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Knox, brigadier-general artillery ; tude I bear you, recurs to me.
ful attendant can frame.
I have a mother and three APPENDIX. fifters, to whom the value of my Copy of a Letter from Major Andrè,
commiflion would be an object, as
the loss of Grenada bas much Adjutumt - general, to Sir Henry Clinton, K. B. &c. &c.'
affected their income. It is need
lets to be more explicit on this Tappan, Sept. 29, 1780. Subject; I am persuaded of your SIR,
excellency's goodness, YOUR excellency is doubtless I receive the greatest attention already apprised of tbe mavner in from his excellency General Walh. which I was taken, and poflibly of ington, and from every person the serious light in which my con- under whose charge I happen to du&t is considered, and the rigorous be placed. determination that is impending.. I have the honour to be, with
Under these circumstances, I the most relpe&ful attachment, have obtained General Washing- your excellency's most obedient, tou's permillion to send you this and most humble servant, lever, the object of which is, to John ANDRB, Adjutent-gen. remove from your breast any sur
(Addrested) picion that I could imagine I was His Excellency Sir Henry Clinton, bound hy vour excellency's orders K. B. &c. &c. &c. to expose myself to what has hap. pened. The events of coming copy of a Letter from his Excellency within an enemy's posts, and of General Washington, to his Es. changing my drels, which led me cellency Sir Henry Clinton. to mr present ftuation, were contrary to my own intentions, as
Head Quarters, Sept. 30, 1780. they were to your orders ; and the S1R, cii uitous route which I took to IN answer to your excellency's return, was imposed, (perbaps letter of the 26th instant, which I unavoidably) without alternative, had the honour to receive, I am upun me.
to inform you, that Major Andre I am perfe&ly tranquil in mind, was taken under such circumand prepared for any fale to which stances, as would have justified the an honest zeal for my king's ser- most summary proceedings against vice may have devoted me.
him. I determined, however, to In addressing myself to your refer his case to the examination excellency on this occasion, the and decision of a board of general force of all.my obligations to you, officers, who have reported, on his and of the attachment and grati- free and voluntary confeflion and
letters, “That he came on shore Major Andrè, who visited an from the Vulture floop of war, in officer commanding in a diftri& at the night of the 2117 of Septem- his own desire, and acted in every ber,” &c. &c. as in the report of circumstance agreeable to his di. the board of general officers. rection, I find is detained a pri.
From thele proceedings it is loner : my friendship for him leads evident, Major Andrè was em me to fear, he may saffer some ployed in the execution of mea. inconvenience for want of ne. Tures very foreign to the objects of cessaries; I wish to be allowed to flags of truce, and such as they send him a few, and shall take it were never meant to authorize or as a favour if you will be pleased countenance in the most diftant to permit his servant to deliver degree; and this gentleman con- thein. In Sir Henry Clinton's abfetled, wiib the greatest candour, sence, it becomes a part of my in the course of his examination, duty to make this representation " That it was impossible for him and request. to suppose, he came on Thore under I am, Sir, your Excellency's molt the fanaion of a flag.".
obedient bumble servant, I have the honour to be your excellency's most obedient, and
d. James Robertson, Lieut. Gen. moft humbie servant,
His Excellency Gen. Washington.
Tappan, Sept. 30, 1780. In this letter, Major Andre's, SIR, of the 29th of September, to Sir
I HAVE just received your beaty Canton, was manimitica. letter of the 26th. Any delay
which may have attended your New York, Sept. 26, 1980. flags has proceeded from accident, . Sir,
and the peculiar circumstances of
the occahon, not from any intenPERSUADED that you are
tional neglect, or violation. The inclined rather to promote than
letter that admitted of an answer, prevent the civilities and acts of
has received one as early as it humanity, which the rules of war
could be given with propriety, permit between civilized nations, tre
nons, transmitted by a flag this morning. I find no difficulty in representing
lenting As to messages, I am uninformed
As to to you, that several letters and
of any ihat have been sent. messages sent from hence, have
The necessaries for Major Andre been disregarded, are unanswered, and the flags of truce that carried
will be delivered to hiin, agree.
able to your requeft. them detained. As I ever had treated all flags of truce with ci
I am, Sir, your most obedient vility and respect, I have a right humble servant, to hope, that you will order iny
G. WASHINGTON, complaint to be immediately ré- His Excellency Lieut. Gen. Robertson, Areiied.
• New-York. .
New-York, Sept. 30, 1980. balty
Major-general Greene, who ver.
0. bally reported;' that General Ro. SIR,
bertson mentioned to him in sub. FROM your excellency's 'letter stance what is contained in his of this date, I am persuaded the letter of the 2d of October, to Board of Genera officers, to whom General Washington. you referred the case of Major Andrè, cannot have been rightly in
New-York, OA. 1, 1780. formed of all the circumftances on which a judgment ought to be SI Á, formed. I think it of the highest E TAKE this opportunity to moment to humanity, that your inform your Excellency, that I excellency thould be perfe&ly ap- consider myself no longer acting prized of the state of this matter, under the commiffion of Congress: before you proceed to put that their last to me being among my judgment in execution."
papers .at Weft Point, you, Sir, ; For this reason, I shall send his will make such use of it as you Excellency Lieutenant-general Ro. think proper.' bertson, and two other gentlemen, At the saine time I beg leave to to give you a true state of fa&ts, assure your Excellency, that my and to declare to you my fenti- attachment to the true intereft of ments and resolutions. They will my country is invariable, and that set out to-morrow as early as the I am actuated by the same prinwind and tide will permit, and ciple which has ever been the go wait near Dobb’s-ferry for your verning rule of my condud in this permission and safe conduct, to unhappy conteft. meet your Excellency, or such I have the honour to be, very persons as you may appoint to refpe&fully, your Excellency's most converse with them on this fubject. obedient humble servant, I have the honour to be, your
B. Arnold. Excellency's most obedient and His Excellenty Gen. Washington. humble servant,
; H. CLINTON. Greyhound Schooner, Flag of Truce, P. S. The Hon. Andrew Elliot, Dobb's-Ferry, OA, 2, 1780. Esq; Lieutenant - governot, and · S R the "Hon. William Smith, Chief
A NOTE I have from General Justice of this province, will attend
Greene, leaves me in doubt if his his Excellency Lieutenant-general memory bad served him to relate Robertson.
H. C. to you, with exa&ners, the lub His Excellency Gen. Washington.
stance of the conversation that had Lieutenant - general Robertson, paffed between him and myself, Mr. Elliot, and Mr. Smith, came on the subject of Major Andrè : up in a flag veffel to Dobb's-ferry, in an affair of so much conse agreeable to the above letter." The quence to my friend, to the (svo two last were not suffered to land. armies, and humanity, I would General Robertson was permitted leave no poflibility of a misunderto come on thore, and was met by ftanding, and therefore take the
liberty to put in writing the sub- admit of, might take off many of stance of what I said to General its horrors. I admitted that MaGreene.
jor Andrè had a great thare of I offered to prove, by the evi- Sir Henry Clinton's esteem, and dence of Colonel Robiofon, and that he would be infinitely obliged the officers of the Vulture, that by his liberation; and that, if he Major Andrè went on thore at was permitted to return with me, General Arnold's desire, in a boat I would engage to have any person sent for him with a flag of truce; you would be pleased to name, that be not only came ashore with let at liberty. the knowledge and under the pro- I added, that Sir Henry Clinton tection of the general who com- had never put to death any person manded in the district, but that for a breach of the rules of war, he took no step while on thore, though he had, and now has, but by the direction of General many in his power. Under the Arnold, as will appear by the present circumstances, much good inclosed letter from him to your may arise from humanity, much Excellency. Under these circum- ill from the want of it. If that stances, I could not, and hoped could give any weight, I beg leave you would not, consider Major to add, that your favourable treats Andrè as a Spy, for any improper ment of Major Andrè, will be a phrase in his letter to you.
favour I should ever be intent to The facts he relates correspond return to any you hold dear. with the evidence I offer ; but he My memory does not retain, admits à conclusion that does not with the exactness I could wish, follow. The change of cloaths the, words of the letter which Geand name was ordered by General neral Greene shewed me from MaArnold, under whose directions he jor Andrè to your Excellency: neceffarily was while within his For Sir Henry Clinton's satir. command.
faction, I beg you will order á As General Greene and I did copy of it to be sent to me at not agree in opinion, I wished, New-York. that disinterested gentlemen of I have the honour to be your knowledge of the law of war and Excellency's most obedient and nations might be asked their opi. most humble servant, nion on the subject, and men
JAMES ROBERTSON. tioned Monsieur Knyphausen and His Excellency Gen. Washington. General Rochambault.
I related, that a Captain Robinson had been delivered to Sir .
New York, 08. 1, 1780. Henry Clinton as a fry, and un- SIR doubtedly was such; but that it · THE polite attention thewn being signified to him, that you by your Excellency and the gen. were defirous that the man should tlemen of your family to Mrs. Ar: be exchanged, he had ordered him nold, when in distress, demands to be exchanged.
my grateful acknowledgment and I wished that an intercourse of thanks, which I beg leave to presuch civilities, as the rules of war sent.
From your Excellency's letter to to transact all these matters, which, Sir Henry Clinton, I find a Board if wrong, Major Andrè ought by of General Officers have given it no means to suffer for them. as their opinion, that Major Andrè But if, after this juft and cancomes under the description of a did reprefentation of Major Anspy: my good opinion of the can. drè's case, the Board of General door and justice of those gentlemen Officers adhere to their former leads me to believe, that if they opinion, I thall suppose it dictated had, been made fully acquainted by passion and resentment; and if with every circumstance respecting that gentleman should offer the · Major Andrè, they would by no severity of their fentence, I should means baye considered him in the think myself bound by every tie light of a spy, or even of a pri- of duty and honour, to retaliate Soner. In justice to him, I think on such unhappy perfons of your it my duty to declare, that he army as may fall within my power, came from on board the Vulture that the respect due to flags, and at my particular request, by a flag to the law of nations, may be sept on purpose for him by Joshua better understood and obierved. Sipith, Eig; who had permission to I have farther to obierve, that go to Dobb's-ferry to carry letters, forty of the principal inhabitants and for other purposes not men- of South Carolina have juftly fortioned, and to return. . This was feited their lives, which have hidone as a blind to the spy-boats. therto been spared by the cleMr. Smith at the same time had mercy of his Excellency Sir Henry my private directioris to go on Clinton, who cannot in justice board the Vulture, and bring on extend hiš mercy to them any Thore Colonel Robinson, or Mr. longer, if Major Andrè suffers; John Anderson, which was the which, in all probability, will open name I had requested Major An- a scene of blood, at which hu. drè to assume : at the fame time I manity will revolt. desired Mr. Smith to inform him, . Suffer me to entreat your Exthat he should have my protection, cellency, for your own, and the and a safe passport to return in the honour of humanity, and the love same boat, as soon as our business you have of justice, ibat you suffer was completed. As several acci- not an unjust fentence to touch the dents intervened to prevent bis life of Major Andrè. being sent on board, I gave hin But if this warning should be my paftport to return by land. disregarded, and he suffer, I call Major Andrè came on More in heaven and earth to witness, that his uniform (without disguise) your Excellency will be juftly anwhich, with much reluctance, at swerable for the torrent of blood my particular and pressing inftauce, that may be spilt in consequence. he exchanged for another coat. I have the bonour to be with furnished him with a horse and duen
and due respect, your Excellency's moft saddle, and pointed out the route obedient and very humble servant, by which he was to return : and as
. B. ARNOLD. commanding officer in the departmeut. I had an undoubted right His Excellency Gen. Washington.