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vast pecuniary emoluments to have any influence on members of parliament, appears to originate from so perfect a puerility of understanding, or such a contempt of that of the house and the nation, that it is mentioned as a matter to be animadverted upon, not answered. Of the same nature is the argument drawn from the supposed improbability of abuses in contracts, because the law has left in the hands of ministers the means of prosecuting at law the supporters of their power, and the accomplices of their own fraud and malversation. These arguments will give little satisfaction to those who look at the House of Lords as a barrier against some possibly sudden and mistaken warmth of the House of Commons, that might be injurious to the just prerogatives of the crown, or the rights of the people; but we will not bear the gross abuse of this constitutional power; or that this House should sot itself as an obstruction to the most honourable, manly, and virtuous resolution ever come to by an House of Commons; a resolution made in direct conformity to the petitions of their constituents. We protest, theresore, against our standing in the way of even the first steps taken towards promoting the independence, integrity, and virtue of a house of parliament.
Pembroke, and Portland,
For the first and third reasons, adopting however very heartily in the present state of parliamentary representation the sound principles contained in the seconds which yet I conceive inapplicable to this bill. Radnor.
His Majt/ty's most gracious Speech lo both Houses of Parliament, June 19, 1780. My Lords and Gontlemen,
THE outrages committed by bands of desperate and abandoned men, in various parts of this metropolis, broke- forth with violence into acts of felony and treason, had so far overborne all civil authority, and threatened so directly the immediate subversion of all legal power, the destruction of all property, and the confusion of every order in the state, that I found myself obliged, by every tie of duty and affection to my people, to suppress, in every part, those rebellious insurrections, and to provide for the public safety, by the most effectual and immediate application of the force entrusted to me by parliament.
I have directed copies of the proclamations issued upon that occasion, to be laid before you.
Proper orders have been given for bringing the authors and abettors of these insurrections, and the perpetrators of such criminal acts, to speedy trial, and to luch condign punishment as the laws of their country prescribe, and as the vindication of public justice demands.
Though I trust it is not necessary, yet I think it right at this time, to renew to you my solemn assurances, that I have no other object but to make the law., of the realm, and the principles of our excellent constitution in church and state, the rule and measure of my conduct; and I shall ever consider it as the first duty of my station, and the chief glory of my reign, to maintain and preserve the established religion of my kingdoms, and as far as in me lies, to secure and to perpetuate the rights and liberties of my people.
The bumble Addrrss of tbt Lords Spiritual and XtmporaK '" Parliament cjfemblcd.
Die Luntt, 190 Junii, 1780. Most gracious Sovereign,
WE your Majesty's most dutiful &nd loyal subjects, the lords spiritual and temporal, in parliament assembled, beg leave to return your Majesty our humble thanks for your most gracious speech from the throne.
We feel the utmost abhorrence and detestation of the outrages committed in various parts of this metropolis, by bands of desperate and 'abandoned men; outrages that broke forth with such violence into acts of felony and treason, and which threatening so directly the immediate subversion of all legal authority, the destruction of all property, and the confusion of every order in the state, called loudly for the speediest and melt effectual application of the force entrusted to your Majesty by law.
We- beg leave to testify oar warmest gratitude to yoor Majesty, for your paternal care and concern for the protection of your subjects, so manitest in the measures your' wisdom directed in this urgent necessity, to supprese in every part these rebellious insurrections, and to provide for the general safety, by the restoratios of public peace.
w& thank your. Majesty for the communication yon have beet pleased to make to this house, of the proclamations issued in this alarming conjuncture.
We learn with satisfaction that orders have been given for bringing the offenders to speedy trial. and to such condign punishment as the law prescribes, and the vindication of public justice demands.
Although the uniform tenor of your Majesty's conduct rendered unnecessary the renewal of yoor gracious assurances to yonr parliament, ypt the manner in «rhkh they are given, raises in us tb: warmest emotions of graituce, affection, and duty. Such a declaration of the ji.it and wife principles that are the rule and measure of your Majesty's government, must endear your Majesty more and more to all your subjects, ».<i meet with the fullest return of attachment, confidence, and zeal.
His Majesty s m'Jl gracious J*JvHX. My Lords, «»
I thank you' heartily for tii> address, so full of duty to me ar.<i of zeal for your country. Yoor abhorrence of the rebellious insurrections, and your unanimous approbation of the measures taken to suppress them, must have the moil salutary
salutary tffects. Nothing can give We learn with satisfaction, that
me grater satisfaction than the con- proper orders have been given for
stance you repose in me it shall bringing the offenders to speedy
be justified by the whole tentr of trial, and to such punilhmenu as,
œy reign. upon conviction of their crimes,
the laws prescribe, and the vindi
1 cation of public justice certainly
Tot tumble AJdrtst os tht Honsi os Although the constant tenor of
Commons. y°ur Majesty's just and constitutional government, made a re
Most gracious Sovereign," newal c<^our MaJesty's TMyal *«"«
0 • ances to your parliament unne
WE, .your Majesty's most du- cessary, yet we cannot but receive
tiful and loyal subjects, with great thankfulness, so signal a
the Commons of Great Britain, in mark of your Majesty's gracious at
parliament assembled, beg leave tendon; and we beg leave, on our
to morn your Majesty the humble part, to assure your Majesty, that
thanks of this house, for your most this condescending and endearing de-'
gracious speech from the throne; claration, cannot sail of securing to
and for the communication which your Majesty, in the hearts of your
your Majesty has been pleased to people, the most affectionate returns
make to this house, of the procla- of confidence, attachment, and
mations issued during the la?e support,
We think it our indispensable „. ,- . „ , . , , .,. , doty to exprese, in the strongest H" Marsty sJnf^tr lo the Alartfi terms, our abhorrence of the pro- <fthe HouJe "f Commons. ceedrags of those tumultuous assemblies, and of the criminal acts Gentlemen, ofourrage and violence committed
by those desperate- baid3 of men, I return you my cordial and
and our highest indignation against particular thanks for this loyal,
tW authors, promoters, and per- affectionate, and unanimous ad
petrators of them; aud to acknow- dress.
ledge, with the warmest emotions Union at this time, must have
of gratitude, duty, and affection, the best and most important con
your Majesty's paternal care and sequences: nothing can more pow
concern isyr the protection of your erfuliy affist me in preserving the
fabjests, -\ti the measures which public safety and securing reve
your Majesty, at the father of rence for the laws, and obedience
yWir people, and the guardian of to legal government. Be assured
public safety, took in the hour of that it is my constant and ardent
extreme and imminent necessity, desire to promote the happiness of
for the immediate and" effectual all my subjects, and to deserve the
Oppression of those rebellious in- confidence and support of a f.-ec
Om Saturday, July S, his Majesty i.'cfeJ theSefflon of Parliament luitb the following Speech.
My Lords and Gentlemen,
IT gives me great satisfaction to find myself able to determine this long session of parliament, that you may be at liberty to return to your several counties,, and attend 10 your private ittairs, after so laborious a discharge of your duty in the public service; and I take this occasion to express my sincere acknowledgment for the fresh proofs you have given me of your affectionate zeal for the support of "mv government, and of your just estimation of the real and permanent interests of your country.
Yoor magnanimity and perseverance in the prosecution of this just and necessary war have enabled me to make such exertions as will, 1 trust, by the assistance of Divine Providence, disappoint the violent and unjust designs of my enemies, and bring them to listen to equi.abk and honourable terms of peace.
These exertions have already been attended with success by sea and land; and the late important and prosperous turn of affairs in North America affords the fairest prospect Of the returning loyalty and affection of my .subjects io the colonies, and of their happy reunion with their parent country.
Gentlemen of the House os
I feel myself under particular obligations to thank you for the Jar^e and ample supplies you have
so cheerfully grafted, and for the confidence you repose in me. No attention (hall be wanting, on my part, to render them effectual, and to see them faithfully applied.
My Lords and Gentlemen,
Let me earnestly recommend to you to assist me, by your influence and authority in your several counties, as you have by your unanimous support in parliament, in guarding the peace of the kingdom from' future disturbances, and watching over the preservation of the public safety. Make my people sensible of the happiness they -enjoy, and the distinguished advantages they derive from our excellent constitution in church and state. Warn them of the hazard of innovation—point out to them the fatal consequences of (uch commotions as have lately been excited; and let it be your care to impress on their minds thii important truth, That rebellious insurrections to resist, or to reform the laws, must end either in the destruction of the persons who make the attempt, or in the subversion of our free and happy constitution.
And afterwards the Lord Ch«ncellor, by his Majesty's command, said: "*"
My Lords ->nd Gentlemen,
It is his Majesty's royal will and pleasure, that this parliament be prorogued to Thursday, the tweatyfourth day of August next, to be then here holden; and this parliament is accordingly prorogued W Thursday, the twenty-fourth day of August next.
By the King. A PROCLAMATION, For JiJJbhiing this present Parliament, and declaring the calling of anotJter.
WHEREAS we have thought fit, by and with the advice of our privy - council, to dissolve this present parliament, which now stands prorogued to Thursday the 28th day of this instant September: We do, for that end, publish this our royal proclamation; and do hereby dissolve the said parliament accordingly \ and the lords spiritual and tern poral, and the knights, citizens, and burgesses, and the commissioners for sliires and burghs, of the house of commons, arc discharged from their meeting and attendance on Thursday the said 28th day of this instant September. And we being desirous and resolved, as soon as may be, to meet our people, and to have their advice in parliament, do hereby make known, to all our loving subjects, our royal will and pleasure to call a new parliament; and do hereby further declare, that, with the advice of our privy, council, we have, this day, given order to our chancellor of GreatBritain to issue out writs, in due form, for calling a new parlia meat; which writs are to bear teste on Saturday the 2d day of this instant September, and to be returnable on Tuesday the 31st day of October following. Given at our court at St. James's,
the .st day et September, 1780,
in the twentieth year of our
God save the Kin?.
Dublin Castle, September 2.
THIS day his Excellency the Lord Lieutenant went in st.ite to the House of Peers, with the usual solemnity; and, the Commons being lent for, gave the royal assent to such bills as were ready; after which his Excellency made the following most gracious speech to both Houses of Parliament:
My Lords and Gentlemen, I am happy at length to congratulate you on the conclusion of this session of parliament, though the important measures under deliberation must have made your attendance less irksome to you. - Is your long absence from your several counties has been productive of any inconvenience, such inconvenience is fully compensated by permanent and solid benefits, the successful consequences of your labours.
Gentlemen of the House of
I thank you, in his Majesty's name, for the liberal supplies you have granted. Your cheerfulness in giving, aud your attention to the cafe of the subject in the mode of raising them, must be very acceptable to his Majesty; on my part, I assure you they Ihall be faithfully applied.
My Lords and Gentlemen, The satisfaction with which the heart of every Iiiflinian must exult at the scene of prosperity now opening to this country, may equal, it cannot exceed, the glow, of my private feelings. And' whilst you applaud the conduct of Great Britain in removing the re[*J strictions