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in fifteen years, viz. nothing for leave it to the judgment of your the first ten years, but one million Excellency, whether it would not every year afterwards, until the be best to entrust them with the whole was paid. The intereft execution thereof. I have had payable every year. The broker's dealings with them for above ten commiflion, or premium, as they years, and am informed that they call it here, is from one to two are generally looked upon as a per cent. on the capital at the very folid Dutch house, of a good time of your receiving it; one capital, and known integrity. per cent. the merchant's com- I have an opportunity of knowinillion for negociating the bu- ing what is doing here, and I have finess; and one halt per cent. on received from persons of respectathe annual interest, and one per ble authority the intelligence ípe. cent: commission on the reim- cified in the paper annexed. The bursement of the capital; which Dutch have designed these nine together, would carry the interest months to have a person here, auto about five and a quarter per thorised by Congress; pot that they cent. a year.

would receive him as a public mi. The objections which they make nifter; but they are very anxious against 'my present full power is to have the most accurate informthat it is therein specified for ation; and such a perfon might three frigates, and that there is a bave laid the foundation of a complication jp laying, that I treaty with us, until affairs shall may negociate any indeterminate be come to greater maturity : he fum, instead of naming the fixed might also have been able to get sum. This want of specific pre- money here. The objection against cision affects them to that degree, the actual loan of money for the that I cannot give them any fa- Congress here is, that it does not tisfa&tion.

proceed dire@ly from America ; Your Excellency is at present and to use the language of the informed upon what condition Old Dutchman, it is to be franthe fum in question may be pro chifed. cured, in case the State should be I am persuaded, that if the in want thereof. If the last thould President Laurens arrives here be the case, and if the conditions foon, he will find a reasonable are approved of, it would be best and ample fum. I have taken the to lend a fit person here with such liberty of acquainting the noble full powers and guarantee, in Continental Congress on what fending two or three copies after termis. I am fure of being able him; or else to send the said do to borrow here a sufficient fum at cuments to Meffis. Nicholas and about five and a quarter, or five Jacob Van Staphorst, merchants and a half per cent, including all here, or to some other good solid expences. Dutch house here, with your orders I am in hopes of receiving soon how the said money is to be en- advices from you: if not, I tholl ployed here. But as the faid continue as mentioned above, and Metfrs, Van Staphorst have laid do as well as I can, making all the foundation of this affair, I the dispatch in my power to retur

home. home. I could have wished that the Republic. This union is my fate had been to remain in founded on the durable basis of a America, especially as I Thould reciprocal interest, and as it has have willingly supported all fa- greatly contributed to the welfare tigues, and, with a good heart, of both nations, the natural enebraved all dangers, in preference my of both the one and the other to the plan of begging, which the is using his utmost policy to denecessity, occasioned by frequent Atroy it; and for some time past deceptions, bas forced me to his endeavours have been but too adopt. ruly cabal, but the papers of Mr. proving of those outrages which Laurens, who ftyles himself Pre. they refuse to disavow, and to fident of the pretended Congress, punilh ; and after such conduct, furnishes the discovery of a plot, bis Majetty will find himself under Hnexampled in all the annals of the necessity of taking those meathe republic. It appears by these fures which the preservation of his papers, that the Gentlemen of own dignity and the essential inAmsterdam have been engaged in terests of his people demand. a clandestine correspondence with Given at the Hague, the American rebels, from the Nov. 10, 1780., month of Auguil 1778, and that (Sigued). Joseph YORKE. inftru&tions and full powers had been given by them for the conclusion of a treaty of indisputable

successful, being supported by a I most fincerely wish you health faction that aims at domineering and happiness, and remain with over the republic, and which is at due relpect, Şir,

all times ready to facrifice the geYour Excellency's

neral interest to ibeir own private most obedient and . views. ; most humble servant, The king has beheld, with (Signed)

A. Gillon. equal regret and surprise, the small P. S. Mr. Beaumarchais will effect which his repeated claims for not yet pay any thing, nor furnith the stipulated fuccours, and the any account.

representations of his ambaffador, His Excellency John Rutledge, Esq. on the daily violation of the most

Governor and Commandler in solemn engagements, have pro. Chief of South Carolina,


His Majesty's moderation has Two letters were also commu- induced him to attribute this connicated, written by J. D. Van duct of your High Mightinesses Der Capellan to Mr. Laurens, to the intrigues of a prevailing but as they only contain the fen- faction; and he would still pertiments of a private individual, we fuade himself, that your justice have not thought it necessary to and discernment will determine insert them.

you to fulfil your engagements towards him, and to prove by

your whole conduct, that you are Memorial presented to the States

resolved vigoroutly to adhere to General on the roth instant, by

the system formed by the wisdom Sir Joseph Yorke, his Majesty's

of your ancestors, which is the Ambasauor at the Hague, con- only one that can secure the safety errning the five Papers found and glory of the republic. among those of Mr. Laurens,

The answer which your High late President of the Congress, Mightinesses return to tbis decla. High and Mighty Lords,

ration, which the undersigned

makes by the express order of his HE King, my master, has, Court, will be considered as the 1 through the whole course touchstone of your intentions and of his reign, shewed the most Gin- sentiments respecting the King. cere defire for preserving the uni. For a long time past the King on, which has fubfifted upwards of has had innumerable indications 20 age, between his Crown and of the dangerous designs of an un.

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Hague, Nov. 16. The following

is the Resolution taken by the amity with those rebels, who are

States - General of the United the subjects of a sovereign to whom

Provinces, relative to the republic is united by the closest

the 112

sults and Violences committed at engagements. The authors of this plot do not even attempt to deny

the Island of St. Martin, on the it, but on the contrary vainly en

Ci 9th of last Auguft. deavour to justify their conduct. T HAT Count Welderen,

In these circumstances, his Ma- the Minister Plenipotentiary jesty, relying on the equity of from their High Mightinesses to your High Mightinesses, demands the British Court, be charged to a formal disavowal of such irre- make the strongest complaints of gular conduet, which is no less the said insults and violences, and contrary to your most sacred en. to represent in the most energetic gagements than to the funda. manner, That their High Mighmental laws of the constitution of tinefles think themselves in the Batavia. The King demands most supreme degree aggrieved by equally a prompt satisfaction, the prenieditated violence of the proportioned to the offence, and incontestable territory of the State an exemplary punishment on the at the island of St. Martin, donę penfioner Van Berkel, and his by the officers of his British Maaccomplices, as disturbers of the jesty, according to the express public peace, and violaters of the orders of the King, and in conJaw of nations.

sequence of a written declaration His Majesty persuades himself, of those officers. that the answer of your High: That no power ever doubted Mightinesses will be speedy and but all 'bays and roads belonged to satisfactory in all respects; but the same powers as the lands an. thould the contrary happen, - if nexed to them, and that all who your High Mightinesles Thould might be in them were sheltered refuse so just a demand, or en- from the rights of war, and from deavour to elude it by filence, all hostile pursuits; and that no which will be regarded as a re- power is in any way authorised to fufal: then the king cannot but take, or in any relpect, to molest, contider the republic itself as apvesiels so fheltered, against the wilt of the sovereign, without its be- time must protest solemnly against ing looked upon as an indirect at- it, and most strongly defire of his tack: that notwithstanding this, Majesty, what they hope from his the men of war of the King of justice, his friend thip, and his Great-Britain, fent on purpose by equity, to obtain, which is, a full his Admiral, had by his order satisfaction for the violation of seized fome American vefsels their territory, in which the inwhich had taken refuge in the tentions of his Majesty may be island of St. Martin, under the made appear relative to the treat. cannon of the fort, and took them ment of powers not included in • via facti,' threatening, if the least the troubles of the present war, refittance was made by the fort, and of their territories in general, that it, together with the whole and of those of the Republic of village belonging to their High the United Provinces in partiMightinesses, should be burnt to cular, &c. the ground, and a force fufficient was sent to carry these their orders into execution.

That their High Mightinesses Memorial presented to the Statescannot look upon this violent step General, by Sir Joseph Yorke, in any other light than as an open

on the 12th of December, 1780. violation of their territory, and a contempt of the independent fo- High and Mighty Lords, vereignty of the State ; and flatter THE uniform conduct of the themselves that his Majesty must 1 King towards the Republic; perceive, that, if an independent the friendship which hath io long power of Europe is to be exposed subsisted between the two nations; to such insults as this, all liberty the right of Tovereigns, and the and security, both in and out of faith of the most folemn engageEurope, will then only depend ments, will decide, without doubt, upon force; and consequently, the answer of your High Mighthat the King will be displeased tinelles to the Memorial which the at this hostile action committed under-figned presented fome time by his officers against the territory ago, by express order of his Court. of a power, which has not only It would be to mistrust the wisdom had the honour to be allied to and the justice of your High MighGreat- Britain for upwards of a tinefles to suppote that you could century, and to live in peace and pause a moment in giving the safriendship with her, but from the tisfaction demanded by his Mabeginning of the pretent troubles jetty. in America bas not resused to re- As the resolutions of your High firain its subjects from trading Mightineiles of the 27th of Nowith North-America in a manner veniber, were the result of a deli. for wbich bis Majesty has acknow. beration which regarded only the ledged his fatisfaction.

interior of your government, and That their High Mightinesses did not enter upon an Antwer to could not pass over in silence what the said Memorial, the only rebas happened, but at the same mark to be made on those refo

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lutions is, that the principles which MANIFESTO have di&ated them evidently prove

Of the Court of Great-Britain. the justice of the demand made by the King

George R. , In deliberating upon that Me. (L.S.)'T HRCUGH the wbole morial, to which the under-figned

courte of our reign, here requires, in the name of his our condu& towards the StatesCourt, an immediate and satir. General of the Uuited Provinces factory antwer in every respect, has been that of a sincere friend your High Mightinefies will doubt. and faithful ally. Had they adless contider that the affair is of hered to those wise principles the lali importance; that it re- which used to govern ibe ReJates to the complaint of an of; public, they must have thewn fended fovereigo; that the offence, themselves equally solicitous to for which he demands an exem- maintain the friendship which has plary punishment, and a complete so long subfifted between the two satisfaction, is a violation of ihe nations, and which is effential to Batavian Constitution, of which the interests of both : but from the the King is a guarantee; an in- prevalence of a fa&ioa devoted to fraction of the public faith; an France, and following the dictates attempt against the dignity of his of that court, a very different po. Crown! The King has never licy has prevailed. The return imagired that your High Migh- made to our friendship, for some tinefles bad approved of a treaty time past, has been an open conwith his rebellious subjects. That tempt of the most folemo engagehad been raising the buckler on ments, and a repeated violation of your part; a declaration of war. public faith. But the oftence has been com. On the commencement of the miited by the magistraies of a defensive war, in which we found city which makes a considerable ourselves engaged by the aggression part of the State; and it belongs to of France, we fhewed a tender rethe sovereign power to punish and gard for the interetts of the States, give taustaction for it

. General, and a desire of securing His Majelty, by the complaints to their subjects every advantage , made by his Ambafiador, bas of trade, consilient with the great

placed the punishment and the and just principle of our own dereparation in the hands of your fence. Our Ambaffador was inHigh Mightinelles; and it will structed to pffer a friendly negonot be till the last extrenity, that ciation, to obviate everything is to say, in the case of a denial that might lead to disagreeable of justice, or of filence, which diicuflion; and to this offer, lomust be interpreted as a refutal, lemoly made by him to the States. that the King will take them upon General, the ad of November, 1778, himself.

no attention was paid.

After the number of our ene. Done at the Hague, the 12th

mies, increased by the aggreflion of of Decenber, 1780, .

Spain, equally unprovoked with (Signed) LE CHEVAL. YORKE, that of France, we found it ne:


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