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that have not been ceded or
having been ceded to us, are reserved to them, or any of them, as No governours their hunting grounds; we do therefore, with the advice of our grants of lands privy council, declare it to be our royal will and pleasure, that no
governour or commander in chief in any of our colonies of Quebec, fold to the King East Florida, or West Florida, do presume, upon any pretence by the Indians.
whatever, to grant warrants of survey, or pass any patents, for lands beyond thé bounds of their respective governments, as described in their commissions; as also that no governour or commander in chief of our other colonies or plantations in America do presume, for the present, and until our further pleasure be known, to grant warrants of survey, or pass patents, for any lands beyond the heads or sources of any of the rivers which fall into the Atlantic Ocean from the west or north-west
, or upon any lands whatever, which, not having been ceded to or purchased by us as aforesaid, are reserved to the said Indians, or any of them.
And we do further declare it to be our royal will and pleasure,
for the present, as aforesaid, to reserve under our sovereignty, proreserved for the tection, and dominion, for the use of the said Indians, all the land wife of the In- and territories not included within the limits of our said three new
governments, or within the limits of the territory granted to the Hudson's Bay Company; as also all the land and territories lying to the westward of the fources of the rivers which fall into the sea from the west and north-west as aforesaid ; and we do hereby ftri&tly forbid, on pain of our displeasure, all our loving subjects from making any purchases or settlements whatsoever, or taking possession of any of the lands above referved, without our especial leave and licence for that purpose first obtained.
All the lands not included in the new governments Thall be
And we do further strictly enjoin and require all persons whatsettled on the grounds re foever, who have either wilfully or inadvertently feated themselves Indians are re- upon any lands within the countries above described, or upon any quired to retire other lands which, not having been ceded to or parchased by us,
are still reserved to the said Indians as aforefaid, forth with to remove themselves from such fettlements.
And whereas great frauds and abuses have been committed in the purchasing lands of the Indians, to the great prejudice of our interests, and to the great diffatisfaction of the faid Indians ; in order therefore to prevent such irregularities for the future, and
to the end that the Indians may be convinced of our justice and determined resolution to remove all reasonable cause of discontent, we do, with the advice of our privy council, strictly enjoin and require, that no private person do presume to make any purchase No private perfrom the said Indians of any lands reserved to the faid Indians chase any lands within those parts of our colonies where we have thought proper of the Indians. to allow settlement; but if at any time any of the said Indians should be inclined to dispose of the said lands, the same shall be purchased only for us, in our name, in some public meeting or assembly of the said Indians, to be held for that purpose by the governour or commander in chief of our colony respectively within which they shall lie: and in case they shall lie within the limits of any proprietaries, conformable to such directions and instructions as we or they shall think proper to give for that purpose. And we do, by the advice of our privy council, declare and The trade with enjoin, that the trade with the said Indians shall be free and be free to all the open to all our subjects whatever ; provided that every person who King's fubjefte. may incline to trade with the said Indians do take out a licence for carrying on such trade from the governour or commander in chief of any of our colonies respectively where such person shall reside, and also give security to observe such regulations as we shall at any time think fit, by ourselves or commissaries to be appointed for this purpose, to direct and appoint for the benefit of the said trade : and we do hereby authorize, enjoin, and require the governours and commanders in chief of all our colonies respectively, as well those under our immediate government, as those under the government and direction of proprietaries, to grant such licences without fee or reward, taking especial care to insert therein a condition that such licence shall be void, and the security forfeited, in case the person to whom the same is granted shall refuse or neglect to observe such regulations as we shall think proper to prescribe as aforesaid
And we do further expressly enjoin and require all officers Power to miliwhatever, as well military as those employed in the management others to seize; and direction of the Indian affairs within the territories reserved, undefend backa as aforesaid, - for the use of the said Indians, to seize and apprehenderiminals whics all persons whatever, who standing charged with treason, mis- into the Indian prision of treason, murder, or other felonies or misdemeanors,
shall fly from justice and take refuge in the said territory, and to send them under a proper guard to the colony where the crime was committed of which they shall stand accused, in order to take their trial for the same.
Given at our court at St. James's, the 7th day of October 1763,
in the third year of our reign.
GOD Save the KIN G.
N U M B E R
COMMISSION of CAPTAIN General and GOVERNOur in
Chief of the Province of Quebec.
France, and Ireland, King, Defender of the Faith, and so
E, reposing especial trust and confidence in the prudence, Commission to
courage, and loyalty of you, the said James Murray, of our pal and governa especial grace, certain knowledge, and mere motion, have thought he province. fit to constitute and appoint, and by these presents do constitute and appoint, you, the said James Murray, to be our Captain General and Governour in Chief in and over our province of Quebec in America ; Bounded on the Labrador Coast by the river St. John; and from Boundaries of thence by a line drawn from the head of that river through the lake St. John to the south end of the lake Nipissim, from whence the said line crossing the river St. Lawrence and the lake Champlain, in forty-five degrees of northern latitude, pafies along the high lands which divide the rivers that empty themselves into the said river St. Lawrence from those which fall into the sea; and also along the north coast of the Baye des Chaleurs and the coast of the gulf of St. Lawrence to Cape Rosieres; and from thence crossing the mouth of the river St. Lawrence by the west end of the island of Anticosti, terminates at the aforesaid river St. John: Together with all the rights, members, and appurtenances whatsoever thereunto belonging.
Thegovernour And we do hereby require and command you to do and execute is to act accordall things in due manner that shall belong to your faid commanding are powers and the trust we have reposed in you, according to the several of this compowers and directions granted or appointed you by this present cording to tize
commission King's inftrucs
commission and the instructions and authorities herewith given unto you, or by such other powers, instructions, and authorities as shall at any time hereafter be granted or appointed under our signet and sign manual, or by our order in our privy council, and according to such reasonable laws and statutes as shall hereafter be made and agreed upon by you with the advice and consent of the council and assembly of our faid province under your government, in such manner and form as is herein after expressed.
Oaths to be taken by the governour.
And our will and pleasure is, that you, the said James Murray, do, after the publication of these our letters patent, and after the appointment of our council for our said province in such manner and form as is prescribed in the instructions which you will herewith
receive, in the first place, take the oaths appointed to be taken by Those appoint- an act passed in the first year of the reign of King George the first, ed by : Geo. I.
intituled, “ An Act for the further security of his Majesty's person “ and government, and the succeffion of the crown in the heirs ss of the late Princess Sophia, being Protestants, and for ex
tinguishing the hopes of the pretended Prince of Wales, and his
open and secret abettors ;” as also that you make and subscribe Declaration a- the declaration mentioned in an act of parliament made in the
twenty-fifth year of the reign of King Charles the second, intituled, ftat. 25 Car
. II. « An A&t for preventing dangers which may happen from Popish Oath of office. « Recufants ;” and likewise that you take the oath of office usually
taken by our governours in the other colonies for the due execution of the office and trust of our Captain General and Governour in Chief
in and over our faid province, and for the due and impartial Oath to observe administration of justice; and further, that you take the oath to trade and o required to be taken by the governours of the plantations to do their plantat ons.
utmost that the several laws relating to trade and plantations be duely observed : which said oaths and declarations our council of our said province, or any three of the members thereof, have hereby full power and authority, and are hereby required to tender and administer to you.
All which being duly performed, you shall yourself administer tounfelsors and to each of the members of our faid council, and to the lieutenant
governours of Montreal and Trois Rivieres, the said oaths mentioned Montreal and in the said act, intituled, “ An Act for the further security of his
Majesty's person and government, and the fucceffion of the
Oaths to be taken by the
goo vernours of