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York, Dee. 30.

AT a general meeting of the freeholders of the county of York, held here this day, at which most of the gentlemen of the first consideration and property were present, it was unanimously agreed, that a petition should be presented to the House of Commons for the purposes therein mentioned *.

After, which the following resolutions were proposed, and also unanimously agreed to, viz. til. Resolved, That the petition now read to this meeting, addressed to the House of Commons, and requesting, that before any new burthens be laid upon the country, effectual measures may be taken by that House to enquire into, and correct the gross abuses in the expenditure of public money; to reduce all exorbitant emoluments; to rescind and abolish all sinecure places and unmerited pensions; and to appropriate the produce to the necessities of the state; is approved by this meeting.

td. Resolved, That a committee of sixty-one gentlemen be

appointed, to carry on the necessary correspondence for effectually promoting the object of the petition, and to prepare a plan for an association, on legal and constitutional grounds, to support that laudable reform, and such other measures as may conduce to restore the freedom of parliament, to be presented by the chairmen of the committee to this meeting, held by adjournment, on Tuesday in Easier-week next ensuing.

The committee was then chosen, and thanks given to the lords and members of the House of Common* who honoured the meeting with their presence and support.

A deputation from the Pro- .. testant Association, assembled * under the patronage of Lord Geo. Gordon, waited on Lord North, to request his lordship to present a petition from that society to parliament, and to support the same, against a law which has already received the royal assent, for the relief of his majesty's Popish subjects in certain cafes; which his lordship absolutely refused.

In consequence of a public . notice given by the sheriffs, a' numerous and respectable meeting

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of the freeholders of Middlesex was held at the Mermaid, at Hackney. Abont one o'clock Mr. Sheriff Wright took the chair (Sheriff Pugh being confined with the gout, did not attend) and read a requisition made to him, signed by several freeholders of the county, requiring the meeting, the purport of which was, " to consider the propriety of entering into resolutions, and co-operating with the noble lords who formed the minority on the 7th and 1 ;th of December on the motions for the retrenchment of the civil lift, and for controlling the public expenditure, &c."

A petition to the House of Commons, almost verbatirp the fame with that from the county of York, was agreed to. After this, two resolutions similar to those carried at the York meeting were read and approved of, ar.d a committee of fifty-one gentlemen appointed to carry on the business, and the necessary correspondence with the kingdom. Mr. Grieve then made a motion, that the thanks of the meeting be given to the noble lords and commons, who have uniformly and unequivocally flood forth in the defence of the constitutional rights of their country, and for reforming the state; winch was carried.

, A dreadful fire happened I0th# in Great Wild Street, Lintoln's-Inn-fields, at three o'clock last Friday morning, when three houses were consumed, two others damaged, and five or fix unhappy persons perished in the flames! Many industrious families, lodgers in the houses which Were burnt, &c. lost all their goods, and even their wearing apparel, and were

compelled to rush, in a manner naked, into the streets, to save their lives.

At the above fire Mrs. Mitton, a dealer in coals, was seen to lock out of her chamber window before the house caught fire; but an engineer at the instant accidentally pointing the engine-pipe that way, struck her backwards, and she was consumed with the building, 10 which the flames soon after communicated themselves.

Mpiiraliy-Officc, Jan. 11.

Capt. Clerke, of his majesty's sloop the Resolution, in a letter to Mr. Stephens, dated tha 8th of June, 1779, in the harbour of Sc. Peter and St. Paul, Kanuscbatka, which was received yesterday, gives the melancholy account of the celebrated Captain Cook, late commander of that sloop, with four of his private mariners, having been killed, on the 14th of February last, at the island of O'whythe, one of a groupe of new discovered islands, in the 2ad degree of north latitude, in an affray with a numerous and tumultuous body of the aatives.

Capt. Clerke adds, that he had received every friendly supply from the Russian government; and that as the companies of the Resolution, and her' consort the Disco* very, were in perfect health, and the two sloop? had twelve months stores and provisions on board, he was preparing to make another attempt to explore a northern passage to Europe.

[The above new discovered island in the South Seas lies in az N. lat. and 200 E. long, from Greenwich. The captain and crew were .it first treated as deities, but upon their revisiting that island some of

the the Inhabitants proved inimical, hostilities ensued, and the above melancholy scene was the consequence.]

Copies of the journals of the two ships, together with miny valuable drawings, were left with the governor, to be forwarded to England; who politely engaged to take charge of them himself as far as Petersburgh.

This day the new elected members of the common-council took the usual oaths for their qualification at the sessions at Gu'ldhall, and immediately afterwards a court of common-council was held, when the committee appointed to enquire into the right of the members of that court to be Governors of the Royal Hospital?, reported a state of their proceedings, and the measures taken by their opponents; and the committee were empowered to defend the right of the corporation in such manner as. they should be advised, and to draw upon the chamber for the necessary expences.

, Four prisoners were tried

1+ °* at the Oid-Bai!ey, three of whom were capitally convicted, viz. John Bensicld and W. Turlcy, for feloniously coining and counterfeiting, at a house in Whue'salley, Chancery-lane, shillings, iix-pencel, and half-crowns, several counterfeit millings, newly cast, being found in the room; and Mary Williams, for feloniously colouring, with a certain wnfh producing the colour of silver, several round planks of base metal, of a fit size to be coined into counterfeit milled money, resembling millings.

The fame day the sessions ended, when seven convicts received judgment of death, nm« were fentene

ed to hard labour in the house of correction, eight to be imprisoned in Newgate, five whipped and discharged, and ti discharged by proclamation.

The seslions of the peace is ad-' journed till Thursday the 2oth instant at Guildhall, and the seflnnt of gaol delivery till Wednesday the 33d of February, at the OldBailey. .

This day the following ,

malefactors were executed I9t"« at Tyburn, porsuant to their sentence: Hugh Mulvey, John Whiley and John Woodmore, who went in the first cart, for breaking open the house of Thomas Farley, of Coldbath Fields, and stealing thereout two silk gowns, two pair of stays, and other things; John Howell, for stealing 352 silk handkerchief's, and other goods, to a considerable amount, in the house of Mr. Davison, pawnbroker, in Bishopsgate street; and William Kent, for robbing Henry Otto, one of his majesty's messengers, of his watch and money, on the highway, near Gunncrsbury-lane, who went in the last cart. They were attended by the sheriffs, city marshals, officers, the ordinary of Newgate, &c. from Newgate to the place of execution. They behaved exceedingly penitent, wept much, and Were terribly agitated and shocked at their approaching dissolution.

The above unfortunate youths were all very young, the eldest not exceeding 23 years of age.

The fame day a court of aldermen was held at Guildhall, when Mr. Thorp, one of the commoncouncil of the ward of Aldgate, presented a letter from Mr. Alderman Lee, desiring to surrender the office [A*] 2 of of alderman of the said ward, he finding it incompatible with his present concerns to hold the said office. The court accordingly accepted of the said resignation.

- The lord-mayor went to 'Ironmonger's - hall, Fenchurch-street, when a wardmote was held before hi:, lordship for the election of an aide; man for Aidgate ward, in the room of William Lee, Esq; when William Burnell, Esq; one of the late sheriffs, was chosen without opposition. Thanks were also voted to the late Alderman Lee by a majority of 12 voices.

The king's proclamation, setting forth, that for the future all foreign ships taken carrying to and assisting the enemies of Great Britain with warlike-stores or goods of any kind, should be deemed legal prizes, and the ship or ships and cargoes should be sold for the benefit of those who took them, was read at the Royal Exchange Gate by Mr. Bishop the common-cryer, •fitted by the proper officers.

The adjournment of the session was held at Guildhall before the lord mayor, aldermen, recorder, tec. to conclude the business which was left unfinished at the late adjournment, when the following extraordinary trial for an assault was heard :—Thomas Atkins, a serjeant at mace, went on the 34th of last June to serve a process on Mr. Henry Gough, at his house on Holborn-hill; he acquainted Mr. Gough with the nature of his business, who seemed inclined to settle the matter. Mr. Gough going up stairs, the officer followed, when he, Mr. Gough, turned round, and shoved Atkins over tbe bannister: Mr. Atkins not re

ceiving moch hurt, renewed the attack, and a general battle ensued between Gough and Atkins, and Gough's man and Atkins'a man. Gough finding the officer too mighty for him to oppose without further assistance, unchained a large fierce animal, which Mr. Atkins affirmed to be a centaur, or griffin; however, it proved to be a man satyr: this had the desired effect, for both Mr. Atkins and follower, upon sight of the beast, wisely declined the fight, and made a precipitate retreat. The charge being undeniably proved, Mr. Gough was accordingly found guilty, and sentenced to pay a fine of five guineas. Mr. Gough is a dealer in wild beasts.

Last December a gentlemen tried the power of electricity on a myrtle tree, in the following manner: he placed the pot in a room which was frequented by the family, and for seventeen days electrified it once in each day, allowing half a pint of water to the root on every fourth day. In consequence of this trial, the myrtle produced several shoots, the longest measuring full three inches, and it is now in the green-house in perfect health.

Dublin, Jan. 15. We have the pleasure to acquaint our readers, that on Monday last there was made the first exports entry of woollens from this kingdom at our Custom-house since the restrictions on our trade were taken off. The entry was made by William Worthington, Esq; of 1300 yards of serge, for Lisbon.

Turk, Jan. 18. At a meeting of the Agriculture Society, held at Beverley, for the East-Riding of the county of York and county of

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