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freedom with their lives. That, for his part, he would run all hazards with the people; and if the people were too lukewarm to run all hazards with him, when their conscience and their country call them forth, they might get another president j for he would tell them candidly, that he was not a lukewarm man himself, and that if they meant to spend their time in mock debate and idle opposition, they might get another leader. This speech was received with the loudest applause, and his lordship then moved the following resolution: "That the whole body of the Protestant Aflbciation do attend in Saint George's-fields, on Friday next, at ten o'clock in the morning, to accompany his lordship to the House of Gommons on the delivery of the Protestant petition;" which was carried unanimously. His lordship then informed them, that if less then 20,000 of his fellow-citizens attended him on that day, he would not present their petition; and for the better observance of order, he moved, that they Ihould arrange themselves in four divisions; the ProtestaBts of the city of London on the right; those of the city of Westminster on the lest; the borough of Southwark third; and the people of Scotland resident in London and its environs to form the last division; and that they might know their friends from their enemies, he added, that every real Protestant, and friend of the petition, should come with blue cockades in their hats.
Accordingly, on Friday, June 2, at ten in the forenoon, several thousands assembled at the place appointed, marshalling themselves
in ranks, and waiting for their leader. About eleven o'clock, Lord George arrived, and gave directions in what manner he would have them proceed, and about twelve, one party was ordered to go round over London-bridge, another over Blackfriars, and a third to follow him over Westminster. A roll of parchment, containing the names of those who had-figned the petition, was borne before them. They proceeded with great decorum on their route, and the whole body was assembled, about half past two, before both Houses of parliament, on which occasion they gave a general siiout.
But however peaceable and well disposed some of them might be, others soon began to exercise the most arbitrary power over both Lords'aud Commons, by obliging almost all the members to put blue cockades in their hats, and call out, • No Popery!' Some they compelled to take oaths to vote for the repeal of the obnoxious act, others they insulted in the most indecent and violent manner. They took possession of all the avenues up to the very doors of both. Houses of Parliament, which.they twice attempted to force open. The Archbishop of York was one of the first they attacked. As soon, as his coach was known coming down Parliament-street, he was saluted with hisses, groans, and hootings. The Lord President of the Council, Lord Ratnarst, they pushed about in the rudest manner, and kicked violently on the legs. Lord Mansfield had the glasses of his carriage broken, the pannels beat in, and narrowly escaped with life. The Duke of Northumberland had his pocket pick
[iJ] * ed ed of his watch. The Bishop of Litchfield had his gown torn. The wheels of the Biihop of Lincoln's carriage were taken off, and his lordship escaped with life, being obliged to seek shelter in the house of Mr. Atkinson, an Attorney, where he changed his cloaths, and made his escape over the leads of the adjacent houses.
The Lords Townfliend and Hilllborough came together, and were greatly insulted, and sent into the house without their bags, and with their hair hanging loose on their shoulders. The coach of Lord Stormont was broken to pieces, himself in the hands of the mob for near half an hour: he was rescued at last by a gentleman, who harangued the mob, and prevailed on them to desist. Lords Aihburnham and Boston were treated with the utmost indignity, particularly Lord Boston, who was so long in their power that it was proposed by some of the peers to go as a body, and endeavour, by their presence, to extricate him; but whilst they were deliberating, his lordship escaped without any material hurt. Lord Willoughby de Broke, Lord St. John, Lord Dudley, and many others, were personally ill treated; alld Welibore Ellis, Esij; was obliged to take refuge in the Guildhall of Westminster (whither he .was pursued) the windows of which were broke, the doors forced, artjA : Justice Addington, •with- all-the constables, expelled: Mr. Ellis escaped with the utmost hazard. ^
Lord George Gordon, during these 'unwarrantable proceedings, came several times to the top of the gallery -stairs, whence he ha
rangued the people, and informed them of the bad success their petition was like to meet with, and marked out such members as were opposing it, particularly Mr. Burke, the member for Bristol. He told them, at first, that it was proposed to take it into consideration on Tuesday, in a Committee of the House, but that he did not like delays, for the parliament might be prorogued by that time.
He afterwards came and said, 'Gentlemen, the alarm has gone forth for many miles round the city. You have got a very good prince, who, as soon as he shall hear the alarm has seized such a number of men, will no doubt send down private orders to his ministers to enforce the prayer of your petition.
General Conway, and several other members, expostulated with him very warmly on the mischiefs that might arise from such conduct; and Colonel Gordon, a near relation of his lordship's, went op to him, and accosted him in the following manner: 'My Lord George, do you intend to bring your rascally adherents into the House os Commons? If you do— the first man of them that enters, I will plunge my sword not into his, but into your body.'
While his lordship was making his second speech to the mob, another of his relations, General Grant, came behind him, and endeavoured to draw him back into the House, and said to him, 'For God's fake, Lord George I do not lead these poor people into any danger.'—His lordihip, bowever, made the general no answer, but continued his harangue—
'You see, said he, in this effort to persuade me from my duty, before your eyes, an instance of the difficulties I have to encounter with from such wise men of this world a* my honourable friend behind my back.'
Alderman Sawbridge and others endeavoured to persuade the people to clear the lobby, but to no purpose. The Assistant to the Cliaplain of the House of Commons likewise addressed them, but gained nothing except curses. 60011 after this, a party of horse and foot guards arrived. Justice Aldington was at the head of the borse, and was received with hides; but on his alluring the p-ople that his disposition towards them was peaceable, and that he vvuald order the soldiers away, if they would give their honour to disperse, he gained their good will. Accordingly the cavalry galloped off, and upwards of six hundred of the petitioners, after giving the magistrate three cheers, departed.
The greatest part of the day the attention os the House of Commons had been taken up" in debales concerning the mob. When they had obtained some degree of order, Lord George introduced his buGness with informing them, that he had before him a Petition signed by near one hundred and twenty thoutand of his majesty's protestant subjects, praying, 'A n^ieal of the act palled the last leflion in savour of the Roman Catholics," and moved to have the (aid petition brought up.
Mr. Alderman Bull seconded the motion, aud leave was given accordingly.
Having brought up the petition, his LordJhip then moved lo have
it taken into immediate consideration, and was again seconded by Mr. Alderman Bull.
After some debate, the House divided, and there appeared 6 for the petition, and 192 against it. Soon after this the House adjourned, and the mob having dispersed from the avenues of both Houses, the guards were ordered home.
Though order and tranquillity were re-establisbed in this part of the town, it was far otherwise elsewhere. The mob paraded off in different divisions from Palaceyard, and some of them went to the Romiih Chapel iu Duke-flrcer, Lincoln's-inn-fields, others to that in Warwick-street, Golden-square, both of which they in a great measure demolished. The military were sent for, but could not arrive time enough at either to prevent mischief. Thirteen of the rioters were however taken, and the mob lor that night dispersed.
The riots, which were so alarming on the Friday evening, partly subsided on Saturday; but on Sunday in the afternoon, the rioters assembled again in large bodies, and attacked the chapels and dwelling houses of the catholics in and about Moorfields. They stripe their houses of furniture, and their chapels not only of the ornaments and insignia of religion, but tore up the altars, pulpits, pews, and benches, and made sires of them, leaving nothing but the bare walls.
On Monday the rioters collected again. Some paraded with the reliques of havock, which they collected in Moorfields, as far as Lord George Gordon's house in. Welbeck - street, and afterwards
[i?] 2 burnt burnt them in the adjacent fields. Another party went to Virginialane, Wapping, and a third to Nightingale-lane, East SmithfieJd, •where they severally destroyed the catholic chapels, and committed other outrages. Mr. Rainsforth, tallow - chandler, of Stanhopestreet, Clare - market, and Mr. Maberly, of Little Queen-street, Lincoln's-inn-fields, who had appeared as evidences on the examination of those who had been committed, bad each of them their houses and shops stripped, and their contents committed to the flamei. Sir George Saville's house in Leicester-fields, underwent the fame fate, for preparing and bringing the bill into parliament, in favour of the catholics.
This day also, which was held as the anniversary of the king's birth - day, a proclamation was issued, promising a reward of 5001. to those who woold make discovery of the persons concerned in demolishing and setting fire to the Sardinian and Bavarian chapels. The persons formerly apprehended were re-examined; and some were discharged; others were ordered to Newgate, and' were escorted there by a party of the guards, whom, on their return, the mob pelted.
On Tuesday all the military in town were ordered on duty at the Tower, both Houses of Parliament, St. James's, St. George's Fields, &c during the day. Notwithstanding every precaution, Lord Sandwich was wounded in attempting to go down to the Parliament House, to attend his duty, his carriage demolished, and himself rescued by the military with difficulty.
About fix in the evening, one party went to the house of ustice Hyde, near Leicester fields, which they destroyed; another party paraded through Long Acre, down Holborn, &c. till they came to Newgate, and publicly declared they would go and release the confined rioters. When they arrived at the doors of the prison, they demanded of Mr, Akerman, the keeper, to have their comrades immediately delivered up to them; and upon his persisting to do his dnty, by refusing, they began to break the windows, some to batter the doors and entrances into the cells, with pick-axes and sledge-hammers, others with ladders to climb the walls, while several collected fire-brands, and whatever combustibles they could find, and stung into his dwellinghouse. What contributed to the spreading of the flames, was the great quantity of houfhold furniture belonging to Mr. Akerman, which they threw out of the windows, piled up against the doors, and set fire to; the force of which presently communicated to the house, from the house to the chapel, and from thence through the prison. As soon as the flames had destroyed Mr. Akerman's house, which was part of Newgate, and were communicated to the wards and cells, all the prisoners, to the amount of three hundred, among whom were four under sentence of death, and ordered for execution on the Thursday following, were released.
Not satiated with the destruction of this great building, a party was sent among the catholics in Devon fliire-street, Red Lion-square; another to the house of Justice
Cox, in great Queen-street, which lady Mansfield made their escape was soon destroyed; a third broke through a back door, a few miopen the doors of the New Prison, nutes before the rioters broke in Clerkenwell, and turned out all and took possession of the house, the prisoners; a fourth destroyed It is impossible to give any adethe furniture and effects, writings, quate description of the events of &c. of Sir lohn Fielding; and a Wednesday. Notice was sent -fifth desperate :md infernal gang round to the public prisons of the wem si the elegant house of Lord King's Bench, Fleet, &c. by the Mansfield, in Bloomfbury-square, mob, at what time they would which they, with the most unre- come and burn them down. The le-sii-ig fury, set fire to and con- same, kind of infernal humanity sii.'.r-d.— They began by break- was exercised towards Mr. Langitu; down the doors and windows, • dale, a distiller in Holborn, whose sod from every part of the house losi is said to amount to near flung the superb furniture into Ioo.oool. and several other Romift, the street, where large fires were individuals. In the afternoon all made to destroy it. They then the shops were shut, and bits of prixecded to his lordstup's law- blue (ilk, by way of flags, hung library, &c. and destroyed some out at most houses, with the words thousand volumes, with many ca- 'No Popery,' chalked on the pital manuscripts, mortgages, pa- doors and window-ftutters, by pers, and other deeds. The rich way of deprecating the fury of wardrobe of wearing apparel, and the insurgents, from which no some very capital pictures, were person thought himself secure, also burned; and they afterwards As soon as the day was drawing forced their way into his lordship's towards a close, one of the most wine-cellars, and plentifully be- dreadful spectacles this country stowed it on the populace. A ever beheld was exhibited. Let party of guards now arrived, and those, who were not spectators of a magistrate read the riot-act, it, judge what the inhabitants and then was obliged to give felt when they beheld at the fame orders for a detachment to fire, instant the flames ascending and when about fourteen obeyed, and rolling in clouds from the King'sstiot several men and women, and Bench and Fleet Prisons, from wounded others. They were or- New Bridewell, from the tolldered to fire again, which they gates on Black-friars Bridge*, did, without effect. This did not from houses in every, quarter of intimidate the mob; they began the town, and particularly from to pull the house down, and burn the bottom and middle of Holthe floors, planks, spars, &c. and born, where the conflagration, destroyed the out-houses and sta- was horrible beyond description, bles; so that in a short time the The houses that were first set on, whole was consumed.—Lord and fire at this last-mentioned place,
• Thetoll-gates at Black-friars appear to have been burnt for the fake of plunder: some lives were lost there, and one man, who was (hot, ran thirty or forty yards before he dropped.
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