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cessary to call upon the States. munition ; their crews recruited; General for the performance of their prizes brought in and fold; their engagements. The fifth ar- and all this in direct violation of as ticle of the perpetual defensive clear and folemn ftipulations as cau alliance between our crown and be made. the States General, concluded at This conduet, so inconsistent Westminster the 3d of March, 1678, with all good faith, so repugnant besides the general engagements to the sense of the wisett part of for succours, expressly ftipulates, the Dutch nation, is chiefly to be • That that party of the two al- ascribed to the prevalence of the lies that is not attacked, Thall be leading magistrates of Amsterdam, obliged to break with the aggressor whose secret correspondence with in two months after the party at- our rebellious subjects was suftacked thall require it:'-Yet two pe&ed, long before it was made years have passed, without the least known by the fortunate discovery atlistance given to us, without a of a treaty, the first article of Jingle syllable in answer to our re- which is :peated demands.
“ There shall be a firm, invioSo totally regardless have the lable, and universal peace, and States been of their treaties with fincere friend thip, between their us, that they readily promised our High Mightinelies the States of enemies to observe a neutrality, the Seven United Provinces of in direct contradiction to those en Holland, and the United States gagements; and whilst they have of North-America, and the subwithheld from us the succours they jects and people of the said par. were bound to furnish, every fe- ties: and between the countries, cret aslistance has been given the illands, cities, and towns, situated enemy; and inland duties have under the jurisdiction of the said been taken off, for the sole purpose United States of Holland, and the of facilitating the carriage of navai said United States of America, and stores to France.
the people and inbabitants thereof, In dired and open violation of of every degree, without exception treaty, they suffered an American of persons or places." pirate to remain several weeks in Tbis treaty was signed in Sep. one of their ports, and even per- tember, 1778, by the express or. mitted a part of his crew to mount der of the Pensionary of Amsterguard in a fort in the Texel. dam, and other principal ma
In the East-Indies, the subjects giftrates of ilat city. They now of the States-General, in concert not only avow the whole transwith France, have endeavoured to action, but glory in it, and exraise up enemies against us.
pressly fay, even to the States. In the West-Indies, particularly General, that what they did' was at St. Eustatia, every prote&tion what their indispensable duty reand aslittance has been given to quired.' our rebellious subjects. Their pri- In the mean time, the Statesvateers are openly received in the General declined to give any anDutch harbours; allowed to refit swer to the Memorial presented abere; supplied with arms and am., by our Amballador; and this re
fulal fufal was aggravated by their pro- States to engagements directly ceeding upon other business, nay contrary, and leaguing the Reupon the confideration of this very public with the rebels of a fovefubje& to internal purposes; and, reign to whom she is bound by the while they found it imposlible to closest ties. An infraction of the approve the conduct of their sub- law of nations, by the meaneft jects, they still industriously avoided member of any country, gives the to give us the satisfaction so mani. injured State a right to demand festly due.
satisfaction and punishment :We had every right to expect, how much more so, when the that such a discovery would have injury complained of is a flagrant roufed them to a juft indignation violation of public faith, comat the insult offered to us, and to mitted by leading and predomi. themselves; and that they would naut members in the State? Since have been eager to give us full then the satisfaction we have deand ample fatisfaction for the manded is not given, we must, . offence, and to inflict the severeft though most reluctantly, do ourpunishment upon the offenders. selves that jusiice which we cannot The urgency of the bufiness made otherwise obtain : we must conan instant answer essential to the fider the States-General as parties honour and safety of this country. in the injury which they will not The demand was accordingly repair, as sharers in the aggression prcffed by our Ambassador in rewhich they refuse to punish, and peated conferences with the mi. must act accordingly. We have pisters; and in a second Memo- therefore ordered our Ambassador rial it was preised 'with all the to withdraw from the Hague, and *carneftness which could proceed shall immediately pursue such vi. from our ancient friendthip and gorous measures as the occasion the sense of recent injuries; and fully justifies, and our dignity and the answer now given to a Memo- the eflential interests of our people rial on such a subject, delivered require. above five weeks ago, is, “ That From a regard to the Dutch nathe Staies have taken it ad refe- tion at large, we wish it were pofli. rendum,' - Such an answer, upon ble to direct those measures wholly such an occasion, could only be against Amsterdam ; but this candietated by the fixt purpose of not be unless the States - General hoftility meditated, and already will immediately declare, that AmTetolved, by the States, induced fterdam fhall, upon this occasion, by the offensive Councils of Am- 'receive no aslistance from them, but terdam thus to countenance the be left to abide the consequences of hostile aggreflion, which the ma- its aggrellion. gitirates of that city have made in Whilst Amsterdam is suffered to the name of the Republic.
prevail in the general councils, There is an end of the faith of and is backed by the strength of all treaties with them, if Anister. the State, it is impoflible to resist dam may usurp the fovereign the aggreflion of fo considerable a power, may violate those treaties part, without contending with the with impunity, by pledging the whole. But we are too sensible
of the common interests of both house, that it may be embarked countries not to remember, in the without any hindrance. As soon midst of such a contest, that the as this is done, the said vcflel will only point to be aimed at by us is fail for Margate, whither I shall to raise a disposition in the coun- repair by land with the Countess cils of the Republic to return to of Welderen. I also beg your our ancient union, by giving us excellency to furnish me with the that satisfaction for the past, and necessary passports for my voyage, security for the future, which we and likewise with two passports Thall be as ready to receive as they for two Dutch expresses, named can be to offer, and to the at- J. Paux, and Augent Kohler, by tainment of which we shall direct the way of Harwich. all our operations. We mean only I cannot help at the same time, to provide for our own security, to express 'my surprise to your by defeating the dangerous de- lordship, in receiving back from Signs that have been formed against your excellency's office the letter us. We thall ever be disposed to which I had the honour to send return to friendship with the States- there: nor was I lefs astonished General, when they sincerely re- when my secretary, whom I had vert to that system which the wif. sent to your lord ship's office, to dom of their ancestors formed, and inquire the reasòn of returning the which has now been subverted by said letter without being opened, a powerful fa&ion, confpiring with acquainted me therewith. Give France against the true interests of me leave to observe to your lord. the Republic, no less than against thip, that it is impossible to know those of Great Britain.
whether a proposition is admissible St. James's, December 20, 1780. or not, before it has been seen
G. R. and examined. Their High Migh
tinefles have given me express or
ders to deliver unto the British Letter from Count Welderen to ministry, before I should withdraw Lord Stormont.
from this court, the papers which
I had the honour of addressing to _My Lord,
your excellency yesterday morning. I AM much obliged to your How can I execute these orders, I excellency for your attention if you will not permit me to see and offer of lending a packet boat you, nor accept any letters from to Margate, for my passage to me? I flatter myself that, conOftend. I shall have no occasion vinced of the justice of my re. for the same, having already en- marks, you will be pleased to acgaged a vessel from Oftend, nan- cept the letter which I sent yer. ed Le Courier de l'Europe, for terday, and to send me a line in that purpose. This veffel is now answer, informing me of your in- . Iying at the Tower, ready to take tentions in that respect. in my baggage. I beg your ex. I have the honour to be, &c. cellency will be pleased to cause
Signed, the necessary orders to be issued
V. WELDEREN. from the Treafury and the Custom London, Dec. 29, 1780.
: kingdom, being passed, we enter. Leiter from Lord Stormont to Count. ed immediately upon the execution Welderen,
of the powers thereby vested in us;
we took the oath prescribed, and SIR,
settled the necessary arrangements TINTIL, the condue of the of oifice and forms of proceed
U Republic bad broken the ties ing. of friendibip which subhsted be- The legillature not having left tween the two nations, and which to our discretion, which of the vathe king has constantly dehred to rious subjects referred to our conpreserve, I have always been, as fideration we should begin our enyou know very well, Sir, ready quiries with, but on the contrary and willing to confer with you 'on having expressly directed us, in all occasions, and iipon all objects the firtt place, to take an account concerning your ministry; and of the public money in the hands bave always received what came of the several accountants; and from your part with due attention, for that purpose to call upon them But lince all connection between to deliver in a cash account; and the two nations is broken off by to consider what sum it might be the aggreition of your's, and since proper to leave in the hands of I have officially notified unto you each accountant refpe&ively, for the king's manifesto, and orders carrying on the services to which given in consequence thereof, I the same is er might be applicacan no longer behold you as the ble, and what lums might be takminifter of a friendly power. You en out of their hands for the public cannot, therefore, Sir, attribute service;' wę, in obedience to the the return of your packet without act, immediately applied ourselves my opening it, but to the execu- to that subject. tion of indispensable dury in the The public accountants may be present circumstances. After an diftinguished into three classes. open rupture, all minifterial com- ist, Those who receive public munication between us must neces- money from the subject, to be paid sarily cease : and anterior orders into the Exchequer. are no longer applicable to the 2dly, Those who receive public present state of affairs.
money from the Exchequer by way I have the honour, &c. of imprest, and upon account. Signed,
zdly, Those who receive public STORMONT. money from certain of this class of
accountants, subject to account,
and who may be called sub acReport of the Commisioners ap- countants. Duinted to examine, take, and hate We began our enquiries in the the Public Accounts of the King- first class, and of thât class, with donn.
the Receivers general of the landTHE act of parliament that tax. To come at a knowledge of
1 constitutes 26 commiffion. their names, and of the balances of ers for examining, taking, and public money in their hands, we | Jaring the public accounts of the procured from the tax office the
laft certificate of the remains of dered out into, or being out in the land-tax. By that certificate actual service, one guinea for each it appeared, that of the land-tax, private man belonging to his com: window, and house-tax, to Lady- pany, upon the day appointed for day last, the arrears in the hands marching; and that by the act of of the Receivers-general, upon the twentieth of his present mathe 14th of July last, amounted jefty, for defraying the charge of to the sum of three hundred and the pay and cloathing of the milininety-eight thousand seven hun- tia, he is ordered to pay to the dred and forty-eight pounds nine clerk of the general nieetings five thillings and five-pence half- `pounds five shillings for each meet. penny.
ing, and to every of the clerks As this certificate was gronnded of the sub-divifion meetings, one upon returns not made to us, but pound one, thilling for each meetto the tax-office, we issued our ing and, except the charges of precepts to every Receiver-general collecting, receiving, and accountof the land-tax, and to the repre. ing, we do not find, that, when sentatives of those who are dead, the militia is embodied, the durequiring them forthwith to trapf- ties colle&ed by these receivers are mit fo us an account of the public liable to any payments, or appli. money in their hands, custody, or cable to any other services whatpower, at the time they thould foever. each of them receive our precept. In the returns made to us by
Returns were accordingly made Receivers.general, such fums as to all our precepts; and from there are stated to have been paid for it appears, that the balances for these services of the militia, for the taxes on land, windows, and the year 1779, are different in houses, servants, and inhabited different counties; but, as there houses, remaining in their respec- payments cannot, from the nature tive hands upon the days therein of them, amount in any county to mentioned, amounted together to a considerable fum, we conceite the fun of fix bundred and fifty- they may be made out of the cur seven thousand four hundred rent receipts of these taxes. pounds thirteen shillings and four. As the Receiver-general is repence.
quired by the land-tax act, within We proceeded in the next place, twenty days at farthest after he pursuant to the directions of the has received money for that duty, act, to enquire to what services and by the acts which grant the these fums were or might be aps duties on houses, windows, ferplicable, in the hands of the re. vants, and inhabited houses, withfpective accountants.
in forty days after he has received And we find, that by the mili. those duties, to pay the same into tia act of the second of his present the Exchequer; it becomes necermajesty, the Receiver-general of fary for us to enquire upon what the land tax for every county is grounds, and for what purposes, required to pay to the command- the Receivers-general retained in ing officer of every company of the their hands so considerable a part militia of that county, being or of these duties, so long after the