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new raised corps, and with no present reign, to the support of common degree of animation and every measure of the court and {pirit, by the principal men in op- ministers, however dangerous in pofition. Disclaiming in strong their nature, desperate in their determs all national prejudices,,, ihey sign, or ruinous in their tendency. seadily, acknowledged, that Scor- Could any thing ihen be more land produced as, brave and as alarming to the people of this able officers as any in the world; country, than to see the sword but whilft this was freely and placed almost exclusively in the chearfully admitted, they abro- hands of men, who were avowed. lutely denied, and said it did not ly so inimical to their constituadmit of a queition, that either tional rights, and public liber. ! that, or any other country in the ties? It was likewise, in a paruniverse, had ever exceeded Eng- rower view of the question, the land in the production of such more unreasonable in the pracmen. , But they abhorred all odious tice, and the more pernicious in comparative discussions of the me- the effect, as it was peculiarly chasits of che brave. Their object, racteristic, they said, of the natives they said, was strongly to con- of that part of the united king. demn that illiberal, unconftitu- dom, to be more subjected to local tional, and dangerous partiality, , attachments, and to violent naThewn by the present ministers to tional, and other prejudices, than one part of the united kingdom, perhaps any other people upon in prejudice to the other. This, the face of the earth; insomuch, they afferted, was carried' to a that it was a fact known to all pitch of enormity, unparalleled military men, that no English in the history of any other coun- officer could live in any regiment try, excepting that of a conquer. the majority of which was Scotchi ed and fufpected people. It was whereas, on the other hand, no likewise the more particularly dan- Scotch gentleman ever found any gerous, they said, as the natives of difficulty, or felt the smallest un. that county, being debarred by easiness, in living in a regiment, their own peculiar conftitution of mostly, or almost wholly Englia. many of those rights and immuni. They entered into a recital of ties at home, which were inherent facts, to support the charge of an to Englishmen, were not only dif- unjust partiality in point of miliposed to make light of privileges tary promotion. However invidiof which they knew not the va-, ous this talk might appear, they lue, but were likewise apt, and, felt it their duty, they said, with. naturally enough, to regard them out the smallest degree of personal with racher a jealous and malig- prejudice, to fate the facts to the

nant eye. And it was besides a house. Our firit nobility, Eng. matter of such public notority lith gentlemen of the most an.

as could not escape the notice of cient and illustrious families; fa.

the moft heedless observer, that milies particularly attached to the . the natives of that country had, constitution, and to revolution with very few exceptions indeed, principles; and whose own pofbeen violently attached during the lesions rendered them deeply in VOL. XXIII.

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terefted terested in the security and pro- every rule of military order and sperity of their country; were re- decorum, as well as every idea of fused the favour of raising regi. general propriety, these new men *ments for its defence, upon the were allowed, to the ruin of the same terms which were accepted recruiting service, to raise their from unknown men; from clerks regiments in the heart of Eng. in office, and commis. Among land; instead of their being sent other names brought forward as on that bufiness, as was naturally instances upon this charge, were to be expected, to the part of the those of the Earl of Derby, and unired kingdom, where their inof his brother the late Mjor terests and connections might be Stanley. What rewards, they supposed to lie. So that, by this aked, had fuch distinguished offi- new and unparalleled manage. cers as the Colonels Meadowes and ment, they were, in fact, English Musgrave received, for their emi. regiments totally commanded by nent services None other, than Scotch officers; as if this country wounds, and constitutions broken had not produced men, who were and ruined, in climates unfavour- qualified for the conduct of its own able to the human species? Was forces. either of them offered a new regi. They did not with, they said, ment? Or would either of them to restrain the gentlemen of that have declined the offer? The Earl country from their full thare of of Harrington, who had dedicat military rank and command; they ed his life and fortune to the ser- even threw no personal blame on vice of his country, and who had those who were gratified with painfully, earned in the field every more. Their object of reprobaAtep of his rank, was now sent to tion was, the undue preference the Welt Indies, and destined to given by ministers, to one part of obey the commands of a man, who the united kingdom in prejudice was the other day a half-cay su- to the other. They detefted all baltern. Would that nobleman, partiality.'. They would equally or would his brother, Major Scan. oppose and condemn, a southern hope, have refused to raise regias a northern, an English or Irilh, ments, on the conditions which as a Scorch partiality. The thing · were annexed with them to men was in itself odious, wherever it who had never seen any services was found, or however applied. On the contrary, Major Stanhope In the present state of public af. had made the proposal, and was fairs, it was highly dangerous, rejected; he also had a particular and might be fatal. They wished, natural interest in the county of and our situation most urgently Derby, which now affords the demanded, that the three king

head quarters for the enlisting and doms Tould be actuated by one • forming of a regiment, by a man heart, and their force concentrat.

whose name was never before heard ed in one common arm. But this - of in the county. For, they said, could never be obtained or hoped * to render the farce more truly ri. for, whilft government itfelf was ** dicalous on the fide of ministers, the lower of discord and diffen. i or' as if they meant to burlesque hon, by the partial and unjust


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diftribution of those favours, with ed merely by pure spirit and zeal the disposal of , which, for pur- on this occasion; as, to his knowposes widely different, it had been ledge, he had given up a much entrafted by the constitution. more lucrative employment, in

The nature of the subject con. order to serve his country in this fined the debate on the other fide, arduous and critical moment. in a great degree, to a general No insult or injury had been ofdenial of the alleuged partiality, fered to the service by accepting of and to a qualification or justifica- his offer to raise a 'regiment. Je tion of the particular articles of was wanted for a special purpose charge. The secretary at war on a sudden; a very gallant and contended, that various noble. advantageous offer was made, and men and others, who had never at that time there were no other been in service before, had raised offers, so that other men could regiments in the last war, and not be preferred. Hints were had been appointed to their com. also thrown out, that fome parti. mand. Being called upon to spe- culars had come to his knowledge, cify, he particularly mentioned which ought to give him a preGeneral Frazer, and Gen. Mor- ference in the service, to which he ris. He produced a long list of was particularly destined. promotions in order to fhew, that A general officer, on the other the charge of partiality in favour fide, observed, that the appointof Scotch officers was unfounded, ment of Lieut. Gen. Frazer to a In regard to Colonel Fullarton, high command in the last war, was (whose corps formed the great ob not a military, but a political ject of contention) after passing the measure. That the idea was a highest encomiums on the private very wise one; and the effect of character, and public spirit of that the measure equalled the wisdom gentleman, and particularly ap. of the design. It was intended plauding the liberality of his offer to wear away the inveterate preto.government, he contended, judices, which several of the that when gentlemen of active northern clans of Scotland' had minds, and of enterprizing spi- entertained against government; . rits, made a tender of their abili. and it not only effectually rooted ties, and directed them to parti- out those ancient animofitjes, but cular services of the first importit converted the most disaffected ance, it would be indefenfible in and dangerous of those people, government to have refused their into excellent regiments of hardy offers; and more especially fo, foldiers, who, instead of being in. when the conditions on which ternal enemies, fought bravely in they tendered their regiments, were our service abroad. much cheaper to the public than Another general officer, of high those of others.

: military rank and reputation, The noble American Secretary. who has not been engaged in any took the same ground, and spoke active service during the present in the highest terms of Colonel war, and who once filled a very Fullaston's conduct and character, high civil department of the state, He said, that he had been actuat. declared, that he should not oppose

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the estimate in the grofs, as he had tacked, and say nothing in deno objc&ion to some of the new fence of minifters, againft whom corps : but he mult oppose that the whole strength of the departicular corps, the command of bate had gone. The reason, in. which was given to a gentleman, degd, he gave for the appointment who had no military kill, and no was, they said, curious. No other military rank. For though he offers, he said, were then made highly ekeemed the private cha. was that a reason for accepting racter of Mr. Fullarton, he must this! No other offers for that par. think it an injury to the army that ticular provifion could be made, as he should have the command of a the nature of the service was only tegular regiment, when there were known to the gentleman in ques. so many veteran majors, who had tion. the joint pretenfions, of wounds, The quellion before the comexperience, and service, to plead mitteo, was, whether the fums for preference. The military gen- allotted in the estimates for the clemen on that side, (who were raising and support of the new those only that spoke at all upon corps should be agreed to. The the fubje&t) observed in general, question being respectively put on that it must be a strange obje&t of Col. Holroyd's dragroons, and cnterprize, which a regiment of Col. Humberstone's corps, was raw recruits, headed by a leader agreed to without a division. Bat totally inexperienced in martial with refpect to Col. Fallarton's matters, were deemed the fitteft corps, the committee divided, inftruments for carrying through when the question was carried for with effect.

granting the fum proposed in the The reason given by the secre- estimate, by a majority of 102 tary at war for the appointment of to 66. . the new colonel, viz. his active But the fucceeding and enterprizing spirit, was re- day, was to diftinguish April oth. probated on the other side in ra. the present session from every other ther severe terms. It was said to fince the revolution; and was be a direct libel on the whole Bri- likewise to lay the ground for tish army; it was no less than say. those subsequent events, which ing, that the men, who at present brought out so much immediate composed the army, were defi- bitterness of reproach, relative to cient in those qualities of enter. the Auctuation of conduct or prinprize and spirit; and were accord- ciple in no small number of mem. ingly incapable through that de- bers of the House of Commons; fect, notwithstanding their milie and which have finally affixed a tary skill and experience, of un- charge, at least, of inconfiftensy.

dertaking the particular" service for which will not soon be worn off, · which that gentleman was def- upon the character of that parlia.

tined and qualified. It was like- ment. That day was destined, by - wise replied to the American se- a previous order, to the taking

cretary, that it was fingular he into consideration the petitions of · Tould rise in vindication of a gen- the people of England; amounteleman who had not been at.. ing to about forty in number ;


and conveying their sentiments, and investigation of the different : names in such an immense quantity grounds on which they were fup : of parchment, as seemed rather ported and opposed. Mr. Burke's calculated to busy than to cover the scheme of reform, held the first.. Speaker's cable.

place in this course of examination; . The business was opened, and which he described, with respect : the subject delineated by Mr. Dun-' to the labour and difficulty of the ning. It seems almost needless to talk, the number and magnitude add, that the arrangement was of the various and complicated I clear, and the representation objects which it embraced, and .., ftrong and accurate. He observed, the heterogeneous and discordant that independent of all other great nature. of that chaos, of matter, public objects recommended by which he had separated, reduced, the petitions to the care and atten- and by a new arrangement com. tion of parliament, and which, bined in such admirable light and according to the different ideas of order, as one of the first efforts of the various classes of pecitioners, human ability and genius; and as were of a various nature, there equally affording an instance of was, however, one great funda, uncommon zeal, unrivalled induf. mental point on which they all try, and of invincible perseverance. hinged. This was, the setting He observed, that this scheme. limits to the increased, dangerous, was partly upon the plan of the and unconftitutional infuence of petitions ; that if it did not em. the crown, and an economical brace every thing that was dea expenditure of the public mo. seribed or pointed to in the petiney. For although these seemed tions, it contained nothing that, to be separate objects; yet they was not consonant to their letter migbt be fairly consolidated into and spirit; nor did it exclude or one great principle. For instance, determine against a syllable of if the public money was faithful- their contents. The history ly applied, and, frugally expended, which he gave of the original see that would, in its effect, reduce ception of that scheme; of the the undue influence of the crown; progress of the establishment bill; if, on the other hand, that in, and of the various opposition fluence was restrained within its which it encountered, unto the late natural and constitutional bounds, defeat, which he considered as its it would immediately restore the final catastrophe, was highly curilost energy of parliament, and once ous, interesting, and full of keen more give efficacy to the exercise political observation. of that great power, of seeing to With respect to the first article, the disposal, and controuling the Mr. Dunning drew a distinction, expenditure of the pubiic money, (not very honourable to those with which the conftitution had whom it affected) between the geparticularly invested that house. nuine fentiments of the house,

He took a short but accurate when acting from their own imme. view of the several queitions diate feelings and perceptions, and which had hitherto been agitated the impreßions afterwards made upon the subject, with a critical upon them from without. To

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