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as they came out, they found a man of Cyrene, Simon by name: 33 him they compelled to bear his cross. And when they were come
unto a place called Golgotha, that is to say, a place of a skull, 34 They gave him vinegar to drink mingled with gall: and when be 35 had tasted thereof, he would not drink. And they crucified him,
might sanctify the people with his own blood, xv. 22. And there followed him a great suffered without the gate. He. xiii. 12. company of people, and of women, which also
32 As they came out, &c.] If the priest bewailed and lamented him. But Jesus, that is anointed do sin according to the sin turning unto them, said, Daughters of Jerzof the people, then let him bring for his sin, salem, weep not for me, but weep for your which he hath sinned, a young bullock with- selves and for your children. For behold, out blemish unto the Lord for a sin offering; the days are coming in the which they shall even the whole bullock shall he carry forth say, Blessed are the barren, and the wombs without the camp unto a clean place, where that never bare, and the paps which never the ashes are poured out, and burn him on gave suck. Then shall they begin to say to the wood with fire; where the ashes are the mountains, Fall on us; and to the hills, poured out shall he be burnt. He shall carry Cover us: for if they do these things in a forth the bullock without the camp, and burn green tree, what shall be done in the dry! him as he burned the first bullock; it is a sin And there were two others, malefactors, led offering for the congregation. Le. iv. 3. 12, with him to be put to death. And when they 21. And the Lord said unto Moses, The man were come to the place which is called Cal (that gathered sticks) shall be surely put to vary, there they crucified him, and the maledeath. And all the congregation brought factors, one on the right hand, and the other him without the camp, and stoned him with on the left. Lu. xxii. 27–33. And he bearstones, and he died, as the Lord commanded ing his cross went forth into a place called Moses. Nu. xv. 35, 36. See verse 31. the place of a skull, which is called in the
They found a man.] if any man will come Hebrew Golgotha. Jokn xix. 17. after me (said Jesus), let him deny himself, 34 Gave him vinegar, &c.] See verse 48 and take up his cross and follow me. Mat. They gave me also gall for my meat, and in xvi. 24. And they compel one Simon, a Cy- my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink. På. renian, who passed by, coming out of the Ixix. 21. And they gave him to drink wine country, the father of Alexander and Rufus, mingled with myrrh. Mar. xv. 23. After to bear his cross. Mar. xv. 21. And as they this, Jesus knowing that all things were now led him away, they laid hold upon one Simon, accomplished, that the scripture might be a Cyrenian, coming out of the country, and fulblled, saith, I thirst. Now there was set on him they laid the cross, that he might bear a vessel full of vinegar; and they filled a it after Jesus. Lu. xxiii. 26.
sponge with vinegar, and put it upon hyssop, Cyrene.] How hear we every man in our and put it to his mouth. When Jesus thereown tongue wherein we were born? Parthians, fore had received the vinegar, he said, It is Medes, &c. dwellers in Mesopotamia, and in finished ; and he bowed his head, and gave Judea, Phrygia, and Pamphylia in Egypt, and up the ghost. John xix. 28, 29, 30. in the parts of Libya, about Cyrene, and 35 They crucified him.] Behold, we go up strangers of Rome, Jews and proselytes ! to Jerusalem; and the Son of man shall be Ac. ii. 9, 10. Then there arose certain of the betrayed unto the chief priests, and unto the synagogue, which is called the synagogue of Scribes, and they shall condemn him to death the Libertines, and Cyrenians, and Alexan- Mat. xx. 18. His body shall not remain all drians, and of them of Cilicia, and of Asia, night upon the tree, but thou shalt in any disputing with Stephen. Ac. vi. 9. And wise bury him that day: (for he that is hanged some of them (that were scattered abroad upon is accursed of God ;) that thy land be not the persecution about Stephen) were men of defiled, which the Lord thy God giveth thee Cyprus and Cyrene, which when they were for an inheritance. De. xxi. 23. Dogs hare come to Antioch, spake unto the Grecians, compassed me; the assembly of the wicked preaching the Lord Jesus. Ac. xi. 20. Now have inclosed me: they pierced my hands and there were in the church that was at Antioch my feet. Ps. xxii. 16. And I will pour upon certain prophets and teachers, as Barnabas, the house of David, and upon the inhabitants and Simeon that was called Niger, and Lucius of Jerusalem, the spirit of grace and of supof Cyrene, and Manaen, which had been plications : and they shall look upon me whom brought up with Herod the tetrarch, and Saul. they have pierced, and they shall moura for Ac, xiii. 1.
him as one mourneth for his only son, and 33 Golgotha.] And they bring him (Jesus) shall be in bitterness for him, as one that is in unto the place called Golgotha, which is, bitterness for his firstborn. Zec. xii. 10. being interpreted, The place of a skull. Mar. Behold, we go up to Jerusalem ; and the San
and parted his garments, casting lots: that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet, They parted my garments among them, and upon my vesture did they cast lots. And sitting 36 down they watched him there; And set up over his head his 37 accusation written, THIS IS JESUS THE KING OF THE JEWS. Then were there two thieves crucified with him, one on 38
of man shall be delivered unto the chief were already dead; and calling unto him the priests, and unto the Scribes; and they shall centurion, he asked him whether he had condemn him to death, and shall deliver him been any while dead. Mar. xv. 39. 44. to the Gentiles: and they shall mock him, 37. His accusation written.] And the suand shall scourge him, and shall spit upon perscription of his accusation was written over, him, and shall kill him: and the third day he The King of the Jews ! Mar, xv. 26. And shall rise again. Mar. x. 33, 34. And as a superscription also was written over him, in Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, letters of Greek, and Latin, and Hebrew, even so must the Son of man be lifted up. This is the King of the Jews. Lu. xxiii. 38. John iii. 14. And I, if I be lifted up from And Pilate wrote a title, and put it on the the earth, will draw all men unto me. The cross; and the writing was, Jesus of Nazareth people answered him, We have heard out of the King of the Jews. This title then read the law that Christ abideth for ever: and how many of the Jews; for the place where Jesus sayest thou, The Son of man must be lifted was crucified was nigh to the city; and it was up? Who is this Son of man? John xii. 32. written in Hebrew, and Greek, and Latin. 34. And when he had so said (Peace be unto Then said the chief priests of the Jews to you), he shewed unto them his hands and his Pilate, Write not, The King of the Jews; but side. Then were the disciples glad when that he said, I am King of the Jews. Pilate they saw the Lord. Except I shall see in his answered, What I have written I have writhands the print of the nails, and put my finger ten. John xix. 19–22. into the print of the nails, and thrust my 38 Two thieves crucified with him, &c.] hand into his side, I will not believe. Then See verse 44. Therefore will I divide him saith "he" (" Jesus") to Thomas, Reach a portion with the great, and he shall divide hither thy finger, and behold my hands; and the spoil with the strong, because he hath reach hither thy hand, and thrust it into my poured out his soul unto death; and he was side ; and be not faithless, but believing. numbered with the transgressors ; and he John xx. 20. 25. 27. Be it known unto you bare the sin of many, and made intercession all, and to all the people of Israel, that by the for the transgressors. 1s. liii. 12. And with narne of Jesus Christ of Nazareth, whom ye him they crucify two thieves, the one on his crucified, whom God raised from the dead, right hand, and the other on his left; and the even by him doth this man stand here before scripture was fulfilled, which saith, And he you whole. Ac. iv. JO.
was numbered with the transgressors. Mar. Parted his garments.] And when they had xv. 27, 28. I say unto you (said Jesus), that crucified him, they parted his garments, cast
this that is written must yet be accomplished ing lots upon them what every man should in me, And he was reckoned among the take. Mar. xv. 24. And parted his transgressors; for the things concerning me raiment, and cast lots. Lu. xxiii. 34. Then have an end. Lu. xxii. 37. And there were the soldiers, when they had crucified Jesus, also two others, malefactors, led with him to took his garments, and made four parts, to be put to death. And when they were come every soldier a part; and also his coat: now to the place which is called Calvary, there the coat was without seam, woven from the they crucified him, and the malefactors, one top throughout. They said therefore among on the right hand, and the other on the left. themselves, Let us not rend it, but cast lots Then said Jesus, Father, forgive them, for for it, whose it shall be: that the scripture they know not what they do. And one of might be fulfilled, which saith, They parted the malefactors which were hanged railed on my raiment among them, and for my vesture him, saying, If thou be Christ, save thyself they did cast lots. These things therefore the and us. But the other answering rebuked soldiers did. John xix. 23, 24.
him, saying, Dost not thou fear God, seeing That it might be fulfilled.] They parted thou art in the same condemnation ? and we my garments among them, and cast lots upon indeed justly, for we receive the due reward my vesture. Ps. xxii, 18.
of our deeds; but this man hath done nothing 36 Sitting down, &c.] See verse 54. And amiss. And he said unto Jesus, Lord, rewhen the centurion which stood over against member me when thou coniest into thy kinghim saw that he (Jesus) so cried out, and dom. And Jesus said unto him, Verily I say gave up the ghost, he said, Truly this man was unto thee, To-day thou shalt be with me in the Son of God. And Pilate marvelled if he paradise. Lu. xxiii. 32, 33, 39-43. They VOL. II.
39 the right hand, and another on the left. And they that passed 40 by reviled him, wagging their heads, And saying, Thou that
crucified him (at Golgotha), and two other gate speak against me, and I was the song of with him, on either side one, and Jesus in the the drunkards. Reproach hath broken my midst. The Jews therefore, because it was heart, and I am full of heaviness : and I looked the preparation, that the bodies should not for some to take pity, but there was none; remain upon the cross on the sabbath-day, and for comforters, but I found none. Ps. (for that sabbath-day was an high day,) be- lxix. 7–12. 20. The mouth of the wicked sought Pilate that their legs might be broken, and the mouth of the deceitful are opened and that they might be taken away. Then against me. They have spoken against me came the soldiers and brake the legs of the with a lying tongue ; I became also a reproach first, and of the other which was crucified unto them: when they looked upon me they with him ; but when they came to Jesus, and shaked their heads. Ps. cix. 2. 25. Is it saw that he was dead already, they brake not nothing to you, all ye that pass by? Behold his legs, but one of the soldiers with a spear and see, if there be any sorrow like unto my pierced his side, and forthwith came there out sorrow which is done unto me, wherewith the blood and water. And he that saw it bare Lord hath afflicted me in the day of his fierce record, and he knoweth that he saith true, anger. La. i. 12. All that pass by clap that ye might believe. John xix. 18. 31–35. their hands at thee: they hiss and wag their
39 Reviled him, &c.] But I am a worm, head at the daughter of Jerusalem, saying, Is and no man, and despised of the people. All this the city that men call The perfection of they that see me laugh me to scorn ; they beauty, The joy of the whole earth? Al shoot out the lip, they shake the head, saying, thine enemies have opened their mouth against He trusted on the Lord that he would deliver thee; they hiss and gnash the teeth; they him, seeing he delighted in him. I may tell say, We have swallowed her up; certainly this all my bones ; they look and stare upon me. is the day that we looked for; we have found, Ps. xxii. 6, 7, 8. 17. I was a reproach among we have seen it. The Lord hath done that all mine enemies, but especially among my which he had devised; he hath fulfilled his neighbours, and a fear to mine acquaintance: word that he had commanded in the days of they that did see me without fled from me. old : he hath thrown down, and hath not I am forgotten as a dead man out of mind : I pitied; and he hath caused thine enemy to ream like a broken vessel. For I have heard joice over thee: he hath set up the horn of thine the slander of many, fear was on every side; adversaries. La. ii. 15, 16, 17. And they while they took counsel against me, they that passed by railed on him, wagging their devised to take away my life. Ps. xxxi. 11 heads, and saying, Ah, thou that destroyest -13. In mine adversity they rejoiced and the temple, and buildest it in three days, gathered themselves together; yea, the abjects save thyself, and come down from the cross. gathered themselves together against me, and Mar. xv. 29, 30. And the people stood beI knew it not; they did tear me, and ceased holding. And the rulers also with them not: with hypocritical mockers in feasts, they derided him, saying, He saved others : let him gnashed upon me with their teeth. Lord, save himself, if he be Christ, the chosen of how long wilt thou look on? Rescue my God. And the soldiers also mocked him, soul from their destructions; my darling from coming to him, and offering him vinegar, and the lions. I will give thanks in the great saying, If thou be the King of the Jews, save congregation : I will praise thee among much thyself. And a superscription also was writpeople. Let not them that are mine enemies ten over him in letters of Greek, and Latin, wrongfully rejoice over me, neither let them and Hebrew, This is the King of the Jews wink with the eye that hate me without a And one of the malefactors which were hanged cause. For they speak not peace, but they railed on him, saying, If thou be Christ, save devise deceitful matters against them that are thyself and us. Lů. xxii. 35–39. Christ quiet in the land ; yea, they opened their also suffered for us, leaving us an example, mouth wide against me, and said, Aha, aha! that ye should follow his steps ; who did no our eye hath seen it. Ps. xxxv. 15—21. For sin, neither was guile found in his mouth. thy sake I have borne reproach; shame Who, when he was reviled, reviled not again ; hath covered my face. I am become a stran- when he suffered, he threatened not, but ger unto my brethren, and an alien unto my committed himself to him that judgeth rightmother's children. For the zeal of thine eously. Who his own self bare our sins in house hath eaten me up; and the reproaches his own body on the tree, that we, being dead of them that reproached thee are fallen upon to sins, should live unto righteousness; by me. When I wept and chastened my soul whose stripes ye were healed. | Pe. ii. 21 with fasting, that was to my reproach: I -24. made sackcloth also my garment, and I be- 40 Saying, Thou that destroyest.] Behold, came a proverb to them. They that sit in the this dreamer cometh ; come, now, therefore,
destroyest the temple, and buildest it in three days, save thyself. If thou be the Son of God, come down from the cross. Likewise 41 also the chief priests mocking him, with the Scribes and elders, said, He saved others; himself he cannot save. If he be the 42 King of Israel, let him now come down from the cross, and we will
and let us slay him, and cast him into some it good that he (God) should search you out pit (said Joseph's brethren), and we will say, (said Job to his friends)? or as one man mockSome evil beast hath devoured hiin. And we eth another, do ye so mock him ? Job xiii. shall see what will become of his dreams. Ge. 9. Many bulls have compassed me, strong xxxvii. 19, 20. And they that dwell upon the bulls of Bashan have beset me round. They earth shall rejoice over “them” (“the two gaped upon me with their mouths, as a ravenwitnesses”), and make merry, and shall sending and a roaring lion. Ps. xxii, 12, 13. Let gifts one to another; because these two pro- them be ashamed and brought to confusion phets tormented them that dwelt on the earth. together that rejoice at mine hurt; let them Re. xi. 10.
be clothed with shame and dishonour that That destroyest the temple.] This fellow magnify themselves against me.
Ps. xxxv. said (said the false witnesses), I am able to 36. Now, therefore, be ye not mockers, lest destroy the temple of God, and to build it in your bands be made strong ; for I have heard three days. Mat. xxvi. 61. Which of you from the Lord God of hosts a consumption, intending to build a tower sitteth not down even determined upon the whole earth. Is. first, and counteth the cost, whether he have xxviii. 22. Thus saith the Lord, the redeemer sufficient to finish it? Lest haply, after he of Israel, and his Holy One, to him whom man hath laid the foundation, and is not able to despiseth, to him whom the nation abhorreth, finish it, all that behold it begin to mock him, to a servant of rulers, Kings shall see and saying, This man began to build, and was not arise, princes also shall worship, because of able to finish. Lu. xiv. 28, 29, 30. Destroy the Lord that is faithful, and the Holy One of this temple (said Jesus), and in three days I Israel, and he shall choose thee. Is. xlix. 7. will raise it up. Then said the Jews, Forty Three shepherds also I cut off in one month, and six years was this temple in building; and and my soul loathed them; and their soul also wilt thou rear it up in three days ? But he abhorred me. Zec. xi. 8. Likewise also the spake of the temple of his body. When there- chief priests mocking said among themselves, fore he was risen from the dead, his disciples with the Scribes, He saved others; himself he remembered that he had said this unto them, cannot save. Let Christ, the King of Israel, and they believed the Scripture, and the word descend now from the cross, that we may see which Jesus had said. John ii. 19-22. and believe; and they that were crucified with
If thou be the Son of God.] See verse 54. him reviled him. Mar. xv. 31, 32. He shall And when the tempter came to him, he said, be delivered unto the Gentiles, and shall be If thou be the Son of God, command that mocked, and spitefully entreated, and spitted these stones be made bread. If thou be the Lu. xviii. 32. Then Jesus said unto the Son of God (said the tempter again), cast thy- chief priests and captains of the people, and self down; for it is written, He shall give his the elders which were come to him, Be ye angels charge concerning thee, and in their come out, as against a thief, with swords and hands shall they bear thee up, lest at any time staves ? Lu. xxii. 52. And the people stood thou dash thy foot against a stone. Mat. iv. beholding : and the rulers also with them de3. 6. I adjure thee (said the high priest to rided him, saying, He 'saved others ; let him Jesus), by the living God, that thou tell us save himself, if he be Christ the chosen of God. whether thou be the Christ, the Son of God. Lu. xxiii. 35. Jesus saith unto him, Thou hast said. Never- 42 Saved others.] Then again called they theless I say unto you, Hereafter shall ye see the man that was born blind, and said unto the Son of man sitting on the right hand of him, Give God the praise: we know that this power, and coming in the clouds of heaven. man is a sinner. John ix. 24. When Mat. xxvi. 63, 64.
“ he" (" the nobleman of Capernaum”) heard Come down from the cross.] A wicked and that Jesus was come out of Judea into Galilee, adulterous generation seeketh after a sign, he went unto him, and besought him that he and there shall no sign be given unto it, but would come down, and heal his son, for he the sign of the prophet Jonas : and he left was at the point of death. John iv. 47. And them and departed. Mat. xvi. 4. And he (the Jews) beholding the man which was (Abraham) said unto “ him” (“the rich man healed (by Peter) standing with them, they in the parable"), If they hear not Moses and could say nothing against it. Ac. iv. 47. the prophets, neither will they be persuaded The King of Israel.] See verse 37. Where though one rose from the dead. Lú. xvi. 31. is he (said the wise men) that is born King of 41 The chief priests mocking him, &c.] Is the Jews ? for we have seen his star in the
43 believe him. He trusted in God; let him deliver him now, if he 44 will have him: for he said, I am the Son of God. The thieves
also, which were crucified with him, cast the same in his teeth. 45 Now from the sixth hour there was darkness over all the land unto
east, and are come to worship him. Mat. Son quickeneth whom he will. For the ii. 2.
Father judgeth no man, but hath committed 43 Trusted in God.) Many there be which all judgment unto the Son, that all men say of my soul, There is no help for him in should honour the Son, even as they honour God. Ps. iii. 2. Ye have shamed the the Father. He that honoureth not the Son counsel of the poor, because the Lord is his honoureth not the Father which hath sent refuge. Ps. xiv. 6. He trusted on the Lord him. Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that that he would deliver him ; let him deliver heareth my word, and believeth on him that him, seeing he delighted in him. Ps. xxii. 8. sent me, hath everlasting life, and shall not As with a sword in my bones, mine enemies come into condemnation ; but is passed from reproach me; while they say daily unto me, death unto life. Verily, verily, I say unto Where is thy God? Ps. xlii. 10. They that you, The hour is coming, and now is, when lay wait for my soul take counsel together, the dead shall hear the voice of the Son of saying, God hath forsaken him : persecute and God : and they that hear shall live. Joka F. take him, for there is none to deliver him. 17–25. I and my Father are one. Say ye Ps. Ixxi. 11. Neither let Hezekiah make you of him, whom the Father hath sanctified, and trust in the Lord (said Rabshakeh), saying, sent into the world (said Jesus to the Jews), The Lord will surely deliver us ; this city Thou blasphemest; because I said, I am the Son shall not be delivered into the hand of the of God? John x. 30. 36. We have a las king of Assyria. Hearken not to Hezekiah, (said the Jews), and by our law he ought to for thus saith the king of Assyria, Make an die, because he made himself the Son of God. agreement with me by a present, and come John xix. 7. See verse 44. out to me: and eat ye every one of his vine, The thieves also.] See verse 38. They and every one of his fig-tree, and drink ye that are younger than I have me in derision, every one the waters of his own cistern, until whose fathers I would have disdained to have I come and take you away to a land like your set with the dogs of my flock. Among the own land, a land of corn and wine, a land of bushes they brayed ; under the nettles they bread and vineyards. Beware lest Hezekiah were gathered. They were children of fools, persuade you, saying, The Lord will deliver yea, children of base men. They were riler
Hath any of the gods of the nations deli- than the earth, and now am I their song ; vered his land out of the hand of the king of yea, I am their byword. Job xxx. 7, 8, 9. Assyria ? Is. xxxvi. 15–18, Let not thy In mine adversity they rejoiced, and gathered God in whom thou trustest deceive thee (con- themselves together; yea, the abjects gathered tinued Rabshakel), saying, Jerusalem shall themselves together against me, and I knew not be given into the hand of the king of it not; they did tear me, and ceased not. Ps. Assyria. Is. xxxvii. 10.
xxxv. 15. Let Christ the King of Israel deI am the Son of God.] See verse 40. For scend now from the cross, that we may see God so loved the world that he gave his only and believe ; and they that were crucified begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him with him reviled him. Mar. xv. 52. And should not perish, but have everlasting life. one of the malefactors which were hanged For God sent not his Son into the world to con- railed on him, saying, If thou be Christ, sare demn the world, but that the world through thyself and us. And the other answering him might be saved. John iii. 16, 17. Jesus rebuked him, saying, Dost not thou fear God, answered "them” (the " Jews”), My Father seeing thou art in the same condemnation ? worketh hitherto, and I work. Therefore the Lu. xxii. 39, 40. Jews sought the more to kill him, because he not 45 From the sixth hour.] And it was the only had broken the sabbath, but said also that third hour, and they crucified him. And when God was his Father, making himself equal the sixth hour was come, there was darkness with God. Then answered Jesus and said over the whole land until the ninth hour. unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, the And at the ninth hour Jesus cried with a Son can do nothing of himself, but what he loud voice, saying, Eloi, Eloi, lama sabachseeth the Father do; for what things soever thani ? which is, being interpreted, My God, he doeth, these also doeth the Son likewise. my God, why hast thou forsaken me? Mar. For the Father loveth the Son, and sheweth xv. 25. 33, 34. And it was about the sirth him all things that himself doeth; and he hour; and there was a darkness over all the will shew him greater works than these, that earth until the ninth hour. And the sun was ye may marvel. For as the Father raiseth up darkened, and the veil of the temple was rent the dead and quickeneth them, even so the in the midst. Lu. xxiii. 44, 45.