« PreviousContinue »
By the King. A PROCLAMATION, For JiJJbhiing this present Parliament, and declaring the calling of anotJter.
WHEREAS we have thought fit, by and with the advice of our privy - council, to dissolve this present parliament, which now stands prorogued to Thursday the 28th day of this instant September: We do, for that end, publish this our royal proclamation; and do hereby dissolve the said parliament accordingly \ and the lords spiritual and tern poral, and the knights, citizens, and burgesses, and the commissioners for sliires and burghs, of the house of commons, arc discharged from their meeting and attendance on Thursday the said 28th day of this instant September. And we being desirous and resolved, as soon as may be, to meet our people, and to have their advice in parliament, do hereby make known, to all our loving subjects, our royal will and pleasure to call a new parliament; and do hereby further declare, that, with the advice of our privy, council, we have, this day, given order to our chancellor of GreatBritain to issue out writs, in due form, for calling a new parlia meat; which writs are to bear teste on Saturday the 2d day of this instant September, and to be returnable on Tuesday the 31st day of October following. Given at our court at St. James's,
the .st day et September, 1780,
in the twentieth year of our
God save the Kin?.
Dublin Castle, September 2.
THIS day his Excellency the Lord Lieutenant went in st.ite to the House of Peers, with the usual solemnity; and, the Commons being lent for, gave the royal assent to such bills as were ready; after which his Excellency made the following most gracious speech to both Houses of Parliament:
My Lords and Gentlemen, I am happy at length to congratulate you on the conclusion of this session of parliament, though the important measures under deliberation must have made your attendance less irksome to you. - Is your long absence from your several counties has been productive of any inconvenience, such inconvenience is fully compensated by permanent and solid benefits, the successful consequences of your labours.
Gentlemen of the House of
I thank you, in his Majesty's name, for the liberal supplies you have granted. Your cheerfulness in giving, aud your attention to the cafe of the subject in the mode of raising them, must be very acceptable to his Majesty; on my part, I assure you they Ihall be faithfully applied.
My Lords and Gentlemen, The satisfaction with which the heart of every Iiiflinian must exult at the scene of prosperity now opening to this country, may equal, it cannot exceed, the glow, of my private feelings. And' whilst you applaud the conduct of Great Britain in removing the re[*J strictions flrictions upon the trade of this kingdom, you cannot but particularly acknowledge the unequivocal demonstrations of her sincere affection, in admitting you, upon the most liberal plan, to an immediate, free, and equal intercourse with her colonies.
The wife and salutary laws ■which you have framed naturally lead to the most beneticial enjoyment of that intercourse; and when I reflect on those objects, and on your meritorious attention to the trade, agriculture, and manufactures of this kingdom, ib conspicuously manifested by the laws palled for granting ample bounties on the export of your - corn, your linen, and your sailcloth; by the premiums for encouraging the growth of hemp and flax-seed, and by the judicious provisions for the better regulation of your manufactures, I 'feel a conscious satisfaction, that the commerce of this kingdom has been established upon an extended, lirm, and lasting basis; and that Ireland must, in the course of her future prosperity, look back to this æra, the labours of the present parliament, and the diffusive indulgence of his Majesty, with the most grateful veneration.
Your own discreet judgment will naturally suggest the expediency, when you return to your several counties, of impressing upon the minds of all ranks of men the various blessings of their present situation. Demonstrate to them, that every effectual source of commercial wealth is now their own, and invites that industry, without which the wisest commercial regulations remain a dead letter, and the bounties of nature 4
are lavissied in vain. Cherissi such a spirit of industry; and convince them of the effectual advantages they derive from their fjee and excellent constitution, the maintenance of every branch of which, in its just vigour and authority, can alone secure their liberties, and preserve their happiness.
After which the Lord Chancellor, by his Excellency's command, said,
My Lords and Gentlemen, It is his Excellency the Lord Lieutenant's pleasure, that this parliament be prorogued to Tuesday the 10th day of October next, to be then here held; and this parliament is accordingly prorogued to Tuesday the joth day of October next.
To the Honourable the Commons of Great - Britain, in Parliament assembled:
The Petition of the Gentlemen, Clergy, and Freeholders of the County of York, -t
Sheweth, ry* HAT this nation hath JL been engaged for several years in a most expensive and unfortunate war; that many of our valuable colonies, having actually declared themselves independent, have formed a strict confederacy with France and Spain, the dangerous and inveterate enemies of Great-Britain; that the consequence of those combined misfortunes hath been a large addition to the national debt, a heavy accumulation of taxes, a rapid decline of the trade, manufactures. sictures, and land - rents of the Jtingdom.
Alarmed at the diminished resources and growing burthens of this country, ahd convinced that rigid frugality is now indispensably necessary in every department of the state, your petitioners observe with grief, that notwithstanding the calamitous and impoverished condition of the nation, much public money has been improvidently squandered, and that many individuals enjoy sinecure places, efficient places with exorbitant emoluments, and pensions unmerited by public service, to a large and still increasing amount; whence the crown has acquired a great and unconstitutional influence, which, if not checked, may soon prove fatal to the liberties of this country.
Your petitioners conceiving that the true end of every legitimate government is not the emolument of any individual, but the welfare of the community; and considering that by the constitution of ihis realm the national purse is intrusted in a peculiar manner to the custody of this honourable houre; beg leave further to represent, that until effectual measures be taken to redress the oppressive grievances herein stated, the grant of any additional sum of public money, beyond the produce of the present taxe;, will be injurious to the rights and property of the people, and derogatory from the honour and dignity of parliament.
Your petitioners therefore, appealing to the justice of this ho nourable house, do most earnestly request, that, before any new burthens are laid upon this country, effectual measures may be taken
by this house to enquire into and correct the gross abuses in the expenditure of public money ) to reduce all exorbitant emoluments j to rescind and abolisls all sinecure places and unmerited pensions j and to appropriate the produce to the necessities of the state in such manner as to the wisdom of parliament shall seem meet.
And your petitioners shall ever pray, &c. &c.
The following counties presented petitious nearly in the fame words: 'Middlesex, Dorset, Chester, Devon,
Also the cities of London, Westminster, York, Bristol, and the towns of Cambridge, Nottingham, Newcastle, Reading, and Bridgewater. — The connty of Northampton agreed to instruct their members on the points of the petition.
To ihc JTonouraMc the Cnmimns of Great - Britain in Parliament assembled:
A Representation and Petition of the Planters, Merchants, and other Persons interested in the Island of Jamaica.
TH AT your petitioners, in all duty and humility, beg  i leave leave to lay before this honourable .house several circumstances which they presume it is important for the house to know, and to which they arc certain it is of the utmost importance to them that a due attention should be paid.
Your petitioners represent to this honourable house, that the illand of Jamaica has not been protected. They represent, that the temporary safety which it has enjoyed has been owing to the. direction of the enemy's force towards other objects, and not to any intrinsic means of defence provided for that illand by his Majesty's ministers. They conceive, that the safety of such a polleslion as Jamaica ought not to have been left to chance. They represent, that the island os Jamaica is inferior in value to none of the dependencies of Great - Britain; that great part even of what appears to be the interior wealth of Great-Britain itself is, in reality, tlie wealth of Jamaica, which is so intimately interwoven with the internal interest of this kingdom, that it is . not easy to distinguish them; that a great part of the trade and navigation, a large proportion of the revenue, and very much of the mercantile and the national credit, and the value of the landed interest, depend immediately on its preservation; that its defence is therefore an object as important to Great - Britain as any part of Great-Britain itself; and that it is an object to be provided for with still greater care and foresight, because its natural means of home defence are infinitely less considerable.
They solemnly declare, that, conscious of their invariable loy
alty to the crown of Great-Britain, and their unbounded attachment to the prosperity of the whole empire, they are not able to conjecture for what offence, real or pretended, they have so long been put under this proscription. If your petitioners had been active by factious clamours, or delusive representations, by concealing true or suggesting false information, in betraying their sovereign and their country into war, they might have the less reason to complain of the neglect by which they have suffered so many distresses, and have. Been exposed to so many dangers. It is in the recollection of this honourable house, that, at an early period of the present unhappy troubles, the body of the West India planters and merchants did humbly state their apprehensions to parliament, and deprecated the unhappy measures which were then taken. It is the misfortune of the public, as well as theirs, that no attention was paid to their humble prayers, and that their most dutiful and faithful representations were totally neglected.
They affirm, that they have not deserved to be thus abandoned, from a want of having purchased for a valuable consideration the protection of the state. The planters have seen, not only with acquiescence but pleasure, their trade almost wholly confined to the mother country, the place os residence of the greater part, and tl.e object of the tenderest affection to all of them. Both planters and merchants have had the produce of their estates as largely taxed in Great-Britain, to the common support, as any others. The assembly of the illand of Jamaica
has, beyond any former example of liberality, and far beyond their abilities, laid destructive impositions on their estates and properties within the island. Vast personal services, burthenfome in the extreme, and nearly ruinous to the present value of all they possess, have been chcarfully given. They have borne patiently the heavy losses and burthens, the fatal though not unforeseen consequences of their separation from North America. Aster all these impositions and taxes in England, these taxes and personal services in Jamaica, and after sufferings of every kind in this war, on suggestion from friends of government, they have had resort in their individual characters to their almost exhausted purses, and made a large private subscription for their own defence.
They represent, that they have been credibly informed, that at the time when administration declined to provide the necessary forces, either by lea or land, for their defence, that his Majesty's secretary at war publicly declared, that his Majesty did then com-' rnand more numerous forces, by sea and land, than the most formidable monarch , of the world bad under his orders, when his power alarmed all Europe; and they are informed, that large additions to his Majesty's forces were made some time after. They now also seel, that they are amongst those who are taxed for the maintenance of an army of upwards of seventy thousand men employed in North America; and they presume, that the suppression of no rebellion whatever can be a more near and urgent concern of any government than the pro
tection of its loyal and useful subjects.
They represent, that they have not been wanting to themselves, by every representation in their power, and every solicitation, to call upon his Majesty's ministers for the necessary protection. For though, from the duty of their station, and their high trust, his Majesty's ministers ought to have shewn an anxious and provident dare of all his Majesty's dominions, even if individuals, through ignorance, or want of foresight, had neglected their own private interest in them; yet they humbly inform the house, that many strong remonstrances were made on this subject to his Majesty's ministers by your petitioners, beginning ib early as 1775, and continued to the 8th of December, 1779; and that addresses on the fame were made lo his Majesty by the assembly of Jamaica, as also a representation of the want of men, ships, stores, arms, ammunition, and of every other means for their defence ; yet they never did, at any time, receive from the said ministers any answers, other than excuses, on account of the number of ships employed on the American and home service, and cer. tain loose general assurances, from which they received little comfort, and have reaped no advantage; and that even the positive assurances of the governor to the assembly of the. island, of his Majesty's gracious intention that the squadron on that station sliould be considerably reinforced, have not been fulfilled
Your petitioners most humbly
request the attention of this house
to their past and present situation,
pledging themselves to prove, be
fll 3 yond