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was nothing specifically charged his conduct in office. It was abso
igainst them in the amendment, lutely necessary, he said, for
he mast certainly oppose it on prin- preserving the doe equilibrium,
cipie; much less could it be sup- prescribed by the constitution,
posed that he would agree to the that the prince should have free
implied censure upon himself, liberty to appoint those persons
which was included in the general to the various executive offices,
requisition for new counsels and new who appeared to him the most
counsellors. proper to fill them; otherwise the
One os the ablest advocates on government would degenerate into
the fame side observed, that the an aristocracy, and assume the
address was totally unexceptiona- worst vices, without the virtues,
ble in all its parts; that it went of a republic. If the prince were
Bo farther in its tendency than to debarred of such a choice, either
carry dp to the throne, those ex- the nobles would acquire a most
preffions of duty and affection, dangerous ascendancy over the
which had ever been the Ian- crown, or the commons, encir
!;uage of parliament in their an- cling the throne, like a spider's wer to the speech of the sove- web, with a ministry of their feign. There was not a word in own choosing, would throw every the address, which could imply thing into anarchy and confuthat parliament pledged itself to sion, and reduce us to the worst the support of any particular mea- and most despicable state of gosore, or to oppose or protect any vernment.
particular description of men. Neither the course of reasonAlong with the usual terms of ing, tht arguments, nor the asserrtspect, it contained nothing more tions of the minister, were suffitain a general profession of union, cient to afford any satisfaction to on the common principle of self- the other side. They observed, defence. that with his usual ingenuity, he On the other hand, the amend- had converted the heaviest charges meat, according to the explana- against his conduct, into the tions which had been given in its means of actual defence. The sapport, implied a requisition, criminal neglect and fatal decline not only that his majesty would of the navy under his adminiliradismiss -ill his counsellors, whe- tion, illustrated and proved by ther guilty or guiltless, old or its acknowledged inferiority, and new; but that he would go still late indelible disgrace, afforded a farther, and adopt an entirely charge of so alarming and capital new system of government. On a nature, that it seemed to hy him this he observed, that the consti- under an indispensable necessity of tation had placed the executive shewing, either, that it had not power of this government in the declined, or that the grants assovereign, the official function* forded by parliament were not ados which are performed by per- equate to its support. But withsons of his appointment, each of out the smallest trouble of that whom is personally responsible for sort, the minister applies that
 2 very very inferiority, which constitutes their own grievances -and disturb"his most deadly crime, to the jus- ances. Such, they said, was tifkacion of its shameful confe- the mode of reasoning, with quence, the scandalous flight of which ministers and their advothe British fleet; and tells us with cates, in the present day, dared the greatest unconcern, that it to insult the understanding of parwould have been madness not to run liament.'
away. * But they demand proofs of
The noble lord, they said, was their incapacity and misconduct, not less ingenious in the excul- Could any proofs upon earth expation of other parts of his con- ceed, or equal, a bare recital of duct. , Administration were en- their acts, and of the consequentirely guiltless of all those ruinous ces which they produced ) Is not consequences, which can only be the unexampled ruin which, generated, by a long conjunction within a few years, their governof evil government and political ment has brought upon a counfolly. ■ The common union and try, so great, so glorious, and revolt of thirteen colonies, who so flourishing a3 this was, at the never agreed in any thing else, commencement of the present with the loss of America, he ac- reign, the most conclusive possible counts for in one short sentence, evidence, either, os the most by charging it to the rebellious wretched incapacity, or of wilful disposition of a people, who had design and treachery. But if ever been eminently distinguished every other proof of ignorance and for their loyajty. If we are incapacity, and of the necessity abandoned, in a manner unex- of demanding from the throne am pled in history, at this perilous the removal of the present minimoment, without the assistance or slers and counsellors, were wanthope of a smgle ally, the minister jng, the noble lord himself had comforts us with the assurance just supplied the strongest that that it is no fault of his, but pro- could be given; and what, inceeds merely from the blind folly, deed, might well supersede all or strange ingratitude, of other other evidence. For, after the powers. The loss of our West- long notice he had received front India islands, is by no means to that house, the repeated warnbe charged to the indolence or ings given him by the opposition, neglect of ministry, but to the and the very alarming motives, activity and impudence of D'Es- which every day grew more urtaing, who unexpectedly took gent, for his making a full and them from us. And if" Ireland immediate inquiry into the affairs, was slipping out of our hands, state, aud condition of Ireland, by a repetition of the fame mea- and duly weighing and considerfures and conduct which lost A- ing the means, for affording a merica, still our immaculate mt- proper and adequate relief to her nisters were totally free from wants, and providing a remedy blame; for it was easily Shewn by for her disorders, he had now this new logic, that the Irish, candidly, but inadvertently conihemselves were the causes of fessed, that he was equally igno1 rant rant of the wants, the disorder, view of the antagonists, that no ind the care. Could the most advantage could be gained on eiinveterate enemy, said they, have ther side, from any defect of ad. urged a better or stronger reason dress or ability on the opposite, for the dismission of a minister, The debates were accordingly exthan was included in that confef- ceedingly interesting, embraced sion? Could any other evidence a variety of subjects of the greatbe ib unexceptionable, or esta- est importance, and were carried Wish so full a conviction? Or, on, without languor, through a after such a confession, was it possi- length of time very unusual in hie for that house to hesitate a mo- that house. Among other matraer.t in voting for the removal of ters, the affairs of Ireland were seen a minister? much agitated; and much un
After very long debates, in .qualified censure passed upon that which an infinite quantity and criminal neglect, as it was called, tariety of public matter was can- to which their present dangerous vassed, the question being put, situation was attributed. But no at a late hour, the proposed part of our recent public conduct, amendment was rejected upon a underwent a more critical invesdivifion, by a majority of 233, tigation, or" was more severely to 134. condemned, than what related to
The address was moved for in the disposition and government of the House of Lords by the Earl the army within the kingdom, of Chesterfield, and seconded by and to the means of defence Lord Grantham, late ambassador adopted, or supposed to be negat the court of Madrid. The lected, during the summer. On amendment was moved for, and this ground, the charges were so supported with great ability, by numerous, so directly applied, the Marquis of Rockingham; and supported with such ability who, in a long speech, took a and knowledge of the subject, comprehensive view of die gene- particularly by the Duke of Rich* ral policy of the present reign, as mond, that the noble lord at the well as of the particular ctreum- head of that department, notstances and public transactions of withstanding his habitual coolness the current year. The debate and command of temper, could was supported, on that side, by not but feel some embarrassment; the Dukes of Richmond and and indeed it would have requirGrafton, the Earls of Shelburne, ed such habits of argument, and Coventry, and Estmgbam, with such a portion of eloquence, as the Loids Camden, and Lyttel- are not often acquired by, nor freton. On the other side, the two quently the lot of military men, to great law lords in office, the two have successfully resisted their effect, new secretaries of state, the noble and entirely effaced the impression earl just placed at the head of the which they made, board of trade, and the marine As the charge of an . undue minister, bore the weight of the system of government,. and the coolest. strictures upon the general policy
It will be easily seen from a of the present reign, were prin
[Z>] 3 cipally
cipally made in that bouse, the matters arising from those subjects were, ot course, more particularly canvassed there; and brought out much severity and bitterness of reply. The lords in administration, besides an absolute contradiction or denial of every thing advanced on that ground, expressed the utmost astonishment, at the new and ex* traordinary language now held. They said, that the proposed amendment, along with the comments and explanations by which it was attended, were replete with invective, and in reality a kind of libel upon government That nothing could be more fallacious or invidious, than the 'contrast drawn, and the manner in which it was applied, between the degree of power, prosperity, and pre-eminence, attributed to the nation at the time of his majesty's accession, and the misfortune or danger of the present period.
It must indeed, they said, be acknowledged, however it might be regretted, that too many of the unfortunate facts stated on the other side, were too well established to be controverted; but the deduction drawn from these premises, that our public misfortunes were impotable to the present ministers, did not by any means follow. It would have been more ingenuous to have attributed these misfortunes, in a very great degtee, to our internal divisions, and to that incautious and violent language, which was too frequently held in parliament. But if they were imputable to the present administration, they were equally so to every other during the present reign. Dead
and living ministers, those now in opposition, as well as those in office, must all bear an equal sliare of the blame. There wa» scarcely a lord, on the lame side with the noble marquis who moved the amendment, who had not been a member of one administration or other within that period. They had all a share in those public measures, - and in the support of that system, as it is affected to be called, which they now so bitterly inveigh against. Even the forbidden ground of America, which is execrated as the source of all oar evils and calamities, has been indifferently trodden by every administration since the year
The present ministers had neither passed nor repealed the stamp act. They had not laid on those American duties, by which the feeds of the present rebellion were first sowed. And, whatever the measures were, good or bad, wife or unwise, which they pursued, they only followed up the line, which had already been chalked out for them by their predecessors. Why then, this sudden and violent cry, "of new counsels and new counsellors?" Or what was meant by new counsels? It was evident from the speech before them, that the object of the present system of government was to pursue the war with vigour and effect: would the noble marquis and his friends have that system changed? Did they wish to have it carried on with the reverse of vigour? Would they recommend to have it followed with weakness, and conducted without spirit? if not, what was the intent or purpose of new counsels?
To this it was answered, that ministers persevered in direct oppo. supposing the facts to be fairly sition to all experience. Itated (which was not, how- The late resignations and ap. ever, in any degree the cafe), it pointments afforded an opportunity was a new and extraordinary mode to the opposition for much animadof defence, to bring the errors, version and some satire. They vices, or crimes, of former minis- attributed the resignation of the ters, whether dead or living, in lord president of the council, to exculpation of the erroneous con- his disdain of continuing any duct, and destructive measures of longer in office with men, who the present. It must afford much he found totally incapable of conitisf.ction to the public, and be ducting the public business, and 2 matter of great comfort in their of acting up to any fixed rule or present distresses, to be inform* principle of conduct. The reed, that their ministers had only cent bringing in of a noble lord, obstinately persevered, in despite to a short epistle of whose writing of reason, warning, and ex- when formerly in office they diperience, in following up, to rectly charged the loss of Ame. the final extremity of ruin, to rica, was severely censured in foreign and domestic war, and both houses, as a measure which to the dissevering of the empire, tended to render all reconciliacertain measures of absurdity and tion with the colonies still more evil, which had been either desperate.
dreamed of in theory, or attempt- But the spirit of that system, ed in practice, by some of their they said, which had so long gopredecessors. It was, indeed, ra- verned, and so long disgraced, our thcr unlucky, that it was only in public counsels, was peculiarly such instances, that they ever at- operative in the business of aptempted to profit by example, pointments. When the measures, Upon other occasions, the maxims which eventually led to the loss -r.d conduct of their predecessors of America, were first planned went for nothing. When it suit- under that fatal system, it had ed their own views, or the pur- been thought proper to create a poses of the arbitrary system un- new office, under the title of seder which they acted, they not cretary of state for the colonies, only readily over-stepped all an- in order to give a supposed decent and established rules of go- gree of weight, and the greater vernment, but they could, with eclat, to the intended proceedas much ease, make long strides ings. And now, in the fulness beyond the limits of the constitu- of the fame spirit, and according tion itself. But they wholly de- to the true wisdom of that system, nied the universality of the charge when we have no colonies to take on all the ministers of this reign, care of, and that America no Some of them had no share in longer forms a part of the British those measures, except in cor- empire, it is thought necessary to reeling the iil consequences of create or renew another high and '•iiem-, and none but the present expensive office, by adding, to
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