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political affairs here, considering give him the preference in their the interest America has therein; future connections, as a Dutch and I fatter myself to have the merchant- and their friend. This best informations in that respect. ' merchant has likewise engaged

As a member of the congress, himself, by his signature to the you will certainly have seen, before faid plan, being properly autho. now, the plan of a treaty of amity rised to that effect by the regency and commerce, as destined to be of Amiterdam, that as long as concluded hereafter between the America fhall not act contrary to States of Holland and the United the interest of the States of Hol. States of North America, several land, the city of Amsterdam will copies thereof having been fent to never adopt any meafure that may America fome time ago. That tend to oppose the interests of Ameplan was signed on the 4th of Sep- rica ; but will, on the contrary, tember last, on the part of the use all its influence upon the States city of Amsterdam, by John de of the Seven United Provinces of Neufville, Esq; properly deputed Holland, to effect the desired confor that purpose by the pensionary nection. I need not mention to and burgomatters of the said city, you the great importance of the and by W. Lee, Esq; commissioner city of Amsterdam, in the polifrom the Congress, to whom the tical affairs of the States-General ; propositions for the said treaty you are too well acquainted with were made through the channel the history and flate of all couns of the said Mr. de Neufville : but tries, to make this necessary. But as the character of that gentleman the less informed politicians will will probably be unknown to you, be astonished to learn, that Am. I think it proper to mention here, sterdam pays two-thirds of the that he is one of the principal mer- quota part of Holland, and that chants of Amsterdam. He has ma- the Province of Holland alone nifested much zeal for the true in. bears two-thirds of the charges. of terest of his country, of which he all the Seven United Provinces. seems to have the most just ideas; The rogency of this city has hiand he has often declared to me, therto remained faithful and conthat it is much nearer related to stand in their engagements, and the commercial interests of Ame- will, if I am not miltaken, always rica and France, than to that of continue the fame, and perlift Great Britain. The conduct of therein invariably. this merchant, arising from that The patriotie party in Holland principle, and besides that, from has had much trouble to thwart a principle still more prevalent, the designs of the prince of namely, that of promoting the Orange, or, to say the same thing success of the efforts for the li- in another manner, of the berty of each country, will, I party. hope, always be uniform, and The court of Great Britain has, will prove favourable to the cause a great influence upon the delibeof America, Consequently, I rations of this country, through make no doubt, that the com- the channel of the prince of wercial people of America will Orange, who is a relation to the

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isie and hun faithful fri

king of Great-Britain, and who is sermon on the day of a general fupposed to have the same views faft, has undergone a fifth edition as the former, with regard to the in London. I beg the favour of liberties of the people.

you to assure your family of my reHe has some of the less confia Speats, and to acquaint my friends derable provinces so much in his that I am very well, and that I intercit, that this, above all, dares intend to return foon to America. not, as yet, refuse his demands; I remain, with much respect and consequently the deputies of and eitcem, Sir, these provinces have reserved their Your most faithful friend, consent, and divers resolutions, and humble servant, which the province of Holland (Signed) J. W. STOKTON, would otherwise have taken long to the Rev. Mr. Witherspoon, D.D. ago, to the advantage of America : but, unfortunately for us, in this moment, the , unanimity of the

No. Iy. A Letter from Colonel States is necessary in most of their Dircks, to tbe Hon. Henry Ladrefolutions.

rens, Eja. The spirited conduct which

Philadelphia, Dec. 13, 1779. France has lately adopted, in de claring that the would seize all Sir, Dutch Thips trading with Great- THE remembrance of your Britain, excepting those of Am. 1 Excellency's kind reception, sterdam and Haerlem, foon brought and the friendship which I expe. back the cities of Rotterdam, Dort, sienced from you, at the time of and others. These, fearing to lend my departure for Holland, about their vessels to sea, and perceiving a twelvemonth ago, engages me, that the people began to murmur, in hearing that your Excellency were obliged to accede to the reso- is upon departing for my country, lution, by which the deputies of to form the best wishes for your all the other cities of the province success. I am sorry, that I am of Holland had consented to grant come too late to town, which deconvoys to their veffcls, without prives me of the happiness of haveven excepting those articles of ing an interview with your Excommerce, for which England cellency, respecting the affairs of had continually seized the Dutch Holland. fhips, ever since the beginning of I have been in Holland only the war with France. .

with a view of uniting the two Such is the actual fate of affairs countries for their reciprocal haphere; and every politican is at piness; and I have succeeded as present impatient to know what well as the different circumstances Spain intends to do, which has would permit. fome time since made very con-. I beg the favour that you will derable preparations for war. be plealed to take charge of the

The post for France is upon herein inclosed letters for my worits departure; I must, therefore, thy friends and countrymen, the conclude this letter. I find in Barons Van der Capellen, from the English newspapers, that your whom, and their friends, I flatter


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myself that your Excellency will who are our friends in all the
soon learn, that by my conduct Seven Provinces.
I have gained several hearts, which
are now nobly and zealously in -

To his Excellency Henry Laurens, Esq.
clined for the aff:irs and the cause
of the Americans. I with that No. V. Copy of a Letter from Mr.
this beginning may in the course A. Gillon to John Rutledge,
of time produce many happy Esq. Governor and Commander in
events, for the mutual advantage Chief of South Carolina, dated
of both countries.

Amsterdam, the it of March, I take the liberty of joining 1780. here a lift of the names of those, who are altogether the worthy friends of America. I pray God I HAD the pleasure of writing to conduct your Excellency, and I to you the zift of December to grant you the most perfect suc- last, and I send you at present cocess. This is the Gucere with of pies of what I wrote. Mr. Izard my heart.

meeting with many difficulties, I remain with the greatest con. which prevented his departure, fideration and eftcem, Sir,

and the ice hindering all veftels Your Excellency's

from failing from bence, I had moft obedient and

no opportunity of giving you any muft humble servant, advice of my latest negociations (Signed) J. G. DIRCKS. here. This letter will be delivered

to your Excellency by Mr. George List of Names. ' Nixon : he will communicate 10

you a copy thereof by the first Henry Hooft Danielfz, ancient opportunity, as soon as he arrives burgomaster of Amsterdam. ai St. Eiftatia.

Daniel Hooft Danielsz, fecre- I shall likewise send you a copy tary to the regency of Amster- of the correspondence between Mr. dam.

Chamoot and a gentleman whom Van Berkel, counsellor and I engaged here to write to hiin on pensionary of the city of Amster. the subject of the two ships built dam,

here; hy which you will fee, that John de Neufville and fons, it was never seriously intended to one of the principal commercial sell the said ships to me. houses of Amfterdam.

Mr. Franklin has never re- , N. B. The last can inform your turned me an answer. I thought Excellency of all the commercial that the arrival of Mr. Adams at houses which are our friends. Paris was a good opportunity to

The burgomaster Hoofi Da- revive this affair. I consequently nielsz can inform your Excellency wrole to him, as well as to Mr. which are the gentlemen of the Izard, and Mr. A. Lee, that they regency in the interest of Ame- should address themselves to Mon

feur de Sartine, and to the Count And the Barons Van der Ca. de Vergennes, ministers at Verpellen can ivform you of those failles, to endeavour to obtain the. * VOL. XXIII.




faid vessels, by offering to pay the and military implements, which I prime cost, or to take them by ap- 'am as yet uncertain whether they praitement of four impartial per- may be embarked. I intend to sons, to be chosen here by the two buy the most essential articles parties ; efpecially as I had al- double what is neceflary for these really removed here all difficulties, veflels; and likewise double the having succours promised to me quantity of the small articles; and from high authority, and as I in case I thould have any money could fit them out either as Dutch remaining, I intend to employ it property for Euliatia, or as Ame- in purchasing woollen cloth, linen, rican property for any other port. Thoes, stockings, and hats, for our But the antiers I received Jast troops, and to send all these night from thole gentlemen, obli- effi cts, as soon as possible, by disged me to give up the tiattering ferent vesels, to St. Eultatia, hopes of sending you two of the from whence you may draw them, fineft veilels in the world, of one by your orders, whenever you thall hundred and eighty-six feet keel, think it convenient. It will, pertit to carry twenty.eight thirty- haps, be neceilary to insure here lis pounders upon one deck. And the articles which appear to be though they drew too much water destined for large thips, in case for our bar, they would certainly they thould happen to be taken by not have tarded to take some ver- the Englith, as well as the cables fels which would have answered and anchors. our purpose. Not tbat I fear that Meffrs. Nicholas and Jacob there gentlemen will not do all in Van Staphorst, merchants here, their power to atlikt nie in this will do the business, and they have aitair, and some others; but they promised me a credit of thirty foreice that this requelt, in cale thousand florins (very likely I it thould be granted, might per- thail be able to get more from haps involve me in other diili. them on my own credit) until culties.

you come yourself, as I now deThere are several vessels in the fire you to do, which sum, witb ports of France which would fully Mr. Screipreiler's loan and your - antiver our purposes ;. but the own money, will make up a hand

difficulties wbich I have already fome fum, to accomplith the said experienced, fully convince me views,' and lave the State some that I shall not obtain any suc- lots on the plan proposed by your conrs. It is for this reason that Excellency to procure it a good I have resolved this morning to marine. Pardon me, if I speak employ all your money in pur- my lentiments at prefent on what chaling bar iron, nails, cordage, may be done. fail.cloth, cables, anchors, thips. If the State perfifts in the re1tores, and other things neceifary solution of having a good marine, to pilots, carpenters, gunners, and the three frigates ought to be coopers : chirurgical instruments built at Philadelphia, Boston, and and inedicines, iron hoops, and all Portsmouth, in New Hampthire. that I thought necculary for three The opposition I have met with frigates, excepting guns, powder, in France proves ckurly to me, that


they never had an intention that pence to which I have looked in all America Mould have a marine; that I have been able to effe&t by otherwise they would certainly my feeble endeavours. Please have sold the ten ships which were God! I thould have been able to here lying empty, fince that would have done more, if the courage of not have diminished their strength, your pretended friends had not which they made a plea of last been greater than that of your spring, when I propoled to them real ones. I am very certain I a plan, by which Georgia would should have been with you a long have been delivered by lait May; time before this with an ample but even then, they refused to let succour, but I have the conious have one ship

lation to reflect, that I have done Captain Yoyner has done every as much as any person sent from thing in his power with respect to America has been able to effect in your affairs, and he will return to Europe, to obtain credit for a St. Eultatia by the first good op- ftate (South Carolina) which was portunity, as will all the other considered, at the time I negociated officers. I will follow him imme- the loan, as entirely in the poilel

diately : may I, on that account, fion of the enemy. · desire your Excellency to fend I have had many interviews with

Captain Yoyner's orders, that he the lenders; and the brokers in may find them at St. Euftatia, un- those affairs would have procured der cover to Mr. Anson, and the me, in fic weeks, a million of governor of that place, or to whom florins, at five per cent. interest, you please. I thall have great for ten or fifteen years, if the pow. pleasure to find myself equallyers with which I was invented had honoured with your orders, and been authorized by our govern. to know how the goods ought to ment, and to their satisfaction. be thipped there. I think, with However, I have made them pro, your perinislion, that if two or mise, that if the guarantec of Conthree continental frigates were gress, for which I now write to sent here to take them, that would your Excellency, shall arrive whilst be a more certain method; but I I remain here, they will advance cannot know it till after I am ar- the said million on that fecurity, rived there, and I shall place them until the full powers and guiarants, in the warehouses of good mer- such as I inclole, which are of their chants.

own compofition, and trantlated I have not been honoured with by their notary, shall come over. a fingle line from our government I now send you the Dutch original Since the 31st of January, 1779, 1o and the translation, for your apthat I am at present obliged to act brobation, and the Dutch oriwithout orders, not doubting that riginal and an English translation of you and my country will readily the guarantee of Congress. If I give me credit for acting to the were at this moment in poilellion best of my judgment for your in- of such papers, I could get four terests, and that you and they will millions of florins, which makes approve of my conduct, since that about three millions of Carolina approbation is the only recom- currency, at fire per cent. payable

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