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>n fifteen years, viz. nothing for the first teh years, but one million every year afterwards, until the ■whole was paid. The interest payable every year. The broker's commiflion, or premium, as they call it here, i* from one to two per cent, on the capital at the time of your receiving it; one per cent, the merchant's commission for negociating the business; and one half percent, on * 'the annual interest, and one per centi commission on the reimbursement of the capital; which together, would carry the interest to about five and a quarter per cent, a year.

The objections which they make against my present full power is, that it is therein specified for three frigates, and that there is a complication in saying, that I may negociate any indeterminate sum, instead of naming the fixed sum. This want of specific precision affects them to that degree, that I cannot give them any satisfaction.

Your Excellency is at present Informed upon what condition the sum in question may be procured, in case the State should be in want thereof. Is the last should be the case, and if the conditions are approved of, it would be best to lend a fit person here with such full powers and guarantee, in fending two or three copies after him; or else to fend the said documents to Messrs. Nicholas and Jacob Van Staphorst, merchants here, or to some other good solid Dutch house here, with your orders how the said money is to be employed here. But as the said Messrs/ Van Staphorst have laid the foundation of this affair, I

leave it to the judgment of yotn* Excellency, whether it would not be best to entrust them with the execution thereof. I have had dealings with them for above ten years, and am informed that they are generally looked upon as a very solid Dutch house, of a good capital, and known integrity.

I have an opportunity of knowing what is doing here, and I have received from persons of respectable authority the intelligence specified in the paper annexed. The Butch have designed these nine months to have a person here, authorised by Congress; not that they would receive him as a public minister; but they are very anxious to have the most accurate information; and such a person might have laid the foundation of a treaty with us, until affairs shall be come to greater maturity: he might also have been able to get money here. The objection against the actual loan of money for the Congress here is, that it does not proceed directly from America; and to use the language of the Old Dutchman, it is to be franchised.

I am persuaded, that if the President Laurens arrives here soon, he will find a reasonable and ample sum. I have taken the liberty . of acquainting the noble Continental Coug-rtss on what terms. I am sure of being able to borrow here a sufficient (Aim at about fire and a quarter, or five and a half per cent, including all expences.

I am in hopes of receiving soon advices from* you: if not, I shall continue as mentioned above, and do as well as I can, making all the dispatch in my power to return


home. I could have wished that my fate had been to remain in America, especially as I should have willingly supported all fatigues, and, with a good heart, braved all dangers, in preference to the plan of begging, which the necessity, occasioned by frequent deceptions, has forced me to adopt.

I most sincerely wish you health and happiness, and remain with due respect, Sir,

Your Excellency's
most obedient and
most humble servant,

(Signed) A. Gillon.

P. S. Mr. Beaumarchais will not yet pay any thing, nor furnish any account. His Excellency Jolm Rut/edge, Esq.

Governor and Commander m

Chief of South Carolina.

Two letters were also communicated, written by J. D. Van Der Capellan to Mr. Laurens, but as they only contain the sentiments of a private individual, we have not thought it necessary to insert them.

Memorial presented to the StatesGeneral on the iot/1 instant, by Sir Joseph Yorke, his Majesty's AmbaJJudor at the Hague, concerning the five Papers found amongst those of Mr. Laurens, late President of the Congress.

High and Mighty Lords,

TH E King, my master, has, through the whole course of his reign, shewed the most sincere desire for preserving the union, which has subsisted upwards of an age, between his Crown and

the Republic. This union is sounded on the durable basis of a reciprocal interest, and as it has greatly contributed to the welfare of both nations, the natural enemy of both the one aud the other is using his utmost policy to destroy it; and for some Jtime past his endeavours have been but too successful, being supported by a faction that aims at domineering over the republic, and which is at all times ready to sacrifice the general interest to tbeir own private views.

The king has beheld, with equal regret and surprise, the small effect which his repeated claims for the stipulated succours, and the representations of his ambassador, on the daily violation of the most solemn engagement*, have produced.

His Majesty's moderation has induced him to attribute this conduct of your High Mightinesses to the intrigues of a prevailing faction; and he would still persuade himself, that your justice and discernment will determine you to fulfil your engagements towards him, and to prove by your whole conduct, that you are resolved vigorously to adhere to the system formed by the wisdom of your ancestors, which is the only one that can secure the safety and glory of the republic.

The answer which your High Mightinesses return to this declaration, which the undersigned' makes by the express order of his Court, will be considered as the touchstone of your intentions and sentiments respecting the King.

For a long time past the King has had innumerable indications of the dangerous designs of an un

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374] ANNUAL REGISTE'R, 1780.

ruly cabal j but the papers of Mr. Laurens, who styles himself President of the pretended Congress, furnishes the discovery of a plot, unexampled in all the annals of the republic. It appears by these papers, that the Gentlemen of Amsterdam have been engaged in a clandestine correspondence with the American rebels, from the month of August 1778, and that instructions and full powers had been given by them for the conclusion of a treaty of indisputable amity with those rebels, who are the subjects of a sovereign to whom <he republic is united by the closest -engagements. The authors of this plot do not even attempt to deny it, but on the contrary vainly endeavour to justify their conduct.

In these circumstances, his Majesty, relying on the equity of your High Mightinesses, demands a formal disavowal of such irregular conduct, which is no less contrary to your most sacred engagements than to the fundamental laws of the constitution of Batavia. The King demands equally a prompt satisfaction, proportioned to the ossence, and Jill exemplary punishment on the pensioner Von Berkel, and his accomplices, as disturbers of the

fiublic peace, and violaters of the aw of nations.

His "Majesty persuades himself, that the answer of your High Mightinesses will be speedy and satisfactory in all respects; but mould the contrary happen, — if your High Mightinesses mould refuse so just a demand, or endeavour to elude it by silence, which will he regarded as a refusal: then the King cannot but consider the republic itself as ap

proving of those outrages which they refuse to disavow, and to punisli; and after such conduct, bis Majesty will find himself under the necessity of taking those measures which the preservation of his own dignity and the essential interests of his people demand.

Given at the Hague,
Nov. 10, 1780.

(Signed) Joseph York*.

Hague, Nov. 16. The folhivmg is the licfolution taken by the States - General of the United Provinces, relative to the Insults and Violences committed it the IJLml of St. Martin, on the C)t/i 0/ last August.

THAT Count Welderen, the Minister Plenipotentiary from their High Mightinesses to the Britissi Court, be charged to make the strongest complaints of the said insults and violences, and to represent in the most energetic manner, That their High Mightinesses think themselves in the most supreme degree aggrieved by the premeditated violence of the incontestable territory of the State at the island of St. Martin, done by the officers of his Britith Majesty, according to the express orders of the King, aud in consequence of a written declaration of those officers.

That no power ever doubted but all bays and roads belonged to the fame powers as the lands annexed to them, and that all who might be in them were sheltered from the rights of war, and from all hostile pursuits; and that M power is in any way authorised to take, or in any respect to molest, veslels so sheltered, against the wiH

•f os the sovereign, without its being looked upon as an indirect attack: that notwithstanding this, the men of war of the King of Great-Britain, lent on purpose by his Admiral, had by his order seized some American vessels which had taken refuge in the island of St. Martin, under the cannon of the fort, and took them 'via facti,' threatening, if the least refiliance was made by the fort, that it, together with the whole village belonging to their High Mightinesses, mould be burnt to the ground, and a force sufficient was sent to carry these their orders into execution.

That their High Mightinesses cannot look upon this violent step in any other light than as an open violation of their territory, and a contempt of the independent sovereignty of the State; and flatter themselves that his Majesty must perceive, that, if an independent power of Europe is to be exposed to such insults as this, all liberty and security, both in and out of Europe, will then only depend upon force; and consequently, that the King will be displeased at this hostile action committed by his officers against the territory of a power, which has not only had the honour, to be allied to Great-Britain for upwards of a century, and lo live in peace and friendship with her, but from the beginning of the present troubles in America has not refused to restrain its subjects from trading with North-America in a manner for which his Majesty has acknowledged his satisfaction.

That their High Mightinesses could not pals over in silence what has happened, but at the fame

time must protest solemnly against it, and most strongly desire of his Majesty, what they hope from his justice, his friendship, and his equity, to obtain, which is, a full satisfaction for the violation of their territory, in which the intentions of his Majesty may be made appear relative to the treatment of powers not included in the troubles of the present war, and of their territories in general, and of those of the Republic of the United Provinces in particular, &c.

Memorial presented to the StatesGeneral, ly Sir Joseph Yorke, on the i2*/io/'Decembtr, 1780.

High and Mighty Lords,

TH E uniform conduct of tho King towards the Republic; the friendsliip which hath so long subsisted between the two nations; the right of sovereigns, and the faith of the most solemn engagements, will decide, without doubt, the answer of your High Mightinesses to the Memorial which the undersigned presented some time ago, by express order of his Court. It would be to mistrust the wisdom and the justice os your High Mightinesses to suppose that you could pause a moment in giving the satisfaction demanded by his Majesty.

As the resolutions of your High Mightinesses of the 27th of November, were the result of a deliberation which regarded only the interior of your government, and did not enter upon an Answer to the said Memorial, the only remark to be made on those reso

[-/ a\ 4 lutienj

lutions is, that the principles which have dictated them evidently prove the justice of the demand made by the King.

In deliberating upon that Memorial, to which the under-signed here requires,.in the name of his Court, an immediate and satisfactory answer in every respect, your High Mightintfles w ill doubtless consider that the affair is of the last importance; that it relates to the complaint of an of* fended sovereign; that the offence, for which he den a;ds an exemplary punishment, and a complete satisfaction, is a violation of the Balavian Constitution, of which the King is a guarantee; an infraction of the public faith j an attempt against the dignity of his Criwn! The King has never imagiicd that your High Mightinesses had approved of a treaty with h>s rebellious subjects. That had been raising the buckkr on

, your part; a declaration of war. But the offence has been committed by the magistrates of a city which makes a considerable part of the State ;• and it belongs to the sovereign power to punish and give (attraction for it

His .Majesty, by the complaints

. made by his Ambassador, has placed the putiishn.ent and the reparat'ou in the hands of your High Mightineffes; and it will not be till the last extremity, that IS to fay, in the cafe of a denial of justice, or of silence, which mult be interpreted as a refusal, that the King will take them upon {umself.

Dune at the Hague, the 12th
os December, r 780,

(Signed) Lfc Ciieval. Yorke.


Of the Court of Great Britain.

Geokgb R. (L.S.)' r HROUGH the whole X courle of our reign, our conduct towards the StatesGeneral of the United Provinces has been that of a sincere friend and faithful ally. Had they adhered to' those wise principles which used to govern the Republic, they must have shewn themselves equally solicitous to maintain the friendship which has so long subsisted between the two nations, and which is essential to the interests of both: but from tbo prevalence of a faction devoted to France, and following the dictates of that court, a very different policy has prevailed. The return made to our friendship, for some time past, has been an open contempt of the most solemn engagements, and a repeated violation us public faith.

On the commencement of the defensive war, in which we found ourselves engaged by the aggression of France, we a tender regard for the interests pf the StatesGeneral, and a desire of securing to their subjects every advantage of trade, consistent with the great and just principle of our own defence, Our Ambassador was instructed to offer a friendly negociation, to obviate every thing that might lead to disagreeable discussion j and to this offer, solemnly made by him to the StatesGeneral, the id of November, 1778, no attention was paid.

.After the number of our enemies, increased by the aggression of Sj>ain, equally unprovoked with tjiat of France, we found it ne^


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