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· The question being pat, after renewal of their charter, as he had one o'clock in the inorning, on the deemed fatisfactory, he should acfirst member of the clause, for abo. cordingly move the house, for the lishing the office of treasurer of the speaker to give them the three chamber, it was loli upon a divi- years notice ordained by ad of par. fion, by, the now, considerable ma- liament, previous to the diffolution jority, of 211, to 158. The mino. of their charter, that the capital rity, upon this division, were pub- stock or debt, of 4,200,000 l. which Hicly thanked by several of the coun. the public owed to the company, ty meetings. This fall of numbers thould be fully paid, on the sth of was accounted for by some late ma. April 1783, agreeable to the power neuvres of the court; by which of redemption included in the said Some of the country gentlemen who act. bad usually adhered to it, but who Mr. Fox, and Mr. Burke, opbad on the popularity of this bill pored the measure with wonderful gone from it, now returned; and a fervour and animation. The first second change becarie, manifeft in asked the minister, whether he was several others.
not content with having lott AmeMr. Burke then declared his to. rica ? Or was he determined, betal indifference as to what became fore he quitted his present ftua: of the rest of the bill. He was, tion, to reduce the British empire bowever, rouled into his wonted to the confines of this island? Could activity by his friend Mr. Fox, who he point out, a fingle good, which urged the expediency of going his motion was capable of produc. through with the bill to the very ing? Was he blind and insensible last; however little more they got to the evil and danger with which for the people, than what they had it was fraught? Why issue an imalready gained, it still would be potent threat, which he neither inworth the striving for. The mere tended, nor was capable of carryabolition of the board of trade, ing into execution ? It was ridicueven if nothing farther was done, lous, it was dangerous to threaten, he infifted, was worth the struggle; when men dared not to perform for as he was determined, and he what they threatened. Did he boped his honourable friend would wish to behold the scenes of anarjoin with him, in renewing the chy, confusion, distress, and ruin, bill from session to sellion, until its which bis idle threat might probapurposes were obtained, so they bly produce in the company's afwould have seven less of the ene- fairs and possessions in India ? Did my to fight against on the next en- he think that house, would at this counter. The succeeding mem. time of day, under the immediate bers of the clause were according. prellure and bitter experience of ly gone through, and each receiv- past rashness and misconduct, waned a negative without a division. tonly hazard the ample revenues,
On the day following this debate, the resources of power and wealth, the minister informed the house, that which this country derived, from the East India company not hav- the trade and commerce of the East ing made luch proposals for the India company?, Supposing even
that that the noble lord was capable of with our affairs, must know and feel. carrying his threat into execution, He declared, that if it were poffand really intended it, was he igble to adopt it, it would turn out a porant of the heavy loss which the new Millisippi fcheme; and that it nation must sustain, in the mere was worthy only, of such an unprinarticle of paying off the capital, cipled, abandoned, bubble projector in the present state of the funds ? as Law. He did not doubt but in Did he not know, that although this country, there would be found the 4,200,000l. carried only three men weak and bad enough to bite per cent, yet that he must pay it at at such a bubble; but he asserted, par! and that the three per cents that it would burft with utter ruin being down at sixty in the market, to the adventurers. He reminded the public must necessarily lose a the house, that they had lost thirclear forty per cent. on every hun- teen colonies, by the rapacity of the dred pound they paid off? If a minister, in endeavouring to obtain new company was the object of his a great revenue from America; and speculation, did he not know that he warned then not to throw the the trade njuft then be open ? that , East after the West, by being again he was disabled by law from ren- led into another revenue chace. dering it exclusive and that the That this would prove as idle as present company would still retain the former; for that no money, at their pofleflioos, strong-holds, and least no immediate fupply, could so many other of their present [11- be derived from those territorial perior powers and advantages in potreslions; which were a constant the country, as mult speedily ruin bait to the avarice of the court, and the new adventurers, if any could perhaps of the public. be found mad enough to become The minifter denied that his mosuch
tion was a threat or a menace. It Mr. Burke seemed unable to find was meant merely as putting in a words, to fill up the reprobation legal claim in behalf of the public, which he wished to beltow on the to the reverfion of a right which propotal. He said it was more undoubtedly belonged to them; and worthy of revellers intoxicated by at that moment of time, when it liquor, than of statesmen in a sober was especially necessary that the leuate. He rejected the narrow claim Inhould be formally made. idea of bargaining with the East Gentlemen did not seem to recol. India company, as if we were treat- lect, that by the lapse only of a few ing with an enemy; and upon the days, with refpea to the notice, the wretched principle, that whatever company would necessarily gain, and was not squeezed out in the bar. the public unavoidably lose, à year's gain, was to be considered as to posleflion of those advantages, which, much loft. He threw the fpecula- by the stipulations of the law that tion of a new company into every founded the agreement, were to repoint of ridicule. He was sure the vert to the latter at the conclusion minifter never seriously intended it. of three years; leaving it in the The thing could not be, as every option of the public, on receiving man of business, and acquainted proper fatisfaction from the com
pany, to grant, by a new charter, measures adopted, as would prevent à renewal of their lease. This was or remedy the evils threatened to all that the motion tended to. It the revenue. precluded no propositions which Mr. Burke having moved the might hereafter be made by the previous question on the minifter's company, nor it laid no restraint on motion, it was rejected on a divi. parliament from accepting of any fion, by a majority of 142, to 68. which it approved. It merely went The main question being then put, to prevent a year of the public for the speaker to give notice to right to the reverfion of the com- the East India company, of the pany's trade from flipping away payment in three years of their ca. without any compensation.
pital stock, it was carried without a 1 In answer to those gentlemen on division. the other side, who said that the On the last day of fitting before company would laugh at the no- the receis, upon bringing up the tice, because they inust know that report from the committee of ways it could not be seriously intended; and means, of the new and very he should in the first place observe, heavy taxes, which were then to be that it would be the East India laid on, a faint, and perhaps ill. company's own fault, if the notice judged attempt, was made by a was carried into execution. But few gentlemen in opposition, to he would not have these gentlemen defer receiving the report, until carry away the idea, that if the the petitions of the people of Eng. present company broke up and die land were heard, and their griev. vided their stock, the public would, ances redressed. A motion was ac. as a neceflary consequence, lose the cordingly framed, for poftponing revenues ariâng from the trade, or the report, until the 7th of April ; from the territorial acquisitions in and notwithstanding the appearance India. He trusted there were means of the house, and other infallible of securing both the one and the indications of the event, was unacother. He did not with to break countably pushed to a division ; with the present company; he did when it was rejected by a majority not desire to drive them to a diffo. of 145, to 37. lution ; but the company ought not During these scenes of continued to iinagine that the public lay at and doubtful warfare in the House their mercy. The public had a of Commons, Tomė tacit cessation right to look for great resources of hoftility seemed to prevail in from the company, and from the that of the Lords ; the only public territorial acquisitions in India. The question that was brought forward, company, as it was now established, being a motion of the Earl of Ef. he acknowledged was the best me- fingham, on the oth of March, dium of drawing home the reve- for a list of all places, penfions, and nues from the Indies; but if the employments, whether for a term company were so unreasonable and of years, for life, during pleasure, so thoughtless, as not to come to a or good behaviour, held by the fair bargain with the public, a new members of that house. It would company might be formed, and such not have been easy to have found
any new ground of debate upon Auence the public conduct of any this subjea. Much of the ground of its noble members. And argutaken upon a former motion of the ments similar to those which we have Earl of Shelburne's, which exclud- already teen, were used on the other ed lords who held places or pen. fide, to thew the futility or absurfions under governinent, from fit- dity of that idea. In the course of ting in the proposed committee of the debate, some strictures which accounts, was now trodden again were passed on the confiitution of by both parties. The same inju. the Scotch peerage, excited fome rious censure was now laid to be degree of warmth ; nor did even thrownupon the honour of the house the right reverend bench of bishops, by the present motion, which had pass entirely fcot-free.-The mobeep before charged to the former, tion was rejected upon a division, by in suppofing that places, pensions, a majority of 51 to 27. or emoluments, could pollibly in.
Ç H A P. VIII. ... .. Aruy estimaies. Debutes on the subject of the new corps. Divifion.
Question carrieil. Confideration of the petitions. Great debates in the Committee. Part Faken by the Speaker. Amendment to the motion, pro. posed and agreed to. Mr. Dunning's amended motion, carried, upon a divifion, in a very full houle. Second motion, agreed to. Third motion, by Wir. T. Pitt, agreed to. House resumeid. Mir. Fox's motion, for immediately receiving the report from the committee, opposed, but carried. Resolutions, reported, received, and confirmed by the House Ar. L'unning's motion (on a following day) in the committee, for secur. ing the independence of parliament, agreed to. Second motion, for dif. qu.lifying perfons holding certain othices, from fitting in thut house, care ried, upon a division, by a majority of trvo only. Mr. Crecue's bill, for cxcluding revenue officers from voting on thi election of members of parliainent, reje&ted, on a division. Great debates in the House of Lords, upon the second reading of the contractors bill. The bill rejected, upon á division, by a confiderablc majority. Proteft. Consequences of the Speaker's illness. Poliponed motion of Mr. Dunning's, for an address, so prevent dissolving the parliament, or proroguing the present feflion, until proper measures should be taken for correcting the evils complained of in the petitions of the people, brings out lorg debates ; but is rejected by a considerable majority, in an exceedingly full house.. Disorder upon Hr. For's rising to Speak, after the division. Nature of his speech, Reply,' by the minister. Great dcbates upon the clause in Mr. Burke's stablishment bill, for abolishing the office of the Great Wardrobe, &c, Clause rejected upon a division. Succceding clause, for abolishing thie Board of Works, rejccteil upon a division. Debutes upon the minister's bill for a commision of accounts. Close division upon a question in the committee. Bill at length pased, Dibates on Colonel Burrë's motions, relative to the extraordinaries of the army. Firp motion rejected, upon a division, by a great majority. Succeeding resolutions rejected. General
Carway's Convay's bill, for restoring peace with America, disposed of, upon a divifion, by a motion for the order of the day. Motion tonding to an enquiry, into any requisition made by the civil magistrate, for the attendance of the military, upon the late meeting of the clectors of Westminster. Various clauses of Mr. Burke's establishment bill, rajceted, upon, or without dimi. fions. Recorder of London's motion in behalf of the petitioners, rejeêted upon
a division. Mr. Dunning's motion, in the committee of the whole house on · the confideration of the petitions, for reporting their own two resolutions of
the Toth of April, set aside, by a motion for the chairman to quit the chair, which was carried upon a division. Meeting of the Protestant also. ciation in St. George's Fields. Subsequent riots, mischiefs, and conflagra. tions. Resolutions, conduct, and adjournment of both houses. Lord George Gordon committed to the Tower. Speech from the throne, on the meeting of parliament after the late disorders. Addresses. Resolutions in the House of Commons, for quieting the minds of well-nicaning, but ill-informed per. forzs. Bill passes the House of Commons, for the security of the Protejtand religion. Is laid by in the House of Lords. Speech from the throne. Prorogation.
April 5th. O h O n the second day always draws a particular degree
after the recess, of complacency and attention from the army estimates being laid be- the house) that he neither received fore the House of Commons, and any pay, nor was entitled to any a motion made for their reference future rank, so that the trouble to a committee, much warm debate, and expence, along with the hoas had been expected, and in fume nour and pleasure of serving his degree announced, arose upon the country in a time of difficulty and subject of the new levies, and of danger, was all that he could polthe innoyations with respect to rank Gibly derive from the command. and promotion, which were charged But what particularly saved this by the opposition to have taken place corps and appointment from farin the army.
ther animadversion, was, its being Sir Philip Jennings Clerke, first stated by the minister himself, to brought forward the business of the be only a regiment of what is Cinque Ports regiment, which the called fencible men; a term beminister, as Lord Warden of those fore unknown in the military af. ports, had raised, in a great mea. fairs of England, but which is apsure, if not entirely, at his own plied in Scotland to a species of expence; and to the command of militia, (particularly the loyal clans. which his son, who had not be- of Argyleshire, who were origi. fore held any military command, nally retained by government as was appointed. This regiment a check upon their disaffeded was covered, as well by the cir- neighbours) whose terms of enliftcumstances which attended its be- ment extend no father than to ing raised, as by the declaration the immediate defence of their of Colonel North himself, in his country. place, and in his first parliamen- But the debate was kept up af. tary speech, (a circumstance which terwards, with refpe& to other