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Retrospective view of the affairs of Europe in lie year 1779. State of
, the belligerent powers in Germany. Event of the late campaign, in-
duces a iifpusttion favourable to the pacific views of the Empress-Queen;
imhicb are farther seconded by the mediation of Russia and France. A
suspension os arms puhli/hed, and the Congress for negotiating a peace
assembles at Tefchen. Treaty cf peace concluded. Differences bet-wren
Russia and the Ports, threaten a new wor. Negotiation ecnduQed,
and a new convention concluded, under the mediation of the French mi-
nister. Naval preparations by Spain. Opens the war with the siege
of Gibraltar. France. Consequences of the apj ointment of M. Nrefer
to the government of the French finances. Successful expedition to the
coast of Africa. Ineffectual attempt upon the Jstar.d of jersey. Threat
os an. invasion, and great preparations apparently for that purpose.
French fen fails from Brest, and proceeds to the coasts of Spain. Com-
bined sets of France and Spain enter the British channel, and appear
in great force before Plymouth. Enemy quit the channel; return again;
at length finally quitjbe British coasts, and proceed to Brest. p. [l


State of public cffaWs previous to the meeting of parliament. V st
combination of power against Great Britain. Proclamations; for re-
prisals on Spain; and for defensive measures in cafe of an invasion.
Various manifestos, and public pieces, -issued by the blligerant powers.
Some observations on the charges exhibited ly Spain. Ostensible conjee,
and real motives for war, on the fide of the bouse of Bourbon. Ire-
land. Causes nxlnib led to the present state of affairs in that kingdom.

Commercial, and non-consumption agreements. French invasion threat-'
ened. Military associations. People become strongly armed. Exemplary
conduct of the astlciators. Prudent measures of government in that
country. General demand of a free and unlimited commerce. Discon-
tents in Scotland, under an apprehension of a' rela mm of the popery
lavjs. Outrages in Edinburgh and Glasgow. Subscriptions for ra-jsng
troops, and other public purposes. Eafi India company grant bounties
for raising 6000 seamen, and undertake to build three strips of the line,
as an augmentation to the royal navy. State of parties. Changes in
administration. Meeting of the Irish parliament. [ij


Speech from the throne. Addresses. Amendment moved in the House of Com-
mons by Lord fohn CavouliJJi. Great Debates. Strictures upon public
measures in general, and upon tile conduct of the preceding campaign. Able
defence made by the minister. Amendment rejected upon a division.
Amendment in the House of Lords moved for by the Marquis of Rocking-
ham. After long debates, rcjcclcd upon a division.' [37


Volt of censure against ministers, relative to their con duel viitb rrfpeS to
Ireland, moved by the Earl of Shelbume. Debates on the question.
Part taken fy the late lord president of the council. Motion rejeBei
upon a division. Similar motion in the House os Commons by the Earl
of Upper Ostbry. Defence of administration. Animadversion. Mo-
tion rejected upon a division. Moti-n by the Duke os Richmond, for en
aeconomical reform cs the civil list establistment. Motion, after <m-
siderable dibates, rejected upon a division. Minister opens his proposi-
tions, in the House os Commons, for affording relies to Ireland. Agreed
to nvithout opposition. Vvlo bills accordingly brought in, anas fajsti
before the recess. Third bill to lie open till after the holidays. Earl
of Sbelhurne's motion relative to the extraordinaries of the army; and
tnttoduBory to a farther reform in the public expenditure. * Motion rr»
jelled on a division. Notice given of a Jetond intended motion, and the
lords summoned for the 8th of February. Letters of thanks from tie
city of London to the Duke of Richmond and to the Earl of Shelbume,
for their attempts to introduce a reform in the public expenditure; and
similar letters sent to bis royal highness the Duke of (Cumberland, and If
all the other lords vebo supported the 1-v.j late motions. Mr. Burke giva
notice of his plan of public reform and aconomy, -which he proposes bringing
jemvard after the recess. [57


County meetings, petitions, and associations. York leads the tvay. Great
meeting at that city. Committee as-pointed. Some account of the petition
fnm that county, vjbicb hectmts a model to others. Sir George Sa-

<ville presents the petition from the county of 7'ork. Debates on that subject. Jamaica petition presented. Mr. Burke1's plan of (economical reform. Bills brought in upon that system. Earl of Shclburne's motion (pursuant to the notice triven before the recess) for a committee of both houses, to enquire into the public expenditure. Motion seconded by the Earl of Coventry. Opposed. Debates. Strictures <with respect to the county meetings and petitions. Marquis ofCaer mar then explains the causes of his resignation. Strictures on the conduct of a noble lord at the head of a great department. Motion rejected upon a division. Unusual strength jhivin by the opposttion on this division. [8 J


Colonel Barre gives notice of Us intended propositions relative to a committee of accounts. Scheme approved of ly the minister. Sir George Saville's motion, for an account of patent places and salaries, agreed to. Second motion, for an account of pen/ions, during pleasure or otherwise, opposed. Debate broken off by the illness of the speaker. Resumed in the fallowing iveek. Amendment, moved by the minister. Long debates. Ministers amendment carried, on an exceedingly close division. Jamaica petition presented in the House of Lords, and the subject strongly enforced, by the Marquis of Buckingham. Thanks of the lords and cou/moni to Admiral Sir George Rodney, for his late eminent services. Attempt ly the opposttion in both houses, to obtain some mark of royal favour s<tr that commander. Scheme, for a commission of accounts, announced ly the minister, in the House of Commons. Strictures on that business. Mr. Burke's eftablijlimcnt bill read a first and second time without opposttion; debate and division, relative only to time, on its-, committal. Motion by the Earl of Shelburne, relative to the removal of the Marquis of Carmarthen, and the Earl of Pembroke, from the lieutenancy of their respective counties. Question much agitated. Motion rejected on a division. ['H

CHAP. vir.

Order of the day for going into a committee on Mr. Eurke's ist all foment bill. Question of competency started. Debated. Opposition infill, that the decision os that question should take place of the order os the day. Question for the order of the day, carried, upon a very close division. Debates in the committee on the first clause of the establishn-eit till, for abolishing the office of third secretary os state. Clause tej'cted, after very long debates, upon a division, by a very small mrjiritr. Long delates in the committee, on a subsequent day, upon that clause os the establishment bill, for abolishing the board of trade. Qjifstion for nlolistinr 'that board, carried upon a division. Dfferencc between the speaker and the minister. Mr. Fullarton's complaint of the Earl of Shelburne. Iffuf of that affair in Hyde Park. Notice given by Sir James Ltnvther, of an intended motion, for preserving the freedom of debate in parliament. Subject considerably agitated. Warmly refected ixithout deft. Ad


"drtjsts os- congratulation to the Ear! cf Sbelb'irve on his recovery. Hanger to •wbici} Mr. Fix and be had been exposed, attributed to their z'aJ in the strvice of their country. Cmtraclot bill brought in by Sir Bhilip Jennings Clirke, and canted through the House of Commons •without a division. Great Debatis on the clause in Mr. Ba>ke's establishment bill, for abolishing the offices of treasurer of tie chamber, and others. Quff

. lion, on the first member of the clause, left upon a division. Succeeding questions rejected. Debates on the mini/ic'i n.olion for gilling noli t it the East. India company, of the paying eff their capital Jhck at the end of three years. Previous question moved, and 1st on a division. Motion againji rereiving the report os the new taxes, until the petitions of the pmple veere considered, rijtSed us ot a divifi n by a g'eat majority. Ea-1 if Efftngham's moti'n in the House of Lords, for a lift of places, pensions, He. held by members of that bouse, rejtiled upon a division. [ 134


Army estimates. Debates on the subject' of t/te new corps. Division. Question carried. Consideration of t/te petitions. Great debates in the Committee. Part taken by the Speaker. Amendment to the motion, pn.

'posed and agreed to. Mr. Dunning s amended motion, carried, upon a division, in a very fidl house. Second motion, agreed to. Third motion, ly Mr. T. Pitt, agreed to. House resumed. Mr. Fox's motion, for immediately receiving the report from the committee, opposed, but carried. Resolutions, reported, rccch>cd, and confirmed by the House. Mr. Dunning's motion son a folloiving day) in the committee, for secur. ing the independence of parliament, agreed to. Second motion, for disqualifying persons holding certain offices, from fitting in that house, carried, upon a division, by a majority of tivo only. Mr. Creive's bill, for excluding revenue officers from voting on the e/cclion. of members of parliament, rejected, on 11 division. Great debates in the House os' Lords, upon the second reading of the contraclors bill. The bill rejected, upon .1 division, by a considerable .majority. Protest. Consequences of tA: Speaker's illness. Postponed motion of Mr. Dunning s, for an address, to prevent dissolving the parliament, or proroguing the present session, tcur. proper measures shoul..' le taken for correcting the evils complained osh the petitions of the people, brings out long debates j but is resetted by J considerable majority, in an exceedingly full house. Disorder upo.1 Mr. Fox's rising to speak, after the division. Nature of his speech. Reply, by the minister. Great debates upon the clause in Mr. Burke', establishment bill, sir abolishing the office of the Great Wardrobe, t?*r. Clause resetted upon a division. Succeeding clause, for abolishing the Board os Works, refilled upon a division. Debates upon the minister s bill for a commission of accounts. Close division upon a qucjlion in tht committee. Bill at length passed. Debates on Colonel Barre's rnottar.s, relative to the extraordinaries of the army. First motion rejected, upwi division, by a great majority. Succeeding resolutions nje-Heel. General 'C'-'i'-iay't bill, Jbr restoring peace iuth Aiycrica, disposed os, upon J

dfvistoA, 6


division, by a motion for the order of the day. Motion tending to an en-
quiry, into any requisition made by the civil magistrale, for the attendance of
the military, upon the late meeting of the electors of Westminster. Various
'clauses of Mr. Burkes establishment bill, rtjcficd, upon, or ivithout divi-
stons. Beeorder of London's motion in behalf of the petitioners, rejeded upon
a division. Mr. Dunning s motion, in the committee of the ivhole house on
the constderafion of the petitions, for reporting their oiL-n fwo resolutions of
the \oth of April, set astde, by a motion for the chairman to quit the chair,
ivhich ivas carried upon a dh/iston. Meeting of the Protestant qsto-
eiation in St. George's Fields. Subsequent riots, mischiefs, and conflagra-
tions. Befolutions, conducl, and adjournment of both houses. Lord George
Gordon committed to the Toxvcr. Speech from the throne, on ilie meeting
cf parliament erfter the late disorders. Addresses. Befolutions in the House
of Commons, for quieting the minds of •well-meaning, but ill-informed per-

sons. Bill pastes the House of Commons, for the security of the Protestant

religion'. Is laid by. in the House of Lords. Speech from the throne.

Prorogation. [139

» » ■ CHAP. IX.

r; ■ ... ■

Sir JSeorge Rodney proceeds to Gibraltar, in his way to the West Indies,

Takes a •valuable Spanish Convoy. Falls in with a squadron, under

tie command of Don Juajs de Langara. Takes the Admiral, -with seve-

ral men of war, and destroys others. Relieves Gibraltar, supplies Minorca,

and proceeds on his destined voyage. Prothee, French man of vjar,

taken by Admiral Digby, -on his. return front Gibraltar. Dutch convoy,

under the ctndu3 of Count Byland, stopped, and examined by Commo-

dore Fielding. Count Byland comes to Spitbead, with bis squadron,

and convoy. Consequences of that, and of other precedent and subse-

quent measures. Ruffian manifesto. Northern neutrality. Royal pro-

clamation in London, suspending , certain stipulations in favour of the

fubjeSs of the States General. Retrospective view ef affairs in Ame-

rica and the West Indies, in the year 1779. Advantages derived by

the Spanish commanders, from their, early knowledge of the intended rup-

ture. Din Btrnardo do Ga/vcz, subdues the 'British settlements on the

MiJstJJSppi, Sullivan's successful expedition against the Indians of the fix

stations. Some observations on the policy of that ptople, and on the state

cf tulture and improvement, which the Americans 'discovered in their

country. Expeditions from Jamaica to the Bay of Honduras, and the

Mosquito snort. Fortress of Omoa and Spanist? register ships taken.

Vigilant and successut~condutl of Admiral Hyde Parkir, on the leeward

ifiand station, v 1. ►" [*20l


Rhode Istand evacuated. Design against New York frustrated by D'Esiaing's

failure at Savannah. Expedition against Charles Town. Sir Henry

Clintm lands with the army in South Carolina; takes poffetfmn of the

Vol. XXIII. £ » Islands

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