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yond a doubt, the truth of their of public tranquillity, and the preallegations. In the mean time, servation of that just equilibrium your petitioners acquaint this which has been so often troubled honourable house, that, unless by the ambitious policy of the a Itrong regular force be per- House of Bourbon. manently established in Jamaica When the Court of Versailles, during the war, and a con. in direct violation of public faith, siderable fleet stationed there, and the common right of all fo. they cannot think that island in a vereigns, broke the peace by a ftate of security. This they con league made with his Majesty's ceive themselves as Englithmen rebellious subjects, which was. bound to lay before the rt prelept- avowed and formally declared by atives of the people of Great-Bri- the Marquis de Noailles, when tain, humbly claiming protection France, by immense preparations, as their undoubted right ; and manifested a design to annihilate looking back with horror at the the maritime power of England, dangers from which by the sole the king thought your High difpofition of the Divine Pravi- Mightinesses too sensible not to dence) they bave escaped, whilst see that the welfare of the Re. fundry of their follow-Tubjects are public was so closely connected now obrized 10 prostrate them with that of Great Britain, as to felves at the foot of the throne of induce you to hasten to its fuccour. the French king, to implore the One of his Majesty's first cares mercy of that monarch, instead of was to inform your High Mighthe protection of their natural tineffes of all the circumstances of sovereign.

that unjust war, and in the critical situation in which the king

found himself he did not forget The Memorial prefented by Sir Joseph the interests of his ancient allies,

Yorke, the English Ambassador but, on the contrary, thewed the Extraordinary at the Hague, the fincerest defire to favour the trade 21 Day of March, was to the and free navigation of the Refollowing Purport :

public as much as the welfare of

bis people would permit; he even High and mighty Lords,

refrained a long time to reclaim

the fuccours ftipulated by treaty, THE King, my master, has and though he fulfilled his own

I always cultivated the friend- engagements, did not require the fhip of your High Mightinesses, fame from your High Mighti. and has always looked upon the neiles; the reclamation in quel, alliance which has so long sub- tion was not made till the united fisted between the two nations as forces of France and Spain were founded on the wiseft principles, ready to fall upon England at and effential to their mutual wel- once, and attempt a landing, with fare. The principal objects of the alliftance of a formidable fleet. that alliance, supported upon the Although they were fruftrated in flrong basis of common interest, that enterprize, the king's eneare the security and prosperity of mies are still meditating the fama the two fiaies, the maintenance projects; and it is by the express


Order of his Majesty, that the un- certing measures which should be derwritten again renews, in the both equitable and advantageous most formal manner, the demand to the subjects of both countries; of the fuccours ftipulated by dif- but this amicable overture was ferent treaties, and particularly refused in a manner as unexpected that of 1916.

and extraordinary as unusual beHitherto your High Mighti- twecn two friendly powers : and nesses have been filent upon this without paying any attention eieffential article, whilft you infifted ther to the repeated public and upon a forced interpretation of private representations relative to the treaty of commerce of the convoys, your High Migbtinettes year 1674, against the abuse of not only granted there convoys to which Great Britain at all times different sorts of naval stores, but protetted. This interpretation can- more particularly ordered that a not be reconciled with the clear certain number of men of war and particular ftipulation of the should be ready for the future to secret article of the treaty of peace convoy naval ammunition of all of the fame year. An article of forts to the ports of France, and a treaty of commerce cannot an- that at a time when the subjects of nul fo effential an article of a the republic enjoyed by treaty a treaty of peace, and both are ex- liberty and extent of commerce pressly comprehended in the prin- far beyond what the right of nacipal treaty of alliance of 1678, tions grants to neutral powers. by which your Iligh Mightineiles This resolution, and the orders are obliged to furnith his Ma- given to Rear-admiral Count Byjesty with the required succours. land, to oppose by force the searchYou are too wise and too jutt ing of the merchant-thips, brought not to feel that all the engage- on an incident which the friendments between powers ought to ship of the king desired much to be mutually and reciprocally ob- prevent; but it is notorious, that served, and although they were that admiral, in consequence of agreed upon at different periods, his instructions, fired firft at the do alike bind the contracting par- boats under English colours, which ties. This incontestable principle were sent to examine the lips in is the more applicable here, as the manner prescribed by the the treaty of 1716 renews all the treaty of 1674. anterior engagements between the This then is a manifest ag, Crown of England and the Re- greflion, a direct violation of that public, and in a manner includes sanie treaty which your High them in one.

Mightinelles seem to look upun The underwritten had further as the most facred of all. His orders to declare to your High Majesty had before - hand made Mightinesses, that he was ready reiterated representations upon the to enter into conference with you necessity and justice of the exa. to regulate, in an amicable man- mination, which had taken place ner, all that was necessary to pre. in all analogous circumstances, and vent a misunderstanding, and every is fully authorized by the treaty. other disagreeable event, by con. They were apprized in London,

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that ibat a number of vessels were at exceptions of the ancient engagethe Texel, laden with naval stores, ments of the Republic, founded and particularly mafts, and large on the most solemn treaties. 1hip-building timber, ready to Notwithstanding all this, the fail for France, with or under a king is willing to persuade himDutch convoy. The event prov- felf, that all that has pailed is ed the truth of these informations, less to be attributed to the real as several of these veisels were sentiments of your High Mightifound even under the said convoy, nelles than to the artifices of his the greatest part of them escaped, enemies, who, after fowing disand furnished France with very cord between the members of the efficacious supplies, of which they States, have by threats and prostood in great need. Whilft your mises endeavoured to set them High Mightinefles thus allifted against their ancient ally. the king's enemies, by favouring His majesty cannot think that the transportation of these fuc- your High Mightinetles have recours, you imposed a heavy pe- solved to abandon a system that nalty on those subjects of the Re- the Republic has kept to for more public who thould supply the gar- than a century with so much fucrison of Gibraltar with provisions, cess and so much glory. although that place is compre- But if such is ihe resolution of hended in the general guarantee your High Mightineises ; if you of all the British pofleflions in Eu- are determined to break the alrope, and although at that mo- liance with Great Britain by rement Spain had disturbed the trade fusing to fulfil your engagements, of the Republic in an unprece- things will bear a new face; the dented and outrageous manner. king will see any such change

It is not only on these occasions with a very senable regret, but that the conduct of your High the consequences will be neceffary Mightinesses towards the king, and inevitable. 'If by an act of and towards the enemies of his your High Mightinesses the Remajesty, holds up a striking con- public cease to be an ally of bis trait to the impartial eyes of all majesty, the relations between the the world. No one can be igno- two nations are totally changed, rant of what has pailed in Paul and they have no other connecJones's attair : the asylum granted tions, no other ties, than those to that pirate was dire&tly contrary which sublift between neutral pow. to the treaty of Breda in 1007, ers in friend thip and unity. Every and to your High Mightinesses treaty being reciprocal, if your Placard in 1756 ; besides which, High Mighrinefles will not fulfil although your High Mightinelles your engagements, the consehave, and still continue to keep an quence must be, that those on the ablolute Glence relative to the just part of the king cease to be any reclamations of his majesty, yet, longer binding. It is in departe upon the simple requel of the ing from these incontestable prinking's enemies, you allured then ciples, that his majetty has or, you would observe a frict and un- dered the underwritten to declare limited neutrality, without any to your High Mightinesses, in the

most most amicable, but yet the most jesty would not wish rigorously to serious manner, that if, contrary keep to the before - mentioned to his just expectations, your High time, that their High MightinesMightinesses do not, in the courte ses might be able to conclude of three weeks, from the day of upon an answer in a manner conthe presentation of this memorial, formable to the constitution of give a satisfactory answer relative the Republic, in which they had to the succours reclaimed eight no right to make any alteration, months ago; his majefty will look and they promise to accelerate the upon such condue as breaking off deliberations upon that head as the alliance on the part of your much as poslible. High Mightinesses, and will not look upon the United Provinces in any other light than on the foot Declaration of the Court of Great ing of other neutral powers, un Britain, April 1; th, 1780. privileged by treaty, and consequently will suspend, till further W H EREAS since the comorders, all the particular ftipula. V mencement of the war in tions of the treaties made in fa- which Great Britain is engaged vour of the subjects of the Repub- by the unprovoked aggression of lic, particularly those of the treaty France and Spain, repeated me. of 1674, and will only hold to the morials bave been presented by general principles of the right of his majesty's ambaisador to the nations, which serves as a rule for States General of the United Proneutral and unprivileged powers. vinces, demanding the succours Done at the Hague, March 21, ftipulated by treaty; to which re. 1780. (Signed)

quisition, though Orongly called Joseph Yorke. upon in the last memorial of the

eitt of March, their High MighThe following provisional Answer tinesses have given no answer, nor was given to the above Memo- fignified any intention of complyrial.

ing therewith : and whereas by the

non-performance of the clearest THAT their High Mighti- engagements, they desert the alnesses are very desirous to coincide liance that has so long subfifted with the wishes of his British ma- between the crown of Great Brijesty, by giving a positive answer tain and the Republic, and place to the memorial delivered by his themselves in the condition of a amballador, but that their High neutral power, bound to this kingMightinesles foresee, that from dom by no treaty, every princi. the nature of the government of ple of wildom and justice requires the Republic, it is impossible to that his majesty Mould consider return an answer in three weeks them henceforward as standing time, as the memorial must be de. only in that distant relation in liberated upon by the different which they have placed themprovinces, and their refolutions selves : his majesty therefore havwaited for. That their High ing taken this matter into his Mightinelles are assured his ma- royal consideration, doti, by and

with with the advice of his privy coun- seas, twelve days after the date cil, judge it expedient to carry hereof. into immediate execution those from the channel, the British intentions which were formally seas, and the North seas, as far notified in the memorial presented as the Canary Illands inclusively, by his ambassador on the 21tt of either in the ocean or MediterraMarch laft, and previously figni- nean, the term shall be fix weeks fied in an official verbai declara- from the aforesaid date. tion, made by Lord Viscount Three months from the said Ca. Stormont, one of his majesty's nary Iilands as far as the equinocprincipal secretaries of state, to tial line or equator. Count Welderen, envoy extraor- And lastly, fix months beyond dinary and plenipotentiary from the said line or equator, and in the Republick, nearly two months all other parts of the world, withbefore the delivery of the aforefaid out any exception or other more memorial : for these causes, his particular defcription af time and majesty, by and with the advice place. of his privy council, doth declare,

STEPH. COTTREL. that the subjects of the United Provinces are henceforward to be conlidered upon the same footing The Memorial presented to their with those of other neutral ftates High Mightineiles by Prince not privileged by treaty; and his Gallitzin, the Russian Minister, majesty doth hereby fuípend, pro on the part of the Empress his Son vifionally, and till further order, vereign. all the particular ftipulations, refpecting the freedom of naviga High and Mighty Lords, tion and commerce, in time of T HE underwritten envoy exwar, vf the subjects of the States

traordinary from the EmGeneral, contained in the several press of all the Russias has the treaties now fubfisting between his honour to communicate to you a majesty and the Republick, and copy of the declaration which the more particularly those contained empress his sovereign has made in the marine treaty between to the belligerent powers. Your Great Britain and the United High Mightinesles may look upon Provinces, concluded at London, this communication as a particular December is, 1674. .'

mark of the attention of the EmFrom a bumane regard to the press for the Republick, which is interests of individuals, and a de- equally interested in the reasons fire to prevent their suffering by which occasioned the declaration. any surprize, his majesty, by and He has further orders to declare with the advice of his privy coun- to your High Mightinesses, in the cil, doth declare, that the effect name of her Imperial Majesty, of this his majesty's order thall that how desirous foever she may take place at the following be on the one hand to maintain terms, viz.

the strictest neutrality during the In the channel and the North present war, yet her majesty is as


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