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dice without, petitions and coun- July, after a fitting of more than sel at the bar, and to be at length seven months. Nobody can have overborne by numbers within the yet forgotten the alarming and house. It was then evident, that dangerous state of public affairs the houfe was at those times averse during the last summer. The gento the affording of any favour to tlemen in opposition have already Ireland, which could neither inter- taken care sufficiently to remind fere with our trade laws, or affect us, that the enemy were, for a great certain branches of our commerce part of the time, masters of our or manufactures ; nor did it lig- coasts and of the channel. Denify, whether this temper proceed- scents and invasion were every day ed from the common prejudice, or expected, and long threatened. A from the attention which they paid very great number of the members to the desires and wishes of their of both houses must of necessity constituents, the operation and ef. have been drawn away to join their feet in either case were just the regiments, and to act in the defame. Thus, he said, ministers fence of their country. Those were fully exculpated from two of even who beld no commands in the the principal charges brought a. militia or army, would have deemgainīt them. It was demonftrable, ed their presence indispensably nethat they had no thare whatever, ceffary, in those places where their in drawing on the, calamities of fortunes and interests lay. Could it Ireland ; and it was as clearly evi. then have been consistent with pro. dent, that it was not in their priety, with reason, or with safety, power to have afforded that timely to have kept parliament fitting at redress to her grievances, a suppoled such a period ? or imputed neglect in which, has But if this necessity, arising from been made the ground of so much danger and the Itate of public af. ingenious, but unfounded and there. fairs, had not even existed, ftill it fore unjust invective.

would have been highly unfitting, The two main pillars of the mo- and might have been attended with tion, he said, were, first the charge obvious ill consequences, for the against ministers, of not effectively British parliament to have at all enfollowing up the address of the tered upon the affairs of Ireland, with of May, by continuing the until they were properly informed, sitting of the British parliament what the nature of her wants and until redress was afforded to Ire. the extent of her demands were ; land ; and secondly, the charge of as it was from these circumstances negligence since the prorogation, only, that any true judgment could in their not baving framed a pro- be formed, as to the measure of per plan for that purpose during relief which it would be fitting to the interim, so as to be ready im- afford to that country. Now as mediately to lay it before parlia. this knowledge could only be pros ment at the meeting. To these, perly obtained from the Irish parhe said, a number of answers were liament, which every body knows at hand, a few of which would be was not then sitting, every shadow fully conclusive. The British par- of blame against the ministers, with liament did not rise until the 3d of respect to the prorogation, vanishes


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of course. The same statement of out; and parliament could not now
facts and arguments, goes equally confer any mark of favour upon Ire.
to the overthrow of the second land, which would not meet with
principal charge laid against the general approbation.
ministers, of negligence with re. Upon the whole, he drew from
spect to Ireland during the recess, the various premises which he
as likewise to that other, of their stated, the following conclusions
not having assembled the British That the present ministers, instead
parliament, previous to the meet- of being inimical to Ireland, or
ing of the Irish. For if it was un, inattentive to her interests, had
fitting (which surely would not be been her best and warmest friends
denied) for the British parliament That they had done more for her
to enter upon the affairs of Ireland, than all their predecessors during a
until they were in possession of those century past. That not only the
data, wbich were necessary to re nation at large, but parliament,
gulate their measures, and to afford were, until now, adverse to the
matter for establishing their judge granting any conceflions to Ire-
ment, it must have been much more land, which could afford her either
Lo for his majesty's servants to ven- content or redress---And that con-
ture in the dark upon a business of sequently, if any blame was due
such magnitude and importance; 'for not affording more early relief
and the assembling of the British to Ireland, it was imputable only.
parliament before the Irish would to the prejudices and temper of the
have been absurd, when they must people and parliament of this
necessarily wait for the proceedings country, and not by any means to
of the latter.

the ministers; who, as they had no
But by convening the Irish par- share in the causes of her dittresses,
liament first, the sentiments of that were equally guiltless as to their
people, properly conveyed through continuance.
the medium of their representa. This state of things, and the ar-
tives, was now fully understood. guments arising from, or by which
The question of policy with regard it was accompanied, were opposed,
to that country, and brought for- and attempted to be invalidated by
ward under the most unquestions the opposition. They reprobated
able authority, was now laid fair- in terms of high , indignation the
ly within the cognizance of the imputation of prejudice laid to
Britih legislature; and all they that house; by which ministers,
had now to consider was, how far they said, according to their now
it would be adviseable to comply established, but daring practice, at.
with the requests made by Ireland; tempted to father all their own
and with what terms and condi- blunders and misdemeanors on
tions it might be thought proper to parliament. They laughed at the
charge the favours granted. The pretended weakness and ineffici-
temper and disposition of the peo. ency with respect to the transactions
ple of this country had undergone of ihat house, which ministers now
a great and happy change with re- affected, in order thereby to thield
fpect to that; prejudice had worn their own neglect with refpe&t to
off both within doors and with- Ireland. The minister upon this

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occasion is represented as a man of thing, and has not authority or inte ftraw, a creature deftitute of all fluence left, fufficient for the openconsequence and efficacy, who on- ing of a turnpike gate. So that in ly attends as one of the officers of fact it appears, as if the powers of the house, nierely to hear and re- government only exified in their conceive with reverential awe the de- tact with evil, but instantly lost their crees of parliament. The noble efficacy when applied to any good minister has not assumed any part purpose. of this delicacy upon occasions, They, however, absolutely de. when it would have been highly nied, ihat the minister had been becoming in him, and of infinite pallive, neutral, or inefficacious, advantage to his country. In such with respect to the affairs of Ire. cases, he has paid as little regard land; and on the contrary severely to popular clamour or centure with- charged him, with having, very out doors, as to reason or argu- unfortunately for this country, ment within. If a scheme is me- taken a very active part in that buditated for depriving all the free- finess in the preceding session. For holders in England of the nobleft a bill having been brought in to portion of their birthright ; if the afford some relief to Ireland, by chartered rights of the greatest admitting the direct importation of commercial company in the universe lugars for their own consumption, are to be violently invaded, and all and he, as they said, having for a parliamentary faith at one stroke time suffered things to take their annihilated; or if a great quarter natural course in that house, the of the world, if thirteen nations, bill was accordingly (as all matare to be at once stripped of all ters ever would be under the same that is worth the consideration and circumstances) coolly and delibevalue of mankind, of all those rately canvassed and debated in rights which they inherited from all its parts ;, and without being their ancestors, and even of the overwhelmed by those extraordimeans of existence; on any, and nary prejudices which are now pre. on all of these occasions, the mi. tended, and without its being supnifter stands forth in all the fulnels ported by any powerful influence, of his power. He leads on his worked its way, by the strength of majorities of two or three to one, its own intrinsic merit, through in all the ealy pride and conicious repeated divisions, until it had triumph of affured victory. He - nearly arrived at the last stage of boasis of them as appendages to bis its progress. But at that ivauspiown inherent merit ; and tells you cious moment, the minister having gravely, that government could by toms means been rouzed from not fubfist, without such an over- his imber, most unhappily reruling influence, and so deciáve a fumd his activity; and departing power. But if the nature of the at once from that neutrality which service is changed, and that he is he had hitherto profefled, came called from the successful works of down in all the power, and lurdeltruction, to the salvation of one rounded with all the instruments of kingdom, by the preservation of office, in order to defeat the meaanother, he finks at once into no. fure. He accordingly succeeded

in throwing out the bill; but, as a which those of America were treated, proof how little prejudice had to before they can think of following do in the business, his majority that example. upon this occasion was só totally Minillers, they said, boasted, that disproportioped to those which at. the distreiles of Ireland had not tended his steps upon others, that a originated with them. It would victory upon such terms seemed be readily admitted that she was some sort of degradation. It was not without grievances, previous to be acknowledged, that the bill to the fatal period of their adin itself, was not of much value, miniftration ; but her immediate and would have afforded but a calamities sprung principally from scanty measure to Ireland of that the grand fource of all our evils relief which she wanted; but the and dangers, from their own Ame. time, manner, and circumstances rican war. By that Ireland, like of a favour, frequently stampa England, loft a valuable part of greater value upon it than it inhe- her commerce, with less ability to renty pofsefles; and the passing of support the loss; and the corrupt the bill at that time, would evi- expences of a feeble government indently have produced very happy creased, as all the means of supplyconsequences, and, in a great mea- ing them diminished. fure, if not entirely, have pre- But if ministers, said they, did vented all the mischiefs and dan- not administer relief to Ireland gers which have Gince taken place themselves, they may with justice with respect to that country. But, boast, that they instructed her in on the contrary, wben the people the means of obtaining effecual of Ireland saw that the minifter redress. In fact, they taught Ire. had thus openly set his face direct- land by example, from their own ly against them; and found after, conduct and that of America, every that every effort in their favour thing she had to do. They had was rendered abortive by his influ- convinced her, that no extent of ence or management, until they affe&tion or service to this country saw themselves at length totally could entitle her either to favour or abandoned by the rising of the Bri-- justice. But they shewed her at tilh parliament; it was no wonder ihe same time, in a striking inthen that they should become dei- ftance, the benefits to be derived perate; and that they should seek from a bold and determined resiftin themselves for the means of that ance. They taught her to dictate redress, which they found denied to the crown and parliament of both to favour and to justice. The England the terms of their future only matter of admiration nov, union. America, for her revolt, and which does them the highest had a profusion of favours held out honour as a people, is, that they to her. Every thing thort of no. have not yet proceeded to Itill minal independency had been ofgreater extremities, and that their fered. Such was the reward of demands are not abundantly more rebellion. The reward of loyalty, exorbitant than they yet appear. and of long forbearance under acBut their demands must be rejected cumulated oppression and internal with the same degree of scorn with distress, she had herself just expe

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rienced, rienced, in the refusal of so small lin has had her mob and riot, as a favour as the importation of her well as ill-fated Boston ; yet neiown sugars. Ireland, accordingly, ther her port has been shut up, profited of the example; and deter- nor the rioters brought over here mined not to render vain the wisdom, to be tried by an Englith jury. nor to disappoint the good inten- No alteration has even taken tions of ministers.

place in the usual mode of trials She also enters into her com- in that country; their popular mercial and military associations. meetings and popular elections She also, adhering Itrialy to the are not interrupted; no profcripline in all its parts, holds the tion has been issued against their faith and integrity of govern- leaders, nor bas that kingdom ment in exa&ly the same degree been declared out of the king's of contempt, which has been so peace; we see that Corke has long and so repeatedly expressed still escaped the flames, nor do and thewn by the Americans; we hear that Waterford is yet and which indeed was hitherto reduced to alhes. Whence then prevented, and seems still to shut this wonderful departure from out the possibility, not only of the grand American system? The any reconciliation, but even of answer, they said, was plain and peace, with that people. The obvious. This change of system Irish parliament accordingly, to proceeded neither from lenity, thew her total distruit of the good humanity, a more enlightened faith or honesty of the British go- policy, nor from any real acceflion vernment, departs from her own of wisdom. It proceeded from the established rules and mode of ac- tremendous appearance, and the tion, and instead of making a real dangers of the present aweprovision for two years as usual, ful moment; these had compelpaíses a short money bill for fix led infolence and ignorance to months only; thus telling you, give way to fear and humiliain plain mercantile language, tion. Ministers were overpowerthat your character is so bad, that ed, agbaltand astonished, in the you cannot be trusted for more horrors of that tempeft which than six months credit; and they had themselves raised; and pointing out at the same time this drove them to such lengths, the inevitable consequences which as to defend and to represent as must immediately attend your prudent and conftitutional, those refusal to comply with her de. things, which they considered mands. . .

as causes of war with America, Thus, said they, Ireland has and which they would consider filled up every part of the system as acts of rebellion even in Eng. on her fide, but there seems a land. strange deficiency on that of the In this severe and sarcastic minitters. They have yet neg- manner, and with these bitter le&ed to hurl' the thunders of parallels, was the whole of the the cabinet against that kingdom, ministers defence treated by op as they had done before against pofition. But no part was han. the continent of Anerica. Dub- dled with more spirit, than the


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