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Lincoln's - inn - fidds, with the thanks of the common council, when we hear the learned Judge declined accepting the freedom, which was voted, him in a gold box.
, On Saturday a cause TM ' was tried in the Court of Common Fleas in London, before Lord Loughborough, and a special jury of merchants, in which Samuel Lloyd, an eminent tea- dealer, was plaintiff, and Thomas Cooper, a surveyor-general of the excise, defendant. The action was for scandalous and defamatory words spoken by the defendant of the plantiff, by tneans of which the plaintiff was injured in his character and credit, aud many persons who had been in the habit of dealing with him, refused to do so any longer. The case on the part of the plaintiff wai most clearly established, and the learned judge, in his charge to the jury, was very pointedly severe on the defendant, whose offence, he said, was much aggravated by his situation as a revenue officer, having in that capacity a greater opportunity of prejudicing the reputations of those tradesmen with whose affairs his office made him more particularly acquainted. His lordship further added, that independent of the damages to be given by the ry to the plaintiff, the commissioners of excise ought to be informed of the defendant's conduct, with a view of passing their censure upon it likewise.
The jury, without hesitation, gave a verdict for the plaintiff, with 500 1. damages, and costs of I'iit. v
Oxford, June i. This afternoon
we had most tremendous and repeated claps of thunder, accompanied with vivid flashes of lightning; and about fix in the evening a ball of fire struck the outside of the chimney of Mr. Meredith, cntler, of St. Clement's, in the suburbs of this city, where having forced through the wall, it entered into the upper room, sliivered the partition of the flair-case, broke the maid's box, and di4 other damages; from thence descending to the one-pair-of-staire, in a room where Mrs. Meredith fat at work, it totally destroyed the chimneypiece; and the glass over it was reduced to powder, and scattered about the room like sand; several glazed prints were likewise broke and dispersed about the room; a mahogany chest of drawers was penetrated as if it had been fired at with small shot j it also forced the casement of the window considerably outward. From hence passing down to the kitchen, upon the ground floor, where the maid servant was prrparing for tea, she was struck to the ground, and received several scratches upon the side of her face; whilst a little girl in the fame room providentially received no hurt; though a wooden frame round the fire-place was torn away, the china broke; the spits, candlesticks, flat-irons, &c. scattered about, and a copper coffeepot, a skimmer, a bell-metal mortar, and divers other things, were partially melted. From hence, the door of this room, as well as that of the (hop, being open, it passed into the street without meeting with any other obstructions; and its further progress could not be ascertained.
Certain advice is received from Macao, a settlement of the Por-' tuguese in the river Canton, of the arrival of the Resolution and Discovery in great distress, and in want of provisions. Upon the death of capt. Cook, capt. Clerke succeeded to the command of the two thips, and lieut. Gore to be captain of the Discovery; but on the death of capt. Clerke, lieut. King succeeded to his place.
Rev. Mr. J. H. Wafer, former minister of the church of Zurich in Switzerland, was beheaded for having ordered some treasonable pieces to be inserted in the political correspondence of M. Scholffer of GottinR'sn, and for having withheld a document of the i 5th century, belonging to the public archives, after being demanded by the town secretary.
Died, At Tynmouth, Cumberland, D. Bennet, aged 107.
At Green street, Berks, Mr. Josiah Morril, a lieutenant in queen Ann's wars, aged ice, within two days.
At Morton, Mr. John Mullet, aged 1-3.
Thomas Hutchinson, Esq; formerly governor os Massachusetts Pay.
J U L Y.
, By virtue of a commis
*" sion from his majesty, the royal assent was given to the following bills, &:c.
The bill for vesting in the EastIndia Company their territorital acquisitions in India. The bill to prcvent( the carrying copper in flieets, coastways, &c. The post
horse act amendment bill. The starch duty bill. The sinkingfund bill. The bill to extend and encourage the Greenland fishery. The bill for granting to his majesty one million on a vote of'credit. The bill relative to the drawback on the duty on coffee. The bill for appointing commissioners to inspect the public accounts. The bill for granting a reward to persons discovering the longitude. And several inclosure and private bills.
Was tried before the . Right Honourable Earl 4Ul" Mansfield and a special jury, a cause wherein Mr. Schreiber, a merchant, was plaintiff, and Mrs. Erazer, widow of the late Gen. Frazer, who died at Saratoga, defendant. The action was brought for damages on a breach of promise of marriage.—Mr. Dunning opened for the plaintiff, and brought witnesses to prove the promises. The first and principal was the plaintiff's son; who deposed, that the lady had acknowledged to him her having consented to marry his father. A man servant deposed, that his mistress had engaged him to go abroad with her to Germany, in cafe of tire marriage taking place. Mr. Christie was brought to prove that the plaintiff bought a house in Portland-square or Portlandplace, a,t the price of 41001, and on account of the marriage not taking place, had sold it again for jt^ool.—A horse-dealer proved he had bought four horses, at thirty-five guineas each, and sold them again all four at seventyfour guineas. A coach - maker proved he had bought two carriages for 2ocl. A tay-lor proved
making a suit of livery, on account of the promised marriage.
Mr. Solicitor General pleaded, that his client had no objection to the person, character, or fortune of the plantiri, who is certainly a very respectable wealthy mer chant, and in every respect a very advantageous match for her; that in the course of the treaty, ill c began to think Mr. Schreibcr's temper and her's, perhaps none of the best, might not agree; in that cafe the match would render both parties extremely unhappy, for which reason she thought best to retract, though evidently to her own loss and disadvantage, his fortune being far superior to her's. Her late husband had also |n a dream cautioned her against this new engagement.—He further observed, that no attempt had been made to prove his client a woman of fortune; therefore it was much below the plaintiff" to want to take from her small pittance, and add to his own great ^abundance. Here he was stopped by Mr Dunning, who adduced proof that the lady's fortune here, in the East Indies, and America, amounted to '4,00-1 or upwards.
Mr. Solicitor-General replied, that the fortune in England might be ascertained, but that abroad could not; but with regard to fortune, his client had fullered most by breaking oil" the match, for flie was to have her own fortune at her own disposal, 300I. a year pin-money, ic.ocol. settled upon her, and the house at Forty-Hill, Enh'eld, or at her option 50C0I. instead of it, in all ij.qcol. in case of her survival. Lord Mansfield, in summing up
the evidence, observed, that the promise of marriage was proved; that certainly each party engaged to marry has a right to retract at any time previous to the ceremony, and even before the priest, if they apprehended unhappiaess to be the event; but it was under this circumstance, that the party retracting, if able, should make good the damages sustained .by the other, through the treaty :--the plaintiff had proved some damages—it was for the jury to astess the quantum.
The jury, after a consultation of a sew minutes, gave a verdict of 6001. damages, with costs.
A court of common «., council was held at Guildhall, when a motion was made by Mr. Parisli, and seconded by Mr. Powell, that an humble address be presented to his majesty, expressing the grateful thanks of this court for his majesty's care and attention to the citizens of London, in granting them such aid as became necessary to subdue the late dangerous riots, they being too formidable for the controul of the civil authority; which occasioned very long and great debates. The principal speakers were, the aldermen Townscnd, Wilkes, Newnham, and W00Jdridge; Mr. deputy Lceky, Mr. Dornford, Mr. Hurford, Mr. Merry, Mr. Thorpe, Mr. Sharpe, and deputy JudJ. The previous question was put, whether the above question should be put, which was carried in the negative; but it appeared upon a division, that four aldermen and 61 commoners were for putting the question, and four aldermen and 56 commoners
commoners against it; therefore the question to address was put, and carried in the affirmative.
A few days ago the long depending cause of Miss Butterfield was finally determined in Doctor's Commons, when the will made by the late William Scawen, Esq; while he was at Mi-. Sansay's, -was established, and all former wills in her favour were set aside. This decision was founded in these principles: that when the deceased made the will in question, he was in his perfect fenses, and had time enough to deliberate on the merits of Miss Butterfield before his death, or even before he annexed the codicil, by which he cancelled all his former wills; and that the last will was properly signed and attested. The judge, ■before he pronounced this decree, stated the evidence with great peripicuity and candour, and bestowed many encomiums on the character and conduct of Miss Butterfield, but observed, that it was not his business to fay what Mr. Scawen ought to have done, but what he actually did, and what the law requires when a will is executed in proper from.
■ His majesty's free pardon
'hath been granted to James J'urse, a convict of May session, under sentence of death; he was discharged by the persons who broke open and demolished Newgate, but surrounded himself again into the custody of Mr. Akerman.
There were eighty five persons tried for riots at the Old Bailey, of whom thirty-five were capitally convicted, seven convicted of single felony, and forty-three acquitted.—At the commission at
St. Margaret's - Hill, fifty tried for riots, of whom twenty four were capitally convicted, and twenty fix acquitted. So that on the whole one hundred and thirtyfive have been tried, and fiftynine of them convicted.
A court of aldermen was . , held at Guildhall, when trt lBM' aldermen were present. The court resolved, that as the executions have passed with perfect peace and quiet, and there being no appearance of any riots within this city, no further allowance be made to the troops by this city after Saturday next. One very forcible reason offered to prove the necessity of a compliance with this motion, was, that the average expence of maintaining the soldiers, and providing a table for the officers, is 100I. a day; and that the bills already drawn on the chamber, exceed 40001.
At a meeting of the corporation of York at the Guildhall of that city, a motion was made to address his majesty on the taking of Charles - Town, and the suppreflion of the late riots, which was carried, and an address drawn up; but -on hearing the fame read, it was, on a division, disapproved, 38 to 19.
Some few weeks ago, the postboy bringing the mail from Stevenage to Welwyn in Hertfordstiire, was robbed by a man on foot, who at first was thought to be a farmer in that neighbourhood, whose case was somewhat singular. Soon aster the robbery was committed, not being conversant in bank - notes, he had joined the half of one note of 10I. to the half of another of 201. and had paid the fame to a tradesman
in in Hertford. This being brought to the bank for payment, caused a suspicion, and, on enquiry, the fact was easily traced to the farmer, who, being under no fear of danger, was taken out of his bed without resistance, and carried to Hertford gaol for trial. , , At Oxford assizes, a
* cause was tried between the city and university; the question was, Whether a tradesman, living in the city, but matriculated by the university, was liable to serve the office of constable? wbich was determined in the affirmative; but the university, it is said, intend to carry the final decision into Westminster-Hall.
. It was decided by Lord
30ttK Chief Baron Skynner, at Bedford, that evidence which declares the assertions of a person since dead, cannot be admitted in point of law, notwithstanding that person did not die till a year and a half after the transaction, and the action at law would not have been brought, had that witness been alive.
Died, At Leeds, Yorkshire, Mr. Wheatley, clothier, aged 106.
At Ditchley, Sussex, Mr. Isaac Sherman, aged 97.
In the county of Louth, Ireland, Mr. Gernon,aged 125.
In South Wales, Mr. D. Warsam, aged 109.
At Frampton, Hants, Mr. Rob. Pring, aged 103.
Thomas Ellis, shoemaker, aged 104.
At Burton, Hants, John Bennet, efq. near 100 years old. He was page to queen Anne, at the beginning of her reign.
Samuel Musgrave, M.D. F.R.S. and formerly of Corpus Chrifli
College, Oxon, well known to the public by his examination before the House of Commons-, relative to the peace of 1762; and to the learned, by his notes and collections on Euripides, which the university purchased, it is said, for 2<-ol. and hare inserted, ia the splendid edition os that poet^ ia sour vols. 4", 1778. He 'aiib published many medical tracts.
Abraham Damford and . William Newton were ex- $ amined before the sitting alderman at Guildhall, being charged by William Warts, clerk to Messrs. Smith, Wright and Gray, bankers, with robbing and attempting to murder him. It appeared on thenexamination, that one of the men had lodged an accepted bill at the banking-house, to. be received when due, and the money to be remitted into the country, according so direction. As this pretended bill was directed to an empty house, and had several days to run, the villains in the mean time applied to the persons who had the letting of the house, to take it, had taken it, and got the key, under pretence of getting the house cleaned. The landlord being made acquainted with the haste his new tenants were in to take possession, and not very well liking their description, desired the mistress of the public house, on the opposite side of the way, to have an eye to their proceedings. Accordingly, on the day when the bill became due, sli'e observed two men enter the house, and open the parlour windows, and presently after, a third man