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both belonged to Mr. Langdale, ball was not fo fatal to them as an eminent distiller, and contained their own inordinate appetites. immense quantities of fpirituous Numbers died with inebriation, liquors.-Six-and-thirty fires, all especially at the distilleries of the blazing at one time, and in unfortunate Mr. Langdale, from different quarters of the city, whose vessels the liquor ran down were to be seen froin one spot. the middle of the street, was taken -During the whole night men, up by pailfuls, and held to the women, and children, were run- mouths of the deluded multitude; ning up and down with such many of whom killed themselves goods and effects as they wilhed with drinking non-rectified spirits, most to preserve. The tremendous and were burnt or buried in the roar of the authors of these hor- ruins. rible scenes was heard at one in. The regulars and militia had ftant, and at the next, the dread- poured in so fast, in consequence ful reports of soldiers musquets, of the expresses dispatched for firing in platoons, and from dif. that purpote, that the citizens on ferent quarters : in fhort, every Thursday began to recover from thing served to impress the mind their consternation. They were, with ideas of universal anarchy however, so thoroughly alarmed, and approaching desolation
and so much affected by the deTwo attempts, in the course predations they beheld on every of the day, were made upon fide, that the shops were univerthe Bank; but the rioters were sally shut from Tyburn to Whiteso much intimidated by the chapel, and no business of any ftrength with which they · beheld kind, except at the Bank, was it guarded, that their attacks were transacted. — The military were but feebly conducted, and they exceedingly active this day; and were, repulsed at the first fire from secured great numbers of disor. the military. They made an derly persons; several were taken effort to break into the Pay-office in the cells of Newgate, attemptlikewise, and met the lame fate. ing to rekindle the fire in those Several of them fell in there ikir- parts which had not been totally mithes, and many were wounded. destroyed.
Had the Bank and the public. The following is said to be a offices been the first objects of copy of the return made to Lord their fury, instead of the houles of Amherit of the killed and wound. individuals, the chapels, and the ed during the disturbances : prisons, there can be little doubt By allociation troops but they would have succeeded in and guards . their attempt; and what the con- By light horfe sequences in that case would have Died in hospitals . 75 been, let any rational mind figure Prisoners now under cure 173 to itfelf!
It is impossible to ascertain the number of unhappy wretches who loft their lives in the course of The number of those who pethis dreadful night.-- Powder and rilhed from inebriation, and in
the ruins of the demolished houses, Carpenter's regiment of dragoons ; is not known, but is conceived to after which came a colonel's guard have been very considerable.
of the foot guards, besides a party Friday, at eleven o'clock, a of the militia, which marched on Council was held at Lord Stor- each side of the coach. The ca. mont's office in Cleveland-row; valcade passed over Westminster. in consequence of which, a war- bridge, through St. George's rant was issued by his Majesty's Fields, the Borough, and so on Principal Secretaries of State, di- to the Tower, where his lord ship rected to Mann and Staley, two alighted about ten o'clock, and of his Majesty's Messengers in or- retted that night in the Governor's dinary, for the apprehending and apartments. The same day Mr. taking into safe custody, the Right Fiber, Secretary to the Protestant Honourable Lord George Gordon. Affociation, was taken to the The messengers, on receiving their Tower, examined by the Privy. warrants, instantly repaired to his council, and honourably dir. house in Welbeck - street, and, missed. getting admittance, were intro. The arrangement of the mili, duced to his lordship, whom they tary, that was made on Thursday, made immediately acquainted with produced so good an effect, that the nature of their visit :-Lord there was no riot or disturbances George only replied, If you in any part of the town, in the are sure it is me you want, I am course of the night, and the next * ready to attend you !'~Upon day (Friday) peace and tranwhich, a hackney - coach being quillity were rettored, and the previously got ready, and a party only uneasiness felt, was, that of light horse having received the metropolis was subjected to orders to attend in an adjacent martial law. This very disa. street, his lordship was conducted greeable apprehension arose from fafely by them, about fix o'clock, the proclamation which was issued, to the Horse-Guards.-A long declaring that orders were given examination took place in the to the military power to exert War-office, before the Lord Pre their utmost endeavours for the fident, Lord North, Lord Am., restoring of peace. In order, how. herst, the Secretaries of State, and ever, to diffipate this idea, the several other Lords of the Privy- following hand-bill was circulated council; and at half an hour after in every quarter of the towi :nine, Lord George Gordon was Whereas fome ill designing committed a close prisoner to the and malicious persons have pubTower. The guards that attended fished, for the purpose of disquiethim were by far the greatest in ing the minds of his Majesty's . number ever remembered to guard faithful subje&s, that it is ina state prisoner. A large party of tended to try the prisoners, now infantry preceded in front, his in custody, by martial law; noLordship following in a' coach, in tice is given, by authority, that, which were two officers; two folno such purpose or intention has diers rode behind the coach, and ever been in the contemplation of immediately followed General Government; but that the said
prisoners will be tried by the due within your lord ship's jurisdi&ion, course of law, as expeditiously as I think it my duty to convey to njay be.'
you immediately this information. We must not forget to mention, I cannot too strongly recommend that attempts were made to create the matter to your lord ship's atthe same disturbances at Hull, tention, and am confident, from Bristol, and Bath. By the care your known activity, that you and attention of the civil ma- will not omit any legal exertion giftrate they were frustrated; but of the civil power which may conat Bath not till a chapel and some tribute upon this occafion to prehouses were destroyed.
serve the public peace.
I have the honour to be, . JN this ample detail of the tu
My lord, | mults, which threatened the very
Your lord thip's , existence of the metropolis, it Most obedient humble servant, cannot but be remarked, that
STORMONT. scarce any attempt appears to have The Right Hon, the Lord been made either to prevent them, Mayor of Lonilon. or to check their progress. For fix days fucceffively, from Friday the St. Jamne's, June 4, 1980: 2d of June to Thursday the 8th, I 25 M. p. Ten, P. M. the cities of London and West
e of London and West- MY LORD, minster were delivered up into INFORMATION which I the hands of an unarmed and have just received makes me think namelers mob, to be plundered it my indispensable duty to re. at its discretion.' Much blame on commend the contents of the letthis account has been thown on ter which I had the honour to the magistrates of the cities, much write to your lord (bip yesterday, on the king's ministers; with to your most serious consideration: what justice the following au- I cannot but hope and trust, from thentic papers will in some mea. your lordship's known zeal and sure enable our readers to judge. activity, that every effectual legal
method will be used by you to Copies of the Letters which passed preserve the public peace, by between the Secretaries of State, guarding it against those dangers the Lord Prepdent of the Coun- to which it stands exposed. cil, the Commander in Chief, I am, with great respect, and the Lord Mayer and Al
My lord, dermen of the City of London,
Your lord ship's and also of the King's Procla. Most obedient humble servant, mation, relative to the late riots.
Right Hon. the Lord Mayor.
St. James's, June 5, 1780.
My Lord, AS information which I have WE learnt with pleasure, by received gives me reason to ap- your lordship's verbal answer reprehend that tumults may arise turned to Lord Stormont's letter
of last night, that you were then bled themselves together in a using your best endeavours to dif- riotous and tumultuous manner, perse the tumultuous assembly in and have been guilty of many acts Moorfields, and to prevent every of treason and rebellion, having outrage. Those endeavours seem made an assault on the gaol of to have been in some degree fuc- Newgate, set loose the prisoners cessful for a time ; but we have confined therein, and set fire to juft received intelligence, which and destroyed the said prison : gives us equal concern and sur. And whereas houses are now prize, that there is actually a ri- pulling down in several parts of otous meeting at the same place, our cities of London and West. and that a great number of se- minifter, and liberties thereof, and ditious persons are employed in fires kindled for consuming the dernolithing different dwelling- materials and furniture of the houses, and all this is done in same, whereby it is become abbroad day, according to our in- solutely necessary to use the most formation, without the least in- effectual means to quiet such terpofition of the civil 'magiftrates disturbances, to preserve the lives to preserve the public peace.
and properties of individuals, and Under these confiderations we to restore the peace of the country : think it our indispensable duty We, therefore, taking the same again to call your lordship's at. into our most serious consideration, tention to such very serious objects, have thought fit, by and with the and we cannot but persuade our. advice of our Privy Council, to selves that you will feel that a issue this our royal Proclamation, constant, uninterrupted exertion hereby ftri&ly charging and exof every poflible legal endeavour horting all our loving subjects to to prevent or quell Tuch outrages, preserve the peace, and to keep and to preserve or restore the pub- themselves, their servants and aplic order and tranquillity, and to prentices, quietly within their seize and secure the principal de- respective dwellings, to the end linquents, that they may be that all well-difpofed persons may brought to justice, is an indif- avoid those mischiefs which the pensable part of the duty of the continuance of such riotous prohigh station in which your lord. ceedings may bring upon the thip is placed.
guilty : And as it is necessary, We have the honour to be, from the circumstances before. My lord,
mentioned, to employ the military Your lord ihip's most obedient, force, with which we are by law and moft humble servants, entrusted, for the immediate sup
STORMONT, pression of suci rebellious and
HILLSBOROUGH. traiterous attempts, now making The Right Hon. the Lord Mayor against the peace and dignity of of the city of London.
our Crown, and the safety of the
lives and properties of our subGEORGE R.
jects, We have therefore issued WHEREAS a great number ihe most dire& and effe&ual orders of disorderly persons have assem- to all our officers, by an immediate exertion of their utmoft The inhabitants of the borough force, to repress the same, of of Southwark, those of the parish of which all persons are to take Covent-garden, and some of other notice.
parithes, have formed themselves Given at our Court at St. into very useful, and at the same
James's, the seventh day of time unexceptionable associations; June, one thousand seven and if something of the same kind hundred and eighty, in the was adopted in the city, there is twentieth year of our reign. no doubt but much use and great God save the King.
security would arise therefrom;
but the using of fire-arnis is imOn the same day the following proper, unnecessary, and cannot be general orders were issued to the approved, officers and commanders of all his
I have the ho:nour to be, majesty's forces in Great-Britain. .
AMHERST. GENERAL ORDERS. Lieut. Col. Twifleton.
Adjutant-general's office, Whitehall, 13th June, 1780.
June 7, 1780.. “ In obedience to an order of : I HAVE received the favour the king in council, the military of your letter of this date, on the to act without waiting for din subject of the inhabitants of the re&tions from the civil magiftrates, city being permitted to carry arms, and to use force for dispersing the and I cannot say more on the geillegal and tumultuous assemblies neral subject than I mentioned in of the people.
my letter to you of yesterday's Wm. AMHERST, Adjutant-gen." date, which was a clear disappro
bation of that part of the lord Several inhabitants of the city of mayor's plan which regards the
London having proposed to arin arms. themselves for their common pre. If therefore any arms are found fervation, the following letters in the hands of persons, except pallid on that fubject.
they are of the city militia, or are
persons authorized by the king to Whitehall, 12th June, 1780. be armed, you will please to order SIR,
the arms to be delivered up to you, I HAVE received the favour to be safely kept until further order, of your letter of this date, with I am, SIR, the several papers inclosed. If in Your most obedient, the printed paper, with the lord and most humble servant, mayor's vame annexed, firelocks
AMAERST. are meant by the words, “ with Lieut. Col. Twilleton. their arms,” in the first article of the paper. I wholly disapprove of Whitehall, June 14th, 1780. that intention : no person can bear SIR, arms in this country but under offi. I HAVE had the honour to cers having the king's commissions. receive your letter of this day's