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Till heaven and earth pass, one jot or one tittle shall in no wise pass from the law, till all be fulfilled. Whosoever therefore shall 19 break one of these least commandments, and shall teach men so,
abideth alone: but if it die, it bringeth forth earth, wherein dwelleth righteousness. 2 Pe. much fruit. John xij. 24. Verily, verily, I iii. 10, 11, 12, 13. I saw a great white say unto you, The servant is not greater than throne, and him that sat on it, from whose his Lord. Verily, verily, I say unto you, He face the earth and the heaven fled away; that receiveth whomsoever I send, receiveth and there was found no place for them. Re. me. Verily, verily, I say unto you, That Xx. 11. one of you shall betray me. Verily, verily, Pass from the law.] For ever, O Lord, I say unto thee, The cock shall not crow till thy word is settled in heaven. Thy faithfulthou hast denied me thrice. John xiii. 16. ness is unto all generations : thou hast esta20, 21. 38. Verily, verily, I say unto you, blished the earth, and it abideth. Concerning He that believeth on me, the works that I do thy testimonies, I have known of old that shall he do also. John xiv. 12. Verily, verily, thou hast founded them for ever. Ps. cxix. I say unto you, That "ye" (" Christ's dis- 89, 90. 152. The grass withereth, the flower ciples") shall weep and lament, but the world fadeth ; but the word of our God shall stand shall rejoice. Verily, verily, I say unto you, for ever. Is. xl. 8. The word of the Lord Whatsoever ye shall ask the Father in my endureth for ever. 1 Pe. i. 25. name, he will give it you. John xvi. 20. 23. 19 Shall break one, &c.] Cursed be he Verily, verily, I say unto thee, When thou that confirmeth not all the words of this law wast young, thou girdedst thyself, and walkedst (of Moses) to do them: and all the people whither thou wouldest; but when “thou” shall say, Amen. De. xxvii. 26. Then shall (" Peter") shalt be old, thou shalt stretch forth I not be ashamed, when I have respect unto thy hands, and another shall gird thee, and carry all thy commandments. Thy testimonies are thee whither thou wouldest not. John xxi. 18. wonderful, therefore doth my soul keep them.
Till heaven and earth pass.] Heaven and Ps. cxix. 6. 129. Therefore I esteem all thy earth shall pass away, but my words shall precepts, concerning all things to be right ; not pass away. Mat. xxiv. 35. They (the and I hate every false way. Ps. cxix. 128. As hewens) shall perish, but thou shalt endure, many as are of the works of the law, are under yea, all of them shall wax old, like a garment; the curse : for it is written, Cursed is every as a vesture shalt thou change them, and one that continueth not in all things which they shall be changed. Ps. cii. 26. Lift up are written in the book of the law to do them. your eyes to the heavens, and look upon the But that no man is justified by the law in the earth beneath ; for the heavens shall vanish sight of God, it is evident; for the just shall away like smoke, and the earth shall wax old live by faith, and the law is not of faith : but like a garment, and they that dwell therein the man that doeth them shall live in them. shall die in like manner: but my righteous- Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of ness shall be for ever, and my salvation from the law, being made a curse for us; for it is generation to generation. Is. li. 6. It is written, Cursed is every one that hangeth on easier for heaven and earth to pass, than one a tree. Ga. iii. 10-13. Whosoever shall tittle of the law to fail. Lu. xvi. 17. Heaven keep the whole law, and yet offend in one and earth shall pass away, but my words point, he is guilty of all; for he that said, Do shall not pass away. Lu. xxi. 33. They not commit adultery, said also, Do not kill. (the earth and the heavens) shall perish, but Now if thou commit no adultery, yet if thou thou remainest ; and they all shall wax old kill, thou art become a transgressor. Ja. ii. as doth a garment; and as a vesture shalt 10, 11. thou fold them up, and they shall be changed ; These least commandments.] Woe unto you but thou art the same, and thy years shall not Scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites ! for ye pay fail. He. i. 11, 12. The day of the Lord tithe of mint, and anise, and cummin, and will come as a thief in the night, in the which have omitted the weightier matters of the the heavens shall pass away with a great law, judgment, mercy, and faith : these ought noise, and the elements shall melt with fervent ye to have done, and not to leave the other heat; the earth also, and the works that are undone. Mat. xxiii. 23. What thing soever therein, shall be burnt up. Seeing then that I command you, observe to do it: thou shalt all these things shall be dissolved, what man- not add thereto, nor diminish from it. De. ner of persons ought ye to be in all holy xii. 32. Ye tithe mint, and rue, and all conversation and godliness; looking for and manner of herbs, and pass over judgment, hasting unto the coming of the day of God, and the love of God. Lu. xi. 42. and Mat. wherein the heavens being on fire shall be xxiii. 23. dissolved, and the elements shall melt with Shall teach men so.] Why do ye also said fervent heat? Nevertheless, we, according to Jesus to the Scribes and Pharisees) transgress his promise, look for new heavens, and a new the commandment of God by your tradition ?
he shall be called the least in the kingdom of heaven: but who soever shall do and teach them, the same shall be called great in
for God commanded, saying, Honour thy I say unto you, among them that are born father, and thy mother, and he that curseth of women, there hath not risen a greater father or mother, let him die the death ; but than John the Baptist ; notwithstanding he ye say, Whosoever shall say to his father or that is least in the kingdom of heaven is his mother, It is a gift by whatsoever thou greater than he. Mat. xi. 11. I said indeed mightest be profited by me; and honour not (said the Lord to Eli) that thy house and his father or his mother, he shall be free. the house of thy father should walk before Thus have ye made the commandment of God me for ever; but now, be it far from me : for of none effect by your tradition. Mat. xv. 3–6. them that honour me, I will honour; and Woe unto you ye blind guides, which say, they that despise me, shall be lightly esteemed Whosoever shall swear by the temple, it is I Sa. ii. 30. See Ch. xi. 11. nothing ; but whosoever shall swear by the Do and teach.] Teach all nations (said gold of the temple, he is a debtor. Ye fools, Jesus to the apostles), teaching them to observe and blind : for whether is greater, the gold, all things whatsoever I have commanded or the temple that sanctifieth the gold ? and you : and lo I am with you alway, even unta whosoever shall swear by the altar it is the end of the world. Amen. Mat. XIVIIL nothing, but whosoever sweareth by the gift 20. The former treatise have. I made (sald that is upon it, he is guilty. Ye fools, and St. Luke), O Theophilus, of all that Jesus blind : for whether is greater, the gift, or the began both to do and to teach. Ac. i. I. altar that sanctifieth the gift? Whoso there. Owe no man anything, but to love one fore shall swear by the altar, sweareth by it, another, for he that loveth another hath fuland by all things thereon. And whoso shall filled the law; for this, thou shalt not commit swear by the temple, sweareth by it, and by adultery, Thou shalt not kill, thou shalt not him that dwelleth therein. And he that steal, thou shalt not bear false witness, thog shall swear by heaven, sweareth by the throne shalt not covet, and if there be any other conof God, and by him that sitteth thereon. Mat. mandment, it is briefly comprehended in this xxiii. 16-22. Ye (the priests) are departed saying, Thou shalt love thy neighbour 3 out of the way, ye have caused many to thyself
. Love worketh no ill to his neighbour, stumble at the law : ye have corrupted the therefore love is the fulfilling of the law. Ro. covenant of Levi, saith the Lord of hosts. xii. 8, 9, 10. For all the law is fulfilled in Therefore have I also made you contemptible, one word, even in this: thou shalt love they and base before all the people, according as ye neighbour as thyself. Walk in the spirit, have not kept my ways, but have been partial and ye shall not fulfil the last of the flesh. in the law. Mal. ji. 8, 9. As some affirm If ye be led by the Spirit ye are not under that we say, Let us do evil that good may the law. Now the works of the flesh are come, whose damnation is just. Ro. iii. 8. manifest, which are these : adultery, forniShall we continue in sin that grace may cation, uncleanness, lasciviousness, idolatry, abound ? Shall we sin because we are not witchcraft, hatred, variance, emulation, wrath, under the law, but under grace? God forbid! strife, seditions, heresies, envyings, murders, Ro. vi. 1. 15. If any man teach otherwise drunkenness, revellings, and such like. Bat (than according to the apostle's doctrine), and the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, long. consent not to wholesome words, even the suffering, gentleness, goodness, faith, meekness, words of our Lord Jesus Christ, and to the temperance. And they that are Christ's hare doctrine which is according to godliness: he crucified the flesh with the affections and lusts. is proud, knowing nothing, but doting about Ga. v. 14-24. Brethren, be ye followers questions and strifes of words; whereof cometh together of me, and mark them which walk envy, strife, railings, evil surmisings. 1 Ti. so, as ye have us for an ensample. (For many vi. 3, 4. I have a few things against “thee" walk, of whom I have told you often, and now (" the angel of the Church in Pergamos”), be- tell you even weeping, that they are the enemies cause thou hast there them that hold the of the cross of Christ : whose end is destrucdoctrine of Balaam, who taught Balac to cast tion, who mind earthly things). Phi. iii. 17. a stumbling block before the children of 18, 19. Finally, brethren, whatsoever things Israel. So hast thou also them that hold the are true, whatsoever things are honest, whatdoctrine of the Nicolaitanes, which thing I soever things are just, whatsoever things are hate. I have a few things against “thee" pure, whatsoever things are lovely, whatso(" the angel of the Church in Thyatira"), be- ever things are of good report ; if there be cause thou sufferest that woman Jezebel, any virtue, if there be any praise, think on which calleth herself a prophetess, to teach, these things. Those things, which ye have both and to seduce my servants to commit forni- learned, and received, and heard, and seen in cation, and to eat things sacrificed unto idols. me, do: and the God of peace shall be with Re. ii. 14, 15. 20.
you. Phi. iv. 8, 9. Ye are witnesses, and The least in the kingdom of heaven.) Verily God also, how holily, and justly, and un
the kingdom of heaven. For I say unto you, That except your 20 righteousness shall exceed the righteousness of the Scribes and
blameably, we behaved ourselves among Lu. xxii. 24. He that is greatest among you you that believe. As ye know how we (said Jesus), let him be as the younger, and exhorted, and comforted, and charged every he that is chief, as he that doth serve. Lu. one of you, as a father doth his children; xxii. 26. When the chief Shepherd shall that ye would walk worthy of God, who appear, ye shall receive a crown of glory that hath called you unto his kingdom and glory. fadeth not away. I Pe. v. 4. See xix. 24. 1 The. ii. 10, 11, 12. We beseech you bre- 20 Exceed the righteousness.] The Scribes thren, and exhort you by the Lord Jesus, and the Pharisees sit in Moses' seat. All that as ye have received of us how ye ought therefore, whatsoever they bid you observe, to walk, and to please God, so ye would that observe and do. But do not ye after abound more and more. For ye know what their works, for they say and do not ; for commandments we gave you by the Lord they bind heavy burdens and grievous to be Jesus: that every one of you should know borne, and lay them on men's shoulders; but how to possess his vessel in sanctification and they themselves will not move them with one honour; that no man go beyond and defraud of their fingers. But all their works they his brother in any matter, because that the do for to be seen of men; they make broad Lord is the avenger of all such; for God hath their phylacteries, and enlarge the borders of not called us unto uncleanness, but unto their garments. Woe unto you Scribes and holiness. 1 The. iv, 1-7. These things Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye make clean the command and teach. Let no man despise thy outside of the cup and of the platter, but youth, but be thou an example of the be within they are full of extortion and excess. lievers, in word, in conversation, in charity, Cleanse first that which is within the cup and in Spirit, in faith, in purity. 1 Ti. iv, 11, 12. platter, that the outside of them may be clean Thou, O man of God, flee those things, and also. Ye are like unto whited sepulchres, follow after righteousness, godliness, faith, which indeed appear beautiful outward, but love, patience, meekness. Fight the good are within full of dead men's bones, and of all fight of faith, lay hold on eternal life, where- uncleanness. Even so ye also outwardly unto thou art also called, and hast professed appear righteous unto men; but within ye a good profession before many witnesses. are full of hypocrisy and iniquity. Mat. 1 Ti. vi. 11, 12. In all things shewing thy- xxiii. 3–5. 25—28. Now do ye Pharisees self (Titus) a pattern of good works ; in make clean the outside of the cup and the doctrine shewing uncorruptness, gravity, sin- platter, but your inward part is full of ravencerity, sound speech, that cannot be con- ing and wickedness; ye fools, did not he demned; that he that is of the contrary part that made that which is without, make that may be ashamed, having no evil thing to say which is within also ; ye are as graves which of you. Exhort servants to be obedient, shew- appear not, and the men that walk over them ing all good fidelity, that they may adorn the are not aware of them. Lu. xi. 39, 40. 44. doctrine of God our Saviour in all things. Beware ye of the leaven of the Pharisees, Tit. ii. 7--10. This is a faithful saying, and which is hypocrisy. Lu. xii. i. The Phathese things I will that thou affirm constantly, risees also, who were covetous, heard all that they which have believed in God might these things, and they derided him. And he be careful to maintain good works. Tit. iii. 8. said unto them, Ye are they which justify
Great in the kingdom of heaven.] Ye which yourselves before men ; but God knoweth have followed me in the regeneration, when your hearts : for that which is highly esteemed the Son of man shall sit in the throne of his among men is abomination in the sight of glory, ye also shall sit upon twelve thrones, God. Lu. xvi. 14, 15. Two men went up judging the twelve tribes of Israel. Mat. xix. into the temple to pray; the one a Pharisee,
28. Whosoever is great among you, let him and the other a publican. The Pharisee be your minister. Mat. xx. 26. They that stood and prayed thus with himself: God, I be wise shall shine as the brightness of the thank thee that I am not as other men are, firmament, and they that turn many to right- extortioners, unjust, adulterers, or even as eousness, as the stars for ever and ever. Da. this publican. I fast twice in the week, I xii. 3. For“ he" (" John”) shall be great in give tithes of all that I possess. And the the sight of the Lord (said the angel to Zach- publican standing afar off, would not lift up arias), and shall drink neither wine nor so much as his eyes unto heaven, but smote strong drink : and he shall be filled with the upon his breast, saying, God be merciful to Holy Ghost, even from his mother's womb. me a sinner. I tell you (said Jesus by this Lu. i. 15. He that is least among you all, parable), this man went down to his house the same shall be great. Lu. ix. 48. There justified rather than the other ; for every one was a strife among them (the disciples), which that exalteth himself, shall be abased, and he of them should be accounted the greatest. that humbleth himself, shall be exalted. Lu.
Pharisees, ye shall in no case enter into the kingdom of heaven. 21 Ye have heard that it was said by them of old time, Thou shalt
not kill; and whosoever shall kill shall be in danger of the
xviii. 10–14. Beware of the Scribes which men, and holiness, without which no man desire to walk in long robes, and love greet- shall see the Lord. He. xii. 14. There shall ings in the markets, and the highest seats in in no wise enter "it" (" into the new Jersthe synagogues, and the chief rooms at feasts, salem ") any thing that defileth, neither skatwhich devour widows' houses, and for a shew soever worketh abomination, or maketh a lie; make long prayers; the same shall receive but they which are written in the Lamb's book greater damnation. Lu. XX. 46, 47. What of life. Re. xxi. 27. shall we say then? That the Gentiles which 21 It was said, &c.] See verse 27. 33. 43. followed not after righteousness, have at- They were wont to speak in old time, saying, tained to righteousness, even the righteousness They shall surely ask counsel at Abei (et which is of faith : but Israel, which fol. Bethmaachah), (said the wise woman to Joas). lowed after the law of righteousness, hath not2 Sa. xx. 18. Enquire, I pray thee, of the attained to the law of righteousness. Where- former age, and prepare thyself to the search fore? Because they sought it not by faith, of their fathers (for we are but of yesterday, but as it were by the works of the law; for and know nothing, because our days upon they stumbled at that stumbling-stone. Ro. earth are a shadow), shall not they teach thee, ix. 30–32. I bear " them” (Israel) record, and tell thee, and utter words out of their that they have a zeal of God, but not accord- heart? Job viii. 8-10. ing to knowledge; for they being ignorant of Thou shalt not kill.] Surely (said God ta God's righteousness, and going about to esta. Noah and his sons), your blood of your lives blish their own righteousness, have not sub- will I require ; at the hand of every man's mitted themselves unto the righteousness of brother will I require the life of man whose God. Ro. x. 2, 3. Therefore, if any man sheddeth man's blood, by man shall his blood be in Christ, he is a new creature, old things be shed. Ge. ix. 5, 6. Thou shalt not kill. are passed away: behold, all things are be- Ex. xx. 13. See De. v. 17. id.
2 Co. v. 17. I have suffered the And whosoever shall kil.] He that smiteth loss of all things (said Paul), that I may win a man so that he die, shall be surely par to Christ, and be found in him, not having death. And if a man lie not in wait, but God mine own righteousness, which is of the law, deliver him into his hand, then I will appoint but that which is through the faith of Christ, thee a place whither he shall flee. But if a the righteousness that is of God by faith. man come presumptuously upon his neighbour, Phi. iii. 9.
to slay him with guile, thou shalt take hima Ye shall in no case enter into the kingdom, from mine altar that he may die. Ex. xxi. &c.] And now also the axe is laid unto the 12–14. And they (certain cities) shall be root of the trees, therefore every tree which unto you cities for refuge from the avenger ; bringeth not forth good fruit is hewn down, and that the man-slayer may flee thither, which cast into the fire. Mat. iii. 10. Not every killeth any person at unawares. Nu XIXT. one that saith unto me, Lord, Lord, shall 12. If he (that killeth any person) smite enter into the kingdom of heaven; but he him with an instrument of iron, or with that doeth the will of my Father which is in throwing a stone, or with a hand-weapoo of heaven. Mat. vii. 21. Whosoever shall wood, the murderer shall surely be put to humble himself as this little child (whom Jesus death. Whoso killeth any person, the marcalled unto him), the same is greatest in the derer shall be put to death by the mouth of kingdom of heaven. Mat. xviii. 4. Who- witnesses; ye shall take no satisfaction for soever shall not receive the kingdom of God the life of a murderer, which is guilty of as a little child, he shall not enter therein. It death. Blood, it defileth the land, and the is easier for a camel to go through the eye of land cannot be cleansed of the blood that is a needle than for a rich man to enter into the shed therein, but by the blood of him that kingdom of God. Mar. X. 15. 25. Who- shed it. Nu. xxxv. 16–20.30—34. “They" soever shall not receive the kingdom of God ("the elders of the city') shall say (respecting as a little child, shall in no wise enter therein. the murderer), Our hands have not shed this How hardly shall they that have riches enter blood, neither have our eyes seen it. Be into the kingdom of God; for it is easier for merciful, O Lord, unto thy people Israel, a camel to go through a needle's eye, than for whom thou hast redeemed, and lay not ina rich man to enter into the kingdom of God. nocent blood unto the people of Israel's Lu. xviii. 17. 24, 25. Except a man be born charge. And the blood shall be forgiven theni. again, he cannot see the kingdom of God. So shalt thou put away the guilt of innocent Except a man be born of water, and of the blood from among you, when thou shalt do Spirit, he cannot enter into the kingdom of that which is right in the sight of the Lord. God. John iii. 3. 3. Follow peace with all De. xxi. 7-9. Thou knowest (said David lo
judgment. But I say unto you, That whosoever is angry with his 22
Solomon) also what Joab the son of Zeruiah Lord said unto Cain, Why art thou wroth ? did to me, and what he did to the two cap- And why is thy countenance fallen? Ge. iv. tains of the host of Israel, unto Abner the son 5, 6. And when “his” (“ Joseph's") of Ner, and unto Amasa the son of Jether, brethren saw that their father loved him whom he slew, and shed the blood of war in more than all his brethren, they hated him, peace, and put the blood of war upon his and could not speak peaceably unto him. girdle that was about his loins, and in his And his brethren said to him, Shalt thou inshoes that were on his feet. Do therefore deed reign over us? And they hated him according to thy wisdom, and let not his hoar yet the more for his dreams, and for his head go down to the grave in peace. 1 Ki. ii. words. Ge. xxxvii. 4. 8. So shall it be done 5,6. Fall upon him” (“ Joab"), and bury to the man that killeth "him” (“Goliath," him (said Solomon to Benaiah), that thou said the people to David, promising riches and mayest take away the innocent blood which the king's daughter), and Eliab his eldest Joab shed, from me, and from the house of brother heard when "he" (“David”), spake my father. And the Lord sball return his unto the men, and Eliab's anger was kindled blood upon his own head, who fell upon two against David, and he said, Why camest thou men more righteous and better than he, and down hither ? And with whom hast thou slew them with the sword, my father David left those few sheep in the wilderness? I not knowing thereof. 1 Ki. ii. 31, 32. know thy pride, and the naughtiness of thy 22 See verse 21.
heart; for thou art come down that thou But I say unto you.] See verse 28. 34. 44. mightest see the battle. I Sa. xvii. 27, 28. And lo a voice from heaven, saying, This is Saul was very wroth, and the saying (of the my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased. women as they played) displeased him, and he . Mat. iii, 17. While he (Peter at the trans- said, They have ascribed unto David ten figuration) yet spake, behold, a bright cloud thousands, and to me they have ascribed but overshadowed them, and behold, a voice out thousands; and what can he have more but of the cloud, which said, This is my beloved the kingdom. And Saul eyed David from Son, in whom I am well pleased, hear ye him. that day and forward. 1 Sa. xviii. 8, 9. Mat. xvii. 5. I will raise them up a prophet Then Saul's anger was kindled against Jonafrom among their brethren like unto thee, than, and he said unto him, Thou son of the and will put my words in his mouth, and he perverse rebellious woman, do not I know that shall speak unto them all that I shall com- thou hast chosen the son of Jesse to thine own inand him; and it shall come to pass, that confusion, and unto the confusion of thy whosoever will not hearken unto my words mother's nakedness ? For as long as the son which he shall speak in my name, I will of Jesse liveth upon the ground, thou shalt not require it of him. De. xviii. 18, 19. And be established, nor thy kingdom: wherefore be shall send Jesus Christ (said Peter), which now send and fetch him unto me, for he before was preached unto you, whom the shall surely die. And Jonathan answered heaven must receive until the times of resti- Saul his father, and said unto him, Wherefore tution of all things, which God hath spoken shall he be slain? What hath he done? And by the mouth of all his prophets, since the Saul cast a javelin at him to smite him, world began. For Moses truly said unto the whereby Jonathan knew that it was deterfathers, A prophet shall the Lord your God mined of his father to slay David. 1 Sa. xx. raise up unto you of your brethren like unto 30—33. Hear now thou son of “ Ahitub" me; him shall ye hear in all things what- ("Ahimelech"), Why have ye conspired against soever he shall say unto you. And it shall me (said Saul), thou and the son of Jesse, in come to pass, that every soul which will not that thou hast given him bread, and a sword, hear that prophet shall be destroyed from and hast enquired of God for him, that he among the people. Ac. iii. 20—23. This is should rise against me to lie in wait as at that Moses (said Stephen) which said unto this day? Then Ahimelech answered the the children of Israel, A prophet shall the king, and said, And who is so faithful among Lord your God raise up unto you, of your all thy servants as David, which is the king's brethren, like unto me, him sball ye hear. son in law ? Did I then begin to enquire of Ac. vii. 37. And (Christ) being made per- God for him? Be it far from me. And the fect, he became the author of eternal salvation king said, Thou shalt surely die Ahimelech, unto all them that obey him. He. v. 9. See thou and all thy father's house. 1 Sa. xxii. that ye refuse not him that speaketh; for if they 12–16. And Ahab came into his house escaped not who refused him that spake on heavy and displeased, because of the word earth, much more shall not we escape, if we which Naboth the Jezreelite had spoken to turn away from him that speaketh from heaven. him; for he had said, I will not give thee the He. xii. 25.
inheritance of my fathers; and he laid him That whosoever is angry, &c.] Cain was down upon his bed, and turned away his face, very wroth, and his countenance fell: and the and would eat no bread. i Ki. xxi. 4. Then VOL. II.