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aspect of affairs in North-Carolina, boats down the Pedee to George, For besides the fuppression of the Town, feized their own officers, and loyalists, who were treated with carried them with the fick men, all histle mercy, Major General the prisoners to the enemy. Baron de Kalbe, a German ofhcer General Gates was now arrived in the American service, arrived in North-Carolina, to take the in that province with 2000 conti- command of the new southern nental troops; and was followed army; and the time was fast apby fome bodies of militia from proaching, when his high military Virginia. The government of reputation was to be staked in an the colony were likewise indefa- arduous contest with the fortune tigable in their exertions and of Earl Cornwallis. In the sea preparations, at least for defence, cond week of August, that noble. if not for conquest. Troops were man having received intelligence raifed; the militia cvery where at Charles Town, that Gates was drawn ont; and Rutherford, Car- advancing with his army towards well, Sumpter, and other leaders, Lynche's Creek, that Sumpter advanced to the frontiers at the was endavouring to cut off ibo head of different bodies of them. communications between that city Skirmishes took place on all, fides, and the army, that the whole and were attended with various country between the Pedee and fortune; and the enemy became the Black River had revolted, and so dangerous, that Lord Rawdon that Lord Rawdon was collecting found it geceflary to contract his his whole force at Camden, ho posts.
iii , immediately let off for that place. It foon appeared, that the fub He found on his arrival no small mision of many of the South Ca- difficulties to encounter. Gates rolinians was merely compulfoty, was advancing, and at hand, with and that no conditions or confe- a very decided fuperiority of force. quences could bind or deter them His army was not estimated at left from purfuing the bent of their than five or fix thoutand men ; it inclinations, whenever the oppor. was likewise supposed to be very tunity offered. As the enemy in- well appointed; whilft the name creased in strength, and approached and character of the commander, nearer, numbers of those who had increafed the idea of its force. fabmitted to the British govern- On the other hand, Lord Corn, ment, and others wbo were on pa. wallis's regular force, was fo much role, abandoned, or hazarded all reduced by sickness and casualties, things, in order to join them. A as not much to exceed 1400 fight, Colonel Life, who had excbanged ing men, or rank and file, with his parole for a certificate of being four or five hundred militia, and a good fobie&t, carried off a whole North Carolina refugees. The battalion of militia, which had position of Camden, however adbeen raised by another gentleman vantageous or convenient in other for Lord Cornwallis, to join respects, was a bad one to receive Sumpter. Another battalion, who an attack. He could indeed have were appointed to conduct about made good his retreat to Charles100 fick of the -73ft regiment in Town with those troops that were
able to march; but in that case, if there were sufficiently provided he must have left about 800 fick, against. with a vast quantity of valuable It was almost fingular, that at ftores, to fall into the hands of the very hour and moment, at the enemy. He likewise foresaw, which Lord Cornwallis set out that excepting Charles-Town and from Camden to surprize Gates, the Savannah, a retreat would be that general thould set out from attended with the loss of the two Rugley's in order to furprize him. whole provinces of South Carolina For although he does not acknow. and Georgia.
ledge the fact in point of design, In thefe circumstances, the no- and even pretends, that his night ble commander determined, nei movement was made with a view ther to retreat, nor wait to be at. of seizing an advantageous pofi. tacked in a bad position. He tion some miles short of Camden ; knew that Charles-Town was so his order of march, the difpofiwell garrisoned and provided, that tion of his army, with the hour it could not be exposed to any of setting out, and other circumdanger, from whatever might be ftances, will leave but little room fal him. That his troops were to entertain a doubt of his real excellent, admirably officered, and obje&. These leading features well found and provided in all re- will remind some of our readers of fpects. And that the loss of his a celebrated action in the late war; fick, of his magazines, the aban- in which the Prussian monarch, donment of the country, and the environed with danger, and furdefertion of his friends, all of rounded on all sides by armies of which would be the inevitable enemies, some of which were fingly consequences of a retreat, were superior to his own, surprized and almost the heaviest evils which defeated Laudhon on a night march, could befal him in any fortune. when that able general intended to In his own words there was “ lit. conclude the war by completing the tle to lose by a defeat, and much to circle, and by furprizing him in a gain by a victory."
manner which must have been tical The intelligence which he re- in its effects.. ceived, that General Gates had In the present instance, the encamped in a bad situation, at light troops and advanced corps on Rugley's about 13 miles from both sides, necessarily fell in with Camden, undoubtedly served to and encountered each other in the confirm Lord Cornwallis in his dark, so that the surprize was
determination. He mutual. In this blind encounter, Aug. 15th.
sus accordingly marched however, the American light troops from Camden about 10 o'clock at being driven back precipitately on night, with a full intention of their van, occafioned fomc con surprizing Gates at Rugley's; and fiderable disorder in that part, if making his difpofitions in such a not in their centre, which proba. manner, as that his best troops and bly was never entirely recovered. greatest force should be direded Lord Cornwallis repressed the firagainst the continental regiments; ing early, and immediately formlaying little ftrets on the militia, ed; be found that the enemy wero in bad ground, and he would not fusion, began to give way on all hazard in the dark, the advantages fides, and a total and general tout which their situation would afford toon ensued. him in the light; at the same time We learned from the Americaa that he took fuch measures as ef- accounts, that the whole body of fedtually prevented their taking their militia, (which constituted any other. For the ground occu- much the greater part of their pied by both arınies, being nar force) excepting only one Northrowed and pressed in upon on ei. Carolina regiment, gave way and ther hand by deep swamps, afford- run, at the very first fire ; and ed great advantages to the weaker that all the efforts of the general in making the attack, and by pre- himself, and of the other comventing the stronger from extend. manders, were incapable of bring. ing their lines, deprived them in ing them afterwards ever to rally, a great mealure, of those which or to make a single stand; fo that they should have derived from their gaining the woods as fast as possi. superiority in number.
ble, they totally dispersed. But A movement made by the Ame- the continental regular troops, ricans on the left by day-light, and the single North Carolina indicating some change of dispo- regiment of militia, vindicatsition or order, does not feem to ed their own and the national have been a very judicious mea- character. They even stood that sure, in the face of, and so near laft and sore test of the good. to, such a commander, and such nets of troops, the push of the an army. Lord Cornwallis faw bayonet, with great constancy and the advantage, and instantly seized firmness. it; Col. Webiter, who commanded The British commander thewed the right wing, directly charging , his usual valour and military 1kill, the enemy's left, with the light And the officers and troops, in infantry, supported by the 23d their respective itations, answered and 330 regiments. The action his warmest expectations. But soon became general, and was sup- though all are entitled to our ap. ported near an hour, with wonder- plaufe, yet Lord Rawdon, with ful resolution, and the most deter- the two Lieutenant-Colonels Web. mined obftinacy. The firing was ster and Tarleton, could not avoid quick and heavy on both sides ; being particularly distinguished. and intermixed with sharp and The victory was complete. The well - supported contests at the broken and scattered enemy were point of the bayonet. The morn- pursued as far as Hanging-Rock, ing being still and hazy, the smoke above twenty miles from the field hung over and involved both ar- of battle. All their artillery, mies in such a cloud, that it was amounting to seven or eight brass difficult to see or to estimate the field pieces, with 2000 stand of state of destruction on either Gdearms, their military waggons, and The British troops, however, evi- several trophies, were taken. Lord dently prefled forward ; and at the Cornwallis estimates the slain at period we have mentioned, the eight or nine hundred, and says Americans were thrown into con- about a thousand prisoners were 7
taken. The General, Baron de culties of the country. Lord CornKalbe, who was second in com- wallis confidered it a matter of mand, was mortally wounded, and great importance to his future taken. That officer spent his last operations, to give a decisive blow breath in dictating a letter, expres- to this body, before he pursued Give of the warmest atteaion for his success by advancing into the Americans, containing the North Carolina. He accordingly highest encomiums on the valour detached Colonel Tarleton, with of the continental troops, of which the light infanty and cavalry of he had been so recent a witness, the legion, amounting to abont and declaring the satisfaction which 350, upon this service. The adhe then felt, in having been a vantages to be derived from woody, partaker of their fortune, and Arong, and difficult countries, arç having fallen in their caure. much counterbalanced by the op
The American Brigadier-Ge- portunities which they afford of geral Gregory, was among the surprize. The brave and a&ive Dain, and Rutherford was wound- officer employed upon this occaed and taken. Although some fion, by forced marches, judicious brave officers fell, and several measures, and excellent intelliwere wounded, on the British side, gence, surprized Sumpter so com. yet the loss which the army suf- pletely at noon-day, that his men, tained, was upon the whole com. lying totally careless and at eate, paratively small. It amounted, were mostly cut off from their including eleven milking, only to arins. The victory was accord324, in which number the Nain ingly nothing more than a flaughbore a very moderate proportion. • ter and rout. About 150 were
Upon the whole, Gates seems killed on the fpot, about 300, to have been much outgeneralled. with two pieces of cannon, taken, He was, however, consoled in his and a number of prisoners and misfortune, (which has since oc- waggons retaken. cafioned his retreat from the ser- These splendid succeffes laid the dice) by the approbation of his fouthern colonies open, to all the conduct and services, which was effects of that fpirit of enterprize publicly bestowed by some of the which distinguishes Earl Cornaffemblies.
wallis, and which he communi. General Sumpter had for some cates to all who act under his comtime been very successful in cut. mand. In any other war than the ting off or intercepting the British American, they would have been parties and convoys, and lay now decisive of the fate of those colowith about a thousand men, and nies. But it has been the fingular a number of prisoners and waggons fortune of that war, that victory, which he had lately taken, at the on the British fide, has been unCatawba fords ; apparently secured productive of its proper and eufby distance, as well as the diffi- tomary effects.