« PreviousContinue »
four warm, and two private cold baths. principal one is 39 feet in length, and 27 feet in width, being of a qurdrangular form; the depth at one end is 3 feet 6 inches, and at the other is 4 feet 6 inches. A covered gallery and commodious dressing-rooms surround this bath, and until the present season it was uncovered, but in consequence of the soot falling into the water, an awning has been placed over to prevent this inconvenience. On the eastern side is an entrance to the saloon, that communicates with the warm baths, each of which is supplied with a convenient dressing-room, and furnished with a comfortable fire-place.
The northern wing is assigned to the gentlemen's baths, the largest of which is in the form of quadrangle, and measures 45 feet by 27 feet. It is 3 feet 6 inches deep at one end, and 5 feet 6 inches deep at the other, and until this year was open at the top, but has now an awning drawn over. The space around this bath has a projecting roof, supported by iron pillars; and adjoining there are twenty-three smaller, besides some larger dressing-rooms. One of the latter leads to a private cold bath. In addition to these there are four private warm baths, besides,- -one tepid, one vapour, or sulphur, and another a shower bath. On the east side an entrance leads to a spacious saloon, lighted from above, which communicates with the private warm baths.
The middle part of this building is occupied by a steam engine, which is used to force the water out of the reservoir into tunnels, where it undergoes a process of filtration, by which means it is purified and rendered clear.
The two principal baths are entered by descending stairs at each end, and all are lined with beautiful white tiles, which produce a remarkably neat and clean appearance. The entire edifice is admirably adapted to answer all the ends for which it was intended, and affords every convenience for the purpose of bathing,
THE CORN EXCHANGE.
This building, which measures 114 feet by 60 feet, is situate on the south side of Brunswickstreet, and is adorned with a handsome stone front, of the Doric order of architecture. The whole was erected from the designs of the late John Foster, Esq., at an expense of £10,000, which sum was raised by subscription, in shares of £100 each. The first stone was laid on the 24th of April, 1807, and the opening took place on the 4th of August in the succeeding year.
The general meeting of merchants, and others connected with the corn trade, is held here for the transacting of business. The market days are Tuesdays and Fridays, from eleven to one o'clock.
THE TOBACCO WAREHOUSE.
This extensive pile is built of brick, in a plain
unornamented style of architecture, and is situate on the west side of the King's Dock. The walls are eighteen inches thick, and extend from north to south 575 feet, and from east to west 239 feet, enclosing an area of three acres one rood and twenty perches statute measure. All tobacco imported is deposited here until the duty is paid. This structure was erected by the corporation, from whom it is rented by the government. The pier on the west side affords an extensive prospect of the river and the opposite coast, and at high water forms a pleasant promenade.
One of the most remarkable improvements peculiar to seaports in modern days, is the construction of spacious and commodious docks, by which vessels are sheltered from the dangers and inconveniences incident from an exposure to the inclemencies of the weather, especially during boisterous winds. By this means great loss and damage are prevented to the public, and a more ready and facile method of loading and discharging vessels is afforded; besides the goods to be embarked or landed are less exposed to injury, and a considerable saving of time and labour is obtained.
A survey of these wonderful works will occa
sion no small degree of surprize and admiration, if we consider that every inch of ground on which they stand has been slowly, but incessantly gained from the river, by dint of human labour and ingenuity, in despite of the never-ceasing resistance made by the waters from the ocean, which run twice in every twenty-four hours, to assert their claim to the limits of their ancient boundaries.
The entire length of the river wall, comprising the new works at the north and south, is 2 miles 820 yards, without including the several openings; and the docks at present occupy a space of more than 100 acres, the whole of which inroad on the river has been effected in a period of little more than a century.
In our description of the Docks we shall pursue a method in accordance with locality, rather than one founded on priority of time. We shall therefore commence with the south, and so proceed to the north; by this means the visiter may more easily make himself acquainted with these immense works, a survey of which will amply compensate him for his trouble.
THE BRUNSWICK DOCK.
This dock is situate in Queen Anne-street South, and is intended to be the last that shall be built on the south part of the town. It is designed chiefly for the use of shipping employed in the timber
trade, and is of greater dimensions than any other dock that has hitherto been constructed here. It is likewise to be furnished with two graving docks. The east and west sides measure each 430 yards, and the north and south ends extend 140 yards each,
The Half-Tide Basin is to the north of this dock, and communicates with it and the Queen's Dock. Its dimensions are 120 yards by 108 yards. The Brunswick Dock Basin is connected with this on the west, and the north and south sides are each 200 yards long, and the east and west sides are each 120 yards long.
THE QUEEN'S DOCK.
This dock, which cost £35,000, was opened on the 17th April, 1796, and the first vessel that eutered it was the American brig Baltimore. The gates are 42 feet wide, and 28 feet deep, and over the entrance is a handsome cast iron swivel bridge. Shipping freighted with timber, and Baltic and Dutch vessels, chiefly frequent this dock. The length of the east side is 460 yards, and that of the west side 435 yards; the north end measures 110 yards, and the south end 90 yards. On the south end, and on the east and west sides, are commodious sheds for the protection of goods from the inclemencies of the weather during the time of loading or discharging. The quay is very extensive, and between it and