friends to the principle of every one of these questions; and therefore they were only postponed and got rid of by the previous question; but not rejected: At length, a gentleman of very great character and abilities (Mr. Yelverton) wishing to steer a middle course, to satisfy the demands of the volunteers, respecting a declaration of rights, and at the same time to prevent the mischiefs or at least the inconveniences, which might flow from such declaration, unqualified, and untempered, had brought in a bill for enacting into laws in Ireland, several statutes, which had been made in England : in this bill he himself had taken no active part; but he would say thus much of it, that it had his most hearty concurrence. As this bill would certainly obviate the principal inconveniences, that would otherwise result from a declaration of what the people of Ireland called their rights, and as he saw plainly, that such a declaration could no longer be opposed with success, he would now give way to necessity, and no longer oppose himself to such a measure; for in the present state and disposition of Ireland, he would assure the house, that they might as well strive to make the Thames flow up Highgate-hill, as to attempt to legislate for Ireland, which would no longer submit to any legislature but its own.

What use the Irish would make of their legislative independence, he could not tell; but if he could bring himself to think, that they would avail themselves of it in making any foreign connections, inju. rious to the trade or interest of this kingdom, he was free to say, that sooner than agree to such an independence, England ought to risque a good deal. But he believed a sensible, judicious people, like the Irish, would always see that the interests of both kingdoms were so connected, that they could not be separated without the greatest loss to both; and therefore he trusted, that the Irish would never attempt to break the connection; he trusted also, that they would adopt, from time to time, such laws of this country, as it would be for the interest of both should be in force in both kingdoms, and as no Irish bill could pass into law, without the previous consent of the king, in his council of England, so there was no danger that the independence of the legislature of Ireland could be made use of to make laws injurious to the sister kingdom, the English council being responsible for every advice they gave their sovereign.

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