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Hull, a premium of three guineas was adjudged to Ann Witty, of Driffield, (be having served the longest in one place, viz. 40 years; also a premium of two guineas to William Carr, of Tickton, he being the next eldest 'servant, having served in one place 36 years. (Itrkva, in the tucuman, "June l,
In the village of Altagratia there lives a negro woman, who according to the most authentic information and testimonies taken judicially, must be about 17; years old; (he is extremely thin, very much wrinkled, and bent double, but (he can fee at a few paces distance, and spins; but what is most extraordinary, though she cannot stand for any space of time, she still carries on the business of a midwife with dexterity. She has five children by her husband, one Michael, a negro, and (he thinksber grand-children have grandchildren of their own. Old people seem to be no rarity in that country, as there are several negroes upwards of an hundred years old, and one woman of 120, who retains her memory perfectly, and declares that the old woman in question was arrived at woman's estate when (he first had the use of ■er reason.
In the course os this month, the price of corn fell almost one half from what it was only four years •go. The following is an accurate state of the prices in 177c, and in the present winter of 1779 anc* 1780.
whett per load £. 15 o £.7100
Birlry pec quarter - t 10 0190
Oati ... 11 0150
feife -..24 1 5 6
Hi; per load -.410 a o o
In the west of England the wool is all upon hand. In Lincolnshire, and throughout the north, it haa been so for some time. This article, that was formerly called the staple-commodity of England, will now fetch no price.
Died, Dec. 26, of a lingering illness, in the 75th year of his age, Thomas Hope, Esq; well known in the trading World, as one of the first characters that this or perhaps any other age ever produced. He was originally descended from the elder branch of the family of Hope in Scotland; and, endowed with great natural abilities, he with unremitting application raised the credit and affluence os the house at Amsterdam, which continues to bear his name, to such a height, as perhaps no other house of trade in any country ever arrived. Nor were his thoughts in business con-fined to that object only, having for many years presided as representative of the Prince of Orange, first in the West India, and afterwards in the Dutch East India Companies; where, particularly in the latter, he established such wise laws and regulations in their trade, as must make his memory respected and adored as long as those companies (hall exist. And it will be remembered by the latest posterity, that a merchant could at once prescribe laws to sovereigns in the East, and, by his moneyed powers, greatly sway the scale of empire in Europe. He was just in all his dealings; and friendly, where he had once placed his confidence, to a degree that by many might be thought to exceed the bounds of prudence in trade.
At Wapping, Mr. Thomas Dilworth, well known for his many useful publications.
m 3 At
The inhabitants of West" minster, to the number of 40-50, met in Westminster-hall, jiursuant to public advertisement, to agree on a petition to parliament, to controul the shameful waste of public money, &c.
The Hon. Charles. Fox being called to the ch:ir, Mr. Saivbridge represented the necessity there was for the presenting a petition similar to that of York. He then read "the petition, which was next read by the chairman, and carried unanimously.
A motion was then made, that a committee should be appointed to correspond with the other committees through the kingdom; and the Duke of Portland, the Earls Egremont and Temple, the Lords John and George Cavendish, the Hon. Thomas Townshend, Messrs. Sawbridge and Wilkes, and about ninety other noblemen and gentlemen, were appointed of the committee.
After which, Mr. Fox was proposed as a candidate to represent the city of Westminster at the next general election, and was received with the loudest acclamations.
There is now in the possession of Mr. Benj. Penny, near Tetbury in Gloucestershire, a bull calf, about three weeks old, with two heads, four ears, and two tongues, quite perfect. It «ats with both mouths, and is likely to live. This monster has been shewn to the public in the
metropolis, and was alive at the end of the present year.
Last Sunday, between four ■ and five o'clock in the aster-' noon, one Garret os Sutton. near Retworth, in Sussex, shot his wife dead on the spot as the was fitting b.-fore the sire. The more effec. tually to execute his diabolical in-" tention, he loaded the piece with two balls, and in the presence of his wife; who, remarking the singularity os his loading, and asking him what he was going to shoot with bullets? received for answer, small birds. But she soon fouaj herself the devoted object; the fatal piece was levelled, and ere flie could remonstrate, the balls had passed through her body, and killed her on the spot.
A court of common- ^ council was held at Guildhail, when, after a deal of altercation, the vacancies in the several committees wera silled up agreeable to the list of the previous meeting.
The business for which this court was called was next proceeded on, viz. To take into consideration the expenditure of public monies, and other grievances. Upon which, a motion was made and seconded, that a petition be presented to the honourable the House of Commons from that court; which, after some debates, was put, and carried unanimously.
A committee of eight aldermen and sixteen commoners was appointed to draw up the petition, which was agreed upon. This committee" was o'esired to correspond with the committees of the fevetal counties.
Ytster^ Yesterday morning, pur* suant to an order of the King's Bench, on Saturday last, Mess. Stratton, Brooke, Floyer, and Mackay, were brought up to the bar of that court, to receive sentence, having been found guilty of removing Lord Pigot from the presidency of Madras, and imprisoning him for nine months, which was said to be the cause of bis death.
Mr. Justice Astiurst being the judge appointed to pass sentence, before he pronounced it went through the heads of the evidence, both for the prosecution and the defence.
Ho made several remarks as he went through it, in wh:ch he observed, that if Fort St. George had belonged to the crown, the depriving Lord Pigot of the presidency would have been high treason; but, as it was under the EastIndia company, it was only a misdemeanor. He took ' notice th.it the defendants had imprisoned Lord Pigot for dismissing several members from tbe council, yet they themselves had done the like in three instances; but be could fay, that, while they held the reins of government, every thing succeeded, both in trade, and in the army; and that the presidency of Bengal, to whom the whole of the business was referred, gave an opinion in their favour. He then proceeded to the sentence, as follows: u Mess. Stratton, Brooke, Floyer, Mackay, "Gentlemen, "You are now called upon to receive sentence for an offence which you have committed, arid been found guilty of; but, as there is no distinction in )uur
cases, but are guilty alike, you are sentenced, each of you, to pay a sine to his majesty of ioo'ol. and to be imprisoned until that sum is paid.'' The fines being immediately paid in ■ the court, they were of course discharged.
A cause was tried before , Judge Nares at Guildhall, ,5tft' between Mr. Robert Tayler and the owners of one of the Colchester stages. The action was brought for the recovery of damages for the injury which Mr. Tayler suffered from the coachman's driving against his horse near Stratford, by which the horse was thrown down, and Mr. Tayler's legs run over by the hind wheel of the coach. The learned judge in summing up the evidence informed the jury, that the law was clear in making the owners of stage coaches accountable for the misconduct of their coachmen, and told them to find a verdict for the plaintiff, if it appeared from the evidence that the coach was not on the left fide of the road, for that if so, the accident had happened in consequence of that misconduct. The jury retired for about ten minutes, and brought in a verdict for the plaintiff, with 1501. damages.
His majesty has been ,
pleased to grant a free par- '" don to Richard Mealing, convict, ed in September session of feloniously receiving goods, the property of James Pentecross, knowing the fame to be stolen.
His majesty also hath been pleased to grant a free pardon to John Field, convicted the same session of coining (hillings and sixpences.
On Monday was tried . in the court of King's * Bench, before the Earl of Mans
[AT] 4 field, field, at Westminster-hall, an indictment found by the grand jury of Westminster, against a middlesex justice, for commitment of a freeman of London, and a member of the fellowship of ticket-porters, to the Savoy, under the authority of the impress act, thereby declaring him to be an idle and disorderly person, whereas in truth and in fact the prosecutor was an industrious sober man, of extraordinary good reputation. The prosecution was conducted by the direction of the court of aldermen, to protect the rights of the fellowship, they being all freemen, and governed by an alderman. The indictment was laid also against two constables, for the original assault, prior to the examination before the justice; but the noble lord who presided on the bench gave a direct intimation to the jury, that they in point of law were justifiable; and they were without hesitation acquitted. The point rested solely as to the criminality of the justice, and whether he was any ways liable to be called upon for the injury done to the prosecutor, who had been handcussed, and led like a thief through the streets; and besides, had suffered in the Savoy a miserable confinement, and even debarred the visits of his friends; so that by mere accident a writ of Habeas Corpus was obtained by the city to discharge him out of a loathsome room. The counsel for the justice relied upon the act os parliament as a sufficient answer to the charge, saying, that the justice exeicised his dilcretion, and was not to be confined within any particular line cf conduct: if it could be proved he had wantonly abused
his power, they allowed the cafe varied materially. Lord Mansfield said, that the justice had refused to hear evidences, whom he was not empowered to exclude: the justice was not to refuse the examination of witnesses offered: it was his duty to hear and judge accordingly, and not to be biassed by improper motives; but as to that consideration, it was for the jury to determine. The justice was found guilty, and is to receive sentence next term. The trial lasted till four o'clock.
The sessions at the Old -, Bailey, which began on the *
preceding Wednesday, ended, when seven convicts received sentence of death: William Herbert, for returning from transportation; Chrisstopher Burrows and John Burden, for robbing Sarah Gifford in the Green-park, St. James's; Robert Andres and Richard Palmer, for robbing the house of Sir Richard Lumm; Christopher Plumley, for robbing the house of John Abbot; and John Pears, convicted in September sessions of hiring a horse and selling the same. This cafe had been referred to the twelve judges, who were of opinion the offence was capital.
A man was carried be- _ , fore the lord mayor for de- -2 * frauding a woman of some bank stock, ft appeared on the examination that he pretended to be a broker, and prevailed on the woman to give him half a guinea, and to sign a paper empowering him to transact some business for her at the bank, her husband being abroad. The woman not being able to read, put her mark, and when she went to the bank to receive her next dividend, (he
found founJ that all her stock was fold aud transferred to another person. The imposition being committed in the outparts, he was sent there for further examination. Joth Dunng the night the
* ' atmosphere exhibited the most extraordinary appearance that baa been observed for many years. The light resembled that of a great fire, and the whole element seemed to be in one continued flame. At intervals flashes of sparkling fire (hot from the horizon to the zenith, and seemingly extinguished in a point. The same appearance extended to France and Germany, and probably over all Europe.
Besides the petition agreed to at the county meeting held at York, a» mentioned under Dec. 30, similar meetings and petitions have been held and agreed to in the comities of Middlesex, Hampshire, Cheshire, Hertford, Huntingdon, Surrey, Sussex, Dorset, Cumberland, Essex, Bedford, Gloucester, Somerset, and Wilts; as also by the corporations of Nottingham and Newcastle-upon-Tyne.
Died, At Combe, Joseph Ekins, a labouring man, aged 103, who never knew a week's illness; and for the last 40 years subsisted entirely on bread, milk, and vegetables.
Francis Walkern, a carpenter, aged 104, who till within a few days of his death was never troubled with sickness, or any disteriK per whatever. 1
Jcj A cause was tried, and
learnedly argued, between
*»« oysfcr-mettrs of London, and
the proprietors of oyster beds In the county of Essex; the oystermeters claimed a specific sum for work which they had an exclusive right of performing by custom and immemorial usage. On the part of the defendants it was contended, that the right insisted on was abolished by the acts of the 10th and nth of William and Mary, which made Biliingfgate a free market, and settled the fees. The jury, which was special, after hearing the arguments on both sides, gave a verdict for the plaintiffs, which established their rights. The Stamford waggon took fire at five o'clock in **• the morning, three miles beyond Hertford, by the carelessness of the driver, who left the lantern in the basket with a candle, which burnt to the socket, and nothing escaped but a barrel of porter, and the bottom and one wheel of the waggon. The passengers and waggoner were much scorched in attempting to throw off the loading, which, on account of the approaching fair, was of considerable value, and the damage is estimated at above 10001.
This morning at a court , , of common-council held at Guildhall, a motion was made by Mr. Deputy Leaky, That the thanks of this court be voted to Sir George Bridges Rodney, for his late very gallant action against the Spaniards; and also that the freedom of this city be presented to him in a gold box of 1001, value, which were both agreed to.
Two young women were taken .out of the New River I4tn' locked arm in arm with their legs tied together, 'and both drowned. It has since appeared they were tambour-workers, had contracted