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fame ought, according to the direc. For this purpose, we examined tions of the several acts above men- Goulston Bruere, Efq; first Genetioned, to have been paid into the ral Accountant.; Richard Paton, Exchequer. To this point, amongit Efq; fecond General Accountant others, we examined George Roie, in that office ; Mr. Richard RichElq; Secretary to the Tax-office; ardfon, Collector of Excise for the John Fordyce, Erg; Receiver-ge. Hertford collection; Mr. Thomas neral for Scotland ; William Mit- Ball, Collector of Excise for the ford, Eiq; Receiver general for Bath collection; and George Rowthe county of Suflex; Thomas ley, Efq; who is Collector of Ex. Allen, Efq; Receiver-general for cise for the Bedford collection, part of the county of Somerset; as well as Receiver-general of the Thomas Walley Partington, Esq; land-tax for the county of HunReceiver-general for the counties tingdon; and George Lewis Scott, of Northampton and Rutland, Elg; one of the Commissioners of and town of Northampton; and Excise. We procured too, from George Rowley, Elg; Receiver- that office, an account of the general for the county of Hun. gross and pett produce of the Ex. tingdon.
cise, received by each collector for In these examinations, two rea: the year 1779 ; in which it ap. sons are afligned for this detention pears, that the gross produce of the public money; one is the amounted to the sum of ibree mildifficulty of procuring remittances lions seven hundred and fourteen to London, especially from the thousand seven hundred and le diftant counties; the other is, the venty-one pounds fixteen thillings insufficiency of the falary of two. and an half-penny, exclusive of the pence in the pound, allowed the receipt at the Excise-office in Lone Receiver by the land-tax and other don, paid in by the persons charg. acts, upon the sums paid by him ed, witliout the intervention of a into tlie Exchequer, to answer the collector: which gross sum, being, trouble, riik, and expence, at- as we apprehend, considerably tending his office; to lupply which, more than the amount of the duand to render the employment ties paid to the Receivers-gene: worth having, he has been accuf. sal, is collected in England and tomed to retain in his hands a Wales, by fifty-three collectors, considerable part of these duties, being only two more than the for the purpoic of his own advan- number of Receivers general of tage.
the land-tax, including Scotland As an examination into the From these laft examinations manner and charge of collecting we learn, that each collector of and remitting, in an office of re- Excise goes his rounds eigbt tinci ceipt, fimilar in its circumttances, in the year ; that he remits the might enable' us to form fome whole of his nett collection in every judgment of the validity of thete round to the Excise office, chiefy reasons; we directed our enquiries by bills at twenty-one days after to the collection and remittance of date, in the counties near London; the duties of excise.
at thirty days, in the more remolo
COUB. counties; and at fifty or fixty days year 1756, which we called for in the most diftant, and none at a from the tax-office, those arrears longer date; that he is continually in the hands of the defaulters, not remitting during his round; and, included in the first certificate, ap. within a week after it is finished, pear to amount to one hundred sends up by a balance-bill all that and thirteen thousand one bun. remains of the duties collected by dred and fixty-one pounds seven him in that round; that he finds shillings and two-pence half-penno difficulty in 'procuring bills; ny, of which twenty-four thousand could return more money by the two hundred and fifty-seven pounds same method; and is never suffered seven shillings and two-pence three to keep apy money in his hands. farthings is actually loft upon com
Each collector is paid a salary of position; of the remainder, part is one hundred and twenty pounds a in a course of legal proceedings, year, subject to deductions amount- and the recovery of a great part ing to one shilling and nine-pence doubtful; whereas, by a return in the pound; and is allowed per- which we required from the Comquistes to about one hundred pounds missioners of Excise, for the same a year more; and gives security for period, we find there have been five thousand pounds.
no arrears or defaulters among the We endeavoured to form fome Officers of Excise, except in one computation of the loss, sustained instance, to the amount of three by the public, from the detention thousand six hundred pounds. of the money by the Receivers-ge- From this comparative view of neral, and for that purpose we the modes of collecting and re. called for an account of the quar- mitting these different duties, and terly returns made by them to the of the advantages accruing to the tax-office; from whence it ap. receiver and collector from their pears, that the average fum in several employments, we are in. their hands, from the 5th of July, duced to think, that the Receiver. 1778, (when the mode was adopt. general of the land-tax is not wared of transmitting the account on ranted in his detention of the pub. oath,) to the 7th of July lait, lic money, either by the difficulty amounted to three hundred thirty- of procuring bills, or by the insuffour thousand and fixty - one ficiency of his falary. pounds, the intereit of which, at Supposing, however, the diffi. four per cent. being thirteen thou- culty of procuring bills really to fand three hundred fixty - two exist, though it might occasion pounds a year, we conceive the some delay in the remittance, public have been obliged to pay, it yet is no justification of the for want of the use of their own Receiver for constantly keeping a moncy.
large balance in his hands; and, But the loss has been, not of in- admitting the poundage not to be tereft only, the revenue itself has an equivalent for his pains, yet futtered: for by an account of the we are of opinion, that the prearrears and defaulters of the land- sent mode of supplying the deti. tax, and other duties, from the ciency, by permitting him to
Wiçka withbold the duties, is injurious to Washington, Commander in Chief the public, and ought to be dise of the Army of the United states of continued.
America, respecting Major John The revenue should come from Andre. Alljutant General of the the pocket of the subje& directly Brilith dry, September 29, 1780, into ibe Exchequer; but to permit Receivers to retain it in their hands, Published at Philadelphia, by order expressly for their own advantage,
of Congress. is to furnith them with the firoogest motive for withholding it. À Extraits of Letters from General private interest is created, in direct Washington, to the Prefiitent of opposition to that of the public; Congress. government is compelled to have recourse to expe olive loans; and Robinson's House in the High the revenue itself is finally endan
Lunds, Sept. 29, 1780. gered.
SIR, . We are, therefore, of opinion, I Have the honour to inform the that there are no services to wbich I Congress, that I arrived here the said sum of fix hundred fifty yesterday about twelve o'clock, on seven thousand four hundred my return from Hartford. Some pounds thirteen shillings and four- bours previous to my arrival, Ma. pence is or may be applicable in jor general Arnold went from his the hands of the Receivers-general quarters, which were at this place, of the land-tax, or for the repre. and, as it was supposed, over the sentatives of such of them as are river to the garrison at Weft point, dead; and that it is not proper to whither I proceeded myself, in or leave any part of it in their re- der to visit the post. I found Ge. spective hands; but that the same, neral Arnold had not been there or so much thereof as now remains during the day, and on my return with them, ought to be paid into to bis quarters, he was ftill absent. the Exchequer, at fuch times, In the mean time, a packet had and by luch iufulinects, as may arrived from Lieutenant colonel be thought reasonable, after a Jameson, announcing the capture practice of so long continuance, of John Anderson, who was enand as shall be contistent with such deavouring to go to New York engagements as inay have been with several interesting and im. entered into with any particular portant papers, all in the handReceivers.
writing of General Arnold This Guy CARLETON,
(L. S.) was accompanied with a letter from T. ANGUISHI,
(L.S) the prisoner, avowing himself to A. PIGGOTT,
(L. S.) be Major John Andrè, AdjatantRichRD NEAVE, (L. S.) general to the British army, re. SAM. LEACHCROIT, (L. S) Jating the manner of his capture, GŁO. DRUMMOND. (L. S.), and endeavouring to shew that he 2. th Nov. 1789.
did not come under the descrip.
tion of a spy. From these several Proceedings of a Board of General circumstances, and information Officers, cld by order of General that the general seemed to be
thrown into some degree of agita. pan. Besides the proceedings, I tion, on receiving a letter a little transmit copies of sundry letters time before he went from his respecting the matter, which are quarters, I was led to conclude all that passed on the subjca, not immediately, that he had heard of included in the proceedings. Major Andrè's captivity, and that I have now the pleasure to comhe would, if possible, escape to municate the names of the three the enemy; and accordingly took persons who captured Major An. fuch measures as appeared most drè, and who refused to release probable to apprehend him: but him, notwithstanding the moft he had embarked in a barge, and earnest importunities, and assurproceeded down the river, under ances of a liberal reward on his a flag, to the Vulture thip of war, part. Their names are, John which lay at some miles below Paulding, David Williams, and Stoney and Verplank's Point. He Isaac Vanwert. wrote me a letter after he got on board. Major Andrè was not ar. Proceedings of a Board of General rived yet; but I hope he is se Officers, held by Order of his Excure, and that he will be here to cellency Gen. Washington, Comday. I have been, and am taking manier in Chief of ihe Army of precautions, which I trust will the United States of America, re. prove effectual to prevent the im Speeting Major Andrè, Adjutant. portant consequences which this general of the British Army, Sepconduct, on the part of General tember 29, 1780, at Tappan, in Arnold, was intended to produce. the State of New York. I do not know the part v that took Mlajor Andrè, but it is said it con
P R E S E N T, fified only of a few militia, who Major general Green, Presiacted in such a manner on the oc- dent; Major-general Lord Stir. casion, as does them the highest ling, Major - general St. Clair, honour, and proves them to be Major-general the Marquis de la men of great virtue. As soon as Fayette, Major-general Howe, Ma. I know their names, I shall take jor-general. the Baron de Steuben, pleasure in transmitting them to Brigadier-general Parsons, BrigaCongress.
dier-general Clinton, Brigadier:
general Knox, Brigadier-general Paramus, OCI. 7, 1780.
Glover, Brigadier-general Pater
son, Brigadier general Hand, Bri. SIR,
gadier general Huntington, Bri. I have the honour to inclose to gadier-general Starke, John Lau. Congress a copy of the proceedings rens, Judge-advocate-general. of a board of general officers in the Major Andrè, Adjutant-general cause of Major Andrè, Adjutant. to the British army, was brought general to the British army. This before the board, and the following officer was executed in pursuance letter from General Wathington of the sentence of the board, on to the board, dated head quarters, Monday the 2d instant, at twelve Tappan, September 29, 1780, was p'clock, at our late, camp at Tap- laid before them, and read : VOL. XXIII.
Salemn, 24th Sept, 1780. Major Andrè, Adjutant-general Sur, to the British army, will be brought WHAT I have as yet said conbefore you for your examination. cerning mylelf, was in the justifi. He came within our lives in the able attempt to be .extricated; I night, on an interview with Major- an too little accustomed to dupli. · general Arnold, and in an allum. city to have succeeded. ed character, and was taken with. I beg your excellency will be in our lives, in a disguised babit, persuaded, that no alteration in with a pafs under a feigned name, the temper of my mind, or appreand with the inclosed papers con- hension for my safety, induces me cealed upon him. After a care- to take the step of addressing you; ful examination, you will be plea. but that it is to secure myself from fed, as speedily as posible, to re- an imputation of having assumed port a precise fiate of bis case, to a mean character for treacherous gether with your opinion of the purposes, or self-interest: a conlight in which he ought to be con- duet incompatible with the princi. fidered, and the punithment that ples that actuated me, as well as ought to be inflicted. The Judge- with my condition in life. advocate will attend to atlift in the It is to vindicate my fame that I examination, who has fundry other speak, and not to solicit security. papers, relative to this matter, The person in your poffeffion is which he will lay before the Major John Andrè, Adjutant-ge. board.
neral to the Britith army. I have the honcur to be,
The influence of one commandGentlemen,
der in the army of his adversary, your most obedient,
is an advantage taken in war. A and bumble servant, correspondence for this purpose I 6. WASIIINGTON. held, as confidential in the pre
fent instance) with his Excellency The Board of General Officers con
a of more p our mon Sir Henry Clinton. venod at Tappan.
To fayour it, I agreed to meet
upon ground not within posts of The names of the officers com- either army, a perfon who was to posing the board were read to Ma- give me intelligence: I came up jor Andrè, and on bis being alked in the Vulture man of war for this whether he confefled the matters effe&, and was fetched by the boat contained in the letter froin his from the shore to the beach : beExcellency General Washington to ing there, I was told, that the apthe board, or denied them, he proach of day would prevent my said, in addition to his letter to return, and that I must be corrGeneral Washington, dated Sa- cealed until the next night. I was lem, the 24th of September, 1780, in my regimentals, and had fairly which was read to the board, and risqued my person. acknowledged by Major Andrè, to Against my ftipulation, my inhave been written by him, which tention, and without my knowletter is as follows:
ledge before hand, I was conducto