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lot; that whatever this country lide. They said that the censure Dow granted, (and much it must went indiscriminately to all his grant) would be considered as a majesty's minifters; that it took right, and not as a favour; and in the dead, as well as the living ;. that it became difficult to say, as those who had retired from public it was alarming to consider, what business, as well as those who had might yet afford contentment to not been a week in office. That that kingdom. That, to sum up it would be an act of the highest the whole, ministers had first fa- injuitice, in any case, to pass such crificed the - dignity, and hazard. a censure, without the most died the dominion of the crown, by reet and positive evidence. That resigning the sword, and relin- in the present instance, there was quishing the government of that not only a total defect of evidence, kingdom; and that now, they but the motion went to the conhare reduced parliament to the demnation of persons who could melancholy dilemma, either of not possibly be culpable. submitting to whatever terms Ire- In fact, what did the charge, land might chuse to dictate, or to taken in its utmost latitude, amount the loss of that country, as well to? To no more than this, that as of America,

parliament had desired ministers He then moved a resolution to to do something, which fome of the following purport-That it their lord lips were of opinion is highly criminal in his majeity's they had not done. In that case, ministers to have neglected taking two questions arose which must be chectual measures for the relief of necessarily discu. Ted, before any the kingdom of Ireland, in con- determination could be had. First, sequence of the address of this whether ministers had not execucHouse of the orth of May, and of ed what they had been desired ? his majesty's most gracious an. Or, if they had not, whether fwer; and to have suffered the dif. they were blameable? There was contents of that country to rise to not the smallest proof before luch a height as evidently to en- them, that they had not fully danger the constitutional connec- complied with the intentions of tion between the two kingdoms, parliament; or if it were granted and to create new embarrassinents that they had not, there was noto the public counsels through die thing to thew that they could have bition and diffidence, in a moment been complied with. Both mult when real unanimity, grounded however be proved, before the upon mutual confidence and affece House could, with any colour of tion, is confeffedly essential to the reason or justice, proceed to a prelervation of what is left of the vote on either side of the ques

tion. The want of proof to substan. The papers on the tables of tiate the charges on which the both Houses, they said, would Censure included in the resolution fully thew, that ministers had done was supposed to be founded, was every thing that lay with chem ; the strong ground of objection to and that instead of being blame. the motion taken on the other able, they were highly praise

worthy,

British empire.

worthy, for the diligence which to promote union was the first ob. they used, in procuring everyject of every man who wished well kind of possible information rela. to his country; and were at the tive to the affairs of Ireland for same time themselves thoroughly the confideration of parliament. convinced, that both the letter So far they went, and farther they and spirit of the addresses of the could not, nor should not have 11th of May had been fully comgone. The means of affording re- plied with. lief to Ireland lay solely with the The defence drawn from a delegislature. It was a business of feet of proof, was laughed at by too great a magnitude to come the opposition. The negled within the embrace of minifters. charged upon ministers, they said, Nor was it a matter to be taken was felf-evident. The unexampled up lightly, nor carried through revolution in the affairs, and stil in a hurry, even by parliament. more so in the temper of Ire. It included fo many arduous quef- land; the present disorders reigntions, relative to the most im- ing in that country, and the geportant concerns, and commercial neral alarm which they have spread interests of both kingdoms, that in this ; with the new language the most mature deliberation, as held by the Irish parliament, and well as the highest wisdom, and that merely an echo of the unievery degree of information that versal voice of the people, efta. had been obtained, would be found blith a - fund of evidence infinitely d'ecessary for its final determina- fuperior to any, which the forms cion.

and circumstances of a court of · But if any thing more were law can either require or comwanting to convince their lord. pass, The Marquis of Rockingfhips that the charge was ill-found. ham undertook to thew, that the ed, and that the king's confiden- non-importation agreement in fretial servants had not, in the terms land was far from general, and of the motion, been guilty of cri- only entered into in fome partiminal neglect, a very few days calar places, at the time of mak. would bring an additional tefti. ing his motion on the ith of mony of the unwearicd affiduity May. But as soon as Ireland perof ministers ; as, within that pe ceived, that the relief promiled riod, the noble minister in the by every part of the legislature, other House would bring forward was withheld by minifters, the certain propofitions for the relief non-importation agreement be. of Ireland, being the result of that came general; and in the fame information, which, during the manner, the spirit of military aftorecess of parliament, they had ciation, which was before directed employed themselves in obtaining. folely to defence against a foreign They concluded, that they must enemy, assumed a new form; and on every ground oppose a motion, from thence looked forward to which, if agreed to, could tend compel that relief which was de. only to create unnecessary jea. nied; an idea, which, while good loufies and embarrassments, at a will and good intentions appeared time when all parties agreed, chat on our part, had never an exin

ence

ence in the minds of the people of It was evident that the lords in Ireland. He inhifted, that if any administration wilhed merely to get thing reasonable, however mode- rid of the motion, without being sate, had been done, when he first at all disposed to enter deeply into moved the business, or if parlia. its subject, or to discuss the varis ment had been kept fitting, ac- ous questions which arose from it. cording to the proposition of his The debate on their fide was more noble friend, of the 2d of June dry than usual. This was attrilaft, that neither the associations, buted to their having no plan ia nor the non-importation agree. readiness. Their reserve and backments, would have ever assumed wardness continued, notwithstand. their present appearance, nor ever ing the call made upon them, thro' exifted in their present extent. the marked part taken by Earl.

He then aked, whether their Gower, late president of the counlordships, with such self-evident cil, which contained expressions proofs before them, that it was of a nature unusually ftrong, and perhaps the only measure that could infinitely the stronger, as coming extricate their country from the pe- from one so lately of their own ca. rils with which she was on every binet, and by no means disposed fide encompassed, could hesitate a to act in opposition to the court. moment, in palling the aweful, Even this did not oblige them to but highly necessary censure of quit that defensive plan, in which“ parliament, upon those men, whose for the present they entrenched neglear, or complicated folly and themselves. treachery, had forced the Irish in- That noble earl said that he to measures, which, however ne- should vote against the motion; cessary and well intended, moft although there did not exist a single clearly amounted to a suspension, doubt in his mind, that the cen- .. if not a subversion, of all the sure it contained was not well powers of legal government; and founded ; and that his motive for who had thus involved the affairs acling so directly contrary to his of both conntries in such difficul- opinion, was founded entirely upon ties, as were likely, without much the great respect with which he recaution and judgment on both garded the decisions of that house.. fides, to terminate in all the cala. The men who were the object of mities and dangers of civil war ? public censure, had required a few He therefore exhorted them in the days for their exculpation, and the most urgent terms to agree to the wisdom and dignity of parliament motion, as the only method of con- forbid their being refused the fort vincing Ireland, in the first in- time which they defired for that fance, of the generous intentions purpose. He was, for his own of this country towards her, and part, fully convinced, that the that the treatment they had expe, charge of neglect urged against rienced from minifters, by no means them, was ftri&tly true, though accorded with the real sense of the not yet quite evideni. Things parliament of Great Britain, but were not yet ripe for proof, but was solely imputable to the crimi. they would, he ventured to say, mal conduct of the king's fervants. be shortly so. He had the goca

fortune

fortune to unite the house last fef- out a single word, whether of ob. fon, upon the terms of the address servation or reply, on the Gde of to the throne ; and was in hopes, administration. that something effectual for the re- A great law lord, who has been lief of Ireland would have arisen long supposed to be higher even in from the unanimous concurrence of favour and power than in office, their lord hips, in the amendment : had, in the last debate, strongly which he then had the honour to recommended a coalition and union propose. If nothing had since of men and of parties, as abso. been done for the relief of that lutely necessary to the salvation of country, he assured the house it this country, in its present peril. was not owing to any fault of his; ous circumstances; and supported he had done everything in his his opinion, with his usual ability, power to keep his word; he was by a reference to the happy effe&s ready to acknowledge, that he had which proceeded from former coasolemnly pledged himself to their litions, particularly with respect to lordships; he thought himself then the coming in of Mr. Pitt, in the fully competent to the engage- beginning of the late war. The ment; but he must now in his own tenor, however, of the whole prejustification declare, that his efforts sent debate was such, as thewed had proved totally fruitless. It little disposition to such a coaliwas not in his power, nor in the tion. power of any individual, to have The quellion being put, the effected the intended purpose. motion was rejected on a division,

. 'The noble earl observed, that by a majority of more than iwo to he had presided for some years at one, the numbers being 82 to 37. the council-table; and that he had 'The minister in the House of seen such things pass of late, that Commons was continually pressed, no man of honour or conscience in the same manner, and on the could any longer fit there. The same subject. He was reminded of times were such as called upon a general observation, so current every man to speak out: the situa. without doors as to become almost tion of thefe two kingdoms at pre- proverbial, that ministry were confent, particularly required sincerity ftantly a day too late in all their and activity in council. He was measures; that what Mould be confident, that the resources of this done this day and this year, was country were equal to the danger then fully practicable, and capaous confederacy formed against us; ble of the greatest benefits, was but to profit by those resources, to constantly deferred to the next : give success to those abilities, ener. and then vainly and disgracefully gy and effect must be restored to attempted, when it was become government.

utterly impraélicable. Such, they Such charges or declarations, faid, had been the conduct of gocoming from such a quarter, and vernment, in every one ftep it took so authorized, were fufficiently a- with regard to America; and as larming; and it seemed not a lit- America was lost by this means, 10 tlu fingular, that they did not bring would Ireland, if speedy and et

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In a few days after, a vote of Thus doubly pressed on the fub- cenfure upon the ministers for their jeđ, apparently by the demands of conduct and neglect with respect to opposition, and in reality by the the affairs of Ireland, and similar Thort supply of the parliament of to that which had been lately reIreland, he gave notice on the jeeted by the lords, was moved in day of that debate which we have the House of Commons Den

§ Dec. 6th. jnft stated, that he would, in some- by the earl of Upper thing inore than a week, move for Offory, and seconded by Lord a committee of the whole house to Middleton. As the attacks on the enter upon that business. He was minister were here more immedithen strongly urged to give the ately and directly applied than in house some information of the the other house, so his defence or ground which he intended to go justification, including of courfe upon ; at least some general out that of his colleagues, was more line or idea of the plan which he fully entered into; and was in fact had adopted for settling the affairs "very ably conducted. of Ireland. He was warned, on. In the first place it was contend. a subject of such vait importance, ed, that the distresses and miseries to lay by, what they termied, all of Ireland could not with justice wonted modes of concealment and be attributed to the present, or to furprize; not to consider it' as a any late ministers of inis country; party matter; to remember, that that her grievances originated many in a business of such magnitude, years fince in' the general syftem and including the most effential in. of our trade laws; that the restricterefis of boil kingdoms, it was tions then laid on, arose from a necessary that gentlemen should be narrow, short-lighted policy; a fully prepared, by the poilellion of policy, which though conceived in erery degree of previous informa- prejudice, and founded on igno. tion, to enter coolly, deliberately, Tance, was so strengthened by and decisively into the lubject. time, and contirmeil by the habits Particularly, that the minister's of a century, that it seemed at plan or iyitem should not be dif. length wrought into, and become graced, by any doing, and undo a part of our very conftitution. ing: holding out and reranting, or That the prejudices on that ground appearance of trick and chicanery, were so strong, both within the in its progress through the house. house and without, that the atThe minister found the calls for an teinpts inade in two preceding fesexplanation, which he was not fions, only to obtain a moderate prepared to give, so urgent, and relaxation of the restrictions with

is non-compliance productive of which that country was bound, so much'observation and reflection, met with the most deterinived opthat he was at length under a fort position; the few who undertook of neceflity of acknowledging, that that invidious task, found themthe plan was not as yet finally agreed selves obliged to encounter preju

VOL. XXIII.

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