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Barabbas. Therefore when they were gathered together, Pilate 17 said unto them, Whom will ye that I release unto you? Barabbas, or Jesus which is called Christ? For he knew that for envy they had 18 delivered him. When he was set down on the judgment-seat, his 19 wife sent unto him, saying, Have thou nothing to do with that

x. 7. And they (the Jews) cried out all at and David his ten thousands. And Saul was once, saying, Away with this man, and release very wroth, and the saying displeased him, unto us Barabbas : (who for a certain sedi- and he said, They have ascribed unto David tion made in the city, and for murder, was ten thousands, and to me they have ascribed cast into prison.) And he (Pilate) released but thousands; and what can he have more unto them him that for sedition and murder was but the kingdom ? And Saul eyed David cast into prison, whom they had desired. But from that day and forward. And it came to he delivered Jesus to their will. Lu. xxiii. pass on the morrow that the evil spirit from 18, 19. 25. Then cried they all, again, say. God came upon Saul, and he prophesied in the ing, Not this man, but Barabbas. Now Barab- midst of the house, and David played with his bas was a robber. John xviii. 40. Ye denied hand, as at other times; and there was a the Holy One and the Just (said Peter to the javelin in Saul's hand. And Saul cast the Jews), and desired a murderer to be granted javelin; for he said, I will smite David even to unto you. Ac. iii. 14. God gave them over the wall with it. And David avoided out of to a reprobate mind, being filled with all un- his presence twice. 1 Sa. xviii. 7–11. They righteousness. Who, knowing the judgments (the Israelites) envied Moses also in the camp, of God, that they which commit" such things" and Aaron the saint of the Lord. Ps. cvi. ("all unrighteousness") are worthy of death, 16. Wrath is cruel, and anger is outrageous ; not only do the same, but have pleasure in but who is able to stand before envy? Pr. them that do them. Ro. i. 28, 29. 32. xxvii. 4. Again, I considered all travail and

17 Whom will ye that I release, &c.] See every right work, that for this a man is envied verse 21. If it seem evil unto you to serve the of his neighbour. Ec. iv. 4. Lord, when thy Lord (said Joshua to the tribes at Shechem), hand is lifted up, they will not see; but they choose you this day whom ye will serve; shall see, and be ashamed for their envy at the whether the gods which your fathers served, people ; yea, the fire of thine enemies shall that were on the other side of the flood, or the devour them. Is. xxvi. 11. He (Pilate) gods of the Amorites, in whose land ye dwell ; knew that the chief priests had delivered him but as for me and my house, we will serve the for envy. Mar. xv. 10. Then (when many Lord. Jos. xxiv. 15. And Elijah came unto were healed by the apostles) the high priest all the people, and said, How long halt ye rose up, and all they that were with him between two opinions ? if the Lord be God, (which is the sect of the Sadducees), and were follow him; but if Baal, then follow him: filled with indignation. Ac. v. 17. The and the people answered him not a word. patriarchs, moved with envy, sold Joseph into 1 Ki. xviii. 21.

Egypt; but God was with him. Ac. vii. 9. Or Jesus which is called Christ.] See verse When the Jews saw the multitudes (who came xxii. Pilate answered them, saying, Will ye to hear the word of God), they were filled with that I release unto you the king of the Jews ? envy, and spake against those things which (for he knew that the chief priests had deli- were spoken Paul, contradicting and blasvered him for envy.) But the chief priests moved pheming. Ac. xiii. 45. Do ye think that the people that he should rather release Bar- the Scripture saith in vain, The spirit that abbas unto them. And Pilate answered and dwelleth in us lusteth to envy? Ja. iv. 5. said again unto them, What will ye then that 19 His wife sent unto him, saying, &c.] I shall do unto him whom ye call the king of God came to Abimelech in a dream by night, the Jews? And they cried out again, Cru- and said to him, Behold, thou art but a dead cify him. Mar. xv. 9—13. They cried out, man, for the woman (Sarah) which thou hast Away with him, away with him, crucify him. taken ; for she is a man's wife. But AbimePilate saith unto them, Shall I crucify your lech had not come near her: and he said, king? The chief priests answered, We have Lord, wilt thou slay also a righteous nation ? no king but Cesar. John xix. 15.

said he not unto me, She is my sister ? and 18 He knew, &c.] His (Joseph's) brethren she, even she herself said, He is my brother? envied him; but his father observed the say, in the integrity of my heart and innocency of ing (Joseph's dream of the sun, moon, and my hands have I done this. And God said eleven stars). Ge. xxxvii. 11. When David unto him in a dream, Yea, I know that thou was returned from the slaughter of the Philis- didst this in the integrity of thy heart ; for I tine (Goliath), the women answered one an- also withheld thee from sinning against me. other as they played (on the musical instru- Ge. xx. 3—6. And God came to Laban the ments), and said, Saul hath slain his thousands, Syrian in a dream by night, and said unto

24 more, saying, Let him be crucified. When Pilate saw that he

could prevail nothing, but that rather a tumult was made, he took

water, and washed his hands before the multitude, saying, I am 25 innocent of the blood of this just person: see ye to it. Then an

swered all the people, and said, His blood be on us, and on our

pany, and set all the city on an uproar, and they shall answer and say, Our hands have asaaulted the house of Jason, and sought to not shed this blood, neither have our eyes bring them out to the people. And when seen it. De. xxi. 6, 7. If I wash myself they found them not, they drew Jason, and with snow water, and make my hands never certain brethren, unto the rulers of the city, so clean, yet shalt thou plunge me in the crying, These that have turned the city upside ditch, and mine own clothes shall abhor me. down are come hither also, whom Jason Job ix. 30, 31. I will wash mine hands in hath received : and these all do contrary to innocency; so will I compass thine altar. Ps. the decrees of Cesar, saying, That there is xxvi. 6. For though thou wash thee with another king, one Jesus. Ac. xvii. 5, 6, 7. nitre, and take thee much soap, yet thine Men of Israel (cried the Jews of Asia), help! iniquity is marked before me, saith the Lord This is the man that teacheth all men every God. Jer. ii. 22. As the thief is ashamed where against the people, and the law, and when he is found, so is the house of Israel this place: and further brought Greeks also ashamed; they, their kings, their princes, and into the temple, and hath polluted this holy their priests, and their prophets, saying to a place. (For they had seen before with him in stock, Thou art my father; and to a stone, the city Trophimus an Ephesian, whom they Thou hast brought me forth: for they have supposed that Paul had brought into the turned their back unto me, and not their face: temple.) And all the city was moved, and but in the time of their trouble they will say, the people ran together, and they took Paul, Arise, and save us. Yet thou sayest, Because and drew him out of the temple: and forth- I am innocent, surely his anger shall turn from with the doors were shut. And as they went me. Behold, I will plead with thee, because about to kill him, tidings came unto the chief thou sayest, I have not sinned. Je. ii. 27. 35. captain of the band, that all Jerusalem was in Just person.) See verse iv. 9. 54. Behold an uproar. Ac. xxi. 28–31. And they gave I will bring him forth to you, that ye may him (Paul) audience unto this word, and then know that I find no fault in him. Joka xix. 1 lifted up their voices, and said, Away with Ye denied the Holy One and Just, and desuch a fellow from the earth ; for it is not fit sired a murderer to be granted unto you. that he should live. And as they cried out, Ac. iii. 14. He hath made him to be sin for and cast off their clothes, and threw dust into us who knew no sin, that we might be made the air, the chief captain commanded him to the righteousness of God in him. 2 Co. v. 21. be brought into the castle, that he should be Christ also hath once suffered for sins, the examined by scourging. Ac. xxii. 22, 23. just for the unjust, that he might bring us to And when there arose a great dissension, the God; being put to death in the flesh, but chief captain, fearing lest Paul should have quickened by the Spirit. 1 Pe. iii. 18. been pulled in pieces of them, commanded the 25 His blood be on us.] Whosoever shall soldiers to go down, and to take him by force fall on this stone shall be broken ; but on from among them, and to bring him into the whomsoever it shall fall, it will grind him to castle. And when it was day, certain of the powder. Mat. xxi. 44.

Woe unto you, Jews banded together, and bound themselves Scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites ! because under a curse, saying, That they would neither ye build the tombs of the prophets, and eat nor drink till they had killed Paul. And garnish the sepulchres of the righteous, and they were more than forty which had made say, If we had been in the days of our fathers, this conspiracy. And they came to the chief we would not have been partakers with them priests and elders, and said, We have bound in the blood of the prophets : wherefore ye ourselves under a great curse, that we will eat be witnesses unto yourselves, that ye are the nothing until we have slain Paul. Now there- children of them which killed the prophets. fore ye with the council signify to the chief Fill ye up, then, the measure of your fathers captain that he bring him down unto you Ye serpents, ye generation of vipers, how can to-morrow, as though ye would inquire some- ye escape the damnation of hell? Wherefore, thing more perfectly concerning him; and behold, I send unto you prophets, and wise we, or ever he come near, are ready to kill men, and Scribes : and some of them ye shall him. Ac. xxiii. 10. 12–15.

kill and crucify; and some of them shall ye 24 And washed his hands, &c.] And all scourge in your synagogues, and persecute the elders of that city, that are next unto the them from city to city : that upon you may slain man, shall wash their hands over the come all the righteous blood shed upon the heifer that is beheaded in the valley : and earth; from the blood of righteous Abel

unto the blood of Zacharias, son of Barachias, them from the earth : because that he rememwhom ye slew between the temple and the bered not to shew mercy, but persecuted the altar. Verily I say unto you, All these things poor and needy man, that he might even slay shall come upon this generation. O Jerusa- the broken in heart. As he loved cursing, so lem, Jerusalem, thou that killest the prophets, let it come unto him; as he delighted not in and stonest them which are sent unto thee, blessing, so let it be far from him : as he how often would I have gathered thy children clothed himself with cursing, like as with his together, even as a hen gathereth her chickens garment, so let it come into his bowels like under her wings, and ye would not ! Mat. water, and like oil into his bones. Let it be xxiii. 30--37. Ye shall not pollute the land unto him as the garment which covereth him, wherein ye are, for blood it defileth the land; and for a girdle wherewith he is girded conand the land cannot be cleansed of the blood tinually. Ps. cix. 12-19. Now, thou Son of that is shed therein but by the blood of him man, wilt thou judge the bloody city ? (Jerusathat shed it. Nu. xxxv. 33. Then shalt lem.) Yea, thou shalt shew her all her abomithou add three cities more for thee, besides nations. Then say thou, Thus saith the these three; that innocent blood be not shed Lord God, The city sheddeth blood in the in thy land, which the Lord thy God giveth midst of it, that her time may come, and thee for an inheritance, and so blood be upon maketh idols against herself, to defile herself. thee. But if any man hate his neighbour, Thou art become guilty in thy blood that and lie in wait for him, thine eye shall not thou hast shed, and hast defiled thyself in pity him, but thou shalt put away the guilt of thine idols which thou hast made ; and thou innocent blood from Israel, that it may go hast caused thy days to draw near, and art well with thee! De. xix. 10. 13. And it come even unto thy years: therefore have I shall be (said the spies to Rahab) that whoso- made thee a reproach unto the heathen, ever shall go out of the doors of thy house and a mocking to all countries. Ez. xxii. into the street (of Jericho), his blood shall be 2, 3, 4. For “her” (“ Jerusalem's") blood upon his head, and we will be guiltless : and is in the midst of her; she set it upon the top whosoever shall be with thee in the house, of a rock; she poured it not upon the ground, his blood shall be upon our head, if any hand to cover it with dust. That it might cause be upon him. Jos. ii. 19. And David said fury to come up to take vengeance ; I have unto him (the Amalekite, the son of the stranger set her blood upon the top of a rock, that it whom he ordered to be put to death), Thy should not be covered. Therefore, thus saith blood be upon thy head, for thy mouth hath the Lord God, Woe to the bloody city! I will testified against thee, saying, I have slain the even make the pile for fire great. Ex. xxiv. Lord's anointed. 2 Sa. i. 16. When David 7, 8, 9. · Did not we straitly command you heard it (the death of Abner, by Joab), he that ye should not teach in this name (said said, I and my kingdom are guiltless before the high priest to the apostles) ? and behold, the Lord for ever from the blood of Abner ye have filled Jerusalem with your doctrine, the son of Ner. Let it rest on the head of and intend to bring this man's blood upon us. Joab, and on all his father's house ; and let Ac. v. 28. Which of the prophets have not there ñot fail from the house of Joab one your fathers persecuted ? and they have slain that hath an issue, or that is a leper, or that them which shewed before of the coming of leaneth on a staff, or that falleth on the sword, the Just One, of whom ye have been now the or that lacketh bread. 2 Sa. iii. 28, 29. betrayers and murderers. Ac. vii. 52. Ye, And the Lord shall return his (Joab's) blood brethren, became followers of the churches of upon his own head, who fell upon two men, God, which in Judea are in Christ Jesus ; for more righteous and better than he, and slew ye also have suffered like things of your own them with the sword, my father, David, not countrymen, even as they have of the Jews : knowing thereof (said Solomon), to wit, who both killed the Lord Jesus, and their Abner, the son of Ner, captain of the host own prophets, and have persecuted us; and of Israel, and Amasa, the son of Jether, cap- they please not God, and are contrary to all tain of the host of Judah. 1 Ki. ii. 32. men : forbidding us to speak to the Gentiles, Surely at the commandment of the Lord that they might be saved, to fill up their sin came “ this” (the ruin of Jehoiakim”) alway: for the wrath is come upon them to upon Judah, to remove them out of his sight, the uttermost. 1 Th. ii. 14, 15, 16. He that for the sins of Manasseh, according to all that despised Moses' law died without mercy under he did ; and also for the innocent blood that two or three witnesses ; of how much sorer he shed ; for be filled Jerusalem with inno- punishment, suppose ye, shall he be thought cent blood, which the Lord would not pardon. worthy, who hath trodden under foot the 2 Ki. xxiv. 3, 4. Let there be none to extend Son of God, and hath counted the blood of mercy unto " him" ("the enemy of the Lord"); the covenant, wherewith he was sanctified, an neither let there be any to favour his fatherless unholy thing, and hath done despite unto the children. Let his posterity be cut off, and spirit of grace ? For we know him that hath in the generation following let their name be said, Vengeance belongeth unto me, I will

Let them be before the Lord recompense, saith the Lord; and again, The continually, that he may cut off the memory of Lord shall judge his people. He. x. 28, 29, 30.

blotted out.

26 children. Then released he Barabbas unto them: and when he 27 had scourged Jesus, he delivered him to be crucified. Then the

soldiers of the governor took Jesus into the common hall, and 28 gathered unto him the whole band of soldiers. And they stripped

And on our children.] I the Lord thy God shall scourge him, and put him to death; and am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the the third day he shall rise again. L. xvii. fathers upon the children unto the third and 32, 33. I will therefore chastise him (said fourth generation of them that hate me. Ex. Pilate), and release him. And they were xx. 5. Now, lo, if "he” (“ a wicked father”) instant with loud voices, requiring that he beget a son, that seeth all his father's sins might be crucified : and the voices of them which he hath done, and considereth, and and of the chief priests prevailed. And Pilate doeth not such like, that hath not eaten upon gave sentence that it should be as they rethe mountains, neither hath lifted up his eyes quired. And he released unto them him to the idols of the house of Israel, hath not that for sedition and murder was cast into defiled his neighbour's wife, neither hath prison, whom they had desired; but he de oppressed any, hath not holden the pledge, livered Jesus to their will. Lu. xxiii. 16. 23, neither hath spoiled by violence, but hath 24, 25. Pilate therefore took Jesus and given his bread to the hungry, and hath scourged him: then delivered he him therecovered the naked with a garment, that hath fore unto them to be crucified. And they taken off his hand from the poor, that hath took Jesus, and led him away. Joks xix. not received usury nor increase, hath executed 1. 16. But (Christ) committed himself to my judgments, hath walked in my statutes : him that judgeth righteously : who his owohe shall not die for the iniquity of his father, self bare our sins, in his own body, on the he shall surely live. As for his father, be- tree, that we, being dead to sins, should live cause he cruelly oppressed, spoiled his brother unto righteousness, by whose stripes ye were by violence, and did that which is not good healed. I Pe. ii. 23, 24. among his people, lo, even he shall die in his 27 Common hall.] And the soldiers led iniquity. Yet say ye, Why? doth not the him away into the hall called Prætorium; and son bear the iniquity of the father? When they called together the whole band. Mar. the son hath done that which is lawful and xv. 16. Then led they Jesus from Caiaphas right, and hath kept all my statutes, and hath unto the hall of judgment: and it was early : done them, he shall surely live. The soul and they themselves went not into the judgthat sinneth, it shall die. The son shall not ment-hall, lest they should be defiled; but bear the iniquity of the father, neither shall that they might eat the passover. Tben the father bear the iniquity of the son: the Pilate entered into the judgment-hall again, righteousness of the righteous shall be upon and called Jesus, and said unto him, Art thou him, and the wickedness of the wicked shall the king of the Jews ? John xviii. 33. When be upon him. Ez. xviii. 14—20.

Pilate therefore heard that saying " (" se 26 Released he Barabbas.] And so Pilate, have a law, and by our law he ought to die "), willing to content the people, released Barab- he was the more afraid, and went again into bas unto them, and delivered Jesus, when he the judgment-hall, and saith unto Jesus, had scourged him, to be crucified. Mar. xv. Whence art thou? But Jesus gave him no 15. And he (Pilate) released unto them him answer. John xix. 8, 9. I will hear thee, that for sedition and murder was cast into said "he" (" Felix"), when thine accusers prison, whom they had desired: but he de- are also come. And he commanded him livered Jesus to their will, Lu. xxiii, 25. (Paul) to be kept in Herod's judgment-hall

Scourged Jesus.) And (the chief priests Ac. xxiii. 35. and Scribes) shall deliver him to the Gentiles Band of soldiers.] Judas having received to mock, and to scourge, and to crucify him, a band of men and officers from the chief and the third day he shall rise again. Mat. priests and Pharisees, cometh thither (to the xx. 19. I gave my back to the smiters, and garden) with lanterns, and torches, and wesmy cheeks to them that plucked off the hair; pons. John xviii. 3. There was a certain I hid not my face from shame and spitting. man in Cesarea called Cornelius, a centurion Is. l. 6. He was wounded for our transgres- of the band called the Italian band. 4. sions, he was bruised for our iniquities ; the x. 1. And when it was determined that we chastisement of our peace was upon him, and should sail into Italy; they delivered Pan! with his stripes we are healed. Is. liii. 5. and certain other prisoners unto one named And they shall mock him, and shall scourge Julius, a centurion of Augustus' band. Ar him, and shall spit upon him, and shall kill xxvii. I. him, and the third day he shall rise again. 28 And they stripped kim.] And they Mar. X. 34. For he shall be delivered unto clothed him with purple, and platted a crowa the Gentiles, and shall be mocked, and spite of thorns, and put it about his head. Mar. fully entreated, and spitted on: and they xv. 17. And Herod with his men of war **

him, and put on him a scarlet robe. And when they had platted 29 a crown of thorns, they put it upon his head, and a reed in his right hand: and they bowed the knee before him, and mocked him, saying, Hail, king of the Jews! And they spit upon him, 30 and took the reed, and smote him on the head. And after that 31 they had mocked him, they took the robe off from him, and put his own raiment on him, and led him away to crucify him. And 32

him at nought, and mocked him, and arrayed Hail, king of the Jews !] See verse 37. See him in a gorgeous robe, and sent him again Mat. xxvi. 49. And the soldiers also mocked to Pilate. Lu. xxiii. ll. And the soldiers him, coming to him and offering him vinegar, platted a crown of thorns and put it on his and saying, If thou be the king of the Jews, head, and they put on him a purple robe, and save thyself. Lu. xxiii. 36, 37. said, Hail, king of the Jews! and they smote 30 They spit upon him.] See chap. xxvi. 67. him with their hands. Pilate therefore went They were children of fools, yea, children of forth again, and saith unto them, Behold, I base men: they were viler than the earth. bring him forth to you, that ye may know They abhor me, they flee far from me, and that I find no fault in him. Then came Jesus spare not to spit in my face. Job xxx. 8. 10. forth, wearing the crown of thorns, and the He was oppressed, and he was afflicted, yet purple robe. And Pilate saith unto them, he opened not his mouth: he is brought as a Behold the man. John xix. 2-5.

lamb to the slaughter, and as a sheep before 29 Platted a crown of thorns.] And (the his shearers is dumb, so he openeth not his chief priests) shall deliver him to the Gentiles, mouth. Is. liii. 7. Now gather thyself in to mock, and to scourge, and to crucify him, troops, o daughter of troops : he hath laid and the third day he shall rise again. Mat. siege against us; they shall smite the judge xx. 19. In mine adversity they rejoiced, and of Israel with a rod upon the cheek. Mi. v. gathered themselves together; yea, the abjects 1. He shall be delivered unto the Gentiles, gathered themselves together against me, and and shall be mocked, and spitefully entreated, I knew it not. They did tear me, and ceased and spitted on. And they shall scourge him, not; with hypocritical mockers in feasts, they and put him to death; and the third day he gnashed upon me with their teeth. Ps. xxxv. shall rise again. Lu. xviii. 32, 33. 15, 16. Because for thy sake I have borne 31 And led him away to crucify him.] reproach, shame hath covered my face. Thou And (the chief priests, fc.) shall deliver him hast known my reproach, and my shame, and to the Gentiles, to mock, and to scourge, and my dishonour : mine adversaries are all before to crucify him; and the third day he shall thee. Reproach hath broken my heart; and rise again. Mat. xx. 19. And they (the I am full of heaviness. And I looked for some husbandmen in the parable) caught "him" to take pity, but there was none; and for ("the son of the householder"), and cast him comforters, but I found none. Ps. Ixix. 7. 19, out of the vineyard, and slew him. Mat. xxi. 20. Thus saith the Lord, The Redeemer of 39. And the Lord said unto Moses, The Israel, and his Holy One, to him whom man man (that gathered sticks upon the sabbath despiseth, to him whom the nation abhorreth, day) shall be surely put to death; all the to a servant of rulers, Kings shall see and congregation shall stone him with stones arise, princes also shall worship, because of the without the camp. Nu. xv. 35. Thou didst Lord that is faithful, and the Holy One of blaspheme God and the king (said two men, Israel, and he shall choose thee. Is. xlix. 7. sons of Belial, bearing witness against Naboth). He is despised and rejected of men; a man of Then they carried him forth out of the city, sorrows, and acquainted with grief, and we and stoned him with stones, that he died. 1 hid, as it were, our faces from him; he was Ki. xxi. 10. 13. He was oppressed and he despised, and we esteemed him not. Is. liii. was afflicted, yet he opened not his mouth. 3. O Lord, thou hast deceived me, and I was He is brought as a lamb to the slaughter, and deceived ; thou art stronger than I (said as a sheep before her shearers is dumb, so he Jeremiah), and hast prevailed; I am in deri- openeth not his mouth. Is. liii. 7. Then sion daily, every one mocketh me. Je. xx. 7. delivered he (Pilate) him unto them to be Let us run with patience the race that is set crucified. And they took Jesus, and led him before us, looking unto Jesus the author and away. And he, bearing his cross, went forth finisher of our faith ; who for the joy that was into a place called the place of a skull, which set before him endured the cross, despising the is called in the Hebrew, Golgotha. John xix. shame, and is set down at the right hand of 16, 17. And (the Jews) cast “him" (" Stethe throne of God. For consider him that phen”) out of the city, and stoned him; and endured such contradiction of sinners against the witnesses laid down their clothes at a himself, lest ye be wearied and faint in your young man's feet, whose name was Saul. minds. He. xii. 2, 3.

Ac. vii. 58. Wherefore Jesus also, that he

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