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Retrospettive view of the affairs of Europe in the year 1779. State of,
the bellige; ent powir's in Germany. Event of the late campaign, isa
which are farther seconded by the mediation of Rusia and France. A
alembles at Teschen. Treaty of peace concluded. Differences betweren
CHA P. II.
combination of power against Great Britain. Proclamations ; for re-
Commercial, and non-confumption agreements. French iyuafor threate ened. Miiitary associations. People become strongly armed. Exemplary conduct of the associators. Prudent measures of government in that country. General demand of a free and unlimited commerce. Discon. sents in Scotland, under an apprehenfion of a' relaxation of the popery laws. Outrages in Edinburgh and Glasgow. Subscriptions for raising troops, and other public purposes. East India company grant bounties for raifing 6000 feamen, and undertake to build three ships of the line, as an augmentation to the royal navy, State of parties. Changes in administration. Meeting of the Irish parliament.
CH A P. III. Speech from the throne. Addresses. Amendment moved in the House of Com.
mons by Lord John Cavendish. Great Debates. Strictures upon public measures in general, and upon the conduct of the preceding campaign. Able defence made by the minister. Amendment rejected upon a division, Amendment in the House of Lords moved for by the Marquis of Rocking. ham. After long debates, rejc&tcd upon a division.'
. (37 CHA P. IV. Vore of cenfure against ministers, relative to their conduet with respect to
Ireland, moved by the Earl of Shelburne Debates on the question. Part taken by the late lord president of the council. Motion rejealed upon a division. Similar motion in the House of Commons by tbe Ear! of Upper Oföry. Defence of adminiftration. Animadverfion. Morion rejected ufor a division. Moliine by the Duke of Richmond, for as economical reform of the civil lis cftablishment, Motion, aftio (BRfiderable debates, rejected upon a division. Minister opens bis propsko tions, in the House of Commons, for affording relief to Ireland. Agrad 80 without oppofition. Tavo bills accordingly brought in, and pafled before the recefs. Third bill to lie open till after the bolidays. Earl of Shelburne's motion relative to the extraordinaries of the ar ny; and introdu&tory 10 a farther reform in the public expenditure. Metieni ito jected on a division. Notice given of a lesond intended motion, and the lords summoned for the 8th of February. Letters of thanks from ibe rity of London to the Duke of Richmond and to the Earl of Šbelbarut, for their attempts to introduce a reform in the public expenditure; and fimilar letters ferst to his royal bigbness the Duke of Cumberland, and to all the other lords wbo supported the two late motions. Mr. Burke giou notice of his plan of public reform and economy, which he proposes bringing forvuard after the recess.
157 CH A P. V. County meetings, peritions, and associations. York leads the way. Great meeting at that city. Committee anpointed. Some account of the petitios frum shat county, wbicb becomes a model to others. Sir George Sa. .
ville presents the perition from the county of York. Debates on that fub. jeet. "Jamaica petition presented. Mr. Burke's plan of æconomical reform. Bilis brought in upon that lyftem. Earl of Shelburne's motion (pursuant to the notice given before the recess) for a committee of both boules, to enquire into the public expenditure. Motion feconded by the Earl of Coveniry. Opposede Debates. Strictures with respect to the county meetings and petitions. Marquis of Caermarthen explains the causes of his resignatick. Strictures on the conduct of a noble lord at the head of a great department, Motion rejected upon a division. Ur:ufual strengib jhewn by the oppofition os this divifion.
[85 | C H A P. VI. Colonel Barre gives notice of his intended propofitions relative to a con. mittee of accounts. Scheme approved of by the minister. Sir Gcorge Saville's motion, for an account of patent places and salaries, agreed 10, Second motion, for an account of pensions, during pleasure or otherwise, opposed. Debate broken off by the illness of the speaker. Resumed in the following weck. Amendment, moved by the minister. Long debates. Minister's amendment carried, on an exceedingly close division. Jamaica petition presented in the House of Lords, and the subject prongly crforced, by the Marquis of Rockingham. Thanks of the lords and commons to Admiral Sir George Rodney, for his late eminent services. Attempt by the oppofition in both houses, to obtain foine mark of royal favour for that commander. Scheme, for a commission of accounts, announced by the minister, in the House of Commons. Strieturcs on that bufancji. Mr. Burke's establishment bill read a firs and seconul time without op pofition; debate and divifun, relative only tv time, on itse committal. Motion by the Earl of Shelburne, relative to the removal of the Mar. quis of Carmarthen, and the Earl of Pembroke, from the lieutenancy of their respective counties. Question much agitateil. Motion rejected on a divifon.
(114 CH A P. VII. : Order of the day for going into a committee on Mr. Burke's flabl pment
bill. Question of competency parted. Debated. Opponrion infill, obat the decision of that question soould take place of the order of the day. Question for the order of the day, carried, upon a very close division. Debates in the committee on the first clause of the establishment till, for abolijhing the office of third secretary of pate. Clause rejeeled, after very long debates, upon a division, by a very small majority. Long debates in the committee, on a subsequent day, upon that clause of the esta. blishment bill, for abolishing the board of trade. Question for etolijking that beard, carried upon a divifion. Difference between the speaker and the minister. Mr. Fullarton's complaint of the Earl of Shelburne. Ai of that affair in Hyde Park. Notice given by Sir James Lowther, of an intended motion, for preserving the freedom of debate in parliament. Subje&t confiderably agirared. W'armly referred without diors. At
drenges of congratulation to the Earl of Shelbymme on his recovery. Doxo ger 10 wbicho Alr, Fux and be had been exfoled, at!ributed to their zoal in The service of their country. Contractors bill brought in by: Sir Pbilig Yernings Clerke, and carried through the House of Conmons wil bout a division. Grea! Debates on the cluje in Mr. Burke's establishment bill, for abolishing the offres of treasurer of the chamber, and others. Ques
rion, on the first men:ber of the clause, loft upon a division. Succeeding : questions rejected. Debates on the minisier's notion for giving nolie 10 · she East India company, of the paying off their capital pock at the end of
bree years. Previous quefiion mover, and lot or a division. Met:e4 againf receiving the report of the new taxes, until the peritions of ibe ponple were considered, rejected upon a divisi n by a grea! majority. Earl if Effingkam's motion in the House of Lords, for a list of places, peafons, & c. held by members of obat houle, rejected upon a division. (134
CHA P. VIII. Army eftiinales. Debates on the subject of the new corps. Divifion.
Question carrieil. Confideration of the petitions. Great debates in the • Committee. Part taken by the Speaker. Amendment to the motion, pro.
posed and agreed to. Nr. Dunning's amended motion, carried, upor a divifon, in a tcry full house. Second motion, agreed to. Third motion, by AIr. T. Pitt, agreed to. House resumed. Mr. Fox's motion, for immediately receiving the report from the committee, opposed, brut carried. Resolutions, reported, received, and confirmed by the Houle. Mr. Dunning's motion (on a following lay) in the committee, for secure ing the independence of parliament, agreed to. Second motion, for difqualifying perfons holding certain offices, from fitting in that house, car. ried, upon a division, by a najority of trvo only. Mr. Crewe's bill, fa: excluding rëvenue officers from voting on the eletion of members of par. lianient, rejected, on a division. Great debates in the House of Lords, upon the second reading of the contractors vill. The bill rejecteil, upon a division, by a confiderable majority. Protefl. Consequences of the Speaker's illness. Poftponed motion of Mr. Dunning's, for an adiress, to prevent disolving the parliament, or proroguing the present feffion, wil proper measures pouli' be taken for correcting the evils complained of in the petitions of the people, brings out lung debutes; but is rejected in a considerable mujority, in an exceedingly full house. Disorder upor Mr. Fo.r's rising 10 fpcak, after the division. Nxture of his speech. Reply, by the minifter. Great debates upon the clause in Mr. Burke's eftablishment bill, for abolishing the office of the Great Wardrobe, &'c. Cluule receted upon a division. Succeiding clause, for abolishing the Board of Works, rejecicil upon a division, Debates upon the minijder's bill for a commision of accounts. Close division upon w question in the committee. Bill at longih polod. Debates on Colonel Burrês anotions, relative to the extraordinarics of the army. First motion rejected, upon division, by a great majority. Succceiling resolutions rojsterd. General Conway's bill, for rejtoring peace with Anyericu, disposed of, upom u
division, by a motion for the order of the day. Motion tending to an en-
quiry, into any requisition made by the civil magisirate, for the attendance of
a division.' Mr. Dunning's motion, in the committee of the whole house on
she loth of April, set aside, by a motion for the chairman to quit the chair,
ciation in St. George's Fields. Subsequent riots, mischiefs, and conflagra-
the command of Don Juan de Langara. Takes the Admiral, with seve.
and proceeds on his destined voyage. Prothée, French man of war,
under the condue of Count Byland, stopped, and examined by Commo-
failure at Savannab. Expedition against Charles Touri. Sir Henry
Clinton lands with the army in South Carolina ; takes polelion of the