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cometh Jesus from Galilee to Jordan unto John, to be baptized 14 of him. But John forbad him, saying, I have need to be baptized 15 of thee, and comest thou to me? And Jesus answering said unto

upon the trees of the field, and upon the fruit his mother's womb, and be born ? Jesus of the ground; and it shall burn, and shall not answered, Verily, verily, I say unto thee, be quenched. Je. vii. 20. But if ye will not except a man be born of water, and of the hearken unto me to hallow the Sabbath day, Spirit, he cannot enter into the kingdom of and not to bear a burden, even entering in at God. That which is born of the flesh is flesh, the gates of Jerusalem on the Sabbath day, and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit. then will I kindle a fire in the gates thereof, Marvel not that I said unto thee, Ye must be and it shall devour the palaces of Jerusalem, born again. John iii. 3-7. Abide in me, and it shall not be quenched. Je. xvii. 27. and I in you, as the branch cannot bear fruit Say to the forest of the south, Hear the word of itself, except it abide in the vine, no more of the Lord: Thus saith the Lord God; Be. can ye, except ye abide in me. Without me hold, I will kindle a fire in thee, and it shall ye can do nothing. John xv. 4, 5. John devour every green tree in thee, and every truly baptized with water; but ye (said Jesus dry tree: the flaming flame shall not be to his disciples) shall be baptized with the quenched, and all faces from the south to the Holy Ghost not many days hence. When north shall be burnt therein. And all flesh they therefore were come together, they asked shall see that I the Lord have kindled it: it of him, saying, Lord, wilt thou at this time shall not be quenched. Ez. xx. 47, 48. De- restore again the kingdom to Israel? And he part from me, ye cursed, into everlasting fire, said unto them, It is not for you to know the prepared for the Devil and his angels. Mat. times or the seasons, which the Father hath xxv. 41. If thy hand offend thee (said Jesus), put in his own power. But ye shall receive cut it off; it is better for thee to enter into power, after that the Holy Ghost is come upon life maimed, than having two hands to go you : and ye shall be witnesses unto me, both into hell, into the fire that never shall be in Jerusalem, and in all Judea, and in Saquenched: where their worm dieth not, and maria, and unto the uttermost parts of the the fire is not quenched. And if thine eye earth. Ac. i. 5—8. The God of our fathers offend thee, pluck it out, &c. Mar. ix. 43— raised up Jesus, whom ye slew and hanged on 49. See chap. xiii. 42 ; xxv. 41.

a tree. Him hath God exalted with his right 13 From Galilee to Jordan.) When "he" hand to be a Prince and a Saviour, for to give (Joseph'') heard that Archelaus did reign in repentance to Israel, and forgiveness of sins. Judea, in the room of his father Herod, he Ac. v. 30, 31. The word which God sent was afraid to go thither; notwithstanding, unto the children of Israel, preaching peace being warned of God in a dream, he turned by Jesus Christ : (he is Lord of all.) Ac. x. aside into the parts of Galilee. Mat. ii. 22. 36. All have sinned, and come short of the And it came to pass in those days, that Jesus glory of God; being justified freely by his came from Nazareth of Galilee, and was bap- grace through the redemption that is in Christ tized of John in Jordan. Mar. i. 9. Now Jesus: whom God hath set forth to be a prowhen all the people were baptized, it came to pitiation through faith in his blood, to declare pass, that Jesus also being baptized, and pray- his righteousness for the remission of sins that ing, the heaven was opened, and the Holy are past, through the forbearance of God. Ghost descended in a bodily shape like a Ro. iii. 23, 24, 25. The Scripture hath condove, and a voice came from heaven which cluded all under sin, that the promise by faith said, Thou art my beloved Son, in thee I am of Jesus Christ might be given to them that well pleased. Lu. iii. 21, 22.

believe: for as many of you as have been bap14 John forbad him.) And whence is this tized into Christ have put on Christ. And if to me? (said Elizabeth,) that the mother of ye be Christ's, then are ye Abraham's seed, my Lord should come to me? Lu. i. 43. and heirs according to the promise. Ga. iii. Peter said unto “him” (“ Jesus), Lord, dost 22. 27. 29. And because ye are sons, God thou wash my feet? Jesus answered and said hath sent forth the spirit of his Son into your unto him, What I do thou knowest not now, hearts, crying, Abba, Father. Ga. iv. 6. but thou shalt know hereafter. Peter saith Among “whom” (the children of disobeunto him, Thou shalt never wash my feet. dience") also we all had our conversation in John xiii. 6, 7, 8.

times past in the lusts of our flesh, fulfilling I have need to be baptized.] See chap. iii. 6. the desires of the flesh and of the mind; and of his fulness have all we received, and grace were by nature the children of wrath, even as for grace. John i. 16. Verily, verily, I say others. But God, who is rich in mercy, for unto thee, except a man be born again, he his great love wherewith he loved us, even cannot see the kingdom of God. Nicodemus when we were dead in sins, hath quickened saith unto him, How can a man be born when us together with Christ. (By grace are ye he is old ? can he enter the second time into saved.) Ep. ii. 3, 4, 5. After this, I beheld,

him, Suffer it to be so now: for thus it becometh us to fulfil all righteousness. Then he suffered him. And Jesus, when he was 16 baptized, went up straightway out of the water and, lo, the heavens were opened unto him, and he saw the Spirit of God

and lo, a great multitude which no man could bled himself, and became obedient unto death, number, of all nations, and kindreds, and even the death of the cross. Phi, ii. 7, 8. people, and tongues, stood before the throne, Such an High Priest became us, who is holy, and before the Lamb, clothed with white harmless, undefiled, separate from sinners, robes, and palms in their hands; and cried and made higher than the heavens. He. vii. with a loud voice, saying, Salvation to our 26. Because Christ also suffered for us, leavGod which sitteth upon the throne, and unto ing us an example, that ye should follow his the Lamb. And one of the elders answered, steps; who did no sin, neither was guile found saying unto me, What are these which are in his mouth. Who when he was reviled, arrayed in white robes ? and whence came reviled not again; when he suffered, he they? And I said unto him, Sir, thou know, threatened not, but committed himself to him est. And he said to me, These are they which that judgeth righteously; who his own self came out of great tribulation, and have washed bare our sins in his own body on the tree, their robes, and made them white in the blood that we being dead to sins should live unto of the Lamb. Therefore are they before the righteousness; by whose stripes ye were throne of God, and serve him day and night healed. 1 Pe. ii. 21–24. He that saith he in his temple; and he that sitteth on the abideth in him, ought himself also so to walk throne shall dwell among them. They shall as he walked. 1 John ii. 6. hunger no more, neither thirst any more ; 16 Jesus when he was baptized, &c.] And neither shall the sun light on them, nor any straightway (Jesus) coming up out of the heat. For the Lamb which is in the midst water, he saw the heavens opened, and the of them shall feed them, and lead them unto Spirit like a dove descending upon him, &c. living fountains of waters: and God shall wipe Mar. i. 10. away all tears from their eyes. Re. vii. 9, 10. And, lo, the heavens, &c.] It came to 13--17.

pass in the thirtieth year (said Ezekiel), in 15 Suffer it to be so now.] Jesus answered the fourth month, in the fifth day of the and said unto him (Peter), What I do in month, as I was among the captives, by the washing thy feet) thou knowest not now, but river Chebar, that the heavens were opened, thou shalt know hereafter. Peter saith unto and I saw visions of God. Ezek. i. ). him, Thou shalt never wash my feet. Jesus When all the people were baptized (by John), answered him, If I wash thee not, thou hast it came to pass, that Jesus also being baptized, no part with me. Simon Peter saith unto and praying, the heaven was opened. Lu. iii. him, Not my feet only, but also my hands, 21. But he (Stephen) being full of the Holy and my head. John xiii. 7, 8, 9.

Ghost, said, Behold, I see the heavens opened, For thus it becometh us.] Then said I, Lo, and the Son of man standing on the right I come: in the volume of the book it is writ- hand of God. Ac. vii. 56. ten of me, I delight to do thy will, O my And he saw the Spirit, &c.] The spirit of God; yea, thy law is within my heart. Ps. the Lord shall rest upon him; the spirit of xl. 7, 8. The Lord is well pleased for his wisdom and understanding; the spirit of righteousness' sake; he will magnify the law, counsel and might; the spirit of knowledge and make it honourable. Is. xlii. 21. They and of the fear of the Lord. Is. xi. 2. Bewere both righteous (to wit, Zacharias and hold my servant whom I uphold ; mine elect Elizabeth) before God, walking in all the in whom my soul delighteth. I have put my commandments and ordinances of the Lord spirit upon him, he shall bring forth judgblameless. Lu. i. 6. Jesus saith unto them, ment to the Gentiles. Is. xlii. 1. As for me, My meat is to do the will of him that sent me, this is my covenant with "them” (that turn and to finish his work. John iv. 34. He from transgression in Jacob"), saith the Lord ; that sent me (said Jesus) is with me : the My spirit that is upon thee (the Redeemer), Father hath not left me alone, for I do always and my words which I have put in thy mouth, those things that please him. John viii. 29. shall not depart out of thy mouth, nor out of I have given you an example, that ye should the mouth of thy seed's seed, saith the Lord, do as I have done to you. John xiji. 15. from henceforth and for ever. Is. lix. 21. If ye keep my commandments, ye shall abide The spirit of the Lord God is upon me, bein my love: even as I have kept my Father's cause the Lord hath anointed me to preach commandments, and abide in his love. John good tidings unto the meek ; he hath sent me xv. 10. But (Christ) made himself of no to bind up the broken-hearted, to proclaim reputation, and took upon him the form of a liberty to the captives, and the opening of the servant, and was made in the likeness of men; prison to them that are bound. Is. lxi. l. and being found in fashion as a man, he hum- The Holy Ghost descended in a bodily shape,


17 descending like a dove, and lighting upon him: And lo a voice

from heaven, saying, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.

CHAPTER IV. 1 THEN was Jesus led up of the spirit into the wilderness to be


like a dove upon “him” (“ Jesus"), and a pleased for his righteousness' sake, he will voice came from heaven, which said, Thou magnify the law and make it honourable. 18. art my beloved Son, in thee I am well pleased. xlii. 1. 21. And there came a voice from Lu. iii. 22. I knew him not (said John of heaven, saying, Thou art my beloved Son, in Jesus), but that he should be made manifest whom I am well pleased. Mar. i. 11. And to Israel ; therefore am I come baptizing with there was a cloud which overshadowed "them"

And John bare record, saying, I saw (“Jesus, Peter, James, and John," at the transthe Spirit descending from heaven like a dove, figuration), and a voice came out of the cloud, and it abode upon him. And I knew him saying, This is my beloved Son : hear him. not; but he that sent me to baptize with wa- Mar. ix. 7. And the Holy Ghost descended ter, the same said unto me, Upon whom thou in a bodily shape like a dove upon him, and shalt see the Spirit descending, and remaining a voice came from heaven, which said, Thou on him, the same is he which baptizeth with art my beloved Son, in thee I am well pleased. the Holy Ghost. And I saw and bare record Lu. iii. 22. And there came a voice out of that this is the Son of God. John i. 31–34. the cloud (on the mount of transfiguration), He whom God hath sent speaketh the words saying, This is my beloved Son : hear him. of God; for God giveth not the Spirit by Lu. ix. 35. Blessed be the God and Father measure unto him. John iii. 34. He (Jesus) of our Lord Jesus Christ, who hath chosen is the head of the body, the Church : who is us, &c. to the praise of the glory of his grace, the beginning, the firstborn from the dead; wherein he hath made us accepted in the that in all things he might have the pre- Beloved. Ep. i. 6. Who hath delivered us eminence. For it pleased the Father that in from the power of darkness, and hath transhim should all fulness dwell. Col. i. 18, 19. lated us into the kingdom of his dear Son.

Lo a voice from heaven.] The Father him- Col. i. 13. For "he" (“ Jesus") received from self (said Jesus), which hath sent me, hath God the Father, honour and glory, when borne witness of me. Ye have neither heard there came such a voice to him from the his voice at any time nor seen his shape. excellent glory, This is my beloved Son, in John v. 37. Father, glorify thy name (said whom I am well pleased. 2 Pe. i. 17. See Jesus). Then came there a voice from heaven chap. xxi. 37. saying, I have glorified it, and will glorify it again. The people therefore, that stood by, CHAP. IV.—1 Was Jesus, &c.] And imand heard it, said that it thundered ; others mediately the spirit driveth him into the said, An angel spake to him: Jesus answered wilderness ; and he was there in the wilderand said, This voice came not because of me, ness forty days, tempted of Satan ; and was but for your sakes. John xii. 28, 29, 30. with the wild beasts ; and the angels ministered I heard a voice from heaven (said St. John) unto him. Mar. i. 12, 13. Jesus being full as the voice of many waters, and as the voice of the Holy Ghost, returned from Jordan, and of a great thunder, and I heard the voice of was led by the Spirit into the wilderness. harpers harping with their harps (as the Lamb Lu. iv. I. For as many as are led by the stood on the mount of Sion). Re. xiv. 2. Spirit of God, they are the sons of God. Ro.

This is my beloved Son.) Behold, my servant viii. 14. whom I have chosen : my beloved in whom Of the spirit.] And it shall come to pass, my soul is well pleased : I will put my spirit as soon as I am gone from thee (said Obadiah upon him, and he shall shew judgment to the to Elijah), that the spirit of the Lord shall Gentiles. Mat. xii. 18. Whilst he (Jesus) yet carry thee whither I know not: and so when spake (in the transfiguration), behold, a bright I come and tell Ahab, and he cannot find cloud overshadowed them; and behold a voice thee, he shall slay me: but I thy servant fear out of the cloud, which said, This is my beloved the Lord from my youth. i Ki. xviii. 12. Son, in whom I am well pleased ; hear ye him. And “they” (the sons of the prophets") said Mat. xvii. 5. I will declare the decree : the unto him (Elisha), Behold, now there be Lord hath said unto me, Thou art my son, with thy servants fifty strong men; let them this day have I begotten thee. Ps. ii. 7. go, we pray thee, and seek thy “master”. Behold, my servant whom I uphold, mine Elijah") : lest peradventure the Spirit of elect in whom my soul delighteth ; I have put the Lord hath taken him up, and cast him my spirit upon him, he shall bring forth upon some mountain, or into some valley. judgment to the Gentiles. The Lord is well 2 Ki. ii. 16. Then the spirit took me up,

tempted of the devil. And when he had fasted forty days and 2 forty nights, he was afterward an hungred. And when the 3 tempter came to him, he said, If thou be the Son of God, com

and I heard behind me a voice of a great down before the Lord forty days and forty rushing, saying, Blessed be the glory of the nights, as I fell down at the first; because the Lord from his place. So the spirit lifted me Lord had said he would destroy you. De. ix. up, and took me away, and I went in bitter- 9. 18. 25. I will raise them up a prophet ness in the heat of my spirit ; but the hand of from among their brethren like unto thee the Lord was strong upon me. Ez. iii. 12. 14. (Moses), and will put my words in his mouth, And he (the vision of God) put forth the form and he shall speak unto them all that I shall of an hand, and took me by a lock of mine command him. De. xviii. 18. And he (Elijah) head: and the spirit lifted me up between the arose, and did eat and drink, and went (being earth and the heaven, and brought me in the threatened by Jezebel) in the strength of that visions of God to Jerusalem, Ex. viii. 3. meat forty days and forty nights unto Horeb Moreover, the spirit lifted me up, and brought the mount of God. 1 Ki. xix. 8. And (Jesus) me unto the east gate of the Lord's house, was led by the spirit into the wilderness, which looketh eastward. Afterwards the spirit being forty days tempted of the devil: and in took me up, and brought me in a vision by those days he did eat nothing. Lu. iv. 2. the Spirit of God into Chaldea, to them of the He was afterward an hungred.] Now in captivity. Ez. xi. 24. In the visions of the morning, as he (Jesus) returned unto the God brought he me into the land of Israel, city (of Bethany), he hungered. Mat. xxi. 18. and set me upon a very high mountain, by And on the morrow, when they were come which was as the frame of a city on the south. from Bethany, he was hungry. Mar. xi. 12. Ez. xl. 2. So the spirit took me up, and Now Jacob's well was there (at Sychar): Jesus brought me into the inner court; and, behold, therefore, being wearied with his journey, sat the glory of the Lord filled the house. Ez.thus on the well. John iv. 6. Forasmuch then xliii. 5. And when they (Philip and the as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, eunuch) were come up out of the water, the he also “ himself” (Jesus) likewise took Spirit of the Lord caught away Philip, that part of the same; that, through death, he might the eunuch saw him no more : and he went on destroy him that had the power of death, that his way rejoicing. Ac. viii. 39.

is the devil. Wherefore in all things it beTo be tempted of the devil.] I will put hoved him to be made like unto his brethren; enmity between thee and the woman, and that he might be a merciful and faithful high between thy seed and her seed : it shall bruise priest in things pertaining to God, to make rethy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel. conciliation for the sins of the people: for in Ge. iii. 15. Hereafter I will not talk much that he himself had suffered, being tempted, with you; for the prince of this world cometh, he is able to succour them that are tempted. and hath nothing in me. John xiv. 30. For He. ii. 14. 17. 18. in that he himself (Christ) hath suffered, being 3 The tempter came to him.] Then Satan tempted, he is able to succour them that are answered the Lord, and said, Doth Job fear tempted. He. ii. 18. We have not an high God for nought? hast thou not made an hedge priest which cannot be touched with the feel- about him, and about his house, and about all ing of our infirmities; but was in all points that he hath on every side, &c. ? tempted like as we are, yet without sin. Let forth thine hand now, and touch all that he us therefore come boldly unto the throne of hath, and he will curse thee to thy face. And grace, that we may obtain mercy, and find the Lord said unto Satan, Behold, all that he grace to help in time of need. He. iv. 15, 16. hath is in thy power ; only upon himself put

2 Fasted forty days, &c.] Moses went into not forth thine band. Job i. 9-12. And the midst of the cloud (on mount Sinai), and Satan answered the Lord, and said, Skin for gat him up into the mount: and Moses was in skin, yea, all that a man hath will he give for the mount forty days and forty nights. Er. his life: but put forth thine hand now, and xxiv. 18. And Moses was there with the Lord touch his bone, and his flesh, and he will forty days and forty nights ; he did neither eat curse thee to thy face. And the Lord said bread nor drink water. Ex. xxxiv. 28. When unto Satan, Behold, he is in thine hand; but I was gone up into the mount (said Moses), to save his life. So went Satan forth from the receive the tables of stone, even the tables of presence of the Lord, and smote Job with sore the covenant which the Lord made with you boils, from the sole of his feet unto his crown. (Israel), then I abode in the mount forty days Job ii. 4—7. And the Lord said (unto Peter), and forty nights, I neither did eat bread nor Simon, Simon, behold, Satan hath desired to drink water. And I fell down before the Lord, have you, that he may sift you as wheat; but as at the first, forty days and forty nights; I I have prayed for thee, that thy faith fail not ; did neither eat bread nor drink water, because and when thou art converted, strengthen thy of all your sins which ye sinned. Thus I fell brethren. Lu. xxii. 31, 32. For this cause,

But put

4 mand that these stones be made bread. But he answered and

said, It is written, Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every

when I could no longer forbear, I sent to into this wilderness to kill this whole assembly know your faith (by sending Timothy), lest by with hunger. Ex. xvi. 3. And the mixed some means the tempter have tempted you, multitude that was among them fell a lusting: and our labour be in vain. 1 Th. iii. 5. Fear and the children of Israel also wept again, and none of those things which thou shalt suffer said, Who shall give us flesh to eat ? Now (said John to the churches of Ephesus): behold, our soul is dried away; there is nothing at all, the devil shall cast some of you into prison, besides this manna, before our eyes. Nu. xi. that ye may be tried; and ye shall have tri- 4.

And they sinned yet more against him, bulation ten days; be thou faithful unto death, by provoking the most high in the wilderness. and I will give thee a crown of life. Re. ii. And they tempted God in their heart, by ask. 10. And the great dragon was cast out, that ing meat for their lust; yea, they spake against old serpant, called the devil and Satan, which God: they said, Can God furnish a table in deceiveth the whole world : he was cast out the wilderness ? Behold, he smote the rock, into the earth, and his angels were cast out that the waters gushed out, and the streans with him. And I heard a loud voice, saying overflowed. Can he give bread also ? can be in heaven, Now is come salvation and strength, provide flesh for his people ? Ixxviii. 17 and the kingdom of our God, and the power -20. Follow peace with all men, and holiof his Christ : for the accuser of our brethren ness, without which no man shall see the is cast down, which accused them before our Lord; lest there be any fornicator or profane God day and night. And they overcame him person, as Esau, who, for one morsel of meat, by the blood of the Lamb, and by the word of sold his birth-right. He. xii. 14. 16. their testimony; and they loved not their lives 4 It is written.] See verses 7. 10. And unto the death. Re. xii. 9, 10, 11.

Jesus answered him (Satan), saying, It is If thou be the Son of God.] And lo a voice written, that man shall not live by bread alone, (was heard) from heaven, saying, This is my but by every word of God. Get thee behind beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased. me, Satan : for it is written, Thou shalt wor. Mat. iii. 17. And the devil said unto him, ship the Lord thy God, and him only shalt If thou be the Son of God, command this stone thou serve. Thou shalt not tempt the Lord that it be made bread. And he brought him thy God. Lu. iv. 4. 8. 12. Whatsoever things to Jerusalem, and set him on a pinnacle of the were written aforetime, were written for our temple; and said unto him, If thou be the Son learning, that we, through patience and come of God, cast thyself down from hence. Lu. iv. fort of the Scriptures, might have hope. Ro. 3. 9.

Take the belmet of salvation, and the Command that these stones.] Now the ser- sword of the spirit, which is the word of God. pent was more subtile than any beast of the Ep. vi. 17. field which the Lord God had made: and he Man shall not live, &c.] And he humbled said unto the woman, Yea, hath God said, ye thee (said Moses to Israel), and suffered thee shall not eat of every tree of the garden ? ye to hunger, and fed thee with manna, which shall not surely die (though ye eat of it, the thou knewest not, neither did thy fathers tree in the midst of the garden): for God doth know, that he might make thee know, that know, that in the day ye eat thereof, then man doth not live by bread only, but by every your eyes shall be opened: and ye shall be as word that proceedeth out of the mouth of the gods, knowing good and evil. Ge. iii. 145. Lord doth man live. De. viii. 3. It is written, And Jacob sod pottage ; and Esau came from That man shall not live by bread alone, but the field, and was faint: and Esau said to by every word of God. Lu. iv. 4. Jacob, Feed me, I pray thee, with that same But by every word, &c.] Jesus said (unto red pottage ; for I am faint: therefore was his his disciples), They need not depart; give ye name called Edom. And Jacob said, Sell me them to eat. And they say unto him, We this day thy birth-right. And Esau said, Be- have here but five loaves and two fishes (to hold, I am at the point to die ; and what profit feed such a multitude). He said, Bring them shall this birth-right do to me? And Jacob hither to me; and he commanded the multisaid, Swear to me this day; and he sware tude to sit down on the grass, and took the unto him: and he sold his birth-right unto five loaves and the two fishes, and looking up Jacob. Then Jacob gave Esau bread and to heaven, he blessed, and brake, and gave the pottage of lentiles; thus Esau despised his loaves to his disciples, and the disciples to the birth-right. Ge. xxv. 29–34. And the chil- multitude; and they did all eat, and were dren of Israel said unto “ them” (Moses and filled ; and they took up of the fragments that Aaron"), Would to God we had died by the remained twelve baskets full: and they that hand of the Lord in the land of Egypt, when had eaten were about five thousand men, bewe sat by the flesh-pots, and when we did eat sides women and children. Mat. xiv. 16–21. bread to the full; for ye have brought us forth And Moses said, This shall be, when the Lord

xv, 4.

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